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Publication #CV301

Chapter 5. Ethnic Vegetable Production1

Guodong Liu, Christian F. Miller, Bonnie Wells, Yuncong Li, and Qingren Wang2

This is Chapter 5 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2017–2018 edition. The most current version of this chapter may be found at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/cv/cv30100.pdf.

Ethnic vegetable production in Florida contributes greatly to the diversity of the state’s agricultural industry. More than 30 types of ethnic/Asian vegetables are commercially grown a year in Florida. In recent years, the increasing demand for these crops has resulted in a rapid expansion of ethnic vegetable production in northeast and south Florida. Though availability, profitability, and competitiveness has increased, one of the concerns creating confusion between producers and consumers is that many of the ethnic vegetable crops have alternative names in other countries and cultures. Another concern is that, for many of these crops, there are no science-based production recommendations available for ethnic vegetable producers to follow. This unavailability of recommendations may limit the production of these crops as local growers attempt to determine crop requirements with limited guidance. Before specific recommendations are developed for these crops, ethnic vegetable growers should follow recommendations which are available for crop species closely related to these ethnic vegetables. This is especially important in the pest control and pest management because it is usually very difficult to find particular pesticides labeled specifically for certain ethnic vegetables.

The objectives of this publication are to (1) provide various names of some ethnic/Asian vegetable crops with EDIS publications available to readers; (2) list related chapters in this handbook, that provide recommendations for crops close to these ethnic vegetables grown in Florida; and (3) list EDIS publications currently available for these crops. We strongly encourage growers of ethnic vegetables to follow the UF/IFAS recommendations of related crops before the UF/IFAS recommendations are established.

Web links for EDIS publications available for ethnic/Asian vegetable growers in Florida:

Luffa—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Florida. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1285

Tong Hao—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Florida. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1276

Long Squash—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Florida. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1272

Bitter Melon—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Florida. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1271

Long Bean—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Florida. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1268

Tables

Table 1. 

Common name and botanical classification for selected asian vegetables.

Vegetable type

Common Name

Other Names

Family Name

Related crop grown in Florida

Root

Daikon radish

long white radish, Oriental radish, white radish, winter radish

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Radish (Chapter 15)

Lobok radish

Chinese radish

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Radish (Chapter 15)

Leafy

A choy

Taiwanese Lettuce

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Lettuce (Chapter 9)

Shalihon

Xue li hong, mustart green

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Lettuce (Chapter 9)

Tong Hao

Tahn ho, Shungiku, crown daisy, garland daisy, edible chrysanthemum, garland chrysanthemum, or chrysanthemum greens

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Lettuce (Chapter 9)

Napa

Napa cabbage

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

Long napa

Peking cabbage, celery cabbage

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

Shanghai bok choy

bok choy, pak choi, bok choi, pok choy

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

U choy

Yu choy, Chinese greens

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

Taiwan cabbage

Tainwan flat cabbage; Li Sun Cabbage, Flathead Cabbage

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

Wawa choy

Baby Chinese Cabbage

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

Flower

Gailon

Chinese broccoli (Kale)

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Broccoli (Chapter 6)

Fruit

Long squash

Po Gua, Poo Gua, Hu Gua, Opo Squash, birdhouse gourd, bottle gourd, calabash gourd, hard-shelled gourd, dolphin gourd, long melon, opo squash, trumpet gourd, and white-flower gourd

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumber (Chapter 7)

Fuzzy squash

hairy gourd, fuzzy melon

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumber (Chapter 7)

Luffa

Loofa, Loofah, Chinese okra, angled loofah, dishcloth sponge

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumber (Chapter 7)

Kabocha

japanese pumpkin, Kabocha squash, Kent pumpkin

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumber (Chapter 7)

Long bean (dark green)

asparagus bean, Chinese long bean, long-podded cowpea, and yardlong bean

Fabaceae

Legume (Chapter 10)

Long bean (white)

Chinese long bean, haricot asperge, pea bean, dow gauk

Fabaceae

Legume (Chapter 10)

Footnotes

1.

This document is CV301, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date July 2017. Revised July 2018. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu for the currently supported version of this publication.

2.

Guodong Liu, associate professor, Horticultural Sciences Department; Christian F. Miller, Extension agent II, UF/IFAS Extension Palm Beach County; Bonnie Wells, Extension agent II, UF/IFAS Extension St. Johns County; Yuncong Li, professor, UF/IFAS Tropical Research and Education Center; and Qingren Wang, Extension agent II, UF/IFAS Extension Miami-Dade County; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.