University of FloridaSolutions for Your Life

Download PDF
Publication #HS724

Chapter 6. Cole Crop Production1

Lincoln Zotarelli, Peter J. Dittmar, Nicholas S. Dufault, Bonnie Wells, Johan Desaeger, Joseph W. Noling, Eugene J. McAvoy, Qingren Wang, and Christian F. Miller2

This is Chapter 6 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2019–2020 edition. The most current version of this chapter may be found at

Figure 1. 

The cover of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2019–2020 edition.


Peter Dittmar, UF/IFAS

[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Botany and Planting

BroccoliBrassica oleraceae Italica group, Brassicaceae (Cruciferae).

Cabbage—Brassica oleraceae Capitata group.

CauliflowerBrassica oleraceae Botrytis group.

Chinese broccoli—gailan or gai lan / kalian or kai lan / flowering kale—Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra

Chinese cabbage—napa (tight headed), chi-hili (semi-loose headed)—Brassica rapa var. pekinsis

Chinese mustard—bok choi, shanghai choi / baby bok choi / yuchoi / yuchoy / u-choi / choy sum—Brassica rapa subsp. Chinensis

KohlrabiBrassica oleracea var. gongylodes

Oriental radish—Daikon (Japanese) / lobok or lo bok (Chinese)—Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus

CollardsBrassica oleraceae Acephala group.

KaleBrassica oleraceae Acephala group.

MustardBrassica juncea.

TurnipBrassica rapa Rapifera group.

Missing table (TABLE_1_DOCUMENT_CV122)


Missing table (TABLE_2_DOCUMENT_CV122)

Missing table (TABLE_3_DOCUMENT_CV122)

Asian Crucifers

The term “Asian Crucifers” is a broad category which encompasses Asian crucifer vegetables grown in the countries that comprise Asia and those eaten mainly by people of Asian extraction or who like Asian cuisine. Since many of the Asian crucifers which are described in this chapter belong to the crucifer family that are covered in depth of this chapter in this volume, that information will not be duplicated elsewhere.

This group of Asian crucifer vegetables include crops with edible leaves like cabbage, broccoli, and bok choi but also kohlrabi, with an edible swollen stem and daikon which is an edible root. The crops can be grown on raised beds with or without mulch and with drip, overhead or subsurface irrigation. Fertilizer recommendations for these crops can be found in chapter 2, Fertilizer Management for Vegetable Production in Florida, for general information. For pest control products, these crops are included under this chapter, with the exception of daikon.


This is Chapter 6 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2019–2020 edition. The most current version of this chapter and tables may be found at

Table 6.1. Planting information for cole crops.

Table 6.2. Cabbage cultivars.

Table 6.3. Broccoli, cauliflower, collard, kale, mustard, and turnip cultivars.

Table 6.4. Planting information for Asian crucifers.

Table 6.5. Asian crucifer cultivars.

Table 6.6. Herbicides approved for managing weeds in cole crops.

Table 6.7. Insecticides labeled for management of pests of cole crops.

Table 6.8. Cole crop fungicides ordered by disease and FRAC group according to mode of action.

Table 6.9. Non-fumigant nematicides for crucifer/cole crops in Florida.

Table 6.10. Fumigant nematicides for crucifer/cole crops in Florida.



This document is HS724, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date June 1995. Revised August 2019. This is Chapter 6 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2019–2020 edition. Visit the EDIS website at


Lincoln Zotarelli, assistant professor, Horticultural Sciences Department; Peter J. Dittmar, assistant professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Southwest Florida Research and Education Center; Nicholas S. Dufault, assistant professor, Plant Pathology Department; Bonnie Wells, Extension agent I, UF/IFAS Extension St. Johns County; Johan Desaeger, assistant professor, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center; Joseph W. Noling, professor, UF/IFAS Citrus Research and Education Center; Eugene J. McAvoy, Extension agent IV, UF/IFAS Extension Hendry County; Qingren Wang, Extension agent I, UF/IFAS Extension Miami-Dade County; and Christian F. Miller, Extension agent I, UF/IFAS Extension Palm Beach County; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication do not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition.

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.