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HS982: The Pecan Tree

Figure 8. Whip grafting pecans. A) Select a scion that closely corresponds to the size of the stock to be grafted. Cut the scion 4 to 6 inches in length. Scions should have 2 or 3 well-developed buds. B) Make a diagonal cut 1 1/2 to 2 inches in length at the base of the scion. Make a diagonal cut the same length on the stock. All cuts should be straight and smooth. C) Make a cleft cut down the stock. The cut should be about 3/4 inches in length and one-third of the distance down from the tip of the diagonal cut. D) Make the same type of cleft cut in the scion. E) Place scion on stock, interlocking the cleft cuts and matching the cambium layers of stock and scion on one side of the graft. G) Wrapping secures the scion and stock together and prevents their drying out. H) Whip grafted tree.