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Publication #IPM-203

Tomato Cultivars for Production in Florida1

G. McAvoy and M. Ozores-Hampton2

This list includes a number of varieties of tomatoes currently popular with Florida growers; it is by no means a comprehensive list of all varieties that may be adapted to the state. At present 4-5 cultivars probably constitute 80-90% of commercial production in Florida.

Figure 1. 

Tomato variety evaluation during spring 2009 in Immokalee, Fl.


Credit:

Monica Ozores-Hampton.


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Round Tomatoes

(See Table 1 for Key to Abbreviations.)

Figure 2. 

Harvested round tomatoes in wash tank.


Credit:

Monica Ozores-Hampton.


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Amelia – Main-season. R to F-R (1, 2, 3), N, V1 and IR to Stemph and TSW. Determinate vigorous plant with an excellent leaf canopy. Ideal for green and vine ripe harvest. Crack-tolerant skin. Firm, aromatic fruit. Harris Moran.

BHN 585– Mid-season. R to FCR, F-R (1, 2), N, V1. Determinate, medium to tall vine. Large to extra-large, deep globe-shaped fruit. Large, firm, uniform green fruits are well suited for mature green or vine-ripe production. BHN Seed.

BHN 602 – Early-Mid-season. R to F –R (1, 2, 3), TSW and V1. Determinate medium plant with a concentrated set. Large, firm globe-shaped fruit with uniform green shoulders. Light to no pruning. BHN Seed.

BHN 871 – Mid-season. R to F –R (1, 2, 3), and V1. T to FCR. Strong tall to medium bush. Firm gold to tangerine colored globe-shaped fruit with much improved taste and texture. BHN Seed.

Bella Rosa – Early-main and fall season. R to ASC, F –R (1, 2) and Vd1. IR to Stemph and TSW. Determinate medium plant with good cover. Concentrated sets. Large fruits are smooth, deep oblate and firm with good color and flavor. Mid-early maturity and good heat tolerance. Adapted for mature green and vine-ripe markets. Sakata.

Charger – Early-main, fall and Main-late season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2, 3), TYLC and Vd1. Determinate vigorous plant with good vine cover. Large to very large, smooth, deep oblate fruit with excellent firmness, red color and good flavor. Early maturity. Adapted for mature green and vine-ripe markets. Well suited for fall production slot. Sakata.

Crista – Mid-season. R to F-R (1, 2, 3), N and IR to TSW and V1. Tall robust plants. Large, deep globe fruit. Does best with high fertility and pruned to three leaders. Good flavor, color and shelf-life. Harris Moran.

Crown Jewel – Late Mid-season. R to ASC, FCR, F-R (1, 2), Stemph and V1. T to gray wall. Determinate with medium-tall bush. Uniform fruit have a deep oblate shape and good firmness. Fruits have good quality with uniformly-colored shoulders and jointed pedicles. Well adapted for late fall and winter production slot. Seminis.

Finishline – Main and fall season. HR to F-R (1, 2, 3), Stemph, TSW and V1. Determinate tall plant with good cover. Extra-large and large fruit suited for mature green firm fruit. Good fruit quality for vine ripe or mature green production. Syngenta/Rogers.

FL 47 – Mid-season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2), Stemph and V1. Determinate plant with medium size bush. Very large, deep oblate firm and smooth fruits. Uniform green fruits are adaptable to both mature-green and vine-ripe harvest. Seminis.

FL 91 – Mid-season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2), Stemph and V1. Determinate strong vine. Large, deep, oblate firm fruit with uniform green shoulders. Heavy early yield with high pack out and heat-set capabilities. Seminis.

Fletcher – Mid-season. R to F-R (1, 2), N, TSW and V1. Mountain spring type plants. High yields of firm and very smooth fruits. Good shelf and color. Use only for vine-ripe production. Seedway.

HM 8849CR – Main season. R to FCR, F-R (1, 2), Stemph and V1. Early maturing variety with a strong plant and good leaf cover. Fruit extra-large, smooth slightly flattened globe. Harris Moran.

Phoenix – Early Mid-season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2), Stemph and V1. Determinate, vigorous vine with good leaf cover for fruit protection. Large to extra-large, high quality, firm, globe-shaped fruit. Fruits have uniformly-colored shoulders and jointed pedicles. Heat-set capabilities. Seminis.

Quincy – Full-season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2), Stemph, TSW and V1. Determinate tall plant. Extra-large and large fruit with a deep oblate shape. Fruits are firm and uniformly colored with excellent quality. Seminis.

Red Defender – Main-season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2), Stemph, TSW and V1. Vigorous vine with smooth, large deep red fruit with excellent firmness and shelf life. Harris Moran.

Redline – Main-season and spring. HR to F-R (1, 2, 3), TSW and V1. Determinate vigorous tall plant with good cover. Fruit with smooth shoulders and very small blossom-end scar. Good fruit quality for vine-ripe or mature green production. Syngenta/Rogers.

RFT 6153 – 77 days. R to F-R (1, 2), Stemph and V1. Large, vigorous bush. Good eating quality and fancy appearance. Sturdy shipping tomato. Firm enough for vine-ripe production. But it also gasses. Seedway.

Rocky Top – Mid-season. R to F-R (1, 2, 3), Stemph and V1. Determinate tall plant. Mostly extra-large and large firm fruits with great eating quality. Well adapted for vine ripe. Syngenta/Rogers.

Sanibel – Main-season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2), N, Stemph and V1. Determinate plant. Large, firm, smooth fruit with light green shoulder, tight blossom- end scar and jointless pedicels. Well adapted for SE Florida. High yield potential. Seminis.

Sebring – Main-season. R to FCR, F-R (1, 2, 3), Stemph and V1. Low incidence of gray wall. Determinate medium to tall bush. Extra-large to large, smooth and deep oblate fruit with uniform green shoulders and tight blossom ends. Syngenta/Rogers.

Security 28 – Early-main, fall, Main-late and spring season. R to ACS, FCR, F-R (1, 2), Stemph, TYLC and V1. Medium vine with good leaf cover. Extra-large round, firm dark-red fruit. Vine ripe or organic production only. Harris Moran.

Soraya – 80 days. Resistance to FCR, F-R (1, 2, 3), Stemph, and V1. Strong, large bush. High quality, very smooth, large and extra-large fruit. Continuous set. Syngenta/Rogers.

Tribeca – Main-season. R to F-R (1, 2) and TSW. Determinate vigorous plant. Fruits are large to extra-large, firm and dark red. Heat tolerance capacity. Vilmorin.

Tribute – Main and fall season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2) and Vd1. IR to Stemph, TSW and TYLC. Vigorous plant with good cover. Large to medium-large, smooth, globe-shaped fruit with excellent firmness and color. Mid early maturity and good heat tolerance. Advantage of IR to TSW and TYLC. Sakata.

Tygress – Main-season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2), Stemph, ToM, TYLC and V1. Determinate vigorous plant. Deep oblate, smooth, uniform high-quality fruit. Seminis.

Roma/Plum Tomatoes

(See Table 1 for Key to Abbreviations.)

Figure 3. 

Harvested Roma/plum tomatoes in wash tank.


Credit:

Monica Ozores-Hampton.


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

BHN 685 – Mid-season. R to F-R (1, 2, 3), TSW and V1. Determinate, vigorous bush. Large to extra-large, deep blocky globe-shaped fruit. Pruning not recommended. Strong plant in poor soil. BHN Seed.

Marianna – Mid-season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2), N, and V1. IR to Stemph. Determinate, small to medium sized compact plant with exceptional fruit set. Classic saladette shape, predominantly extra-large and highly uniform. Fruit wall is thick. The external and internal fruit color is very good with excellent firmness. Fruit are predominately extra large and extremely uniform in shape. Fruit wall is thick, and external and internal fruit color is very good with excellent firmness and shelf life. Sakata.

Monica – Mid-season. R to ASC, BSK, F-R (1, 2), Stemph and Vd1. Vigorous bush with good cover. High percentage of firm extra-large, elongated fruit. Fruit has jointed pedicel and uniform green color. High yield and excellent red color and flavor. Sakata.

Picus – Main-season. R to ASC, CLS, F-R (1, 2), TSW and V1. Determinate vigorous medium-large plant that provides good fruit cover. Fruits are large, uniform and blocky. Matures to a deep-red color with great firmness at the red stage. Heat-set capabilities. Medium to large, vigorous plant that provides good fruit cover and sets well in hot temperatures. Seminis.

Regidor – Main-Season. R to F-R (1, 2), TYLC and V1. Determinate medium-tall plant with short internodes. Roma type for open field production. 6-8 sets with great fruit quality.
Western Seed.

Sunoma – Main-season. R to BSK, F-R (1, 2), N, Stemph, ToM and V1. Determinate plant with good fruit cover. Medium-large, elongated cylindrical fruit. Widely adapted and maintains fruit size through multiple harvests. Seminis.

Tachi – Mid-season. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2), N and Vd1. IR to TSW.

Grape Tomato

(See Table 1 for Key to Abbreviations.)

Figure 5. 

Harvested grape tomatoes in a South Florida field.


Credit:

Monica Ozores-Hampton.


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

BHN 785 – Mid season. R to F-R1. Determinate grape hybrid plant. Vigorous bush with good cover. Strong set of fruits with uniform size and shape. BHN Seed.

Brixmore – Very early. R to N, ToM and V1. Determinate plant. Fruits are flavorful and grape shaped. Early and high total yield. High brix, excellent firmness and flavor. Harris Moran.

Cupid – 59 days. R to ASC, F-R (1, 2) and Stemph. IR to BSK. Indeterminate vigorous bush. Oval-shaped fruit with an excellent red color and a sweet flavor. Seminis.

Jolly Elf – Early season. R to C, F-R 2 and V1. Determinate plant. Extended market life with firm, flavorful grape-shaped fruits. Average 10% brix. Siegers Seed and Seedway.

Santa – 75 days. R to F-R (1, 2, 3), N, TM and V1. Determinate plant. Vigorous bush. Firm elongated grape-shaped fruit with outstanding flavor and up to 50 fruits per truss. Available only by contract.

St Nick – Mid-early season. Indeterminate bush. Oblong, grape-shaped fruit with brilliant red color and fantastic flavor. Up to 10% brix. Siegers Seed.

Smarty – 69 days. Indeterminate vigorous bush with short internodes. Plants are 25% shorter than Santa. Good sweet flavor and excellent red color. Seedway.

Sweet Hearts – Early and mid- season. R to C, CLS, F-R1 and ToM. Indeterminate plants with continuous sets and full clusters to the top of the plant. High yield of uniform fruit with brilliant red color and excellent flavor. High brix and excellent shelf-life. Well suited for in and outdoor production. Sakata.

Tami G – Early season. Indeterminate vigorous bush. Picks for an extended period. Very sweet, firm, fruit. Yields well. Seedway.

Cherry Tomatoes

(See Table 1 for Key to Abbreviations.)

Figure 4. 

Harvested cherry tomatoes in a South Florida field.


Credit:

Monica Ozores-Hampton.


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

BHN 268 – Early-mid season. R to F-R1and V1. Determinate small to medium (tall) bush. High yields. Very good shelf life. BHN Seed.

Camelia – Mid-season. R to F-R1, TM and V1. Indeterminate bush. Fruit is deep globe, cocktail-cherry size with excellent firmness and long shelf life. Suitable for outdoor or greenhouse production. Hazera.

Shiren – Mid-season. R to F-R (1, 2), N and ToM. Compact plant with nice cluster and high yield potential. Hazera.

Heirlooms Tomatoes

(See for Key to Abbreviations.)

Figure 6. 

Harvested a variety of heirlooms tomatoes in a South Florida field.


Credit:

Monica Ozores-Hampton.


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Amana orange – 85-90 days. S to Bacterial leaf spot, FCR, and TYLC. Indeterminate plant. Large orange fruit relatively smooth for, an heirloom. Tomato Grower's Supply, Sieger’s Seed Company.

Brandywine – 78 days. S to Bacterial leaf spot, FCR and TYLC. Indeterminate plant with large pink fruit. Also comes in yellow and red. The yellow often get gray wall. May be most well-known heirloom tomato. Johnny's Selected Seeds, Tomato Grower's Supply, Sieger's Seed Company, Southern Exposure Seed Exchange.

Big Zebra – 85 days. S to Bacterial leaf spot, FCR and TYLC. Indeterminate plant. Red and green striped, with some yellow as it ripens. Larger than Green Zebra; more like an irregular 4X5 tomato. Tomato Grower's Supply.

Cherokee Purple – 80 days. S to Bacterial leaf spot and TYLC. Indeterminate plant. A purple/black with green shoulders. Not as large fruit as some other heirlooms, but often more productive plants. Excellent sweet flavor. Johnny's Selected Seeds, Tomato Grower's Supply, Sieger's Seed Company, Southern Exposure Seed Exchange.

Green Zebra – 75 days. S to Bacterial leaf spot, FCR and TYLC. Indeterminate plant. Small firm fruit with light green and dark green stripes, ripens to yellow stripes. Tart flavor, but excellent color contrast for heirloom mixes. Johnny's Selected Seeds, Southern Exposure Seed Exchange.

(Juane) Flamme – 70 days. S to Bacterial leaf spot, FCR and TYLC. Indeterminate plant. It is a very small orange tomato (probably about a 6X7 size) and is very soft and fragile when ripe. One of the best tasting tomatoes among all heirlooms. Tomato Grower's Supply.

Pruden’s Purple – 67 days. S to Bacterial leaf spot, FCR and TYLC. Indeterminate plant. Fruit is pink-red, similar to Brandywine. Early maturity. More heat-set capabilities than most heirlooms. Johnny's Selected Seeds, Tomato Grower's Supply.

Striped German – 78 days. S to Bacterial leaf spot, gray wall, FCR and TYLC. Indeterminate plant. Large yellow fruit with red streaks. Not as productive as Prudens (in south Florida), but have striking color. Johnny's Selected Seeds, , Sieger's Seed Company.

Note# Since these are open-pollinated varieties, many are also available from other companies or individuals. Some have developed their own “strains” of a certain variety.

Most heirlooms, especially the larger-fruited varieties, are extremely susceptible to cracking. So most growers will find it best not to water or fertilize heavily when there is fruit on the plants.

Tables

Table 1. 

ASC

Alternaria stem canker - Alternaria alternata f.sp. lycopersici

BSK

Bacterial speck - Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato race 0

BLS

Bacterial leaf spot - Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria

C

Cracking

CLS

Cladosporium leaf mold - Cladosporium fulvum

FCR

Fusarium crown and root rot - Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.radicis-lycopersici)

F-R 1, 2, 3

Fusarium wilt race 1, 2, 3 - Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici races 1,2,3

N

Root knot nematode - Meloidogyne arenaria, M. incognita & M. javanica

Stemph

Grey leaf Spot - Stemphylium solani

ToM

Tomato mosaic

TM

Tobacco mosaic

TSW

Tomato spotted wilt

TYLC

Tomato yellow leaf curl

V1

Verticillium wilt - Verticillium albo-atrom

Vd1

Verticillium wilt - Verticillium dahliae race 1

IR

Intermediate Resistant

HR

High resistant

R

Resistant

S

Susceptible

T

Tolerant

Footnotes

1.

This document is IPM-203 (IN756), one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Published: December 2007. Revised January 2011. Please visit the EDIS Website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

2.

G. McAvoy, county extension director and regional vegetable extension agent, M. Ozores-Hampton, assistant professor, Southwest Florida REC - Immokalee. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.