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Publication #ENH-759

Stewartia koreana: Korean Stewartia1

Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2

Introduction

Capable of reaching 50 feet in height, Korean stewartia is most often seen at 20 to 30 feet, its short, interwoven branchlets forming a dense, pyramidal canopy which casts deep shade below this deciduous tree. The one to four-inch-long by one to three-inch-wide dark green leaves often turn to lovely shades of orange, red, or purple in the fall but this is not a reliable occurrence. Over a several week period in June to July, Korean stewartia is decorated with lovely, pure white, yellow-centered blossoms, three-inches-across and flattened, appearing much like a single camellia flower. Each flower is open for about 24 hours and they attract bees. Most other trees have finished flowering by the time these flowers emerge. The bark of Korean Stewartia is probably the most outstanding characteristic, with orange/brown patches showing through the flaking, grey bark.

Figure 1. 

Young Stewartia koreana: Korean stewartia


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General Information

Scientific name: Stewartia koreana
Pronunciation: stoo-AR-tee-uh kor-ee-AY-nuh
Common name(s): Korean stewartia
Family: Theaceae
USDA hardiness zones: 5B through 7B (Fig. 2)
Origin: not native to North America
Invasive potential: little invasive potential
Uses: specimen; deck or patio; street without sidewalk; container or planter; espalier; parking lot island 100-200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 sq ft; sidewalk cutout (tree pit); tree lawn 3-4 feet wide; tree lawn 4-6 feet wide; tree lawn > 6 ft wide; highway median
Availability: not native to North America

Figure 2. 

Range


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Description

Height: 20 to 30 feet
Spread: 15 to 25 feet
Crown uniformity: symmetrical
Crown shape: upright/erect, pyramidal
Crown density: dense
Growth rate: slow
Texture: medium

Foliage

Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. 3)
Leaf type: simple
Leaf margin: serrate
Leaf shape: elliptic (oval)
Leaf venation: pinnate, brachidodrome
Leaf type and persistence: deciduous
Leaf blade length: less than 2 inches, 2 to 4 inches
Leaf color: green
Fall color: orange, red, purple
Fall characteristic: showy

Figure 3. 

Foliage


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Flower

Flower color: white/cream/gray
Flower characteristics: showy

Fruit

Fruit shape: oval, round
Fruit length: 1 to 3 inches
Fruit covering: dry or hard
Fruit color: red
Fruit characteristics: attracts birds; not showy; fruit/leaves not a litter problem

Trunk and Branches

Trunk/bark/branches: branches don't droop; very showy; typically multi-trunked; thorns
Pruning requirement: little required
Breakage: resistant
Current year twig color: gray, green
Current year twig thickness: thin, medium
Wood specific gravity: unknown

Culture

Light requirement: full sun, partial sun, or partial shade
Soil tolerances: clay; sand; loam; acidic; well-drained
Drought tolerance: moderate
Aerosol salt tolerance: unknown

Other

Roots: not a problem
Winter interest: no
Outstanding tree: yes
Ozone sensitivity: unknown
Verticillium wilt susceptibility: unknown
Pest resistance: free of serious pests and diseases

Use and Management

This tree can be used in much the same way as Japanese stewartia. It is unsurpassed as a specimen, but can also be included in a shrub border, planted near a patio or deck to show off the wonderful bark, or used as a multi-trunked street tree planted on 20-foot centers. Set it off as a specimen by placing it in a bed of low, evergreen ground cover.

Korean stewartia should be grown in full sun but reportedly looks best where it can receive some shade during the hottest part of the day. However, there are fine-looking specimens growing in poor clay soil in USDA hardiness zone 7b with no irrigation which are located in full-day sun. The soil should preferably be moist, acid, and supplemented with organic matter. Pruning is seldom required as growth rate is slow and branches normally keep in bounds, staying close to the tight canopy.

Propagation is by seed (with difficulty) or by cuttings.

Pests and Diseases

No pests or diseases of major concern.

Footnotes

1.

This document is ENH-759, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date November 1993. Revised December 2006. Reviewed February 2014. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

2.

Edward F. Gilman, professor, Environmental Horticulture Department; and Dennis G. Watson, former associate professor, Agricultural Engineering Department, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.