University of FloridaSolutions for Your Life

FOR93: Chapter 4: Plant Succession and Disturbances in the Urban Forest Ecosystem

Figure 19.2. Australian pine (Casuarina spp.), an aggressive invasive species, alters composition, structure and function of ecosystems. These fast-growing species form monospecific stands (19.1) that displace native vegetation. They are seen here growing above the original ecosystem's canopy (19.2).