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Caution - Central, South
Not a problem species (documented) - South

Mangifera indica: Mango1

Edward F. Gilman, Dennis G. Watson, Ryan W. Klein, Andrew K. Koeser, Deborah R. Hilbert, and Drew C. McLean 2


An abundant harvest of juicy, red-gold fruit and attractive dark green, tropical foliage make mango a popular home landscape item in very large yards for warm climates. The trees grows to be 30 to 60 feet tall and almost 50 feet wide, so allow plenty of room for growth. New foliage is a brilliant reddish purple, and flower and fruit clusters extend well beyond the long, shiny leaves. The tree is covered with very showy, white, yellow, pinkish, or reddish flower spikes in March and early April. Mango trees grow quickly into round, multibranched, dense, spreading shade trees but placement is limited due to the falling fruit. Some people are allergic to the pollen, the sap and even the fruit.

Figure 1. Full Form - Mangifera indica: mango
Figure 1.  Full Form - Mangifera indica: mango
Credit: UF/IFAS

General Information

Scientific name: Mangifera indica

Pronunciation: man-JIFF-er-uh IN-dih-kuh

Common name(s): mango

Family: Anacardiaceae

USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2)

Origin: native to southern Asia

UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: aution, may be recommended but manage to prevent escape (Central, South); not considered a problem species at this time, may be recommended (North)

Uses: hedge; screen; shade; fruit

Figure 2. Range
Figure 2.  Range


Height: 30 to 60 feet

Spread: 30 to 50 feet

Crown uniformity: symmetrical

Crown shape: round

Crown density: dense

Growth rate: fast

Texture: coarse


Leaf arrangement: alternate

Leaf type: simple

Leaf margin: entire, undulate

Leaf shape: lanceolate to elongated-elliptic

Leaf venation: pinnate, brachidodrome

Leaf type and persistence: evergreen, broadleaf evergreen

Leaf blade length: 4 to 12 inches

Leaf color: dark green and shiny on top, paler green underneath

Fall color: no color change

Fall characteristic: not showy

Figure 3. Leaf - Mangifera indica: mango
Figure 3.  Leaf - Mangifera indica: mango
Credit: UF/IFAS


Flower color: white, yellowish, pinkish, or reddish

Flower characteristics: showy; emerges in clusters on 2 ½ - 15 ½" long, reddish, branched panicles

Flowering: late winter to early spring

Figure 4. Flower - Mangifera indica: mango
Figure 4.  Flower - Mangifera indica: mango
Credit: UF/IFAS


Fruit shape: oval or kidney-shaped

Fruit length: 3 to 10 inches

Fruit covering: fleshy drupe

Fruit color: turns from green to a mix of green, yellow, orange, or red when ripe

Fruit characteristics: attracts squirrels/mammals; showy; fruit/leaves a litter problem; fragrant

Figure 5. Fruit - Mangifera indica: mango
Figure 5.  Fruit - Mangifera indica: mango
Credit: UF/IFAS

Trunk and Branches

Trunk/branches: branches droop; not showy; typically one trunk; no thorns

Bark: gray to brown, thick, smooth, and becomes scaly and flaky with age

Pruning requirement: needed for strong structure

Breakage: susceptible to breakage

Current year twig color: gray, brown

Current year twig thickness: medium, thick

Wood specific gravity: unknown

Figure 6. Bark - Mangifera indica: mango
Figure 6.  Bark - Mangifera indica: mango
Credit: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS


Light requirement: full sun

Soil tolerances: clay; sand; loam; alkaline; acidic; well-drained

Drought tolerance: moderate

Aerosol salt tolerance: moderate


Roots: not a problem

Winter interest: no

Outstanding tree: no

Ozone sensitivity: unknown

Verticillium wilt susceptibility: unknown

Pest resistance: sensitive to pests/diseases

Use and Management

Mango trees grow best in full sun on fertile, well-drained soils and should have ample moisture. Leaf, flower, twig and fruit litter is a constant nuisance for some, and branches are subject to breakage during severe windstorms. It seems like something is always falling from a mango tree to litter the lawn. Place it in a bed with other plants to hide the litter.

There are several cultivars available which have been selected for fruit quality: `Keitt', `Hent', `Edward', `Glenn', `Haden' and others are best for Florida; `Alolia', `Edgehill', `Haden', `Manila' and others are recommended for California.

Propagation is by budding or veneer grafting on seedling rootstocks.


Scales followed by sooty mold and Mediterranean fruit fly are pests of this tree.


Anthracnose on fruit and leaves is a serious problem for mango.


Koeser, A.K., Friedman, M.H., Hasing, G., Finley, H., Schelb, J. 2017. Trees: South Florida and the Keys. University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.


1. This document is ENH563, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date November 1993. Revised December 2018. Visit the EDIS website at for the currently supported version of this publication.
2. Edward F. Gilman, professor emeritus, Environmental Horticulture Department; Dennis G. Watson, former associate professor, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department; Ryan W. Klein, graduate assistant, Environmental Horticulture Department; Andrew K. Koeser, assistant professor, Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center; Deborah R. Hilbert, graduate assistant, Environmental Horticulture Department, GCREC; and Drew C. McLean, biological scientist, Environmental Horticulture Department, GCREC; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

IFAS Assessment

Central, South


Caution - manage to prevent escape. May be recommended by IFAS. Will be reassessed in two years.

view assessment

IFAS Assessment


Not a problem species (documented)

Not considered a problem species at this time. May be recommended by IFAS. Reassessed every 10 years.

view assessment

Publication #ENH563

Release Date:April 29, 2019

Related Collections

Part of Southern Trees Fact Sheets

    Organism ID


    • Andrew Koeser