2017 Handbook of Employment Regulations Affecting Florida Farm Employers and Workers: Human Rights Act of 1977 [State]1

Fritz Roka, Michael Olexa, Carol Fountain, and Jessica Fernandez 2


To protect employees from workplace discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, handicap, or marital status. Federal standards on civil rights and anti-discrimination are outlined in Civil Rights and Antidiscrimination (FE393).

Who Must Comply

All employers of fifteen or more workers for at least twenty weeks in the current or preceding year.

Employers Must

Refrain from any discriminatory practices based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, handicap, or marital status, including

  • Discharge or failure or refusal to hire.

  • Discrimination on compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment.

  • Limiting, segregating, or classifying employees or applicants for employment.

  • Discrimination in apprenticeship or training programs.

  • Printing or causing to be printed or published any notice of employment which specifies a discriminatory preference or limitation.

  • Discrimination against anyone who opposes discriminatory practices or assists, testifies, or participates in any discrimination investigation.

  • Discrimination in the sale, rental, or financing of housing.

Post a notice, in a conspicuous place, setting forth the basic provisions of the Human Rights Act of 1977 and indicating how and where to file complaints.

Preserve all employment records once a complaint has been filed against the employer.

Employees have 180 days from the date of a perceived discriminatory act to file a complaint with the Florida Commission on Human Relations at its offices in Tallahassee.

Other Information

  • Chapter 760, Florida Statutes

  • Section 60Y-5, Florida Administrative Code

Responsible Agency

Florida Commission on Human Relations
4075 Esplanade Way, Room 110
Tallahassee, FL 32399
(850) 488-7082
Toll-free 1(800) 342-8170


1. This is EDIS document FE401, a publication of the Department of Food and Resource Economics, UF/IFAS Extension. Published 2003, revised 2009 and 2017. This handbook is produced and distributed by the UF/IFAS Center for Agricultural and Natural Resource Law. Originally published by Leo Polopolus. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.
2. Fritz Roka, associate professor, Food and Resource Economics Department, UF/IFAS Extension, Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, Immokalee, FL. Michael Olexa, professor, Food and Resource Economics Department, and director, Center for Agricultural and Natural Resource Law UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL. Carol Fountain, editor, Food and Resource Economics Department, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL. Jessica Fernandez, graduate student, Levin College of Law, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

This document is designed to provide accurate, current, and authoritative information on the subject. However, since the laws, administrative rulings, and court decisions on which it is based are subject to constant revision, portions of this publication could become outdated at any time. This publication is distributed with the understanding that the authors are not engaged in rendering legal or other professional advice, and the information contained herein should not be regarded as a substitute for professional advice. For these reasons, the utilization of these materials by any person constitutes an agreement to hold harmless the authors, the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, and the University of Florida for any liability claims, damages, or expenses that may be incurred by any person as a result of reference to or reliance on the information contained in this publication.