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Publication #ENY-419

Insecticides Currently Used on Vegetables1

S. E. Webb and P. A. Stansly2

The following table lists many of the common insecticides currently labeled for use on vegetables in Florida. A number of new materials have been registered in the past few years or have had additional crops added to their labels. Some older organophosphate insecticides are now restricted to just a few crops, a result of recent rulings related to the Food Quality Protection Act. Changes continue, thus this listing may not be totally accurate at the time of printing.

No attempt has been made to list all available formulations. Some are listed under "Signal Word," when different formulations differ in toxicity. Many of the listed insecticides are limited to specific vegetables. Specific crop recommendations and pesticide labels should be consulted for more detailed information.

Insects can become resistant to any insecticide if it is used repeatedly. This also applies to alternating insecticides with similar modes of action, for example following a soil application of Admire with foliar applications of Actara or Assail (all neonicotinoids, MOA 4). To complicate matters, some products, called premixes (e.g., Voliam Flexi) contain two different products, each with a different mode of action. In general, pesticides with the same mode of action should be not be used in more than one pest generation per crop cycle. In practical terms, this means no more than two applications of products with short residual activity and only one per season of products that are long-lasting. To aid in developing a spray program, we have included a column with a code number for the mode of action of each insecticide. A footnote lists the mode of action associated with the code. In addition to alternating insecticides with different modes of action, integrating other non-chemical control measures in a pest management program should help to delay resistance.

In this revision, we have added a column listing the crops for which each pesticide can be legally used. For many of the newer insecticides, crop groups are listed. In the past, insecticides and other pesticides were labeled for individual crops, with pesticide residue tolerances established for each combination. For some of the older pesticides in the table, this is still the case. Establishing tolerances on a smaller number of representative crops is more efficient, however, than conducting residue studies on every possible food crop. Although the concept of crop groups has been used for many years (beginning in 1962), it is only since the Environmental Protection Agency’s 1995 revised crop grouping regulations that the use of crop groups for registering pesticides for minor crops (including most vegetables) became common. Although botanical relationships appear to be the major grouping mechanism, many other factors that may affect pesticide residues are considered, for example, the part of the crop that is edible, pest problems, and production practices. For example, turnip roots and turnip greens are in different groups because of the differences in probable pesticide residues, and the leafy greens group includes plants from a number of different plant families because of the similarity of residue deposition on the edible portion of the crop. The Interregional Project No. 4 (IR-4) has played the major role in developing the crop groups and their definitions, an ongoing process. The information on crops given in Table 1 is expanded by the crop group descriptions given in Table 2, based on information provided by IR-4, http://ir4.rutgers.edu/other/CropGroup.htm.

Tables

Table 1. 

Insecticides for Use on Vegetables

Insecticide

General Characteristics

Signal Word

MOA1

Typical Target Pests

Crops*

*Crop groups are described in Table 2

Carbamates

Lannate

(methomyl)2

very short residual

Danger—Poison

1A

caterpillars, leafhoppers

Legume Vegetables, beets, roots and tops (table), broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, celery, Chinese cabbage, collards (fresh market), sweet corn, cucumber, eggplant, endive, escarole, garlic, kale, mustard greens, parsley, Swiss chard, turnip greens, head and leaf lettuce, melons, onions (green and dry), peas (succulent), peppers, potato, spinach, summer squashes, tomato

Larvin

(thiodicarb)

larvicide & ovicide

Warning

1A

caterpillars

broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, Leafy Vegetables, sweet corn

Sevin

(carbaryl)

use can result in aphid and mite outbreaks

Caution—4F, XLR, Bait; Warning—80S

1A

beetles, leafhoppers, caterpillars

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables and turnip greens, sweet corn, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, endive (escarole), lettuce (head and leaf), parsley, spinach, Leafy Petiole Vegetables (such as celery and Swiss chard), Legume Vegetables, okra, Root and Tuber Vegetables, strawberry

*Vydate

(oxamyl)2

contact action; systemic if applied to soil by drip irrigation

Danger—Poison

1A

aphids, thrips, some beetles

carrots, celery, cucumber, cantaloupe, watermelon, squash, pumpkin, eggplant, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes

Organophosphates

*Counter

(terbufos)2

soil application;

insecticide/nematicide

Danger—Poison

1B

soil pests

sweet corn

*Diazinon

soil application

Caution

1B

cutworms, mole crickets, wireworms

Succulent Beans and Peas, table beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, collards, endive (escarole), kale, head and leaf lettuce, melons (cantaloupe, casaba, Crenshaw, honeydew, muskmelon, Persian, watermelon), mustard greens, bulb and green onions, radishes, rutabaga, spinach, strawberry, tomatoes

Dibrom 8E

(naled)

some short residual fumigant action

Danger

1B

caterpillars

beans, lima beans, and peas (dry and succulent); broccoli, cabbage (including tight heading varieties of Chinese cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kale, collards, cantaloupe and muskmelon (netted varieties), celery, eggplant and peppers, strawberry, summer squash, Swiss chard

Dimethoate 4EC

local systemic

Warning

1B

aphids, leafhoppers

beans (fresh, snap, lima and dry), broccoli and cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, celery, leaf lettuce, kale, turnip greens and roots, mustard greens, Swiss chard, endive, escarole, melons (except watermelon), succulent peas, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes

*Di-Syston 8

(disulfoton)2

systemic action

Danger—Poison

1B

aphids

beans (succulent, including snap and lima), cabbage, including tight-heading varieties of Chinese cabbage

Imidan 70W

(phosmet)

 

Warning

1B

caterpillars, sweetpotato weevil

potatoes, sweet potatoes

Lorsban

(chlorpyrifos)

long residual

Caution—15G

Warning—

75WG, *Advanced2

1B

caterpillars, soil pests

Varies with formulation. For Lorsban Advanced: Brassica Leafy Vegetables, radish, rutabaga, turnip, Legume Vegetables, sweet corn, onion (dry bulb), strawberry, sweet potato

Malathion

short residual

Warning – 57EC

Caution – 8F

1B

broad spectrum

Varies with formulation. For 8 Flowable: Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, beans (succulent and dry), beets (table), celery, cucumbers, squash, eggplant, garlic, leeks, shallots, parsnips, radishes, salsify, Leafy Vegetables, okra, onions (bulb or green), peas, peppers, potatoes, rutabagas, spinach, strawberry, sweet corn, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, watercress

MSR Spray Concentrate (oxydemetonmethyl)2

systemic; contact & stomach action

Danger—Poison

1B

aphids, thrips & other sucking insects

lima beans, broccoli, broccoflower, broccolini, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, Cucurbit Vegetables, head lettuce

Mocap

(ethoprop)2

contact action, soil application

Danger—Poison

1B

soil insects

cabbage, potatoes, sweet potatoes, sweet corn (15% G)

Monitor

(methamidophos)2

insecticide/nematicide;

long residual

Danger—Poison

1B

caterpillars & other pests

tomatoes [24(c) supplemental label], potatoes

Orthene 97

(acephate)

10–15 day residual systemic activity

Caution

1B

aphids, beetles, caterpillars, thrips

beans and lima beans (dry and succulent), celery, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, head lettuce, peppers (bell and non-bell)

Penncap-M

(methyl parathion)2

contact & fumigant action; slow-release formulation

Warning

1B

caterpillars, thrips

sweet corn, onions, potatoes

Thimet 20G

(phorate)2

Soil insecticide

Danger—Poison

1B

soil pests, thrips

beans, sweet corn, potatoes

Organochlorines

Endosulfan

(endosulfan)2

fairly long residual

Danger—Poison

2A

aphids, beetles, caterpillars, whiteflies

peppers, potatoes, pumpkins, sweet corn, tomatoes, winter squash, strawberry

Pyrethroids

Ambush 25W

(permethrin)2

rapid knockdown; repellent; broad spectrum

Warning

3A

beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, thrips

broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese broccoli, Chinese cabbage, Cucurbit Vegetables, eggplant, peppers (bell), tomatoes, Leafy Vegetables, dry onions and garlic, potatoes, turnips, sweet corn

Asana XL

(esfenvalerate)2

rapid knockdown; repellent; broad spectrum

Warning

3A

beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers

Legume Vegetables, broccoli, Chinese broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Napa cabbage, collards, mustard greens, kohlrabi, carrots, cucumber, melons, squash, pumpkin, eggplant, head lettuce, okra, pepper, potato, radishes, sweet corn, tomato, turnips

Baythroid XL

(beta-cyfluthrin)2

rapid knockdown; repellent; broad spectrum

Warning

3A

beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, thrips

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, dried shelled legume vegetables, southern pea, potato and other Tuberous and Corm Vegetables, carrot, radish, sweet corn

Brigade 2EC

(bifenthrin)2

rapid knockdown; repellent; broad spectrum

Warning

3A

beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, thrips, whiteflies

Succulent Peas and Beans, Head and Stem Brassica (Cole) Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, head lettuce, spinach, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Petiole Vegetables, Root Vegetables, strawberry

Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)2

rapid knockdown; repellent; broad spectrum

Warning

3A

caterpillars, leafhoppers, whiteflies

Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Head and Stem Brassica Vegetables, strawberry, succulent peas

Force

(tefluthrin)2

broad spectrum

Caution

3A

soil pests

sweet corn

Mustang (zeta-cypermethrin)2

rapid knockdown, repellent, broad spectrum

Warning

3A

beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, thrips

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Bulb Vegetables, sweet corn, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, Leafy Vegetables, Legume Vegetables, Root and Tuber Vegetables

Pounce

(permethrin)2

rapid knockdown; repellent; broad spectrum

Caution—

1.5G

Warning—25WP

3A

beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, thrips

Head and Stem Brassica Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, eggplant, Leafy Vegetables, onions (bulb) and garlic, bell peppers, potatoes, sweet corn, tomatoes, turnips

Proaxis

(gamma-cyhalothrin)2

rapid knockdown; repellent; broad spectrum

Caution

3A

beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, plant bugs, stink bugs

Head and Stem Brassica Vegetables, sweet corn, Fruiting Vegetables, Legume Vegetables, lettuce (head and leaf), onions (bulb) and garlic

Pyganic 5.0 (Pyrethrins)

contact, stomach, & fumigant action; extract from chrysanthemums

Caution

3A

broad spectrum

Root and Tuber Vegetables, Bulb Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Legume Vegetables (succulent and dried), Fruiting Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, oriental vegetables, okra, strawberry

Warrior II

(lambda-cyhalothrin)2

rapid knockdown; repellent; broad spectrum

Warning

3A

beetles, caterpillars, leafhoppers, thrips

Head and Stem Brassica Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Legume Vegetables, lettuce (head and leaf), onions (bulb) and garlic, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Neonicotinyls

Actara

(thiamethoxam)

Translaminar

Translaminar

Caution

4A

aphids, potato leafhopper, some beetles, stinkbugs, whiteflies

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, Root Vegetables, strawberry, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Admire Pro, generics

(imidacloprid)

systemic when soil applied or translaminar as a foliar

Caution

4A

aphids, leafhoppers, some beetles, whiteflies

potato, Cucurbit Vegetables, Bulb Vegetables Group, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, Leafy Petiole Vegetables, Legume Vegetables, Root Vegetables, strawberry, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Assail 30SG

(acetamiprid)

Translaminar

Caution

4A

aphids, Colorado potato beetle, whiteflies

Leafy Vegetables, Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Edible Podded Legume Vegetables and Succulent and Shelled Peas and Beans, Fruiting Vegetables, Bulb Vegetables Group, strawberry, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Belay

(clothianidin)

Systemic as a soil application; long residual

Caution

4A

Colorado potato beetle, aphids, leafhoppers

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, potato

Platinum 75SG

(thiamethoxam)

systemic; soil application;

long residual

Caution

4A

aphids, potato leafhopper, some beetles, stinkbugs, whiteflies

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, Root Vegetables, strawberry, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Venom

Scorpion

(dinotefuran)

systemic when applied in soil or translaminar as foliar application

Caution

4A

aphids, Colorado potato beetle, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, whiteflies

Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Head and Stem Brassica Vegetables, Leafy Brassica Greens and turnip greens, Leafy Vegetables

Other insect nerve poisons

Agri-Mek SC

(abamectin)2

active once ingested; some contact action; mostly stomach poison

Warning

6

leafminers, mites, some beetles, tomato pinworm

celeriac, Fruiting Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, strawberry, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Avaunt

(indoxacarb)

ingestion plus contact; slightly to moderately translaminar

Caution

22

caterpillars

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, sweet corn, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, Leafy Vegetables, Leafy Petiole Vegetables, garden beet, southern peas (dry), Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Beleaf 50SG

(flonicamid)

contact & ingestion; causes rapid cessation of feeding

Caution

9C

aphids

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables, Root Vegetables

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole)

long residual, especially when applied to soil; systemic

None

28

caterpillars, Colorado potato beetle

Bulb Vegetables, Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, sweet corn, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, Leafy Vegetables, Legume Vegetables except soybean, potato, Root and Tuber Vegetables, Leaves of Root and Tuber Vegetables, strawberry

Fulfill

(pymetrozine)

feeding inhibitor

Caution

9B

aphids, whiteflies

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, Tuberous, Root, and Corm Vegetables

Proclaim

(emamectin benzoate)2

ingestion & topical; translaminar, not systemic

Caution

6

caterpillars

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables and turnip greens, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables

Radiant

(spinetoram)

ingestion & contact; enters leaf but does not translocate

Caution

5

thrips, caterpillars, some beetles and leafminers

Bulb Vegetables, Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, sweet corn, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, Leafy Vegetables, Leaves of Root and Tuber and Legume Vegetables, watercress, Legume Vegetables, potatoes and Tuberous and Corm Vegetables, Root Vegetables, strawberry

SpinTor, Entrust

(spinosad)

ingestion & contact; enters leaf but does not translocate

Caution

5

Thrips, caterpillars, some beetles and leafminers

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Bulb Vegetables, sweet corn, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, Leafy Vegetables, Leaves of Root and Tuber Vegetables, Leaves of Legume Vegetables, turnip greens, watercress, Legume Vegetables, Root and Tuber Vegetables, strawberry

Synapse WG, Belt

(flubendiamide)

long residual; rapid cessation of feeding

Caution

28

caterpillars

Varies by formulation—see specific label. Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables and turnip greens, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, Leafy Vegetables, Legume Vegetables (except soybean), sweet corn, strawberry

Insect Growth Regulators

Courier 40SC

(buprofezin)

disrupts egg hatch and molting; use in rotation with other insecticides

Caution

16

whiteflies

Head and stem Brassica Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, snap beans, strawberry

Dimilin

(diflubenzuron)2

slow-acting; disrupts molting process; reduces egg hatch

Caution

15

caterpillars, pepper weevil

2L formulation can be used on Leafy Brassica (Cole) Vegetables, turnip greens, and peppers

Esteem Ant Bait

(pyriproxyfen)

bait—breaks reproductive cycle of ants; slow-acting but effective

Caution

7C

ants

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, Legume Vegetables, onions (dry bulb only), Root and Tuber Vegetables, strawberry

Extinguish

[(S)-methoprene]

slow-acting bait

Caution

7A

fire ants

all cropland

Intrepid

(methoxyfenozide)

stomach poison that prevents molting in Lepidoptera; slow-acting; safe for beneficials

Caution

18

caterpillars

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, cilantro, Leafy Vegetables, Leaves of Root and Tuber Vegetables, turnip greens, sweet corn, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, green onion, Legume Vegetables, Leaves of legume Vegetables, Root Vegetables, strawberry, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables (except potato)

Knack

(pyriproxyfen)

disrupts egg hatch and molting

Caution

7C

whiteflies

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Bulb Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Legume Vegetables, okra, Root and Tuber Vegetables

Neemix 4.5, others

(azadirachtin)

slow acting; also acts as feeding repellent

Caution—Azatin XL; Warning—Neemix 4.5

un

broad spectrum

labeled for most crops, check specific product labels

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

disrupts cuticle formation at molting, resulting in death of larva; no effect on adult insect

Warning

15

caterpillars

beans (succulent and dry), Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, Head and Stem Brassica Vegetables, potatoes, sweet potatoes, strawberry, sweet corn

Trigard

(cyromazine)

most effective against small leafminer larvae

Caution

17

dipterous leafminers, maggots, Colorado potato beetle

dry beans (except cowpeas and soybeans), lima beans, Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables and turnip greens, Bulb Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes

Zeal

(etoxazole)

mite growth inhibitor

Caution

10B

spider mites

melons, cucumber, strawberry

Miscellaneous

Acramite

(bifenazate)

contact; long residual; ovicidal activity against spider mites

Caution

un

mites

Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, okra, succulent peas and beans, strawberry

Bacillus thuringiensis

(B.t.) var. aizawai

(B.t.) var. kurstaki

pest must ingest; slow-acting but feeding stops long before death

Caution

11A

caterpillars

most vegetables, but varies by specific product

Cryolite

pest must ingest; not rainfast; an inorganic fluorine compound

Caution

un

beetles, caterpillars

broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, melons, peppers, squash

Kanemite 15SC

(acequinocyl)

knockdown and residual control

Caution

20B

mites

Fruiting Vegetables, okra, edible podded beans, strawberry

M-Pede, Des-X

(potassium salts of fatty acids)

contact activity; phytotoxic at high temperatures

Warning

 

Aphids, whiteflies, and other soft-bodied arthropods

most vegetables

Movento

(spirotetramat)

ingestion; fully systemic in plant after foliar application; inhibitor of lipid synthesis; most effective on juvenile stages

Caution

23

aphids, psyllids, whiteflies,

mites

Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, legume Vegetables, Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, potato and other Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Mycotrol, BotaniGard

(Beauveria)

entomopathogenic fungus; slow-acting

None

aphids, leafhoppers, whiteflies, others

all vegetable crops

Oberon 2SC

(spiromesifen)

inhibitor of lipid synthesis; most effective on juvenile stages of mites and on nymphs and pupae of whiteflies and psyllids

Caution

23

mites, psyllids, mites, whiteflies

sweet corn, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, strawberry, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Portal

(fenpyroximate)

contact activity; affects energy metabolism

Warning

21A

mites, including broad mites, leafhoppers, whiteflies

Fruiting Vegetables, okra, melons, strawberry

Requiem 25SC

(synthetic extract of Chenopodium ambrosioides)

affects insect cuticle, disrupting respiration

Caution

Un

aphids, whiteflies, thrips

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Bulb Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables (except spinach), Legume Vegetables, okra, potato

Saf-T-Side, JMS Stylet Oil, others

(mineral oil)

contact activity

Caution

aphids, mites, whiteflies

beans, cucumber, eggplant, melon, pepper, squash, radish, tomato, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, other cole crops, lettuce, onion, sweet corn, potato, strawberry, sweet potato. See labels for other related products as crops vary by product.

Sulfur 6 L, others

acts as a miticide and fungicide, can be phytotoxic to some crops at high temperatures

Caution

--

mites

beans, carrots, melons, cucumber, squash, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, mustard greens, rutabaga, eggplant, head and leaf lettuce, okra, onions, garlic, dry shallots, spinach, peas peppers, strawberry, tomatoes, turnips

Vendex (fenbutatin-oxide)2

affects energy metabolism

Danger—Poison

12B

mites

eggplant, strawberry

Premixes (note: premixes or tank mixes reduce potential rotation partners for resistance management. Use only if both products in mix are needed to control damaging pests)

Brigadier

(bifenthrin and imidacloprid)2

see Brigade and Admire

Warning

3A +c 4A

broad spectrum

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, cilantro and coriander, eggplant, head lettuce, Legume Vegetables, okra, peppers, potato, spinach, strawberry, tomato, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Cobalt

(chlorpyrifos and gamma-cyhalothrin)2

see Lorsban and Proaxis

Danger

1B +3A

broad spectrum

Brussels sprouts, sweet corn

Durivo SC

(chlorantraniliprole and thiamethoxam)

see Platinum and Coragen;

applied to soil

Keep out of reach of children

28 + 4A

caterpillars, aphids, potato leafhopper, some beetles, stinkbugs, whiteflies

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables

Endigo ZC

(lambda-cyhalothrin and thiamethoxam)2

see Warrior and Actara

Warning

3A + 4A

broad spectrum

Head and Stem Brassica Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, head and leaf lettuce, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Leverage 360

(beta-cyfluthrin and imidacloprid)2

see Baythroid XL and Admire

Caution

3A + 4 A

broad spectrum

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, dried shelled peas and beans, carrot, radish, potato, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Vetica

(buprofezin and flubendiamide)

see Courier and Synapse WG

Caution

16 + 28

whiteflies and caterpillars

Cucurbit Vegetables, Head and Stem Brassica Leafy Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables and okra, snap beans, strawberry

Voliam Flexi

(chlorantraniliprole and thiamethoxam)

see Coragen and Actara; foliar application

Caution

28 + 4A

caterpillars, aphids, potato leafhopper, some beetles, stinkbugs, whiteflies

Brassica (Cole) Leafy Vegetables, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Leafy Vegetables, strawberry, Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Voliam Xpress

(chlorantraniliprole and lambda-cyhalothrin)2

see Coragen and Warrior

Warning

28 + 3A

broad spectrum

Head and stem Brassica Vegetables, sweet corn, Cucurbit Vegetables, Fruiting Vegetables, Legume Vegetables, lettuce (head and leaf), Tuberous and Corm Vegetables

Originally adapted from: Welty, Celeste. Insecticides for use on vegetables in Ohio. pp. 46–48, 2002 Ohio Vegetable production Guide, Ohio State University.

1Mode of Action codes for vegetable pest insecticides from the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) Mode of Action Classification v.7.2 February 2012. http://www.irac-online.org/content/uploads/MoA-classification.pdf [21 March 2013].

1A. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, Carbamates (nerve action)

1B. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, Organophosphates (nerve action)

2A. GABA-gated chloride channel antagonists (nerve action)

3A. Sodium channel modulators—pyrethroids

4A. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists (nerve action)

5. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor allosteric activators—spinosins (nerve action)

6. Chloride channel activators (nerve and muscle action)

7A. Juvenile hormone mimics (growth regulation)

7C. Juvenile hormone mimics (growth regulation)

9B & 9C. Selective homopteran feeding blockers

10B. Mite growth inhibitors (growth regulation)

11A. Microbial disruptors of insect midgut membranes

12B. Inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase (energy metabolism)

15. Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 0, lepidopteran (growth regulation)

16. Inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis, type 1, homopteran (growth regulation)

17. Molting disruptor, dipteran (growth regulation)

18. Ecdysone receptor agonists (growth regulation)

20B. Mitochondrial complex III electron transport inhibitors (energy metabolism)

21A. Mitochondrial complex I electron transport inhibitors (energy metabolism)

22. Voltage-dependent sodium channel blockers (nerve action)

23. Inhibitors of acetyl Co-A carboxylase (lipid synthesis, growth regulation)

28. Ryanodine receptor modulators (nerve and muscle action)

un. Compounds of unknown or uncertain mode of action

2Restricted-Use Pesticide

Table 2. 

Crop groups

1. ROOT AND TUBER VEGETABLES

Arracacha; arrowroot; artichoke, Chinese; artichoke, Jerusalem; beet, garden; beet, sugar; burdock, edible; canna, edible; carrot; cassava, bitter and sweet; celeriac; chayote (root); chervil, turnip-rooted; chicory; chufa; dasheen (taro); ginger; ginseng; horseradish; leren; parsley, turnip-rooted; parsnip; potato; radish; radish, oriental; rutabaga; salsify; salsify, black; salsify, Spanish; skirret; sweet potato; tanier; turmeric; turnip; yam bean; yam, true

1B. Root Vegetables (except sugar beet) subgroup

Beet, garden; burdock, edible; carrot; celeriac; chervil, turnip-rooted; chicory; ginseng; horseradish; parsley, turnip-rooted; parsnip; radish; radish, oriental; rutabaga; salsify; salsify, black; salsify, Spanish; skirret; turnip

1C. Tuberous and Corm Vegetables subgroup

Arracacha; arrowroot; artichoke, Chinese; artichoke, Jerusalem; canna, edible; cassava, bitter and sweet; chayote (root); chufa; dasheen (taro); ginger; leren; potato; sweet potato; tanier; turmeric; yam bean; yam, true

1D. Tuberous and Corm Vegetables (except potato) subgroup

Arracacha; arrowroot; artichoke, Chinese; artichoke, Jerusalem; canna, edible; cassava, bitter and sweet; chayote (root); chufa; dasheen (taro); ginger; leren; sweet potato; tanier; turmeric; yam bean; yam, true

2. LEAVES OF ROOT AND TUBER VEGETABLES (HUMAN FOOD OR ANIMAL FEED)

Beet, garden; beet, sugar; burdock, edible; carrot; cassava, bitter and sweet; celeriac; chervil, turnip-rooted; chicory; dasheen (taro); parsnip; radish; radish, oriental (daikon); rutabaga; salsify, black; sweet potato; tanier; turnip; yam, true

3-07. BULB VEGETABLE GROUP

Chive, fresh leaves; chive, Chinese, fresh leaves; daylily, bulb; elegans hosta; fritillaria, bulb; fritillaria, leaves; garlic, bulb; garlic, great-Headed, bulb; garlic, serpent, bulb; kurrat; lady's leek; leek; leek, wild; lily, bulb; onion, Beltsville bunching; onion, bulb; onion, Chinese, bulb; onion, fresh; onion, green; onion, macrostem; onion, pearl; onion, potato, bulb; onion, tree, tops; onion, Welsh, tops; shallot, bulb; shallot, fresh leaves; cultivars, varieties, and/or hybrids of these

3. BULB VEGETABLES

Garlic; garlic, great-headed; leek; onion, dry bulb and green; onion, Welsh; shallot

4. LEAFY VEGETABLES (EXCEPT BRASSICA VEGETABLES)

Amaranth (Chinese spinach); arugula (roquette); cardoon; celery; celery, Chinese; celtuce; chervil; chrysanthemum, edible-leaved; chrysanthemum, garland; corn salad; cress, garden; cress, upland; dandelion; dock (sorrel); endive (escarole); fennel, Florence; lettuce, head and leaf; orach; parsley; purslane, garden; purslane, winter; radicchio (red chicory); rhubarb; spinach; spinach, New Zealand; spinach, vine; Swiss chard

4A. 
Leafy greens subgroup

Amaranth; arugula; chervil; chrysanthemum, edible-leaved; chrysanthemum, garland; corn salad; cress, garden; cress, upland; dandelion; dock; endive; lettuce; orach; parsley; purslane, garden; purslane, winter; radicchio; spinach; spinach, New Zealand; spinach, vine

4B. 
Leaf petioles subgroup

Cardoon; celery; celery, Chinese; celtuce; fennel, Florence; rhubarb; Swiss chard

5. BRASSICA (COLE) LEAFY VEGETABLES

Broccoli; broccoli, Chinese (gai lon); broccoli raab (rapini); Brussels sprouts; cabbage; cabbage, Chinese (bok choy); cabbage, Chinese (napa); cabbage, Chinese mustard(gai choy); cauliflower; cavalo broccolo; collards; kale; kohlrabi; mizuna; mustard greens; mustard spinach; rape greens

5A. 
Head & Stem Brassica subgroup

Broccoli; broccoli, Chinese; brussels sprouts; cabbage; cabbage, Chinese (napa); cabbage, Chinese mustard; cauliflower; cavalo broccolo; kohlrabi

5B. 
Leafy Brassica greens subgroup

Broccoli raab; cabbage, Chinese (bok choy); collards; kale; mizuna; mustard greens; mustard spinach; rape greens

6. LEGUME VEGETABLES (SUCCULENT OR DRIED)

Bean ( Lupinus ) (includes grain lupin, sweet lupin, white lupin, and white sweet lupin); bean ( Phaseolus ) (includes field bean, kidney bean, lima bean, navy bean, pinto bean, runner bean, snap bean, tepary bean, wax bean); bean ( Vigna ) (includes adzuki bean, asparagus bean, blackeyed pea, catjang, Chinese longbean, cowpea, crowder pea, moth bean, mung bean, rice bean, southern pea, urd bean, yardlong bean); broad bean (fava); chickpea (garbanzo); guar; jackbean; lablab bean; lentil; pea ( Pisum ) (includes dwarf pea, edible-podded pea, English pea, field pea, garden pea, green pea, snowpea, sugar snap pea); pigeon pea; soybean; soybean (immature seed); sword bean

6A. 
Edible-podded legume Vegetables subgroup

Bean (Phaseolus) (includes runner bean, snap bean, wax bean); bean (Vigna) (includes asparagus bean, Chinese longbean, moth bean, yardlong bean); jackbean; pea (Pisum) (includes dwarf pea, edible-podded pea, snow pea, sugar snap pea); pigeon pea; soybean (immature seed); sword bean

6B. 
Succulent shelled pea and bean subgroup

Bean (Phaseolus) (includes lima bean, green; broad bean, succulent); bean (Vigna) (includes blackeyed pea, cowpea, southern pea); pea (Pisum) (includes English pea, garden pea, green pea); pigeon pea

7. FOLIAGE OF LEGUME VEGETABLES

Plant parts of any legume vegetable included in the legume vegetables that will be used as animal feed.

8. FRUITING VEGETABLES (EXCEPT CUCURBITS)

Eggplant; groundcherry (Physalis spp); pepino; pepper (includes bell pepper, chili pepper, cooking pepper, pimento, sweet pepper); tomatillo; tomato 

9. CUCURBIT VEGETABLES

Chayote (fruit); Chinese waxgourd (Chinese preserving melon); citron melon; cucumber; gherkin; gourd, edible (includes hyotan, cucuzza, hechima, Chinese okra); Momordica spp (includes balsam apple, balsam pear, bittermelon, Chinese cucumber); muskmelon (includes cantaloupe); pumpkin; squash, summer; squash, winter (includes butternut squash, calabaza, hubbard squash, acorn squash, spaghetti squash); watermelon

Information in this table is used by permission of the IR-4 Project, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, www.ir4.rutgers.edu. More detailed information on crop groups can be found at http://ir4.rutgers.edu/other/CropGroup.htm

Footnotes

1.

This document is ENY-419 (IG018), one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First published June 2000. Revised August 2012. Please visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

2.

S. E. Webb, associate professor/Extension entomologist, Entomology and Nematology Department, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, and P. A. Stansly, professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Immokalee, FL 34142.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication do not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition. All chemicals should be used in accordance with directions on the manufacturer's label. Use pesticides safely. Read and follow directions on the manufacturer's label.


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U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.