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Publication #HS654

Rakkyo—Allium chinense G. Don.1

James M. Stephens2

Rakkyo belongs to the onion family, and it closely resembles chives. The bright green, hollow leaves enlarge at the base to form small bulbs. Chives, of course, do not enlarge in this manner. One interesting feature of rakkyo is that its seed stalk (scape) is solid, a characteristic usually reserved for those members of Allium having flat rather than round, hollow leaves.

Rakkyo goes by such other names as Japanese scallion and ch'iao t'ou. While important as a vegetable in Asia, it is seldom grown in Florida or in the United States. Do not confuse it with wild leeks (or ramps), which have flat, bladed leaves and grow well around the state.

Figure 1. 

Rakkyo tops.



[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 2. 

Rakkyo bulbs.


Midori, CC BY-SA 3.0

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Rakkyo is started by bulb division. In Florida, set the bulbs in the fall and harvest the new bulbs that form in the following late summer. Rakkyo is reported to need a dormant period in the summer rather than winter for bulb initiation, but this response to Florida's climatic conditions has not been verified.


Some rakkyo bulbs are pickled, some are canned, and others are used as a boiled vegetable.



This document is HS654, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date May 1994. Revised September 2015. Reviewed October 2018. Visit the EDIS website at


James M. Stephens, professor emeritus, Horticultural Sciences Department; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.