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Publication #SS AGR 313

'Florida-07', a Medium Maturity, Large Seeded, High Oleic Peanut Variety with Resistance to Tomato Spotted Wilt1

B.L. Tillman and D.W. Gorbet2

'Florida-07' peanut variety was developed by the UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center near Marianna, Florida. The variety was released in 2006 because of its outstanding pod-yield potential, competitive grades, high oleic oil chemistry and resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV).

Over several years of testing in Florida, the pod yield of 'Florida-07' has been excellent, and the grade (TSMK-Total Sound Mature Kernels) has been competitive with other varieties (Table 1). In addition, 'Florida-07' has very good resistance to tomato spotted wilt virus with a rating of 2.1, compared to a rating of 4.2 for 'Georgia Green' (using a rating scale of 1 - 10 with 1 = no disease). 'Florida-07' has also performed well in Alabama and Georgia.

In the 2006 Alabama peanut variety tests at Headland, pod yield of 'Florida-07' ranked first in both irrigated and non-irrigated tests: http://www.aaes.auburn.edu/comm/pubs/agronomy/ay282.pdf. Similarly, in 2007 pod yield of 'Florida-07' ranked second in the irrigated test and first in the non-irrigated test: http://www.aaes.auburn.edu/comm/pubs/agronomy/ay291.pdf. In both tests, the TSMK of 'Florida-07' was competitive with other varieties although it did not have the highest grade. In the Georgia peanut variety tests, pod yield of 'Florida-07' ranked no less than fifth in three irrigated tests and two non-irrigated tests: http://www.swvt.uga.edu/2006/pct06/RR709-Peanut.pdf. Similarly, in 2007 pod yield of 'Florida-07' was ranked not less than fourth in five out of six tests: http://www.swvt.uga.edu/2007/pct07/RR714-Peanut.pdf. In all tests, the TSMK of 'Florida-07' was competitive with other varieties, but was not among the highest group.

The seed size of 'Florida-07' is larger than that of 'Georgia Green' and 'C-99R'. In three years of testing at two locations in Florida, 'Florida-07' had an average of 591 sound mature kernels (SMK, those riding a 16/64 inch screen) per pound. These results compared to 655 per pound for 'C-99R' and 858 per pound for 'Georgia Green'. The results indicate more pounds of seed of 'Florida-07' will be required to plant the same seeding density as 'Georgia Green' or 'C-99R'. However, the SMK group contains jumbo runner seed, medium seed and number one seed. It is not likely that jumbo runners will be used for seed, which should increase the seed count per pound and reduce the pounds of seed per acre required for planting.

'Florida-07' has a typical runner growth habit with a semi-prominent central stem and dark green foliage. Under irrigated conditions in Florida, 'Florida-07' reaches optimum maturity about 140 days after planting. Because the variety has large seed, gypsum is recommended, especially when producing seed of 'Florida-07'.

Production of seed of 'Florida-07' is governed by PVP (Plant Variety Protection), such that seed of this variety can be produced and sold only as a class of certified seed and only by companies licensed by the Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc. In addition to PVP, 'Florida-07' is protected by three U.S. utility patents because it is high oleic. These patents do not have a farmer exemption for saving seed, as provided under PVP. As a result, farmers are prohibited from saving seed from their own farm to plant the following season.

Tables

Table 1. 

Performance of runner market-type peanut varieties at two or three Florida locations over the past four years (2004-2007). Entries are sorted by maturity and the four year average yield (in descending order).

   

YIELD (lbs./acre)

TSMK (%)

TSWV (1-10)***

Name

Maturity*

2007

2-YR

3-YR††

4-YR†††

2007

2-YR

3-YR

4-YR

2007

2-YR

3-YR

4-YR

Andru II**

Virugard

ME

ME

3993

3139

3982

3834

3464

3265

3553

3284

75.0

78.4

75.7

77.5

73.7

75.6

73.3

75.9

5.1

6.1

3.9

4.5

4.0

4.4

3.7

4.2

Georgia-03L

AP-3

Carver

Georgia Green

M

M

M

M

3375

3603

3430

3561

3941

3993

3886

3652

3936

3721

3364

3231

4098

3971

3579

3457

77.6

75.2

76.4

77.8

77.8

74.3

77.0

77.4

76.7

73.4

75.1

76.2

76.3

73.4

75.2

76.4

3.9

3.3

4.1

4.2

3.5

2.7

3.2

4.3

3.5

2.7

3.7

4.3

3.4

2.6

3.5

4.1

Florida-07**

M

4558

4909

4656

 

76.4

77.4

76.4

 

2.1

2.0

2.3

 

AT3085A**

McCloud**

AT3081R

M

M

M

3735

3403

3336

4190

3799

3653

3885

3600

3401

 

75.6

77.9

75.5

75.9

75.8

74.9

74.9

75.6

73.2

 

4.6

3.4

4.6

3.6

3.1

4.0

3.4

3.4

4.1

 

AP-4

M

4359

4387

 

77.0

44.8

 

3.1

2.8

 

Georgia Greener

Georgia-06G

M

M

4374

3955

 

80.1

80.0

 

2.9

3.3

 

Georgia-01R

C-99R

Georgia-02C**

York**

L

L

L

L

3893

4167

3785

3842

4438

4307

4161

4182

4281

4232

3804

4172

4432

4400

3911

-

79.4

78.6

80.6

74.8

79.5

76.4

81.0

74.9

78.7

76.1

79.3

74.4

78.9

76.2

79.2

-

2.3

3.2

2.8

2.2

2.1

2.6

2.4

2.0

2.4

2.7

2.8

2.0

2.3

2.6

2.7

-

C.V.

LSD

18

514

16

346

17

360

16

329

1.6

1.5

2.6

1.6

2.8

1.4

2.6

1.1

34.2

1.0

32.1

0.6

31.2

0.6

31.5

0.5

*E = early, M = medium, L = late

**High oleic oil chemistry.

2 YR= average of 2005 and 2006

††3 YR= average of 2005, 2006 and 2007;

†††4 YR= average of 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007.

***Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus ratings (1-10, 1 = no disease)

Footnotes

1.

This document is SS AGR 313, one of a series of the Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date November 2008. Reviewed June 2015. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

2.

B.L. Tillman, assistant professor; and D.W. Gorbet, professor, Department of Agronomy, North Florida Research and Education Center, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.