Figure 5. The life cycle of the coconut mealybug, Nipaecoccus nipae (Maskell), is shown on stages appearing on bird-of-paradise. Small first and second instar nymphs are scattered around the image. Larger, reddish-brown, third instar females are seen surrounded by the thin, white cottony wax cocoons of the third instar males.
Credit: Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida