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Citrus Pest Quick Guide: Citrus Whitefly (Dialeurodes citri)

X. Martini, L. M. Diepenbrock, K. L. Ray, and J. D. Burrow

Life Cycle

Citrus whitefly eggs are small (0.2–0.3 mm), pale yellow, and smooth. Citrus whitefly has 3 nymphal instars. Nymphs are generally translucent and oval shaped, with no legs or antennae. Pupae gain a thickened skin through which eye spots are sometimes visible.

The citrus whitefly adult is a 3.2 mm long winged insect that is covered with a white waxy powder, causing it to have no pigmentation or distinguishing marks. It is significantly bigger than the silverleaf whitefly found on vegetables.

The adult female citrus whitefly can lay up to 150 eggs on the underside of immature leaves.

Spring and summer are the most common times to see citrus whiteflies. Populations of citrus whiteflies tend to increase during the summer.


Citrus whiteflies prefer to feed on citrus but are also known to infest other plants such as lingustrum and gardenia. Whiteflies damage citrus by ingesting large quantities of sap, much of which is excreted as honeydew; this honeydew promotes development of sooty mold.

Citrus whitefly has historically been controlled by a suite of predators including the entomopathogenic fungus Aschersonia aleyrodis, which can collapse entire populations of whiteflies.

(A) Citrus whitefly nymphs on Satsuma. (B) Close up of single citrus whitefly nymph.
Figure 1. (A) Citrus whitefly nymphs on satsuma. (B) Close up of single citrus whitefly nymph.
Credit: X. Martini and L. Buss, UF/IFAS respectively
Aschersonia aleyrodis on Satsuma.
Figure 2. Aschersonia aleyrodis on satsuma.
Credit: D. Mayo, UF/IFAS
Aschersonia aleyrodis fungus on the underside of a satsuma leaf.
Figure 3. Aschersonia aleyrodis fungus on the underside of a satsuma leaf.
Credit: D. Mayo, UF/IFAS
Citrus adult whitefly.
Figure 4. Citrus adult whitefly.
Credit: L. Buss, UF/ IFAS
Peer Reviewed

Publication #ENY-2037

Release Date:April 13, 2022

Related Experts

Diepenbrock, Lauren M.


University of Florida

Burrow, Jamie D.


University of Florida

Martini, Xavier P.


University of Florida

Related Collections

Part of Citrus Pest Quick Guides series

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About this Publication

This document is ENY-2037, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date April 2022. Visit the EDIS website at for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

X. Martini, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center; L. M. Diepenbrock, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Citrus REC; K. L. Ray, summer 2019 student intern; and J. D. Burrow, Extension program manager, UF/IFAS Citrus REC; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.


  • Jamie Burrow
  • Lauren Diepenbrock