AskIFAS Powered by EDIS

Chapter 11—Planting and Establishing Trees1

Edward F. Gilman and Laura P. Paterson 2


Planting and establishing trees is all about managing air and moisture in the soil. If these factors are managed correctly, trees will grow quickly following planting. Three of the most common causes of poor plant establishment or tree death are planting too deep, under watering, and over watering. If appropriate trees are planted at the right depth and they are irrigated properly, the planting has a good chance of success. This fact sheet discusses in details the ten steps to proper tree planting and factors that determine tree establishment rate.

Click Here to view pdf.


1. This document is ENH 1061, one of the Urban Forest Hurricane Recovery Program series of the School of Forest Resources and Conservation and the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date September 2007. Reviewed February 2017. Visit the EDIS website at and
2. Edward F. Gilman, professor; and Laura P. Sadowski, horticultural information specialist; Department of Environmental Horticulture, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

Publication #ENH1061

Release Date:February 21, 2017

Related Experts

Paterson Sadowski, Laura

University of Florida

Gilman, Edward F.


University of Florida

Fact Sheet


  • Andrew Koeser
  • Michael Andreu
  • Ryan Klein