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Publication #ABE378

Decreasing Door Danger Zones1

Hal S. Knowles III, Kathleen C. Ruppert, Karla A. Lenfesty, Barbara Haldeman, and Craig Miller2

This publication is part 5 of 6 in the Education + Action = Wind Mitigation series. For the rest of the series, visit http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_series_wind_damage_mitigation.

Doors provide safe access into and out of a home. However, high winds can make doors a pathway for storm damage.

What makes a safe door?

A safe door has three hinges and a dead bolt lock with a bolt throw at least one inch long. The bolt throw should penetrate into the wall framing beyond the door jamb.

Safe doors usually open toward the outside of the house. Any good exterior door should be made of metal or solid wood. Install shutters over doors with windows or hollow cores.

What makes double doors unique?

Double doors, such as French doors, need added protection. This is because the door opening is twice as wide as it is for single doors.

You can improve the wind resistance of your double doors by installing barrel bolts in the inactive door (Figure 1). The bolt throws should penetrate through the door jamb into the header and through the bottom threshold into the subfloor.

Figure 1. 

Reinforcing double doors with barrel bolts.


Credit:

Barbara Haldeman, UF/IFAS PREC


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Why do garage doors fail?

Garage doors are usually made of thin metal panels spanning wide openings into the shell of a home. Under high wind conditions these characteristics can lead to garage door failure (Figure 2).

Figure 2. 

Garage door failure.


Credit:

Florida Coastal Monitoring Program


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

High winds can cause garage doors to collapse into the house or pop out of their mounting tracks. Once this happens, wind can enter the house. The wind creates a positive pressure inside the house that can blow out windows, doors, walls, and potentially the roof.

Brace or Replace Garage Doors

If you live in an older house you may need to brace or replace your garage door. Existing doors can be reinforced with horizontal bracing positioned at the center of each door panel row.

You may also need the additional strength provided by removable vertical bracing spaced across the span of the door and anchored into the floor and roof trusses. See Figure 3.

Figure 3. 

Reinforced garage door.


Credit:

UF/IFAS Extension St. Lucie County


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

The garage door track is another common area in need of reinforcement. As shown in Figure 4, an unreinforced track can bend, allowing the garage door to break free from the wall.

Figure 4. 

Reinforcing the garage door track.


Credit:

Bryant Fukutomi, Honolulu Star-Bulletin


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Additional Issues to Consider

Sometimes retrofitting existing garage doors to improve high wind resistance can be a difficult task. It may be worthwhile to hire a qualified contractor to install the necessary bracing or even to install a new hurricane-resistant garage door.

Should you choose to make these garage door improvements on your own, remember that the new bracing may increase the weight of your door. This may require the replacement of the garage door motor.

When bracing existing garage doors, remember to cover any windows on the door panels with shutters to protect the glass. Avoid purchasing new garage doors with windows.

If maximum protection is your goal, be sure to select products approved by the very thorough Miami-Dade County standards (see the product search link below).

Other Resources

Federal Alliance for Safe Homes: www.flash.org

Federal Emergency Management Agency Library: https://www.fema.gov/resource-document-library

Institute for Business and Home Safety: http://www.disastersafety.org/

Miami-Dade County: Permitting, Environment and Regulatory Affairs – Product Control Search: http://www.miamidade.gov/building/pc-search_app.asp

Footnotes

1.

This document is ABE378 (it is Part 5 of 6 in the Education + Action = Wind Damage Mitigation series), one of a series of the Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date November 2005. Revised October 2013 and November 2016. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. The original publication was partially funded from a Florida Department of Community Affairs Residential Construction Mitigation Program Grant.

2.

Hal S. Knowles, III, associate in, Program for Resource Efficient Communities; Kathleen C. Ruppert, professor emeritus, Program for Resource Efficient Communities; Karla A. Lenfesty, family and consumer sciences agent (retired), UF/IFAS Extension St. Lucie County; Barbara Haldeman, editorial assistant, Program for Resource Efficient Communities; and Craig Miller, associate in, Program for Resource Efficient Communities; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.