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Planting Dates, Rates, and Methods of Agronomic Crops 1

D. L. Wright, E. B. Whitty, and A. R. Blount 2

Many factors affect the dates, rates, and methods of planting of Florida field crops. Some of these are climate and weather conditions; fertility, moisture-holding capacity, temperature, and moisture content of the soil; depth to the water table; size and germination of the seed; plant size and growth habit; growing season and water requirements of the crop; and the habits of insects, disease, and other pests. The recommendations presented in Table 1 and Table 2 are based on consideration of the factors listed above, and reflect, wherever possible, the results of research conducted under Florida conditions.

Planting dates given are for northwestern and northeastern Florida. Spring crops may be planted 1 to 2 weeks earlier in central Florida, and 2 to 3 weeks earlier in southern Florida. Fall crops may be planted late by comparable periods of time.

The recommended seeding rates and spacings are for each crop seeded alone, except the velvetbean recommendations for interplanting with corn. Seeding rates are based on good quality seed with germination of 80 percent or higher.


Table 1. 

Planting dates, seeding rates and row spacing for field and forage crops that are sexually propagated.

Table 2. 

Dates and methods of planting Florida field and forage crops that are propagated asexually.


1. This document is SS-AGR-150, one of a series of the Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date December 1992. Revised November 2008, July 2011, March 2013, and December 2019. Visit the EDIS website at for the currently supported version of this publication.
2. D. L. Wright, professor, UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center; E. B. Whitty, professor emeritus, Agronomy Department; and A. R. Blount, professor, Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS NFREC; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication do not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition.

Publication #SS-AGR-150

Date: 1/7/2020


  • Program Area: Plant Systems
Fact Sheet


  • Sheeja George
  • David Wright