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Publication #HS952

Weed Management in Parsley and Cilantro1

Peter Dittmar and William Stall2

Figure 1. 

Common lambsquarters growing in cilantro


Credit:

Peter Dittmar


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Parsley is placed in the "leafy greens" EPA group for residues because of its closeness to lettuce and spinach. Check Weed Control in Leafy Greens (http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/wg031) for possibly more labels. Bensulide may be preplant incorporated to parsley or applied preemergence on mineral soils.

Linuron is labeled for weed control in parsley (Table 1). The label for linuron is relatively new, and the material should be used on a trial basis until experience is gained as to rates and timing at specific locations. Linuron may be applied as a postemergence application over parsley in muck soils only.

Cilantro was included in the 2009 Pesticide Data Program. One hundred and eighty-four samples were collected from stores across the United States. The USDA analyzed the 1 lb. samples for all pesticides, including fungicides, insecticides, and herbicides. This EDIS publication includes only herbicides. The herbicides detected were dimethenamid (0.7% of samples), fluazifop butyl (0.5%), linuron (15.2%), metolachlor (1.1%), pendimethalin (6.5%), and pronamide (0.5%). All herbicide residue levels were below the allowable residue level for other crops. The report concludes a possible confusion between chemicals registered in parsley, but not in cilantro. Of the six herbicide residues, linuron is the only herbicide registered in parsley. Read and follow all label directions.

Tables

Table 1. 

Preemergence chemical weed control in parsley

Active ingredient

lb. a.i./A

(Trade name)

amount of product/A

Crops

Weeds controlled / remarks

Bensulide

5–6

(Prefar®) 4 E

5–6 qt.

Parsley, cilantro

Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Incorporate or irrigate 1–2 inches deep within 36 hrs. of application. Consult label for rotation restrictions.

Glyphosate

(Various formulations)

Consult label

Parsley, cilantro

Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Consult individual labels for restrictions.

Linuron

0.5–1.5

(Lorox® DF) 50 DF

1–3 lb.

Parsley

Mineral and muck soils. Apply after planting and before crop emergence. Use lower rates on coarse soils.

Pelargonic acid

(Scythe®) 4.2 EC

3%–10% v/v

Parsley, cilantro

Emerged weeds. Apply before crop emergence. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar-applied herbicide. There is no residual activity.

Prometryn

0.5

(Caparol®) 4 L

1.0 pt.

Parsley

A single preemergence application can be applied up to 14 days after planting. A second application can be made up to 30 days prior to harvest. Do not apply on sand or loamy sand. Read label for rotation restrictions.

Prometryn

1–1.6

(Caparol®) 4 L

2–3.2 pt.

Cilantro

Make one application after planting but before crop emergence. Do not use on sand or loamy sand soil.

Pyraflufen

0.001–0.003

(ET® Herbicide/Defoliant)

0.5–2.0 fl. oz.

Parsley

Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Plant 1 day after application. Apply as a preplant burndown treatment.

Table 2. 

Postemergence chemical weed control in parsley

Active ingredient

lb. a.i./A

(Trade name)

amount of product/A

Crops

Weeds controlled / remarks

Carfentrazone

Up to 0.031

(Aim®) 2 EC, 1.9 EW

Up to 2 fl. oz.

Parsley, cilantro

Emerged broadleaf control. Postdirect hooded application to row middles for burndown of emerged broadleaf weeds. Include crop oil concentrate (COC) or nonionic surfactant (NIS) at recommended rates. PHI 0 days.

Clethodim

0.094–0.125

0.07–0.125

(Arrow®) 2 EC

6–8 fl. oz.

(Select Max®) 1 EC

9–16 fl. oz.

Parsley, cilantro

Annual and perennial grass control. Select Max® is not registered in cilantro. PHI 14 days.

Linuron

0.5

(Lorox® DF) 50 DF

1 lb.

Parsley

Apply after crop has a minimum of three true leaves or crop injury may result. Apply when weeds are in the one to three true leaf stage. Do not exceed 3 lb. of Lorox®/acre per season. PHI 30 days.

Pelargonic acid

(Scythe®) 4.2 EC

3%–10% v/v

Parsley, cilantro

Emerged weeds. Row middles only. Use a shielded sprayer directed to the row middles to reduce drift to the crop.

Prometryn

0.5

(Caparol®) 4 L

1.0 pt.

Parsley

An application can be made up to 30 days prior to harvest. Another application can be applied after harvest to the new regrowth. Do not use on sand or loamy sands. Read label for rotation restrictions.

Sethoxydim

0.19–0.28

(Poast®) 1.5 EC

1.0–1.5 pt.

Parsley, cilantro

Growing grass weeds. Decreased efficacy if weeds are under stress. Do not exceed 3.0 pt./A per season. Include a COC in the spray solution. PHI 15 days.

Footnotes

1.

This document is HS952, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication date August 2003. Revised April 2013. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

2.

Peter Dittmar, assistant professor, and William Stall, emeritus professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. It is not a guarantee or warranty of the product named, and does not signify that they are approved to the exclusion of others of suitable composition.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.