University of FloridaSolutions for Your Life

Download PDF
Publication #WEC308

Options for Unwanted Exotic Pets1

Steve A. Johnson, Monica E. McGarrity, and Dustin Smith2

This trifold brochure is best viewed as a pdf, available here:

Before You Buy

Exotic reptiles, birds, and fish are popular pets. However, many species grow large and require special cages or become difficult to handle. Many reptiles and birds require a much longer commitment for care than a hamster or even most dogs—they may even outlive their owners! Before you purchase an exotic pet, be sure you fully understand how big it will get and how long it will live, as well as its current and future housing and feeding needs. Ask yourself, "Is this the best pet for my situation, or should I consider a different one?"

Figure 1. 

Releasing pets into the wild is inhumane, illegal, and environmentally irresponsible.


California Zoological Supply, Do Not Release campaign

[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Unfortunately, many well-meaning pet owners choose to release their pets into the wild when they tire of the animals or are no longer able to care for them. In addition to being against state laws, releasing a pet is inhumane because many of these animals die. However, some released pets beat the odds and survive, and some even find mates and reproduce. These animals are not native to Florida, and some have the potential to cause serious harm to our environment and economy. If at some point you are no longer able to care for your exotic pet, you have several options that are discussed in this brochure—but releasing it is not an option. Never turn a pet loose outside!

Figure 2. 

Venomous lionfish have been reported along the entire Eastern Seaboard of the US—many initial introductions were due to avoidable aquarium dumps!


Joel Rotunda, Wikimedia Project

[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

What to Do When You Can No Longer Care for Your Exotic Pet…

Keep It Anyway

If your pet is becoming difficult to handle, getting some advice from an expert may help. Contact your local animal shelter or rescue group for advice on dealing with behavioral problems and keeping your pet healthy (see the Helpful Resources Online section). Remember that you made a commitment to care for this animal.

Find It a New Home

The best option for dealing with an unwanted pet is to find it a new home. Use the resources listed in this brochure to locate rescue groups, animal shelters, or herpetological societies (for reptiles)—they will usually try to help you place your pet in a new home. You can also post a newspaper or internet ad or post fliers at local pet stores or animal shelters. Contact local science teachers and nature centers—they may want a classroom pet.

Figure 3. 

Rescue groups and animal sanctuaries can usually help place problematic pets or exceptionally long-lived species such as parrots or tortoises in permanent, loving homes.


T. J. Lin, Wikimedia Project

[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Return It to the Pet Store

If you are no longer able to keep your pet, contact the pet store where you purchased it. Because of the growing concern about the problems caused by pet releases, many pet stores may be willing to take back unwanted pets rather than risk having them set free. However, you probably will not get your money back!

Figure 4. 

Relinquish unwanted pets—never release them!


California Zoological Supply, Do Not Release Campaign

[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Contact Animal Control

Animal control agencies are usually only equipped to take mammals, but some may be able to help or offer advice. However, these agencies rarely have no-kill policies and most usually cannot place exotic pets in permanent homes.

Contact Your State Wildlife Agency

Although these agencies are not able to take in unwanted pets except during special events (such as Florida’s “Amnesty Day”), contacting them for advice is always better than breaking wildlife laws and risking fines by turning your pet loose outside.

Euthanize It

Euthanizing a pet is never an easy choice. However, if you cannot find anyone to take your pet, you may have to consider humane euthanasia by a qualified veterinarian (see the Helpful Resources Online section). You should not release a pet into the wild under any circumstances.

Helpful Resources Online provides a directory of animal shelters by state or zip code. Many shelters are only equipped to take mammals, but they may be able to connect you with local rescue groups who will help place exotic pets in new homes.

Florida Exotic Bird Sanctuary provides permanent sanctuary for exotic birds that cannot be adopted. provides a list of localized pet rescue groups. provides a directory of qualified exotic pet veterinarians, searchable by zip code. Contact them for advice or euthanasia services.

The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Nonnative Species page has information on options for unwanted exotic pets in Florida—check out their Pet Amnesty Days.


The original version of this brochure was prepared by the 2010 Invasive Species Task Team of the Southeast Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, and was titled "What to do with unwanted pet amphibians and reptiles"—the original version is available for download at [ April 2012]. This version was created primarily as a resource for UF/IFAS Extension agents and other educators in Florida, and covers a broader range of species and provides resources specific to Florida.



This document is WEC308, one of a series of the Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date March 2011. Revised June 2017. Reviewed July 2020. Visit the EDIS website at for the currently supported version of this publication.


Steve A. Johnson, associate professor and Extension specialist, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation; Monica E. McGarrity, biological scientist, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center; and Dustin Smith, assistant curator—ectotherms, Zoo Miami/Miami-Dade Park and Recreation Department; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.