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Publication #FCS8634

Food Safety: Five Steps to Food Safety1

Jennifer Hillan and Linda B. Bobroff2

You cannot see, smell, or taste bacteria, but they can be in and on your food! Follow these five steps to protect yourself and your family from food-related illness.

Step 1: Clean

Wash hands and surfaces often.

Step 2: Cook

Cook foods to proper temperatures.

Step 3: Chill

Refrigerate foods promptly.

Step 4: Separate

Do not cross-contaminate.

Step 5: Use Safe Water and Food

Use water and fresh wholesome foods from safe sources.

Figure 1. 
[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]



This document is FCS8634 (la versión en español de este documento es Seguridad Alimentaria: Cinco pasos para obtener seguridad alimentaria (FCS8634-Span)), one of a series of the Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date February 2000. Revised August 2006, May 2010, June 2013, and August 2017. Visit the EDIS website at


Jennifer Hillan, MSH, RD, LD/N, former ENAFS nutrition educator; and Linda B. Bobroff, PhD, RDN, professor, Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.