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Publication #SS-AGR-430

Sugarcane Cultivar Descriptive Fact Sheet: CPCL 02-0926 and CP 05-15261

Hardev Sandhu and Wayne Davidson2

Sugarcane cultivars CPCL 02-0926 (Glynn et al. 2013) and CP 05-1526 (Zhao et al. 2013) were released for commercial cultivation on both muck (organic) and sandy (mineral) soils in Florida in 2011 and 2012, respectively. Due to high tonnage and moderate to high resistance against most of the local sugarcane diseases, both cultivars were quickly adopted by local sugarcane growers. According to the latest variety census (VanWeelden et al. 2018), both cultivars were among the top 12 principal varieties (varieties with >1% of total sugarcane acreage) in Florida.

Both cultivars were developed through the cooperative agreement between the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Canal Point, the University of Florida, Everglades Research and Education Center, Belle Glade and Florida Sugar Cane League. CPCL 02-0926 was bred at the US Sugar Corporation, Clewiston (CL) and later evaluated at different stages through the cooperative breeding and selection program based at Canal Point (CP) as indicated by the prefix ‘CPCL’ in its name. CP 05-1526 was crossed at Canal Point and evaluated through the cooperative breeding and selection program. The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide basic information (Table 1) and yield and disease information (Table 2) for CPCL 02-0926 and CP 05-1526 to assist growers in better selection and management of these cultivars. The intended audience is sugarcane growers, farm managers, researchers and UF/IFAS Extension agents. The yields of both cultivars are compared with reference cultivars (CP 89-2143 for muck and CP 78-1628 for sand) planted in the same field trials.

CPCL 02-0926

CPCL 02-0926 was released in 2011 for both muck and sandy soils in Florida. CPCL 02-0926 is currently planted on 13,583 acres (3.4% of total sugarcane acreage) and ranked 6th among the top 12 principal varieties in Florida. It has Bru1 gene that provides resistance to brown rust (caused by Puccinia melanocephala). CPCL 02-0926 is also moderately resistant to most of the other important sugarcane diseases in Florida except orange rust (caused by Puccinia kuehnii), for which the growers need to monitor their crops and use the appropriate control measures as required. CPCL 02-0926 has good freeze tolerance and no to late flowering under field conditions. Good ratooning ability of this cultivar is particularly important in sandy soil, where ratoon yields are normally much lower than plant cane. Further information on CPCL 02-0926 can be found in Glynn et al. (2013).

Figure 1. 

CPCL 02-0926 at early growth stage in sandy soil.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 2. 

CPCL 02-0926 at late growth stage in sandy soil.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 3. 

CPCL 02-0926 cane top with auricles.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 4. 

CPCL 02-0926 mature stalk.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 5. 

CPCL 02-0926 bud.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 6. 

CPCL 02-0926 internode cross-section (diameter compared to a quarter).


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

CP 05-1526

CP 05-1526 was released in 2012 and is currently planted on 7,224 acres (1.8% of total sugarcane acreage) and ranked 12th among principal varieties. The key features of this cultivar are high tonnage in both muck and sandy soils with moderate to high resistance against most sugarcane diseases in Florida. CP 05-1526 does not have the Bru1 gene but showed moderate resistance against brown rust in field trials. This variety does not flower in normal growing conditions in Florida. Relatively low sucrose and high recumbency at maturity may be a concern for some growers. Further information on CP 05-1526 can be found in Zhao et al. (2013).

Figure 7. 

CP 05-1526 in early growth stage in muck soil.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 8. 

CP 05-1526 in early growth stage in sandy soil.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 9. 

CP 05-1526 in late growth stage in sandy soil.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 10. 

CP 05-1526 top with auricles.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 11. 

CP 05-1526 mature stalk.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 12. 

CP 05-1526 bud.


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

Figure 13. 

CP 05-1526 internode cross-section (diameter compared with a quarter).


Credit:

Wayne Davidson, Florida Sugar Cane League


[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

References

Glynn, N. C., D. Zhao, J. C. Comstock et al. 2013. “Registration of ‘CPCL 02-0926’ sugarcane.” J. Plant Reg. 7: 164–171.

Zhao, D., J. C. Comstock, B. Glaz et al. 2013. “Registration of ‘CP 05-1526’ sugarcane.” J. Plant Reg. 7: 305–311.

VanWeelden, M. T., S. Swanson, W. Davidson, and R. W. Rice. 2018. “Sugarcane variety census: Florida 2017.” Sugar J. 81: 10–20.

Tables

Table 1. 

Basic information on CPCL 02-0926 and CP 05-1526.

Trait

CPCL 02-0926

CP 05-1526

Release date

2011

2012

Soil type

Muck and sand

Muck and sand

Parents

CP 80-1743 x CL 92-0046

CP 98-1029 x CP 88-1162

Freeze tolerance

Good

Moderate

Flowering

None to light beginning in mid-December

Generally none

Key features

Moderately resistant to most diseases including brown rust and smut, good ratooning

High tonnage on both muck and sand, resistant or moderately resistant to most diseases

Limiting features

Heavy growth cracks, shorter in stubble crops

Low sucrose, heavily recumbent at maturity

Other issues

Light to moderate ring spot, low levels of aphids and rust mites

Light to moderate ring spot

Table 2. 

Yield parameters and disease reactions of CPCL 02-0926 and CP 05-1526.

Trait

CPCL 02-0926 (yields are compared to CP 89-2143 in muck and CP 78-1628 in sand)

CP 05-1526 (yields are compared to CP 89-2143 in muck and CP 78-1628 in sand)

Tons of cane per acre (TCA)

Muck = 67.0 (+8%) Sand = 47.3 (+2%)

Muck = 70.3 (+18%), Sand = 50.1 (+25%)

Commercially recoverable sucrose (CRS) in lbs/ton of cane

Muck = 230.9 (-3%) Sand = 250.9 (+1%)

Muck = 228.9 (-4%),

Sand = 228.8 (-2%)

Tons of sugar per acre (TSA)

Muck = 7.8 (+6%) Sand = 6.0 (+3%)

Muck = 8.1 (+13%), sand = 5.7 (+23%)

Economic index1

Muck = $1,214 (+4%) Sand = $979 (+3%)

Muck = $1,240 (+10%), Sand = $839 (+26%)

Fiber

10.4%

11.5%

Brown rust

MR

MR

Bru12

+

-

Orange rust

MS

MR

Leaf scald

MR

MR

Smut

MR

R

SCMV3

MR

R

RSD4

MR

MR

SCYLV5

S

S

1 Economic index is the dollar value of the crop per acre. It is calculated based on sugar yield, the price of raw sugar, and the harvesting and milling costs.

2 Bru1 is the gene that provides resistance against brown rust disease.

3 SCMV sugar cane mosaic virus, the cause of sugarcane mosaic disease.

4 Ratoon stunt disease.

5 Sugar cane yellow leaf virus and it causes yellow leaf disease.

Other abbreviations: R = resistant, MR = moderately resistant, S = susceptible, MS = moderately susceptible.

Footnotes

1.

This document is SS-AGR-430, one of a series of the Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date February 2019. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu for the currently supported version of this publication.

2.

Hardev Sandhu, assistant professor, Agronomy Department, UF/IFAS Everglades Research and Education Center; and Wayne Davidson, agronomist, Florida Sugar Cane League; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.