Proper Milking Procedures

Izabella Toledo

Steps to Optimize Milking Efficiency and Milk Quality

Provide a clean, safe, and stress- free environment for the cows entering the parlor. *Process a full line of cows at a time.
Figure 1. Provide a clean, safe, and stress- free environment for the cows entering the parlor. *Process a full line of cows at a time.
Credit: UF/IFAS
Wear gloves and wash/change them regularly during milking. Avoid milk contact on gloves; if that occurs, change them.
Figure 2. Wear gloves and wash/change them regularly during milking. Avoid milk contact on gloves; if that occurs, change them.
Credit: UF/IFAS

Pre-Dipping

Dip all four teats entirely with pre-dipping solution. Allow at least 30 seconds of contact time.
Figure 3. Dip all four teats entirely with pre-dipping solution. Allow at least 30 seconds of contact time.
Credit: UF/IFAS

Forestripping

Strip each teat 2 to 3 times. Check for milk abnormalities such as flakes, clots, or watery appearance. Use a single-use towel to wipe each teat, using a downward twisting motion to dry and remove dirt and pre-dip solution.
Figure 4. Strip each teat 2 to 3 times. Check for milk abnormalities such as flakes, clots, or watery appearance. Use a single-use towel to wipe each teat, using a downward twisting motion to dry and remove dirt and pre-dip solution.
Credit: UF/IFAS

Drying

Strip each teat 2 to 3 times. Check for milk abnormalities such as flakes, clots, or watery appearance. Use a single-use towel to wipe each teat, using a downward twisting motion to dry and remove dirt and pre-dip solution.
Figure 5. Strip each teat 2 to 3 times. Check for milk abnormalities such as flakes, clots, or watery appearance. Use a single-use towel to wipe each teat, using a downward twisting motion to dry and remove dirt and pre-dip solution.
Credit: UF/IFAS

Unit Attachment

Attach the unit 1 to 2 minutes after first touching the udder. Adjust the unit properly so that it hangs squarely beneath the udder. *Re-attach units that fall off as soon as possible so cows are completely milked!
Figure 6. Attach the unit 1 to 2 minutes after first touching the udder. Adjust the unit properly so that it hangs squarely beneath the udder. *Re-attach units that fall off as soon as possible so cows are completely milked!
Credit: UF/IFAS

Unit Removal

Automatic take-offs release the unit when milking is finished. When re- moving manually, shut the vacuum off before removing unit to avoid injuries. *Do not overmilk!
Figure 7. Automatic take-offs release the unit when milking is finished. When re- moving manually, shut the vacuum off before removing unit to avoid injuries. *Do not overmilk!
Credit: UF/IFAS

Post-Dipping

Dip each whole teat with post-dipping solution immediately after detaching the milking unit.
Figure 8. Dip each whole teat with post-dipping solution immediately after detaching the milking unit.
Credit: UF/IFAS

Udder Preparation and Unit Attachment Timeline (in seconds)

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Credit: UF/IFAS

Other Considerations

  • Minimize time in the holding area (less than 1 hour).•   Check vacuum gauge to ensure proper vacuum level before milking.
  • Keep milking machines clean and free of manure! Hose machines as needed between sides, never when hanging on a cow.
  • Clean/disinfect milking equipment, buckets, towels, and teat dip cups immedi- ately after every milking.
  • Warn supervisor about damaged unit liners and change them at recommended intervals.

BE CONSISTENT!

ALL OPERATORS RESPONSIBLE FOR MILKING SHOULD ALWAYS FOLLOW A CONSISTENT ROUTINE AND GO THROUGH THE RECOMMENDED STEPS IN THE PROPER ORDER!

Peer Reviewed

Publication #AN376

Date: 2021-11-16
Toledo, Izabella
Animal Sciences

Related Topics

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About this Publication

This document is AN376, one of a series of the Department of Animal Sciences, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date November 2021. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Izabella Toledo, Extension agent—dairy, UF/IFAS Extension Northeast District; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

Contacts

  • Izabella Michelon Toledo