Figure 4. Diagram of major aspects of comple life cycle of the southern pine coneworm, Dioryctria amatella (Hulst) On loblolly pine, the cones-to-gall cycle (left) is typical; in slash and longleaf pines, a variety of additional host plants parts may be fed upon in the spring (from Hedlin et al. 1981).
Credit: Hedlin et al. 1981