MENU

AskIFAS Powered by EDIS

Taciturn Wood Cricket, Gryllus ovisopis (T. Walker) (Insecta: Orthoptera: Gryllidae)

T. J. Walker

Introduction

The taciturn wood cricket, Gryllus ovisopis T. Walker, is noteworthy in that it has no calling song. Males and females find one another for mating without long-range acoustic signals—as in most other insects.

Overview of Florida field crickets

Distribution

The taciturn wood cricket occurs throughout the southeastern coastal plain and as far south as Highlands County in the Florida peninsula.

 

Figure 1. Distribution of taciturn wood cricket in the United States.
Figure 1.  Distribution of taciturn wood cricket in the United States.

 

Identification

The taciturn wood cricket is blacker than other species and has shorter, generally darker forewings. The length of the forewings is less than twice the median length of the pronotum. In this species the hindwings are never developed for flight. The stridulatory file of the male is shorter than that of the sand field cricket, and has the file teeth closer together than in the southern wood cricket. The ovipositor is more than 1.3 times the length of the hind femur.

 

Figure 2. Male taciturn wood cricket, Gryllus ovisopis (T. Walker).
Figure 2.  Male taciturn wood cricket, Gryllus ovisopis (T. Walker).
Credit: Paul M. Choate, UF/IFAS

 

 

Figure 3. Female taciturn wood cricket, Gryllus ovisopis (T. Walker).
Figure 3.  Female taciturn wood cricket, Gryllus ovisopis (T. Walker).
Credit: Paul M. Choate, UF/IFAS

 

Life Cycle

This species overwinters as eggs in the soil. Eggs hatch in April, and development to the adult takes about six months, with nearly synchronous maturation in mid September. This concentration of adults must help sexual pairs to form without the aid of calling songs. There is one generation per year.

Habitat

Woods, though adults may wander into adjacent open areas. Most often in moist broadleaf woodland and in loblolly pine woodlands (a late stage in old-field succession of sites that were once broadleaf woodland).

Song

This is the only field cricket that has no calling song. Males have the forewing specializations for sound making and use them to produce both fight and courtship songs.

Selected References

Walker TJ. 1974. Gryllus ovisopis n. sp.: a taciturn cricket with a life cycle suggesting allochronic speciation. Florida Entomologist 57: 13–22.

Walker TJ. (2011). Taciturn wood cricket, Gryllus ovisopis T. Walker 1974. Singing Insects of North Americahttps://orthsoc.org/sina/476a.htm (25 February 2022).

Publication #EENY071

Date: 8/23/2021

  • Program Area: Integrated Pest Management
Organism ID

About this Publication

This document is EENY071, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date January 1999. Revised May 2014. Reviewed February 2021. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu for the latest version of this publication.  This document is also available on the Featured Creatures website at https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures.

About the Authors

T. J. Walker, professor, Entomology and Nematology Department; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

Contacts

  • Elena Rhodes