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Management of Powdery Mildew in Beans

Qingren Wang, Shouan Zhang, and Teresa Olczyk

Powdery mildew, caused by the fungal organism Erysiphe polygoni, is one of the most commonly occurring diseases on many types of beans. Green beans, pole bean, long bean, Italian bean, and snow pea crops are all susceptible to powdery mildew in tropical and subtropical climates. Although the causal organism rarely causes extensive damage, significant yield losses (up to 69%) were reported in Columbia County when infection occurred in dry beans prior to flowering (Schwarts et al. 2005). Accurately identifying this disease and immediately taking action for control are critical to effectively prevent spread of powdery mildew in order to reduce significant losses of yield and quality.


Powdery mildew can affect all above-ground parts of bean plants. Initial symptoms appear as small and white talcum-like spots (Figure 1), which most commonly are seen on the upper surface of leaves. These spots increase in size and run together to form a whitish, powdery growth, gradually spread over a large area of the leaves (Figures 2, 3, and 4), and can spread even farther to the stems. As the symptoms develop, infected leaves may gradually curl downward, color changed from pale yellow to brown (Figure 5), die, and fall off. Under severe conditions, the entire leaves and plants could be covered by white cottony mycelial growth of the fungus (Figure 6). Symptoms on infected leaves may vary with bean varieties, but powdery mildew may cause the leaves to be twisted, buckled, or distorted. The powdery mildew fungus usually does not grow on bean pods except pea pods (Davis et al. n.d.). However, powdery mildew spots can develop on snap bean pods (Pernezny and Stall 2005). The development of powdery mildew symptoms is not often observed on pole bean in Miami-Dade County, but it is apparent on both Italian bean and long bean (dark green type) (Figures 7 and 8) grown under the same conditions. Severely infested plants may have reduced yields, shortened production periods, and even completely die (Figure 8). Severe symptoms of powdery mildew infection can also be seen in snap beans when humidity is high (Figure 9).

Figure 1. Early stage of powdery mildew development on Italian bean.
Figure 1.  Early stage of powdery mildew development on Italian bean.
Credit: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS


Figure 2. Powdery mildew development on pole bean.
Figure 2.  Powdery mildew development on pole bean.
Credit: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS


Figure 3. Powdery mildew on snap bean.
Figure 3.  Powdery mildew on snap bean.
Credit: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS


Figure 4. Powdery mildew on long bean.
Figure 4.  Powdery mildew on long bean.
Credit: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS


Figure 5. Severe development of powdery mildew on Italian bean.
Figure 5.  Severe development of powdery mildew on Italian bean.
Credit: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS


Figure 6. Development of powdery mildew on pole bean plants without full sunlight.
Figure 6.  Development of powdery mildew on pole bean plants without full sunlight.
Credit: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS


Figure 7. Powdery mildew development on Italian bean pod.
Figure 7.  Powdery mildew development on Italian bean pod.
Credit: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS


Figure 8. Powdery mildew development on long bean pods.
Figure 8.  Powdery mildew development on long bean pods.
Credit: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS


Figure 9. Severe infection of powdery mildew on snap beans.
Figure 9.  Severe infection of powdery mildew on snap beans.
Credit: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS


Infection and Spread

The fungus of powdery mildew grows as thin layers of mycelium (fungal tissue) on the surface of the affected leaves. Spores, which are the primary means of dispersal, make up the bulk of the visible white, powdery growth. Powdery mildew spores can be easily carried by wind to new hosts. The spores can germinate and infect beans in the absence of free water. Powdery mildew growth generally does not require moist conditions (Davis et al. n.d.); however, increased humidity can increase the severity of the disease (Pernezny and Stall 2005). Moderate temperatures (60°F to 80°F) and shady conditions generally are the most favorable environmental factors for the development of powdery mildew (Figure 6). Strong and direct sunlight with high temperatures (over 90°F) can noticeably reduce the incidence of the disease.

Management Practices

Preventive Practices

Prevention is the optimal method for controlling powdery mildew. Growing resistant varieties or cultivars of beans wherever available, planting in full sun, and following good cultural practices can adequately control powdery mildew in most cases.

Cultural Practices

Plant in sunny areas as much as possible and provide good air circulation. Overhead watering may help reduce powdery mildew, because spores might be washed off the plants. However, such a measure may contribute to other pest management concerns.

Fungicide Application

In vegetable fields, the least-toxic fungicides may be used to prevent, protect from, or eradicate powdery mildew. Apply protective fungicides to highly susceptible varieties before the disease appears, and utilize eradicative fungicides at the earliest signs of the disease. Once powdery mildew growth becomes prevalent, control with any fungicide can be difficult. Table 1 lists recommendations for fungicides for control of powdery mildew on beans. Make sure to follow the application instructions on the labels.


Davis, R. M., W. D. Gubler, S. T. Koike, M. L. Flint, and P. N. Galin. n.d. Plant Pathology, UC Statewide IPM Program, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

Pernezney, K., and W. M. Stall. 2005. Powdery Mildew of Vegetables. PP-14. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Schwarts, it al H. F., J. R. Stedman, R. Hall, and R. L. Forster. 2005. Compendium of Bean Diseases, Second Edition. The American Phytopathological Society.

Table 1. 

Fungicide recommendations for powdery mildew control on beans.


(active ingredients)

Fungicide Group

REI* (hours)





(Streptomyces lydicus WYEC 108)


1 h



Armicarb 100 Fungicide

(potassium bicarbonate)


4 h



Kaligreen Fungicide (potassium bicarbonate)


4 h



Milstop (potassium bicarbonate)


1 h



Confine Extra,

Kphite 7LP AG

(phosphorous acid)


4 h



Double Nickel LC

(Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain D747)


4 h




Fosphite Fungicide,


(potassium phosphite)


4 h




(hydrogen dioxide)


1 h (for enclosed areas)



Regalia SC

(extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis)


4 h




Sonata Fungicide

(Bacillus pumilus strain QST2808)


4 h




(clove oil, rosemary oil, thyme oil)






(copper occanoate)


4 h



Kumulus DF Fungicide-Acaricide, Micro Sulf, Microfine Sulfur, Microthiol Disperss, Sulfur 90W, Wettable Sulfur, Yellow Jacket Dusting Sulfur, Yellow Jacket Wettable Sulfur (sulfur)


24 h

Yes—for Kumulus, Microfine Sulfur, Micro Sulf, Microthiol Disperss

Do not apply during periods of warm weather to avoid phytotoxicity.

Top Cop with Sulfur (basic copper sulfate + sulfur)

M1 & M2

24 h




Vertisan (penthiopyrad)


12 h




Headline SC (pyraclostrobin)


12 h




(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

7 & 11

12 h



*REI: Restricted Entry Interval

**OMRI: Organic Materials Review Institute. OMRI-approved products can be used for organic production.


Publication #PP311

Release Date:November 10, 2020

Reviewed At:October 24, 2023

Related Experts

Zhang, Shouan


University of Florida

Wang, Qingren

County agent

University of Florida

Olczyk, Teresa

University of Florida

Related Topics


About this Publication

This document is PP311, one of a series of the Plant Pathology Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date May 2014. Revised June 2017 and March 2020. Visit the EDIS website at for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Qingren Wang, commercial vegetable Extension agent and pesticide trainer, UF/IFAS Extension Miami-Dade County; Shouan Zhang, professor, Plant Pathology Department, UF/IFAS Tropical Research and Education Center; and Teresa Olczyk, director, UF/IFAS Extension Miami-Dade County; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.


  • Qingren Wang