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Publication #HS1244

Heirloom Hot Pepper Varieties for Florida1

Monica Ozores-Hampton2

Hot peppers are members of the Capsicum genus of the nightshade family Solanaceae (Rhodes 2009). Hot peppers are native to Central and South America where they have been part of the human diet since about 7500 BC (Bosland 1996). Hot peppers were named by Christopher Columbus who mistakenly thought they were related to Piper nigrum or black pepper because they had a similar pungency. Columbus returned to Spain with the spice, and its popularity rapidly spread throughout Europe, India, China, Korea, Thailand, and Japan.

Hot peppers are known for their pungent flavor. The pungency is caused by the compound capsaicin, which is measured in Scoville heat units (Wright 2010). A pepper with more capsaicin will have a higher Scoville heat unit. Bell peppers have a Scoville unit of zero, while the hottest peppers have a Scoville unit greater than 1,000,000. The pungency level is genetic, but it can be influenced by environmental stress. A hot pepper from the same variety grown in hot, dry conditions would have higher capsaicin and a more pungent flavor than a hot pepper grown in cooler, humid conditions.

A hybrid hot pepper is bred from two genetically different purebred varieties to produce fruit with desirable characteristics (Culbert 2011). While hybrids are known for their vigor and characteristics, such as their adaptability to environmental stress, disease resistance, and growth uniformity from plant to plant, heirloom hot peppers were selected for their superior flavor and eating quality. A hot pepper is considered an heirloom when the variety has been in use for 50 to 100 years, and it is open pollinated and “true to type,” which means seeds will produce offspring that are identical to the parent plant (Wright 2013). Unlike hybrid plants that are not consistent from generation to generation, heirloom seeds can be saved and regrown the following year.

Heirloom hot peppers are closely related to other vegetables in the family Solanacea, such as potatoes, tomatoes, tobacco, and eggplants. Many diseases for these vegetables can affect heirloom hot peppers, making them susceptible to these diseases. Bacterial leaf spot caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria is the most common, and it is characterized by small, water-soaked or greasy spots on leaves and small, light green, and raised spots on fruit that enlarge and turn scabby (Pernezny and Kuchark 2011). Viruses, such as pepper mottle, potato virus Y, tobacco etch, and tobacco mosaic virus, are common problems. These diseases create stunted plants, fruit and leaf malformation, mottling, and leaf mosaics, but identifying these viruses in the field is difficult and must be done in a laboratory (Mossler, Aerts, and Nesheim 2012). To prevent the spread of diseases use clean transplants, control weeds and insects, such as white flies and aphids, avoid overhead irrigation, and reduce handling of the plants while they are wet.

Heirloom Hot Pepper Varieties Here is a guide of the popular pepper varieties used in Florida (Table 1). The popularity was assessed from a survey among seed suppliers, which include Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds, Burpee, High Mowing Seeds, Southern Exposure Seed Exchange, Tomato Grower Supply Company, Seeds of Change, Territorial Seed Company, and My Patriot Supply. When organic seeds were available, the USDA logo was inserted. The relative Scoville rating, which measures a pepper’s pungency, was also included when it was available.

Figure 1. 

Aji Dulce


Credit:

Reimer Seed


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 2. 

Caribbean Red Habanero


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 3. 

Cayenne Long Red


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 4. 

Fish


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 5. 

Hungarian wax hot


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 6. 

Poblano


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 7. 

Santa Fe Grande


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 8. 

Serrano


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 9. 

Tabasco


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 10. 

Thai Red Chili


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 11. 

Aji Amarillo


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 12. 

Aji Colorado


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 13. 

Anaheim


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 14. 

Ancho 101


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 15. 

Bhut Jolokia or Ghost


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 16. 

Big Jim


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 17. 

Black Hungarian


Credit:

High Mowing Organic Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 18. 

Bulgarian Carrot


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 19. 

Chiltepin


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 20. 

Chinese Five Color


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 21. 

Chocolate Habanero


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 22. 

Craig’s Grande Jalapeño


Credit:

Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 23. 

Datil


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 24. 

Early Jalapeño


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 25. 

Espanola Improved


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 26. 

Fatalii


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 27. 

Filius Blue


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 28. 

Goat Horn


Credit:

Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 29. 

Habanero Red Savina™


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 30. 

India Jwala or Indian Finger


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 31. 

Italian Pepperoncini


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 32. 

Jalapeño


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 33. 

Jalapeño M


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 34. 

Jimmy Nardello’s


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 35. 

Lemon Drop


Credit:

chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 36. 

Lemon Yellow Habanero


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 37. 

Leutschauer Paprika


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 38. 

Long Purple Cayenne


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 39. 

Mustard Habanero


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 40. 

Numex Big Jim


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 41. 

Numex Conquistador


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 42. 

Padron


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 43. 

Pasilla Bajio


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 44. 

Purple Jalapeño


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 45. 

Red Cherry


Credit:

Burpee


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 46. 

Red Mushroom


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 47. 

Ring-O-Fire


Credit:

High Mowing Organic Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 48. 

Scotch Bonnet


Credit:

Chilipeppermadness.com


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 49. 

Tam Jalapeño


Credit:

Reimer Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 50. 

Thai Burapa


Credit:

Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 51. 

Thai Yellow Chili


Credit:

Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 52. 

Tunisian Baklouti


Credit:

Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

References

Bosland, P.W. 1996. Capsicums: Innovative Uses of an Ancient Crop. p. 479-487. In: J. Janick (ed.), Progress in New Crops. ASHS Press. Arlington, VA. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/proceedings1996/V3-479.html

Culburt, D. 2011. Heirlooms – and Other Seedy Words. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences http://okeechobee.ifas.ufl.edu/News%20columns/Heirloom.Vegetables.htm

Mossler, M., M. J. Aerts, and O.N. Nesheim. 2012. Florida Crop/Pest Management Profiles: Bell peppers. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pi040

Pernezny, K. and T. Kucharek. 2011. Some Common Diseases of Pepper in Florida. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/vh054

Rhodes, D. 2009. Vegetable Crops. Purdue Univ., Dept. of Hort. Landscape Architecure. Hort 401. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/rhodcv/hort410/pepper/pe00001.htm

Wright, S. 2010. Hot Peppers and Specialty Sweet Peppers. Cooperative Extension Service. Univ. KY, College Agri. http://www.uky.edu/Ag/NewCrops/introsheets/hotpeppers.pdf

Wright, S. 2013. Heirloom Vegetables. Cooperative Extension Service. Univ. KY, College Agri. http://www.uky.edu/Ag/NewCrops/introsheets/heirloom.pdf

Tables

Table 1. 

Variety

Company

Season

(Relative Maturity)

Plant and Fruit

Characteristics

Comments

Most Popular Heirloom Hot Peppers

Aji Dulce

Reimer Seed and Southern Exposure Seed Exchange

90–111 days

Plant has light green leaves and white flowers. Fruit is 1.75 inches long and 1.5 inches wide and wrinkled. They turn from green to orange and from orange to red when mature.

Fruit tastes like the habanero but is sweet, spicy with little heat.

Relative Scoville rating: 100–500. Organic seed available.

Caribbean Red Habanero

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company and Burpee

110 days

Productive plants that reach 30 inches tall. Fruit is slightly wrinkled and about 1 inch wide and 1.5 inches long. Similar in shape to the habanero and ripen from lime green to a brilliant red.

Fruit has a warm, rich, and smoky-citrus taste.

Relative Scoville rating: 445,000. Organic seed available.

Cayenne Long Red

My Patriot Supply, Sustainable Seed Company, Seedaholic, Burpee, and Smart Gardener

70–80 days

Plants are bushy, 24 to 30 inches tall, and produce hot, narrow, and medium-walled fruit about 4 to 6 inches long that ripen to glossy deep red.

Relative Scoville rating: 30,000–50,000. Organic seed available.

Fish

Southern Exposure Seed Exchange, Nature Hills Nursery, Burpee, and Smart Gardener

80 days

Plants have green and white variegated foliage producing 3 to 5 inches of tapered fruit that ripen from cream and green striped to orange and brown, and then to red.

Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–30,000. Organic seed available.

Hungarian Wax Hot

My Patriot Supply, Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Smart Gardener, Seeds of Change, Burpee, High Mowing Organic Seeds, Sweet Corn Organic Nursery, and Bean Acres Seeds

70–80 days

Plants are 24 to 36 inches tall and produce 5-inch-long fruit. Fruit starts out bright yellow and turns red as it matures.

Relative Scoville rating: 750–3,500. Organic seed available.

Poblano

Burpee, Local Harvest, and High Mowing Organic Seeds

65 days

Plants grow 30 inches tall and have yellow flowers. Fruit is 4 to 8 inches and turns from green to red when mature.

Called Ancho peppers when dried. Fruit is hotter when mature and red. Relative Scoville rating: 2,500–5,000. Organic seed available.

Santa Fe Grande

Seminis, Bonnie Plants, Cross Country Nurseries, Burpee, Natures Creations Award Winning Seed, and Bean Acres Seeds

75–80 days

Plants are 24 inches tall with conical fruit that grow 2 inches long. Fruit matures from yellow to orange-red.

Fruit has medium heat and slight sweetness. Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–8,000. Organic seed available.

Serrano

My Patriot Supply, Country Creek Acres, Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Burpee, and Bean Acres Seeds

75–80 days

Large plants with club-shaped fruit 2 to 3 inches in length. It ripens from green to red.

Relative Scoville rating: 2,500–4,000. Organic seed available.

Tabasco

Bean Acres Seeds, Burpee, Bonnie Plants, Natures Creations Award Winning Seed, and Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company

90 days

Bushy plants, 24 to 36 inches tall. Plants produce thin, oblong, and 2- to 3-inch-long fruit. It starts out green, changes to yellow, then orange, and finally turns bright red.

Relative Scoville rating: 30,000–50,000. Organic seed available.

Thai Red Chili

Smart Gardener, Sustainable Seed Company, and Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company

90 days

Plants produce small, bright, and red-pointed fruits.

Peppers are easy to dry. Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–30,000.

Other heirloom hot peppers

Aji Amarillo

Reimer Seed, Seeds of Change, and Solana Seeds

100 days

Plant grows 36 inches tall with green stems, leaves, and white flowers with green and yellow markings. Fruit is 5 inches long by 1.25 inches wide that turns from green to orange when mature.

Fruit can be used green, ripe, or dried. Relative Scoville rating: 40,000–50,000. Organic seed available.

Aji Colorado

Dave’s Garden, Seeds of Change, Reimer Seeds and All Good Things Organic Seeds

69–80 days

Plant is 18 to 24 inches with 3- to 5-inch-long fruit that ripens from green to red.

Relative Scoville rating: 20,000. Organic seed available.

Anaheim

Burpee, Seedman, and Sustainable Seed Co.

77 days

Plants grow 18 to 24 inches tall and 16 inches wide with 6-inch-long fruit that turns from green to deep red when ripe.

Relative Scoville rating: 3000. Organic seed available.

Ancho 101

Park Seed, Reimer Seeds, and The Chili Man

75 days

Bushy, 30 to 36 inch-tall plants that produce 4 to 6 inches of tapered fruit that matures from green to red.

Plants are vigorous and sturdy. Relative Scoville rating: 3,000.

Bhut Jolokia or Ghost

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Green Earth Company, Hirt’s Gardens, and Cross Country Nurseries

100–120 days

Tall plants that exceed 48 inches. Fruit is thin-walled, wrinkled, and pointed. Fruit reaches 2 to 3 inches in length that ripens to red.

Relative Scoville rating: more than 1,000,000. Organic seed available.

Big Jim

Lazy Ox Farm, Sustainable Seed Company, and Smart Gardener

75–80 days

Plants are tall and productive (best staked) that produce 24 to 30 tapered oblong fruit about 10 to 12 inches long. Plant ripens at the same time from green to red.

Ideal for hot, dry weather. Relative Scoville rating: 500–2,500. Organic seed available.

Black Hungarian

Smart Seeds, High Mowing Organic Seeds, and Sustainable Seed Company

70–80 days

Ornamental variety 30 to 36 inches tall with purple-veined foliage and intense purple flowers. Shiny, black, and conical fruit about 3 to 4 inches long that ripens from black to red.

Fruit has mild heat when black and turn hotter as they mature. Relative Scoville rating: 1,200. Organic seed available.

Bulgarian Carrot

Territorial Seed Company, Nature Hills Nursery, Sustainable Seed Company, Park Seed, Reimer Seeds and Lazy Ox Farm

70–80 days

Plants are 18 inches tall and produce clusters of 3.5-inch-long fruit that ripens from green to fluorescent orange.

Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–30,000. Organic seed available.

Chiltepin

Sustainable Seeds, Totally Tomatoes, and Dave’s Garden

90 days

Plants grow 8 to 10 inches and produce extremely hot, 0.5-inch fruit.

It is harvested in the wild in the southwestern United States.

Relative Scoville rating: more than 30,000.

Chinese Five Color

Trade Winds Fruit, Natures Creations Award Winning Seed, Reimer Seeds, Dave’s Garden

85 days

Ornamental plant that grows 20 inches tall with conical fruit that grows about 1-2 inches. Fruit turns from purple, to cream, to yellow, to orange, and to red when mature.

Relative Scoville rating: 5,000­–30,000. Organic seed available.

Chocolate Habanero

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Urban Farmer, and Semillas

80–90 days

Plants are 36 inches tall with lantern-shaped fruit. The 2-inch fruit is dark brown.

The fruit looks like chocolate candies.

Relative Scoville rating: 450,000.

Craig’s Grande Jalapeño

Lazy Ox Farm and Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company

81 days

Plants are 12.5 inches tall and produce green fruit that turns red when ripe.

Relative Scoville rating: 2,000–4,500.

Datil

Reimer Seeds

100 days

Plants produce fruit that is 1.5 inches long by 0.5 inches wide. Fruit matures from light green to orange when mature.

Mostly grown in St. Augustine, FL. Fruit has a very distinct flavor.

Relative Scoville Rating: 100,000–300,000.

Early Jalapeño

Bean Acres Seeds, High Mowing Organic Seeds, and Burpee

66 days

Plants are 20 to 24 inches tall and produce blunt, 3- inch-long fruit that can be harvested when dark green or red.

Relative Scoville rating: 4,000–6,000. Organic.

Espanola Improved

Seeds of Change and Sandia Seed Co.

75 days

Plants are 18 to 24 inches long with long, tapered fruit. The 5- to 7-inch fruit matures from dark green to red.

Fruit is spicier in warmer climates. Relative Scoville rating: 2,000–4,000. Organic seed available.

Fatalii

Tomato Growers Supply Company, Seed Savers Exchange, Natures Creations Award Winning Seed, and Sustainable Seed Co.

90 days

Plants are 30 inches tall and produce 3-inch-long fruit that is similar to a habanero. Fruit is yellow-orange in color.

Relative Scoville rating: 250,000–300,000. Organic seed available.

Filius Blue

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Reimer Seeds, Hirt’s Gardens, Bean Acres Seeds, and Pepper Seeds

60–120 days

Plants are 18 inches tall with fruit about 2.5 inches long by 1 inch wide. Fruit matures from purple (hot) to red (mild).

Relative Scoville rating: 20,000.

Goat Horn

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Pepper Seeds, Hirt’s gardens, and Evergreen Seeds

85 days

Plants are 26 inches tall with horn-shaped fruit about 3 inches long. Fruit matures from green to bright red.

Relative Scoville rating: 3,000–5,000.

Habanero Red Savina™

Reimer Seeds

100 days

Plants grow 42 inches tall and produce fruit 2 inches long by 1.5 inches wide. Fruit matures from green to red when ripe.

Relative Scoville rating: 577,000.

India Jwala or Indian Finger

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company and 2BSeeds

60–120 days

Umbrella-type plant that produces 4-inch-long fruit with wrinkled skin. The fruit looks green in the early stage and turns into red.

Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–30,000.

Italian Pepperoncini

Smart Gardener, Garden Harvest Supply, Sustainable Seed Company, and Burpee

62–75 days

Bushy plants, 20 to 24 inches tall that produce 3- to 4-inch-long fruit that can be yellow or red.

Needs summer shade. Excellent sun-scald protection. Fruit is sweeter when red.

Relative Scoville rating: 100–500.Organic seed available.

Jalapeño

My Patriots Supply, Burpee and Victory Seeds

72 days

Fruit is 3.5 inches long by 1.5 inches wide. Fruit is tapered and dark green that matures to red.

Relative Scoville rating: 10,000. Organic seed available.

Jalapeño M

Sustainable Seed , Eden Brothers, Sustainable Seed Company, and Burpee

65–70 days

Plants are 18 to 24 inches long that have green and 3- to 4-inch-long fruit.

The most popular of the jalapeño peppers. Relative Scoville rating: 5,000. Organic seed available.

Jimmy Nardello’s

Territorial Seed Company, Reimer Seeds, Burpee and Susatinable Seed Co.

75 days

Fruit is long, slender, and tapered. Fruit is about 6 to 9 inches long.

It originated in Ruoti, Italy. It is sweet and crisp and known as a good frying pepper.

Relative Scoville rating: Organic seed available.

Lemon Drop

Baker Creek HHH

eirloom Seed Company, Refining Fire Chiles, Peppers Seeds, and Smart Gardener

90–100 days

Plants are 24 inches tall with crinkled and conical fruit. The 2- to 3-inch-long fruit has a bright yellow color. The fruit sometimes has a dark purple blush.

Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–30,000.

Lemon Yellow Habanero

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Reimer Seeds, and Bean Acres Seeds

85 days

Plants are 24 to 32 inches tall and produce small, lantern-shaped fruit. The lemon-yellow fruit is 1 to 1.5 inches long.

Relative Scoville rating: 150,000–325,000.

Leutschauer Paprika

Local harvest, Reimer Seeds, Smart Gardener, and Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company

85 days

Fruit is 2 to 3 inches long and 0.25 inches wide. Fruit matures from green to a deep, glossy red.

Relative Scoville rating: 1–1,000.

Long Purple Cayenne

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Nature Hills Nursery, Reimer Seeds and Azure Dandelian Herb N Art Store

70 days

Bushy, 20- to 24-inch-tall plants that produce bright purple fruits.

Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–30,000. Organic seed available.

Mustard Habanero

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Seed Savers Exchange, Natures Creations Award Winning Seeds, Reimer Seeds and Lazy Ox Farm

95–100 days

Habanero-type fruit that starts out a very light green color blushed with purple, and ripens to a mustard color, and then finally to fiery orange.

Relative Scoville rating: more than 30,000. Organic seed available.

Numex Big Jim

Tomato Growers Supply Company, Local Harvest, and Dave’s Garden

80 days

Plants are 18 to 24 inches long, and they produce fruit that is tapered and oblong. Fruit grows up to 12 inches long and weighs as much as 4 oz. Matures from green to red.

Relative Scoville rating: 1,000–5,000. Organic seed available.

Numex Conquistador

Seeds of Change, Reimer Seeds, and Dave’s Garden

85 days

Plants are 18 to 24 inches tall and produce an Anaheim type fruit that is 4 to 7 inches long. Fruit matures from green to dark red.

Relative Scoville rating: 1–1,000. Organic seed available.

Padron

Seeds of Change, Johnny’s Seeds, Reimer Seeds and Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company

75–85 days

Small and thin-skinned fruit that matures from green to red when ripen.

Mild (1-1,000 Scoville heat units) and Moderate (1,000-5,000 Scoville heat units). Mature and full-sized peppers at will be hot. Organic seed available.

Pasilla Bajio

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Natures Creations Award Winning Seed, Burpee and Sustainable Seed Company

78 days

Plants produce wrinkled fruit 7 inches long and 1 inch in diameter with a dark green color that turns brown as it ripens.

Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–30,000. Organic seed available.

Purple Jalapeño

Pepper Joe’s Inc., Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Hot Pepper Seeds, Natures Creations Award Winning Seed, and Totally Tomatoes

69–80 days

Plants are 18 to 24 inches tall and produce fruit 2 to 6 inches in length. Fruit matures from a deep purple to red.

Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–30,000. Organic seed available.

Red Cherry

Clifton Seed, Valley View Ranch-Healing Land, Harris Seeds, Hometown Seeds, and Burpee

75–80 days

Plants are 24 to 36 inches tall and produce 1.5- to 2- inch fruit that matures from green to red.

Relative Scoville rating: 5,000-15,000.

Red Mushroom

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company Reimer Seeds and Local Harvest

85–90 days

Plants are 24 to 30 inches tall and produce thin-skinned and mushroom-shaped fruit. The fruit is also wrinkled, squat, and wide. The 2-inch fruit matures from green to red.

Relative Scoville rating: more than 30,000.

Ring-O-Fire

Seeds of Change, Seed Count, and High Mowing Organic Seeds

80 days

Plants are 24 to 30 inches long and produce a bright red, 4- to 6-inch fruit.

Relative Scoville rating: 20,000. Organic seed available.

Scotch Bonnet

Pepper seeds, Sustainable Seed Company, Bean Acres Seeds, and Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company

85 days

Plants are 24 to 32 inches tall and produce fruit 1.5 to 2 inches in diameter. Fruit is long, wrinkled, and irregular-shaped. Fruit ranges in color from green to golden-yellow.

Relative Scoville rating: 150,000–325,000. Organic seed available.

Tam Jalapeño

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company Reimer Seeds and Sustainable Seed Company

60–120 days

Bushy plants are 24 to 36 inches tall and 18 inches wide. Plants produce small- to medium- fruit that matures from green to red.

Needs summer shade. Relative Scoville rating: 1,000- 1,500.

Thai Burapa

Pepper Seeds and Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company

90–95 days

Bushy plants are 30 to 36 inches tall and produce small peppers that turn from green to red when ripe.

Needs summer shade. Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–30,000.

Thai Burapa

Smart Gardener and Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company

100 days

Plants are 30 to 36 inches tall and produce orange and red fruit.

Needs summer shade. Relative Scoville rating: 5,000–10,000.

Tunisian Baklouti

Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company, Home of Underwood Gardens, and Sustainable Seed Company

110 days

Plants are 38 to 48 inches tall and produce 4- to 6- inch-long fruit. The tapered fruit is red and medium to large in size.

Relative Scoville rating: 1,000-5,000.

Footnotes

1.

This document is HS1244, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date November 2013. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

2.

Monica Ozores-Hampton, assistant professor, Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, UF/IFAS Extension, Immokalee, FL 34142.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.