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CIR853: Pruning Landscape Trees and Shrubs

Figure 4. (A) Remove or reduce limbs with bark inclusions. They are poorly attached to the tree and can split from the tree as they grow older. Included bark is bark that is squeezed between stems. The union of the two stems appears as a "V." (B) Retain limbs with raised bark at the union of the stems. The crotch between these stems appears as a "U" and represents a strong union between stems.