Sydney Park Brown2
A Florida-Friendly landscape is attractive, functional, and ecologically sound. Its creation and maintenance can be accomplished rather simply by using the landscape practices listed below. They are grouped according to how much money or labor they take to accomplish from easiest (Tier One) to most expensive and/or labor intensive (Tier Three). Even the simplest practice can have significant, positive impacts on the landscape and the environment. The page number(s) that follow a practice refer to information in The Florida Yards and Neighborhoods Handbook, 4th ed. (2009), which is available free from your local Extension office or online http://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu/materials/FYN-Handbook-v1-2012.pdf. To contact your county office, see: http://solutionsforyourlife.ufl.edu/map/ .
Helpful websites from the University of Florida/IFAS are also included. These resources provide even more tips and practices to incorporate Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ into your yard, but the list below provides a good starting point.
Mow grass at the right height to encourage a deeper, more drought- and pest-resistant root system. (pages 13, 18, and 33)
Leave grass clippings on the lawn to recycle nutrients back into the soil. (page 39)
Use fallen tree leaves and pine needles on-site as mulch. (page 29)
Avoid shearing shrubs, topping trees, and over-pruning palms. (page 39)
Make sure obstructed or misdirected sprinklers are correctly positioned. (page 18) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae451
Schedule a free irrigation inspection. Contact your local Extension office or utility for availability of this service.
Manually operate your irrigation system on an as-needed basis, especially during winter months and the summer rainy season. (page 21)
• Properly schedule irrigation run times. See the Urban Irrigation Scheduler: http://fawn.ifas.ufl.edu/tools/urban_irrigation/. For information on how to set your irrigation controller, visit: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00001756/00001, http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae220.
Use a rain gauge to measure rainfall and irrigate only during prolonged dry periods. (page 19)
Annually check rain or soil moisture sensors to make sure they are operating correctly. (page 20) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae221
Irrigate in the early morning hours when temperature and wind are low. (page 17)
Direct downspouts onto turf, plant beds, or containment areas where rainwater can be absorbed. (page 43)
Establish a 10-foot-wide low-maintenance zone around any water bodies on the property. (page 46)
Use pesticides only on affected plants or lawn areas; no indiscriminate or routine pesticide use. (page 34)
Fertilize as needed rather than routinely (pages 23 and 28); follow local rules regarding fertilizer “black-out periods.
Tolerate some insect damage on plants; insects are a food source for beneficial insects, birds, and other organisms. (pages 33–34)
Make sure landscape maintenance personnel hold required certifications for applying pesticides and fertilizers http://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/grn-ind-bmp-en-12-2008.pdf (see also Additional Resources below)
Prevent grass clippings, fertilizer, and other debris from going into storm drains. (pages 14 and 24)
Avoid planting invasive plants in your landscape. (page 9) http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/assessment/conclusions.html
Calibrate irrigation system to apply ½–¾ inch of water per application. (pages 18–19)
Install a rain shut-off device or soil moisture sensor to automatic irrigation systems. It is required by law. Check annually for proper operation. (pages 14 and 19) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae221; http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae437
Segregate irrigation zones to water lawn areas separately from plant beds. Lawns typically need more frequent irrigation than landscape plants. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/lh025
Repair broken or leaking sprinklers. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae451 (page 18)
Maintain a 2- to 3-inch layer of organic mulch over tree roots, shrubs, plant beds. Pull mulch away from base of plants. (page 30)
Use organic mulches such as recycled yard waste, melaleuca, pine bark/straw, eucalyptus, tree leaves, etc. (pages 29–30)
Use slow- or controlled-release fertilizers. (page 25)
Add a deflector shield to your fertilizer spreader to help keep fertilizer off the street, sidewalk, driveway, and adjacent water bodies. (page 24)
Reduce mowing and raking by removing grass beneath tree canopies and creating large, "self-mulching" areas. (page 40)
Make a rain barrel to collect and store rainwater for use on plants. (page 44) http://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/water/articles/pdf/rain_barrels.pdf
Bring your yard to life by creating habitat for Florida's wildlife. (pages 31–32) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/uw175
Improve your soil by adding organic matter. (page 6)
Have your soil tested. (page 7)
Compost yard and kitchen debris. (page 40) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep323
Choose "least harmful" products when a pesticide application is justified. (page 34) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in197
Help reduce insect pesticide resistance by rotating chemical classes of pesticides. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in773
Choose the right plant for the right place in your landscape. (pages 5–14) http://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/FYN_Plant_Selection_Guide_v090110.pdf
If free irrigation inspections are not available in your area, hire a Florida Irrigation Society (FIS) "Water Auditor" to inspect your system. (See below for FIS contact information).
Install microirrigation (such as drip tubing or microsprayers) in plant beds. (pages 19 and 20)
Install a cistern for non-potable water use. (page 44)
Replace problem lawn areas and landscape plants with more appropriate choices. (pages 5, 7, 8 and 12) Also see the Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ Guide to Plant Selection & Landscape Design: http://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/FYN_Plant_Selection_Guide_v090110.pdf
Plant deciduous trees on southern exposures to allow winter sun to passively heat buildings. (pages 5, 10–11)
Plant shade trees on the east and west sides of buildings and around air conditioner compressors to passively cool buildings. (pages 5, 10–11)
Reduce stormwater runoff and pollutants by using mulch or other porous surfaces (pavers, bricks, gravel, etc.) for patios, walkways, or driveways. (page 44) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep408
Create swales, berms, terracing, and/or a rain garden to capture and filter stormwater runoff. (page 44)
Plant native aquatic plants along the shoreline of water bodies. (page 45) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep476
Remove invasive exotic plants. (page 9)
For more information on pesticide licensing go to: http://hillsborough.ifas.ufl.edu/prohort/pesticide_licenses/which_pesticide.shtml A decision "key" for determining which license is required can be found by clicking on "Which pesticide license do you need?"
FFL website: http://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu
Plant Selection & Landscape Design: http://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/FYN_Plant_Selection_Guide_v090110.pdf; Pesticide Information Office: http://pested.ifas.ufl.edu/licenses_and_certification.html
Hire Certified, Reputable and Responsible Professionals (pages 13–14 and 39) http://fyn.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/grn-ind-bmp-en-12-2008.pdf
The following is a list of Green Industry professional organizations:
Florida Irrigation Society: www.fisstate.org
Florida Landscape Maintenance Association: http://www.floridalma.org/
Florida Nursery, Growers and Landscape Association: http://www.fngla.org/
International Society of Arboriculture: http://isa-arbor.com/
Florida Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects: http://www.flasla.org/
This document is ENH1153, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date December 2009. Revised August 2014. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.
Sydney Park Brown, associate professor, Environmental Horticulture, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.