University of FloridaSolutions for Your Life

Download PDF
Publication #SS-AGR-425

FloRun™ '331' Peanut Variety1

Barry L. Tillman2

FloRun™ ‘331’ peanut variety was developed by the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, North Florida Research and Education Center near Marianna, Florida. It was released in 2016 because it combines high yield potential with excellent disease tolerance. FloRun™ ‘331’ has a typical runner growth habit with a semi-prominent central stem and medium-green foliage. It has medium runner seed size with high oleic oil chemistry.

Under irrigated conditions in Florida, it reaches optimum maturity about 140 days after planting or around 2500 adjusted growing degree days. As described below, FloRun™ ‘331’ has demonstrated high yield potential under both irrigated and non-irrigated conditions. In four years of testing in Florida, the irrigated yield of FloRun™ ‘331’ was similar to that of Georgia-06G, TUFRunner™ ‘297’, and Georgia-12Y (Table 1). However, in non-irrigated tests over four years, its yield was about 400 pounds per acre higher than these control cultivars (Table 2). These results demonstrate the great yield potential of FloRun™ ‘331’ in Florida. Results are also available for its performance in 2017 in Georgia (Mailhot et al. 2018) and Mississippi (Burgess et al. 2018). In Georgia, pod yield of FloRun™ ‘331’ ranked within the top nine entries (9, 4, and 3 out of 22) in three irrigated tests. In non-irrigated tests in Georgia, it ranked twelfth in Tifton, GA, fourth in Plains, GA, and first in Midville, GA. In Mississippi, FloRun™ ‘331’ ranked second in pod yield across three locations in 2017.

The seed size of FloRun™ ‘331’ is smaller than that of Georgia-06G. The sound mature kernels (SMK) of FloRun™ ‘331’ contained 660 seeds per pound, whereas the SMK of Georiga-06G had 590 seeds per pound (P>F<0.001). Since peanut seed are sold by the pound, not by seed count, this will mean that the seed cost of FloRun™ ‘331’ is lower than Georiga-06G and other large-seeded cultivars when planting the same seeding density.

FloRun™ ‘331’ has demonstrated very good resistance/tolerance to leaf spot and white mold. Table 3 shows the performance of FloRun™ ‘331’ in white mold tests, with yields of over 4,000 pounds per acre under severe white mold pressure and over 6,000 pounds per acre with minimal white mold pressure. Likewise, FloRun™ ‘331’ has performed well in the presence of late leaf spot. Table 4 shows the performance of FloRun™ ‘331’ under three leaf spot spray programs. Even when it was not sprayed for the entire season, it yielded over 3,000 pounds per acre. FloRun™ ‘331’ has moderate resistance to tomato spotted wilt as indicated in the 2018 Version of the Peanut Disease Risk Index (Kemerait et al. 2019). In that publication, FloRun™ ‘331’ has 15 points for TSWV compared to 10 points for Georgia-06G and 20 points for Georgia-09B.

In summary, FloRun™ ‘331’ has demonstrated an outstanding combination of yield potential, grade, and disease tolerance, all of which makes it well adapted to the southeastern United States peanut production regions. In addition to these important characteristics, it has high oleic oil chemistry, which provides extended shelf life of roasted peanuts and peanut products and may command a premium price at the buying point.

Literature Cited

Burgess, B., J. Bullard, C. Abbot, M. Ely, J. Gore, A. Henn, B. Macoon, J. McQuirter, and J. Sarver. 2018. Mississippi Peanut Variety Trials, 2017. Information Bulletin 527. http://mafes.msstate.edu/publications/information-bulletins/IB0527.pdf

Chiteka, Z. A., D. W. Gorbet, F. M. Shokes, T. A. Kucharek, and D. A. Knauft. 1988. "Components of resistance to late leafspot in peanut. I. Levels and variability - implications for selection." Peanut Science 15:25–30. http://peanutscience.com/doi/pdf/10.3146/i0095-3679-15-1-8

Kemerait, B., A. Culbreath, E. Prostko, T. Brenneman, S. Tubbs, R. Srinivasan, M. Abney., S. Monfort, A. Rabinowitz, B. L. Tillman, N. Dufualt, D. Rowland, M. Mulvaney, I. Small, A. Hagan, J. Sarver, D. Anco, and N. Smith. 2018. Peanut Rx: Minimizing diseases of peanuts in the southeastern United States- The 2018 version of the peanut disease risk index. The University of Georgia, Cooperative Extension Service, 54 pages. Online. http://peanuts.caes.uga.edu/content/dam/caes-website/extension-outreach/commodities/peanut-team/docs/2018/2018-Peanut-Rx-Disease-Risk-Index.pdf

Mailhot, D., J. L. Day, D. D. Dunn, H. Jordan Jr., and S. S. LaHue. 2018. Georgia 2017 Peanut, Cotton, and Tobacco Performance Tests. Publication 104-9. The Georgia Ag. Exp. Sta., Dept. of Crop and Soil Sciences, College of Ag. and Env. Sciences, Univ.of Georgia Griffin Campus. http://www.swvt.uga.edu/2017/PCT17/AP104-9-Final.pdf

Tables

Table 1. 

Performance of runner market-type peanut varieties in two to three irrigated locations in Florida over the four-year period 2014–2017 under optimum disease control conditions including a full-season fungicide program. Entries are sorted by the four-year average yield.

 

YIELD (lbs./acre)

TSMK* (%)

Name

2017

2-YR

3-YR††

4-YR†††

2017

2-YR

3-YR

4-YR

FloRun™ '331'**

6132

6414

6733

6678

78.0

78.0

78.1

77.2

TUFRunner™ '297'**

6519

6528

6713

6669

79.8

79.0

78.6

78.3

Georgia-06G

6216

6358

6608

6652

80.3

79.9

80.1

79.5

TUFRunner™ '511'**

5977

6372

6505

6518

78.5

78.7

78.6

78.4

Georgia-12Y

6212

6426

6544

6503

76.5

76.6

76.7

76.2

Georgia-13M**

6037

6214

6326

6228

78.6

79.1

79.0

78.2

Georgia-09B**

5700

5754

5954

6047

80.8

79.9

80.0

80.1

Tifguard

5454

5485

5728

5728

79.9

79.6

79.5

78.9

LSD

390

283

232

207

1.1

0.6

0.8

0.7

*TSMK=Total Sound Mature Kernels

**High oleic oil chemistry

2 YR= average of 2016 and 2017

†† 3 YR= average of 2015, 2016 and 2017

††† 4 YR= average of 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017

Table 2. 

Performance of runner market-type peanut varieties in two to three non-irrigated locations in Florida over the four-year period 2014–2017 under optimum disease control conditions including a full-season fungicide program. Entries are sorted by the four-year average yield.

 

YIELD (lbs./acre)

Name

2017

2-YR

3-YR††

4-YR†††

FloRun™ '331'**

5283

5159

5359

5496

Georgia-12Y

4724

4643

4858

5077

TUFRunner™ '297'**

4205

4537

4817

4963

Georgia-13M**

4262

4532

4617

4817

TUFRunner™ '511'**

4589

4507

4684

4807

Georgia-06G

4119

4480

4740

4750

Tifguard

3807

3966

4190

4322

Georgia-09B**

3826

4048

4236

4314

LSD

353

266

200

203

**High oleic oil chemistry

2 YR= average of 2016 and 2017

†† 3 YR= average of 2015, 2016 and 2017

††† 4 YR= average of 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017

Table 3. 

Performance of FloRun™ ‘331’ under severe white mold disease pressure in Florida during the three-year period 2015–2017.

 

Pod yield (lbs./A)

WMUGrating (%)

Name

Inoc

Not Inoc††

Mean

Inoc

Not Inoc

Mean

Georgia-12Y

4675

6930

5803

38

12

25

FloRun™ '331'

4501

6226

5363

46

12

29

TUFRunner™ '727'

3365

5603

4484

64

18

41

TUFRunner™ '297'

3274

5365

4319

73

23

48

TUFRunner™ '511'

3163

5197

4180

70

21

46

Tifguard

2705

4869

3787

83

27

55

Georgia-13M

2614

4649

3631

75

14

45

Georgia-06G

2496

5723

4109

87

18

52

Georgia-09B

2261

5310

3786

84

22

53

LSD

ns for interaction

645

18

13

Inoc= plots inoculated with Sclerotium rolfsii

†† Not Inoc= plots not inoculated with S. rolfsii

WMUG= rating of white mold disease severity after plants were inverted based on the percentage of disease plot area.

Table 4. 

Performance of FloRun™ ‘331’ under three leaf spot spray programs in Florida during the three-year period 2016–2017. Planting was in early June to maximize leaf spot disease.

 

Yield (lbs/acre)

Leaf spot rating (1–10)

Name

No Spray

4 Sprays

8 Sprays

Mean

No Spray

4 Sprays

8 Sprays

Mean

Georgia-12Y

3829

4597

4936

4454

8.1

6.5

5.0

6.5

FloRun™ '331'

3302

4550

4811

4221

8.9

7.5

6.8

7.7

TifNV-High O/L

3526

4380

4382

4096

8.5

7.6

5.0

7.0

Georgia-06G

2713

4017

4563

3764

8.9

7.4

6.5

7.6

TUFRunner™ '727'

2508

4140

4297

3648

8.4

7.9

7.1

7.8

Georgia-09B

2414

3871

4238

3507

8.4

7.3

6.5

7.4

Georgia-14N

2667

3521

3681

3290

8.3

7.9

6.6

7.6

Tifguard

2214

3421

4189

3274

8.3

7.4

6.3

7.3

TUFRunner™ '297'

1790

3669

4205

3221

10.0

8.6

6.0

8.2

TUFRunner™ '511'

2069

3380

3674

3041

10.0

9.3

7.8

9.0

Georgia-13M

1970

3411

3594

2992

8.5

7.9

6.8

7.7

LSD

ns for interaction

1294

ns for interaction

1.8

No Spray= no fungicides applied for the season, 4 Sprays= four applications of fungicides to control leaf spots, and 8 Sprays= eight applications of fungicides to control leaf spots

Leaf spot rating on the Florida Leaf Spot Scale (Chiteka et al. 1988).

Footnotes

1.

This document is SS-AGR-425, one of a series of the Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date January 2019. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu for the currently supported version of this publication.

2.

Barry L. Tillman, professor, Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center, Quincy, FL 32351.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.