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CIR1136: Milking Machine and Mastitis Control Handbook

Figure 7.

Credit: Blood circulation to and from udder. 1, heart; 2, abdomianl aorta; 3, posterior vena cava; 4, external iliac artery and vein; 5, external pudic artery and vein; 6, internal iliac artery and vein; 7, perineal artery and vein; 8, sigmoid flexure of the external pudic artery and vein; 9, subcutaneous abdominal vein; 10, subcutaneous abdominal artery; 11, cranial mammary artery; 12, caudal mammary artery; 13, internal thoracic artery and vein; 14, anterior vena cava; 15, diaphragm.