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Publication #FCS8634

Food Safety: Five Steps to Food Safety1

Jennifer Hillan and Linda B. Bobroff2

You can't see, smell, or taste bacteria, but they can be in and on your food! Follow these five steps to protect yourself and your family from food-related illness.

Step 1: Clean

Wash hands and surfaces often.

Step 2: Cook

Cook foods to proper temperatures.

Step 3: Chill

Refrigerate foods promptly.

Step 4: Separate

Don't cross-contaminate.

Step 5: Use safe water and food

Use fresh and wholesome foods and water from safe sources.

Figure 1. 
[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]



La versión en español de este documento es Seguridad Alimentaria: Cinco pasos para obtener seguridad alimentaria (FCS8634-Span). This document is FCS8634, one in a series of the Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, UF/IFAS Extension. First published: February 2000. Latest revision: June 2013. Please visit the EDIS website at


Originally written in 2000 by Jennifer Hillan, MSH, RD, LD/N, former ENAFS nutrition educator; revised in 2013 by Linda B. Bobroff, PhD, RD, LD/N, professor, Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.