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Chronic Diseases

Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. [NALT]


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Diabetes is a disease in which your body is not able to use food properly. Normally, most of the food you eat is changed into glucose (sugar), which is the body's main energy source. For your body to use this energy, the glucose must get into the cells. Insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, is the "key" that helps glucose get into your cells. If you have diabetes, insulin is not made in your body, or it does not work right. This causes glucose to build up in your blood, which can lead to serious health problems. Having high blood glucose levels over time causes most of the health complications of diabetes. --FCS8706, Living with Diabetes

UF/IFAS Web Resources

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Hypertension is persistently high arterial blood pressure and may have no known cause or be associated with other diseases. Hypertension is considered a risk factor for the development of heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Pathological condition characterized by the constant presence of resting blood pressure levels in the arteries above normal.


Chronic Kidney Disease and Nutrition

FS429/FSHN21-1 by Sofia Acevedo, Danielle Aycart, and Jeanette AndradeFebruary 15, 2021

Chronic Kidney Disease: Phosphorus and Your Diet

FS273/FSHN15-10 by Nancy J. Gal, Lauren Headrick, Kate Bennett, and Wendy J. DahlFebruary 2, 2021

CKD: A Guide to Higher Fiber Foods

FS305/FSHN18-2 by Wendy J. Dahl and Nancy J. GalMay 10, 2022A UF/IFAS numbered Fact Sheet for General Public audience(s). in support of UF/IFAS Extension program: Nutrition and Food Systems

Diet and Chronic Inflammation

FS402/FSHN20-43 by Daniela Rivero-Mendoza and Wendy DahlSeptember 23, 2020

Dietary Fiber and Chronic Disease

FS314/FSHN18-11 by Wendy J. DahlJuly 21, 2022A UF/IFAS numbered peer reviewed Fact Sheet. in support of UF/IFAS Extension program: Nutrition and Food Systems

Reducing Your Risk for Arthritis: The Power of Food

FS398/FSHN20-39 by Sarah Curl, Jodi Fitzgerald, Danielle Nelson, and Jeanette AndradeFebruary 12, 2024A UF/IFAS numbered peer reviewed Fact Sheet. Published by Nutrition and Food Systems

Reducing Your Risk for Heart Disease: The Power of Food

FS426/FSHN20-56 by Elena B. Smith, Jodi Fitzgerald, Danielle Nelson, Madison Woodard, and Jeanette AndradeJanuary 6, 2021

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