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FOR 92: Chapter 3: Biodiversity and the Restoration of the Urban Forest Ecosystem

Figure 10.4. Biodiversity is lost by ecosystem destruction (10.1), fragmentation (10.2) and degradation. Figure 10.3 illustrates a degraded longleaf pine ecosystem that has been invaded by exotic species whereas figure 10.4 illustrates a healthy longleaf pine ecosystem. The diversity of the longleaf pine ecosystem is associated with its herbaceous layer and a relatively open canopy.