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Publication #HS736

Chapter 16. Strawberry Production1

Vance M. Whitaker, Nathan S. Boyd, Natalia A. Peres, Joseph W. Noling, and Justin Renkema2

This is Chapter 16 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2017–2018 edition. The most current version of this chapter may be found at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/cv/cv13400.pdf.

Botany and Planting

Strawberry—Fragaria x ananassa, Rosaceae.

Table 1. 

Planting information for strawberries.

Planting dates

North Florida

Sept 15–Oct 15

Central Florida

Sept 25–Oct 25

South Florida

Oct 1–Dec 1

Planting information (2-row beds)

Distance between beds (in)

48–60

Distance between plants (in)

12–16

Distance between rows (in)

12–14

Days to first ripe fruit

30–60

Plant populations (acre)

16,000–22,000

Cultivars

1. Main Cultivars

Strawberry Festival

Released in 2000. Medium-size, uniform broadconic fruit that fit well in a 1lb plastic container; deep red external color and medium to dark red internal color; moderately acidic but balanced flavor; very firm with excellent shipping quality; flexible skin that is extremely resistant to rain damage. Moderately vigorous plant; long fruit stems allow efficient picking. Resistant to Phytophthora root rot (caused by Phytophthora cactorum); moderately resistant to anthracnose fruit rot (caused by Colletotrichum acutatum) and Botrytis fruit rot (caused by Botrytis cinerea; susceptible to angular leaf spot (caused by Xanthamonas spp.) and Colletotrichum crown rot (caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporoides). ‘Strawberry Festival’ produces ample runners in the nursery and is a robust plant that is not prone to damage during handling; due to its susceptibility to Colletotrichum crown rot, care should be taken to control this disease in the nursery by using disease-free foundation stock.

Florida Radiance

Released in 2008. The most widely grown cultivar in central Florida. Large, uniform, conic fruit with glossy appearance; glossy-red external color and medium red internal color; moderately acidic but balanced flavor; moderately firm with good shipping quality; flexible skin that is moderately resistant to rain damage. Low to medium plant vigor with very open canopy; very long fruit stems giving excellent picking efficiency. Moderately resistant to anthracnose fruit rot and Colletotrichum crown rot; moderately susceptible to angular leaf spot, with symptoms particularly noticeable on the calyx; susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot; highly susceptible to Phytophthora root rot. Metalaxyl, the active ingredient in Ridomil Gold®, is highly effective against Phytophthora and should be injected through the drip tape as soon as plants are established. Two applications may be needed to treat an infected crop. Products containing potassium phosphite or potassium salts of phosphorus acid and the related aluminum derivatives are alternatives that should generally be applied as foliar sprays, although some are also labeled for drip application. ‘Florida Radiance’ produces many runners in the nursery but must be handled very carefully since the petioles and root system are not robust and are prone to damage; it is recommended that water and nitrogen applications in the nursery be reduced at the end of the season to allow the plants to "harden off"; due to the susceptibility of this cultivar to Phytophthora root rot, poorly-drained areas of the nursery should be avoided. With earlier planting dates, exposure to high temperatures during the establishement period can result in the development of elongated or "bullet" fruit in the early harvest until mid-Dec.

Winterstar™ ‘FL 05-107’

Released in 2011. Medium-large size, uniform, conic to broad-conic fruit with glossy appearance; bright-red external color that does not become overly dark at the end of the season and medium to light red internal color; low-acid flavor gives enhanced sweetness perception; firm with firmness slightly less than ‘Strawberry Festival’; moderately susceptible to rain damage. Moderately vigorous plant that is also compact allowing higher density plantings; medium-long fruit stems. High early yield comparable to ‘Florida Radiance’. Fruit size is more variable than for ‘Florida Radiance’, and later planting dates in central Florida (Oct 8–15) are recommended to reduce size fluctuation. Moderately resistant to anthracnose fruit rot; moderately susceptible to angular leaf spot; susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot and Phytophthora root rot; take precautions against Phytophthora as recommended for ‘Florida Radiance’.

Sweet Sensation® ‘Florida127’

Released in 2013. Very large fruit size, moderately uniform conic to broad-conic fruit, bright-red with lighter color than other cultivars. During cool weather, a longer interval between harvests compared to other cultivars may be necessary to allow optimum color development. Exceptional flavor throughout season; 0.5 to 1.5 degree Brix higher and slightly lower acidity than ‘Florida radiance’; moderately susceptible to rain damage. Plant is vigorous, which may be an advantage in north Florida but in central Florida may require reduced nutrient applications early in the season to maintain a small plant size. In central Florida, early and total yields are slightly higher than for ‘Florida Radiance’ due to a more robust plant. Recommended planting dates in central Florida are Oct 5–15. Resistant to anthracnose fruit rot and Colletotrichum crown rot; moderately susceptible to angular leaf spot; susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot and powdery mildew (caused by Podosphaera aphanis); highly susceptible to Phytophthora root rot; take precautions against Phytophthora as recommended for ‘Florida Radiance’.

2. Minor Cultivars

Sweet Charlie

Released in 1992, ‘Sweet Charlie’ was grown on a large commercial scale at one time. Due to its soft fruit it did not remain a commercial cultivar, but its low-acid flavor and high early yields make it a local favorite for U-pick operations.

Florida Elyana

Released in 2008, ‘Florida Elyana’ has extremely large and firm fruit with high sugar content. Its compact plant can be spaced tightly. This cultivar is also very resistant to Colletotrichum root rot, an- thracnose fruit rot, and Botrytis fruit rot. This cultivar is susceptible to rain damage and is recommended for production under protective structures such as greenhouses or high tunnels.

Tables

Table 2. 

Herbicides approved for managing weeds in strawberry.

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

Active ingredient lb. a.i./A

Trade name product/A

MOA Code

Weeds controlled / remarks

*** PRETRANSPLANT ***

Acifluorfen up to 0.375

(Ultra Blazer) 1.5 pt.

14

Broadleaves. May be applied under the plastic mulch or with a shielded or hooded spray directed to row middles. 60 day PHI.

Carfentrazone up to 0.031

(Aim) 1.9 EW up to 2 fl. oz.

(Aim) 2.0 EC up to 2 fl. oz.

14

Broadleaves. Apply as a pre-plant burndown for emerged broadleaves upto 4 inches tall or rosettes less than 3 inches across. Good coverage is essential. A nonionic surfactant, methylated seed oil, or crop oil concentrate is recommended. No pre-transplant interval.

Flumioxazin 0.1

(Chateau) 51 WDG 3 oz.

14

Broadleaves. May be applied under the plastic mulch or with a shielded or hooded spray directed to row middles before weed emergence. 30 day pre-transplant interval If applied under the plastic mulch. Do not apply after fruit set.

Glyphosate

(various formulations) consult labels

9

Emerged broadleaves and grasses. Apply as a preplant burndown. Consult label for individual product directions.

Napropamide 4

(Devrinol) 2-XT 1–2 gallons

(Devrinol DF XT) 50 DF 4–8 lb.

15

Annual broadleaves and grasses. Apply under the plastic and in the row middles. Mechanically incorporated in the row middle to a 1–2 in. depth within 24 hrs of application. When applid under plastic, incorporate mechanically or with irrigation. Do not apply between bloom and harvest.

Oxyfluorfen 0.25–0.5

(Galigan H2O, GoalTender) 4 EC 0.5–1.0 pt.

(Collide, Goal 2XL) 2 EC 1–2 pt.

14

Broadleaves. Apply pre-transplant just prior to installation of plastic mulch. 30 day pre-transplant interval. Mulch may be applied any time during the 30-day interval.

Pelargonic acid

(Scythe) 4.2 EC

3–10% v/v

 

Emerged broadleaves and grasses. Apply as a preplant burndown treatment or post transplant with shielded or hooded sprayers. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar applied herbicide with no

residual control.

Pendimethalin 0.72

(Prowl H20) 3.8 1.5 pt.

3

Broadleaves and grasses in the row middles. Do not apply under the plastic. In systems that use irrigation at planting, delay application until after irrigation regime. 35 day PHI.

Sulfentrazone 0.125

(Spartan) 4F 4 oz.

14

Broadleaves, grasses and nutsedge. Apply under the plastic mulch or in row middles. Do not use on soils with less than 1% organic matter.

Terbacil 0.2

(Sinbar WDG) 80 WDG 4 oz.

3

Broadleaves, grasses and some sedges. One application per crop of 4 oz./A after bedding but prior to transplanting. Rainfall or irrigation required. Do not apply to soils with less than 0.5% organic matter. 110 day PHI.

*** POSTTRANSPLANT ***

Acifluorfen up to 0.375

(Ultra Blazer) 1.5 pt.

14

Broadleaves. Apply directed to the row middles with a shielded or hooded sprayer. Do not allow to contact strawberry plants. 60 day PHI.

Carfentrazone up to 0.031

(Aim) 1.9 EW up to 2 fl. oz.

(Aim) 2.0 EC up to 2 fl. oz.

14

Broadleaves. Apply with hooded applicator directed to the row middles for control of emerged broadleaves upto 4 inches tall or rosettes less than 3 inches across. Good coverage is essential. A nonionic surfactant, methylated seed oil, or crop oil concentrate is recommended. 0 day PHI

Clopyralid 0.125–0.25

(Stinger) 3 EC 0.33–0.66 pt.

4

Broadleaves. Do not exceed 2/3 pt./A per year. Do not include a surfactant. 7 day PHI.

Clethodim 0.09–0.13

0.07–0.13

(Arrow, Select) 2 EC 6–8 fl. oz.

(Select Max) 1 EC 9–16 fl. oz.

1

Perennial and annual grasses. Use higher rates under heavy grass pressure or larger weeds. Surfactant or crop oil concentrate recommended. Consult label. 4 day PHI.

Glyphosate

(various formulations) consult labels

9

Emerged broadleaves, grasses and nutsedge. Apply directed to the row middles. Injury has been observed from translocation from daughter plants in the row middle to the mother plants. 14 day PHI. Spot treatment has 7 day PHI.

Pelargonic acid

(Scythe) 4.2 EC 3–10% v/v

 

Emerged broadleaves and grasses. Apply as a preplant burndown treatment or post transplant with shielded or hooded sprayers. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar applied herbicide with no residual control.

Paraquat 0.5

(Gramoxone) 2 SL 2 pt.

(Firestorm) 3 SL 1.3 pt.

22

Emerged broadleaves and grasses. Apply as a directed spray to row middles only. Do not allow spray to contact plants. Do not apply more than 3 times per season. Nonionic surfactant recommended. 21 day PHI.

Sethoxydim 0.28–0.47

(Poast) 1.5 EC 1.5–2.5 pt.

1

Emerged grasses. A maximum of 2.5 pt./A applied in one season. Unsatisfactory results may occur if applied to grasses under stress. Crop oil concentrate recommended. 7 day PHI.

*** POSTHARVEST ***

Paraquat 0.49

(Gramoxone) 2 SL 1.95 pt.

22

Broadcast spray over the top of the plants after the last harvest. Thorough coverage is required to ensure maximum herbicide burndown. Do not use treated crop for human or animal consumption. Nonionic surfactant recommended.

Table 3. 

Selected insecticides approved for managing insect pests of strawberry.

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

Also Refer to Table 19.1 for biopesticide and other alternative products labeled for disease management.

Pests

MOA Code1

Trade Name

(Active Ingredient)

Rate

(Product/acre)

Max rate product per season

REI

(hours)

Days to

Harvest

Notes

Ants

7A

Extinguish fire ant bait (S-methoprene)

See label

 

4

0

 

7

Esteem Ant Bait

(pyriproxyfen)

1.5–2.0 lbs

 

12

1

 

Aphids

1B

Diazinon 50W, AG600 WBC

50W: 1–2 lbs;

AG600 WBC: 12.75–25.5 fl oz

Make a maximum of one foliar application per crop and one soil application per crop.

3 days

5

 

1B

Dibrom 8-E* (Naled)

1 pint

Do not apply more than 5 pints per season.

48

1

 

1B

Malathion 5EC, 8F (malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints;

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

3A + 6

Athena (bifenthrin & avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more 68 fl oz. in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A

Azera (azadirachtin & pyrethrins)

See label

 

4

0

 

3A

*Brigade WSB (bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz./A per season.

12

0

 

3A + 4A

*Brigadier (bifenthrin & imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92 fl oz/A per season.

12

7

Do not make applications less than 5 days apart.

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6 (pyrethrins & piperonyl butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0 (pyrethrins)

See label

 

12

0

 

4A

Actara (thiamethoxam)

1.5–4.0 oz

Do not exceed a total of 12 oz/Acre (0.188 lb ai/A) of actara or 0.188 lb ai of thiamethoxam containing products per acre per growing season.

12

3

Minimum interval between applications is 10 days. Do not use

Actara in nurseries, greenhouses, plant propagation houses, or on any plants grown for use as transplants. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found

in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Admire Pro (imidacloprid)

soil: 10.5–14 fl oz

foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than 14.0 fl oz /A for soil and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar applications per season.

12

soil: 14

foliar: 5

Soil applications may be made as chemigation, as a plant hole treatment or as a band spray over-the-row followed by overhead irrigation. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP (acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz;

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.;

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A. per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

4A

Platinum 75 SG (thiamethoxam)

1.7–4.01 oz

Do not exceed 4.01 oz./ A per growing season.

12

50

 

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam & chlorantraniliprole)

2–5 oz

Do not exceed 15.0 oz/A per growing season.

12

3

Application restrictions exist for this product because of the risk to bees and othe insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found

in the directions for use to protect pollinators.

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

7–14 fl oz

Maximum allowed per year is 28.0 fl oz/A

4

0

10 day minimum interval between applications.

29

Beleaf 50 SG

(flonicamid)

2.8 oz

Do not apply more than 8.4 oz./A Beleaf 50 SG per year.

12

0

Do not apply more than 3 applications per year. Allow a minimum of 7 days between applications.

--

Botanigard ES

(Beauvaria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

--

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions

 

4

0

 

--

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lbs

 

4

0

 

--

M-Pede

(potassium salts of fatty acids)

See label

 

12

0

 

--

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauvaria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI listed. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

--

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

--

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lbs

 

4

0

 

--

SuffOil-X

(unsulfonated residue of petroleum oil)

1–2 gallons

 

4

0

OMRI listed.

--

Trilogy

(neem oil)

0.5–2%

 

4

0

OMRI listed. Avoid tank mixes with captan, sulfur or other chemically similar products.

Armyworms (see also caterpillars)

1A

Carbaryl 4 L

(carbaryl)

1–2 quarts

Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

Bee restriction: do not apply to target crops in bloom.

1A

Sevin 4F, 80 Solupak

(carbaryl)

4F: 1–2 quarts;

80 Solupak: 1.25–2.5 lbs

4F: Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

80 Solupak: Do not apply more than a total of 12.5 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

 

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin & avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more 68 fl oz. in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed wait 21 days after the

second application before repeating sequence of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A

Azera

(azadirachtin & pyrethrins)

See label

 

4

0

 

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80

oz./A per season.

12

0

 

3A + 4A

*Brigadier

(bifenthrin & imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92

fl oz/A per season.

12

7

Do not make applications less than 5 days apart.

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than 42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting. May be tank mixed with Dipel DF for armyworm control.

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins & piperonyl butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label

 

12

0

 

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz;

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.;

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A. per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam &

chlorantraniliprole)

2–5 oz

Do not exceed 15.0 oz/A per growing season.

12

3

Application restrictions exist for this product because of the risk to bees and othe insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found

in the directions for use to protect pollinators.

5

Entrust

(spinosad)

1.25–1.5 oz

Do not apply more than 9 oz/A per crop.

4

1

OMRI listed. Do not make applications less than 5 days apart except for thrips.

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

6–10 fl oz

Do not apply more than a total of 39 fl oz/A per year.

4

1

 

11A

Agree WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies strain GC-91) aizawai

0.5–2.0 lbs

 

4

0

 

11A

Biobit HP

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lbs

 

4

0

 

11A

Deliver

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lbs

 

4

0

 

11A

DiPel DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis

kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lbs

 

4

0

For armyworm and cutowrm control, use the higher rate.

11A

Javelin WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lbs

 

4

0

 

11A

Xentari

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies aizawai)

0.5–2.0 lbs

 

4

0

 

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 36 oz./A per season.

12

1

7 day minimum interval between applications.

18

Intrepid 2F

(methoxyfenozide)

6–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 64 fl oz/A per year.

4

3

 

28

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole)

3.5–7.5 fl oz

Do not apply more than 15.4 fl oz/A per crop.

4

1

Make no more than 4 applications/A per crop. Minimum interval between treatments is 7 days.

--

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions

 

4

0

 

--

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium

subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lbs

 

4

0

 

--

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

Beetles and weevils

(including sap beetles; see also grubs)

1B

*Govern 4E

(chlorpyrifos)

See label

Do not apply more than 2 quarts preplant/A per year or 2 quarts foliar/A per year.

24

21

Do not make more than 1 preplant or 2 foliar applications per year. Do not apply after berries form or when berries are present.

1B

Lorsban 75WG

(chlorpyrifos)

1.33–2.67 lbs

Do not apply more than 2.67 lb/A per year.

24

21

Do not make more than 1 preplant or 2 foliar applications per year.

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin & avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more 68 fl oz. in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence

of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A

Azera

(azadirachtin & pyrethrins)

See label

 

4

0

 

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz./A per season.

12

0

 

3A + 4A

*Brigadier

(bifenthrin & imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92 fl oz/A per season.

12

7

Do not make applications less than 5 days apart.

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than 42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting. May be tank mixed with Dipel DF for armyworm control.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

soil: 10.5–14 fl oz foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than 14.0 fl oz /A for soil and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar applications per season.

12

soil: 14

foliar: 5

Soil applications may be made as chemigation, as a plant hole treatment or as a band spray

over-the-row followed by overhead irrigation. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found

in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz;

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a

total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30

SG/A during each growing

season;

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 36 oz./A per season.

12

1

7 day minimum interval between applications.

--

MET52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae

strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz/100

gal;

Foliar: 0.5 pint–2 quarts

 

4

0

 

--

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauvaria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI listed. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

Caterpillars

(including budworms,

earworms, leafrollers,

leaftiers, borers, and loopers; see also

armyworms)

1A

Carbaryl 4 L

(carbaryl)

1–2 quarts

Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

Bee restriction: do not apply to target crops in bloom.

1A

Sevin 4F, 80 Solupak

(carbaryl)

4F: 1–2 quarts;

80 Solupak: 1.25–2.5 lbs

4F: Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.;

80 Solupak: Do not apply more than a total of 12.5 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

 

1B

Diazinon 50W, AG600 WBC

50W: 1–2 lbs;

AG600 WBC: 12.75–25.5 fl oz

Make a maximum of one foliar application per crop and one soil application per crop.

3 days

5

 

1B

Dibrom 8-E*

(Naled)

1 pint

Do not apply more than 5 pints per season.

48

1

 

1B

Malathion 5EC , 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints;

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

3A

Azera

(azadirachtin & pyrethrins)

See label

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.;

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A. per growing season.

4

0

 

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz;

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

Do not apply more than 9 oz/A per crop.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

5

Entrust

(spinosad)

1.25–1.5 oz

Do not apply more than a total of 39 fl oz/A per year.

4

1

OMRI listed. Do not make applications less than 5 days apart except for thrips.

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

6–10 fl oz

 

4

1

 

11A

Biobit HP

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

 

11A

Deliver

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lbs

 

4

0

 

11A

DiPel DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis

kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lbs

 

4

0

For armyworm and cutowrm control, use the higher rate.

11A

Javelin WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lbs

 

4

0

 

11A

Xentari

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies aizawai)

0.5–2.0 lbs

 

4

0

 

--

Botanigard ES

(Beauvaria bassiana strain

GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

--

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium

subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lbs

 

4

0

 

--

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauvaria bassiana strain

GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI listed. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

--

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

--

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus

Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lbs

 

4

0

 

--

Venerate XC

(Burkholderia spp. strain

A396)

1–8 quarts

 

4

0

OMRI listed.

Crickets and

cockroaches

1A

Carbaryl 4 L

(carbaryl)

1–2 quarts

Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

Bee restriction: do not apply to target crops in bloom.

1B

Diazinon 50W, AG600

WBC

50W: 1–2 lbs;

AG600 WBC: 12.75–25.5 fl oz

Make a maximum of one foliar application per crop and one soil application per crop.

3 days

5

 

1B

Malathion 5EC , 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints;

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 36 oz./A per season.

12

1

7 day minimum interval between applications.

--

Botanigard ES

(Beauvaria bassiana strain

GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

--

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for

most pests and crop

conditions

 

4

0

 

--

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauvaria bassiana strain

GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI listed. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

Fruit fly (vinegar

fly) and spotted

wing drosophila

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz./A per season.

12

0

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than 42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting.

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins & piperonyl

butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label

 

12

0

 

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz;

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season;

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

4A

Actara

(thiamethoxam)

1.5–4.0 oz

Do not exceed a total of

12 oz/Acre (0.188 lb ai/A)

of actara or 0.188 lb ai of

thiamethoxam containing

products per acre per

growing season.

12

3

Minimum interval between applications is 10 days. Do not use Actara in nurseries, greenhouses, plant propagation houses, or on any plants grown for use as transplants. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found

in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

soil: 10.5–14 fl oz

foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than

14.0 fl oz /A for soil

and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar

applications per season.

12

soil: 14

foliar: 5

Soil applications may be made as chemigation, as a plant hole treatment or as a band spray over-therow followed by overhead irrigation.

Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz;

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season;

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

5

Entrust

(spinosad)

1.25–1.5 oz

Do not apply more than 9 oz/A per crop.

4

1

OMRI approved. Do not make applications less than 5 days apart except for thrips.

--

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for

most pests and crop

conditions

 

4

0

 

Grubs (see also

beetles)

1B

Govern 4E*

(chlorpyrifos)

See label

Do not apply more than 2 quarts preplant/A per year or 2 quarts foliar/A per year.

24

21

Do not make more than 1 preplant or 2 foliar applications per year. Do not apply after berries form or when berries are present.

1B

Lorsban 75WG

(chlorpyrifos)

1.33–2.67 lbs

Do not apply more than 2.67 lb/A per year.

24

21

Do not make more than 1 preplant or 2 foliar applications per year.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

soil: 10.5–14 fl oz

foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than

14.0 fl oz /A for soil

and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar

applications per season.

12

soil: 14

foliar: 5

Soil applications may be made as chemigation, as a plant hole treatment or as a band spray over-therow followed by overhead irrigation. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Platinum 75 SG

(thiamethoxam)

1.7–4.01 oz

Do not exceed 4.01 oz./A per growing season.

12

50

 

--

Botanigard ES

(Beauvaria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

--

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauvaria bassiana strain

GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI listed. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

Mites (including twospotted spider mite, strawberry spider mite, carmine spider mite, cyclamen mite, broad mite)

1B

Diazinon 50W, AG600

WBC

50W: 1–2 lbs;

AG600 WBC: 12.75–25.5 fl oz

Make a maximum of one foliar application per crop and one soil application per crop.

3 days

5

 

1B

Dibrom 8-E*

(Naled)

1 pint

Do not apply more than 5 pints per season.

48

1

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

1B

Malathion 5EC , 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints;

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence

of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin & avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more 68 fl oz. in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

 

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz./A per season.

12

0

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting. May be tank mixed with Dipel DF for armyworm control.

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than 42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

Wait at least 21 days after second application before repeating application. Agri-Mek SC must be mixed with a surfactant approved for use on strawberries. Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart when mites first appear.

6

Agri-Mek 0.15 EC * , SC*

(abamectin)

0.15EC: 16 oz;

SC: 3.5

fl oz

0.15EC: Do not apply more than 64 fl oz/A (0.075 lb ai/A) of Agri-Mek SC or any other foliar applied abamectin-containing product in a growing season;

SC: Do not apply more than 14 fl oz/A (0.075 lb ai/A) of Agri-Mek SC or any other foliar applied abamectin-containing product in a growing season.

12

3

 

10A

Savey 50 DF

(hexythiazox)

6 oz

Do not apply more than 6

oz/A per year.

12

3

Do not make more than 1 application per season.

10B

Zeal

(etoxazole)

2–3 oz

Do not apply more than 3.0 oz/A per season.

12

1

Make no more than 4 applications per season.

12B

*Vendex 50 WP

(fenbutatin oxide)

1.5–2.0 lbs

Apply no more than 4 lbs/A per season.

48

1

Allow a minimum of 21 days between treatments. Do not make more than 2 applications per year.

20B

Kanemite 15 SC

(acequinocyl)

21–31 fl oz

Do not apply more than 62 fl oz/A per season.

12

1

Allow 14 days between applications.

21A

Portal XLO

(fenpyroximate)

2 pints

Do not apply more than 4.0 pints/A per crop cycle.

12

1

Do not make more than 3 applications per crop season.

23

Oberon 2SC

(spiromesifen)

12–16 fl oz

Do not apply more than 48 fl oz/A per crop season.

12

3

Active against eggs, nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage is necessary.

25

Nealta

(cyflumetofen)

13.7 fl oz

Do not apply more than 27.4 fl oz/A per season per crop.

12

1

Active against eggs, nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage is necessary.

--

Acramite 50 WS

(bifenazate)

0.75–1.0 lb

Two applications allowed per season; 21 days minimum between applications.

12

1

Acramite is not systemic in action; therefore complete coverage of both upper and lower leaf surfaces and of fruit is necessary for effective control.

--

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions

 

4

0

 

--

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium

subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lbs

 

4

0

 

--

JMS Stylet Oil

(paraffinic oil)

3 quarts/100 gal water

 

4

0

OMRI listed.

--

MET52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz/100 gal;

Foliar: 0.5 pint–2 quarts

 

4

0

 

--

M-Pede

(potassium salts of fatty

acids)

See label

 

12

0

 

--

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus

Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lbs

 

4

0

 

--

SuffOil-X

(unsulfonated residue of petroleum oil)

1–2 gallons

 

4

0

OMRI listed.

--

Trilogy

(neem oil)

0.5–2%

 

4

0

OMRI listed. Avoid tank mixes with captan, sulfur or other chemically similar products.

Plant (Lygus)

bugs

1A

Carbaryl 4 L

(carbaryl)

1–2 quarts

Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

 
 

1A

Sevin 4F, 80 Solupak

(carbaryl)

4F: 1–2 quarts;

80 Solupak: 1.25–2.5 lbs

4F: Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year;

80 Solupak: Do not apply more than a total of 12.5 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

 

1B

Malathion 5EC , 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints;

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence

of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

 

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin & avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more 68 fl oz. in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

 
 

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz./A per season.

12

0

Do not make applications less than 5 days apart.

 

3A + 4A

*Brigadier

(bifenthrin & imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92 fl oz/A per season.

12

7

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting. May be tank mixed with Dipel DF for armyworm control.

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than

42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

 
 

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins & piperonyl butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 
 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label

 

12

0

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

 

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz;

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season;

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

7 day minimum interval between applications.

 

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 36 oz./A per season.

12

1

Do not apply more than 3 applications per year. Allow a minimum of 7 days between applications.

 

29

Beleaf 50 SG

(flonicamid)

2.8 oz

Do not apply more than 8.4 oz./A Beleaf 50 SG per year.

12

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

 

--

Botanigard ES

(Beauvaria bassiana strain

GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI listed. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

 

--

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauvaria bassiana strain

GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 
 

--

PFR-97 20%WDG (Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lbs

 

4

0

Bee restriction: do not apply to target crops in bloom.

Thrips (inlcuding flower thrips, chilli thrips)

1B

Dibrom 8-E*

(Naled)

1 pint

Do not apply more than 5 pints per season.

48

1

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

1B

Malathion 5EC , 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints;

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year

12

3

 

3A

Azera

(azadirachtin & pyrethrins)

See label

 

4

0

 

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins & piperonyl

butoxide)

2-16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label

 

12

0

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz;

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30

SG/A during each growing

season;

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

OMRI approved. Do not make applications less than 5 days apart except for thrips.

5

Entrust

(spinosad)

1.25–1.5 oz

Do not apply more than 9 oz/A per crop.

4

1

 

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

6–10 fl oz

Do not apply more than a total of 39 fl oz/A per year.

4

1

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

--

Botanigard ES

(Beauvaria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 

--

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions

 

4

0

 

--

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium

subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lbs

 

4

0

 

--

MET52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz/100 gal;

Foliar: 0.5 pint–2 quarts

 

4

0

OMRI listed. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

--

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauvaria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 

--

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

--

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus

Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lbs

 

4

0

 

Whiteflies

1B

Malathion 5EC , 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5v3.2 pints;

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

 

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin & avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more 68 fl oz. in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

 
 

3A

Azera

(azadirachtin & pyrethrins)

See label

 

4

0

Do not make applications less than 5 days apart.

 

3A + 4A

*Brigadier

(bifenthrin & imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92 fl oz/A per season.

12

7

 
 

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins & piperonyl

butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 
 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label

 

12

0

Minimum interval between applications is 10 days. Do not use Actara in nurseries, greenhouses, plant propagation houses, or on any plants grown for use as transplants. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

 

4A

Actara

(thiamethoxam)

1.5–4.0 oz

Do not exceed a total of 12 oz/Acre (0.188 lb ai/A) of actara or 0.188 lb ai of thiamethoxam containing products per acre per growing season.

12

3

Soil applications may be made as chemigation, as a plant hole treatment or as a band spray over-the-row followed by overhead irrigation. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

 

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

soil: 10.5–14 fl oz

foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than 14.0 fl oz /A for soil and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar applications per season.

12

soil: 14

foliar: 5

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

 

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz;

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season;

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

 
 

4A

Platinum 75 SG

(thiamethoxam)

1.7–4.01 oz

Do not exceed 4.01 oz./A per growing season.

12

50

Application restrictions exist for this product because of the risk to bees and othe insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found

in the directions for use to protect pollinators.

 

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam & chlorantraniliprole)

2–5 oz

Do not exceed 15.0 oz/A per growing season.

12

3

10 day minimum interval between applications.

 

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

7–14 fl oz

Maximum allowed per year is 28.0 fl oz/A

4

0

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

 

7D

Esteem 0.86 EC

(pyriproxyfen)

10 fl oz

Do not exceed 20 fl oz/A per season.

12

2

Do not make more than 2 applications pe crop cycle. Allow at least 10 days between applications.

 

16

Courier SC

(buprofezin)

9.0–13.6 oz

Do not apply more than 27.2 fl oz/A per crop cycle.

12

3

Do not make more than 2 applications per crop cycle.

 

16 + 28

Vetica

(buprofezin & flubendiamide)

12.0–18.5 fl oz

Do not apply more than 37.0 fl oz/A per crop cycle.

12

3

Allow 14 days between applications.

 

21A

Portal XLO

(fenpyroximate)

2 pints

Do not apply more than 4.0 pints/A per crop cycle.

12

1

Do not make more than 3 applications per crop season.

 

23

Oberon 2SC

(spiromesifen)

12–16 fl oz

Do not apply more than 48 fl oz/A per crop season.

12

3

 
 

--

Botanigard ES

(Beauvaria bassiana strain

GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 
 

--

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for

most pests and crop

conditions

 

4

0

 
 

--

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium

subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lbs

 

4

0

OMRI listed.

 

--

JMS Stylet Oil

(paraffinic oil)

3 quarts/100 gal water

 

4

0

 
 

--

MET52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae

strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz/100

gal; Foliar: 0.5 pint–2

quarts

 

4

0

 
 

--

M-Pede

(potassium salts of fatty

acids)

See label

 

12

0

OMRI listed. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

 

--

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauvaria bassiana strain

GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 
 

--

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 
 

--

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus

Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lbs

 

4

0

OMRI listed.

 

--

SuffOil-X

(unsulfonated residue of

petroleum oil)

1–2 gallons

 

4

0

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

1 Mode of Action (MOA) codes for plant pest insecticides from the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) Mode of Action Classification v. 8.2 March 2017. Number codes (1 through 29) are used to distinguish the main insectide mode of action groups, with additional letters for certain sub-groups within each main group. All insecticides within the same group (with same number) indicate same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the insecticide resistance management decisions. -- = unknown, or a mode of action that has not been classified yet.

2 Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any product. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. OMRI listed: Listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute for use in organic production.

* Restricted use insecticide.

Table 4. 

Strawberry fungicides ordered by disease and then FRAC group according to their mode of action.

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

Refer to Table 19.1 for biopesticide and other alternative products labeled for disease management.

Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens

Fungicide Group1

Chemical (active ingredients)

Max. Rate/Acre

Mins. Days to

Remarks2

Applic.

Season

Harvest

Reentry

Angular leaf spot

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available: AmeriCop 40 DF, Badge SC, Basic Copper 53, Badge X2,Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 Flowable, Champ WG, COC DF, COC WP, C-O-C-S WDG, Copper Count-N, CS 2005 Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat Flowable, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 3000, Kocide DF, Mastercop, Nordox, Nordox 75WG, Nu Cop 3L, Nu Cop 50 DF, Nu Cop 50 WP, Nu Cop HB, Cuproxat

SEE INDIVIDUAL

LABELS

1-2

Varies by

product from

4 hr to 2 day

Frequent use of copper fungicides may cause foliar burn.

21

Actigard 50 WG (acibenzolar-s-methyl)

0.75 oz

6 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply to plants that are stressed due to drought, excessive moisture, cold weather, herbicide injury, etc.

Anthracnose fruit rot

M4

Captan 50W, Captan 50 WP, Captan 80 WDG, Captec 4L (captan)

SEE INDIVIDUAL

LABELS

1

1

Rate per treated acre. Special label for FL allows up to 24 applications per season.

M4 + 17

Captevate 68 WDG

(captan + fenhexamid)

5.25 lb

21 lb

0

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

1 + 3

Protocol

(thiophanate-methyl +

propiconazole)

1.33 pt

5.3 pt

1

1

Do not make more than 2 sequencial

applications before alternating to another fungicide group and no more than 4 appl/ crop per year.

3

(propiconazole)

Many brands available: Amtide Propiconazole EC, Bumper 41.8 EC,

Fitness, Orbit, Propi-Star EC, Shar-

Shield PPZ, Tilt, Topaz

4 fl oz

16 fl oz

0

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications and no more than 4 appl/crop

3 + 11

Quadris Top

(difenoconazole + azoxystrobin)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive

appl. Do not plant crops not on the label for 30 days after last appl. See special label for instructions on dipping transplants

3 + 11

Quilt Xcel

(azoxystrobin + propiconazole)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential

applications and no more than 5 appl/

crop year

9 + 12

Switch 62.5 WG

(cyprodinil + fludioxonil)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential

applications of Flint of other Group 11

fungicides. Do not exceed more than 6

total applications of Group 11 fungicides per season

11

Abound, Aframe, Azaka, Azoxy 2SC, Equation SC, Satori, Trevo (azoxystrobin)

15.4 fl oz

1.92 qt

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential appl. and no more than 4 appl/crop year. See label for instructions on dipping transplants.

11

Cabrio EG (pyraclostrobin)

14 fl oz

70 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 5 applications per crop year.

11

Flint (trifloxystrobin)

3.2 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications of Flint of other Group 11 fungicides. Do not exceed more than 6 total applications of Group 11 fungicides per season.

11

Aftershock

Evito (fluxastrobin)

5.7 fl oz

22.8 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 4 applications per season, and a minimum interval of 14 days between applications.

11 + 7

Merivon (pyraclostrobin + fluxapyroxad)

11 fl oz

33 fl oz

0

12 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another non-Group 7 or non-Group 11 fungicide.

11 + 7

Pristine (pyraclostrobin + boscalid)

23 oz

115 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive appl. and no more than 5 appl/crop.

11 + 7

Luna Sensation (tryfloxystrobin + fluopyram)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

19

Affirm WDG, Ph-D, Oso, Veranda O (polyoxin-D)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

0

4 hr

Use in alternation with fungicides that have different modes of action. Do not make more than 3 applications per season.

Botrytis fruit rot

M3

Thiram Granuflo, Thiram 24/7 (thiram)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

Do not rotate treated crops with other crops for which Thiram is not registered.

M4

(captan)

Many brands available: Captan 50W, Captan 50 WP, Captan 80 WDG, Captec 4L

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Rate per treated acre. Special label for FL allows up to 24 applications per season.

M4 + 17

Captevate 68 WDG (captan + fenhexamid)

5.25 lb

21 lb

0

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

M12

Fracture (banda de lupinus albus doce - BLAD)

36.6 fl oz

183 fl oz

1

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: Thiophanate-methyl 85 WDG, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin 70 WDG, topsin M 70 WP, Topsin M WSB, Incognito 4.5F, Cercobin, Nufarm T-Methyl 70WSB

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Fungicides from different chemical groups should be used in spray program for disease resistance management.

1 + 3

Protocol (thiophanate-methyl + propiconazole)

1.33 pt

5.3 pt

1

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications before rotating to another fungicide with a different mode of action.

2

(iprodione)

Many brands available: Enclosure 4, Iprodiione 4L AG, Meteor, Nevado 4F, Rovral 4 Flowable

2 pt

2 pt

N/A

1

Do not make more than 1 application per season. Do not apply after first fruiting flower.

7

Fontelis (penthiopyrad)

24 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequencial applications before alternating to a fungicide from a different group.

7

Kenja 400 SC (isofetamid)

15.5 fl oz

54 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not plant other crops not registered within 30 days after last application.

7 + 9

Luna Tranquility (fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 11

Luna Sensation (fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 11

Merivon (fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

11 fl oz

33 fl oz

0

12 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another non-Group 7 or non-Group 11 fungicide.

7 + 11

Pristine (boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

23 oz

115 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive appl. and no more than 5 appl/crop.

9

Scala SC (pyrimethanil)

18 fl oz

54 fl oz

1

0.5

DO not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not use more than 2 of 6 appl. in any one season.

9 + 12

Switch 62.5 WG (cyprodinil + fludioxonil)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive appl. Do not plant crops not on the label for 30 days after last appl. See special label for instructions on dipping transplants.

17

Elevate 50 WDG (fenhexamid)

1.5 lb

6 lb

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

19

Affirm WDG, Ph-D, Oso, Veranda O (polyoxin-D)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

0

4 hr

Use in alternation with fungicides that have different modes of action. Do not make more than 3 applications per season.

3 + 11

Topguard (flutriafol + azoxystrobin)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per year.

11

Abound, Aframe, Azaka, Azoxy 2 SC, Equation SC, Satori, Trevo (azoxystrobin)

15.4 fl oz

1.92 qt

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential appl. and no more than 4 appl/crop year. See label for instructions on dipping transplants.

11

Cabrio EG (pyraclostrobin)

14 fl oz

70 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 5 appl/crop year.

11

Flint (trifloxystrobin)

3.2 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications of Flint of other Group 11 fungicides. Do not exceed more than 6 total applications of Group 11 fungicides per season.

11

Aftershock

Evito (fluoxastrobin)

5.7 fl oz

22.8 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 4 applications per season, and a minimum interval of 14 days between applications.

Charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina)

 

Rhyme (flutriafol)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz

0

0.5

Product is to be applied through drip irrigation (see label for chemigation directions).

Colletotrichum Crown Rot

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: Thiophanate-methyl 85 WDG, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin 70 WDG, Topsin M 70 WP, Topsin M WSB, Incognito 4.5F, Cercobin, Nufarm T-Methyl 4.5 F, Nufarm T-Methyl 70WSB

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Fungicides from different chemical groups should be used in spray program for disease resistance management.

3 + 11

Topguard (flutriafol + azoxystrobin)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per year.

7

Kenja 400 SC (isofetamid)

15.5 fl oz

54 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not plant other crops not registered within 30 days after last application.

Leaf Scorch

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: Thiophanate-methyl 85 WDG, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin 70 WDG, Topsin M 70 WP, Topsin M WSB, Incognito 4.5F, Cercobin, Nufarm T-Methyl 4.5 F, Nufarm T-Methyl 70 WSB

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Fungicides from different chemcial groups should be used in spray program for disease resistance management.

1 + 3

Protocol (thiophanate-methyl + propiconazole)

1.33 pt

5.3 pt

1

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications before rotating to another fungicide with a different mode of action.

Leaf spot

M4

(captan)

Many brands available: Captan 50 W, Captan 50 WP, Captan 80 WDG, Captec 4L

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Rate per treated acre. Special label for FL allows up to 24 applications per season.

2

(iprodione)

Many brands available: Enclosure 4, Iprodione 4L AG, Meteor, Nevado 4F, Rovral 4 Flowable

2 pt

2 pt

N/A

1

Do not make more than 1 application per season. Do not apply after first fruiting flower.

3

(propiconazole)

Many brands available: Amtide Propiconazole EC, Bumper 41.8 EC, Orbit, Propi-Star EC, Shar-Shield PPZ, Tilt, Topaz

4 fl oz

16 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

3

Nova 40W, Rally 40 WSP, Sonoma 40 WSP (myclobutanil)

5 oz

30 oz

0

1

Do not plant rotational crops until 30 days after last application.

3

Mettle 125 ME (tetraconazole)

5 fl oz

20 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply same product within 14 days. Do not apply more than 4 applications per season.

3 + 11

Quadris Top (azoxystrobin + difenoconazole)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequencial applications before alternating to another fungicide group and no more than 4 appl/crop per year.

3 + 11

Quilt Xcel (azoxystrobin + propiconazole)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications and no more than 4 appl/crop.

(supression only)

7 + 9

Luna tranquility (fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

(supression only)

7 + 11

Luna Sensation (fluopyram + tryfloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

 

7 + 11

Merivon (fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

11 fl oz

33 fl oz

0

12 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another non-Group 7 or non-Group 11 fungicide.

7 + 11

Pristine (boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

23 oz

115 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications and no more than 5 appl/crop.

11

Cabrio EG (pyraclostrobin)

14 fl oz

70 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 5 appl/crop year.

Leather rot

3 + 11

Topguard (flutriafol + azoxystrobin)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per year.

4

Ridomil Gold EC, Ridomil Gold SL Ultra Flourish (mefenoxam)

1 pt/trtd acre

1 1/2 qt/trtd acre

0

2

See label for use in drip irrigation.

4

Metalaxyl 2E AG, MetaStar 2E AG (metalaxyl)

2 qt

6 qt

0

2

See label for use in drip irrigation.

11

Abound, Aframe, Azaka, Azoxy 2SC, Equation SC, Satori, Trevo (azoxystrobin)

15.4 fl oz

1.92 qt

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential appl. and no more than 4 appl/crop year. See label for instructions on dipping transplants.

33

Aliette WDG, Legion 80WDG, Linebacker WDG (fosetyl-Al)

5 lb

30 lb

12 hr

0.5

Do not tank mix with copper fungicides, adjuvants or foliar fertilizers.

33

Alude, Confine Extra, Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, K-Phite, Phorcephite, Phostrol, Rampart

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

0

4 hr

Do not tank mix with copper fungicides.

Phomopsis leaf blight

3

Mettle 125 ME (tetraconazole)

5 fl oz

20 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply same product within 14 days. Do not apply more than 4 applications per season.

3

Nova 40W, Rally 40WSP, Sonoma 40 WSP (myclobutanil)

5 oz

30 oz

0

1

Do not plant rotational crops until 30 days after last application.

(supression only)

11

Flint (trifloxystrobin)

3.2 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications of Flint of other Group 11 fungicides. Do not exceed more than 6 total applications of Group 11 fungicides per season.

(supression only)

7 + 9

Luna Tranquility (fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

 

7 + 11

Luna Sensation (fluopyram + tryfloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

Phomopsis soft rot

2

(iprodione)

Many brands available: Enclosure 4, Iprodione 4L AG, Meteor, Nevado 4F, Rovral 4 Flowable

2 pt

2 pt

N/A

1

Do not make more than 1 application per season. Do not apply after first fruiting flower.

(supression only)

7 + 9

Luna Tranquility (fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

 

7 + 11

Luna Sensation (fluopyram + tryfloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

Phytophthora crown rot

4

Metalaxyl 2 E AG, MetaStar 2E AG (metalaxyl)

2 qt

6 qt

0

2

See label for use in drip irrigation.

4

Ridomil Gold EC, Ridomil Gold SL Ultra Flourish (mefenoxam)

1 pt/trtd

acre

1 ½ qt/trtd

acre

0

2

See label for use in drip irrigation.

33

Alude, Confine Extra, Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, K-Phite, Phorcephite, Phostrol, Rampart

SEE INDIVIDUAL

LABELS

0

4 hr

Do not tank mix with copper fungicides.

Powdery mildew

M2

(sulfur)

Many brands available: Acoidal, Cosavet DF, Crusade DF, Kumulus DF, Micro Sulf, Microfine Sulfur, Microthiol Dispress, Rebel DF, Sulfur 90W, Wettable Sulfur, Wettable Sulfur 92, Yellow Jacket Dusting Sulfur, Yellow Jacket Wettable Sulfur

SEE INDIVIDUAL

LABELS

1

1

Do not use during hot weather.

M2 + 33

Sanction (potassium phosphate + sulfur)

6 pt

24 pt

N/A

1

Do not apply during hot weather. May

cause injure during certain climatic conditions.

M12

Fracture (banda de lupinus albus doce - BLAD)

24.4 fl oz

122 fl oz

1

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications.

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: Thiophanate-methyl 85 WDG, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin 70 WDG, Topsin M 70 WP, Topsin M WSB, Incognito 4.5F, Cercobin, Nufarm T-Methyl 4.5 F, Nufarm T-Methyl 70WSB

SEE INDIVIDUAL

LABELS

1

1

Fungicides from different chemical groups should be used in spray program for disease resistance management.

1 + 3

Protocol (thiophanate-methyl + propiconazole)

1.33 pt

5.3 pt

1

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive

applications before rotating to another

fungicide with a different mode of action.

3

(propiconazole)

Many brands available: Amtide Propiconazole EC, Bumper 41.8 EC, Bumper ES, Orbit, Propi-Star EC, Shar-Shield PPZ, Tilt, Topaz

4 fl oz

16 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

3

Nova 40W, Rally 40WSP, Sonoma 40 WSP (myclobutanil)

5 oz

30 oz

0

1

Do not plant rotational crops until 30 days after last application.

3

Procure 480 SC (triflumizole)

8 oz

32 oz

1

0.5

Do not plant leafy vegetables within 30 days or root vegetables within 60 days or rotational crops not on label for one year after application.

3

Mettle 125 ME (tetraconazole)

5 fl oz

20 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply same product within 14 days. Do not apply more than 4 applications per season.

3

Rhyme (flutriafol)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per season.

3 + 11

Topguard (flutriafol + azoxystrobin)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per season.

3 + 11

Quadris Top (difenoconazole + azoxystrobin)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequencial

applications before alternating to another fungicide group and no more than 4 appl/crop per year.

3 + 11

Quilt Xcel (azoxystrobin + propiconazole)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications and no more than 4 appl/crop.

7

Fontelis (penthiopyrad)

24 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequencial applications before alternating to a fungicide from a different group.

7

Kenja 400 SC (isofetamid)

15.5 fl oz

54 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not plant other crops not registered within 30 days after last application.

7

Luna Privilege (fluopyram)

6.84 fl oz

13.7 fl oz

0

0.5

Apply through drip irrigaion system preventatively. Do not make more than 2 sequencial applications before alternating to a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 9

Luna Tranquility (fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 11

Luna Sensation (fluopyram + tryfloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 11

Merivon (pyraclostrobin + fluxapyroxad)

11 fl oz

33 fl oz

0

12 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another non-Group 7 or non-Group 11 fungicide.

7 + 11

Pristine (pyraclostrobin + boscalid)

23 oz

115 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive appl. and no more than 5 appl/crop.

11

Abound, Aframe, Azaka, Azoxy 2SC, Equation SC, Satori, Trevo (azoxystrobin)

15.4 fl oz

1.92 qt

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential appl. and no more than 4 appl/crop year. See label for instructions on dipping transplants.

11

Cabrio EG (pyraclostrobin)

14 fl oz

70 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 5 appl/crop year.

11

Flint (trifloxystrobin)

3.2 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications of Flint of other Group 11 fungicides. Do not exceed more than 6 total applications of Group 11 fungicides per season.

11

Aftershock

Evito (fluoxastrobin)

5.7 fl oz

22.8 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 4 applications per season, and a minimum interval of 14 days between applications.

13

Quintec (quinoxyfen)

6 fl oz

 

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications or more than 4 applications per crop.

19

Affirm WDG, Ph-D, Oso, Veranda O (polyoxin-D)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABEL

0

4 hr

Use in alternation with fungicides that have different modes of action. Do not make more than 3 applications per season.

U6

Torino (cyflufenamid)

3.4 oz

6.8 oz

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 applications per year. Do not apply more than once every 14 days.

1 FRAC code (fungicide group): Number (1 through 46) and letters (U and P) are used to distinguish the fungicide mode of action groups. All fungicides within the same group (with same number or letter) indicate same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the fungicide resistance management decisions. U = unknown, or a mode of action that has not been classified yet and is typically associated with another number; P = host plant defense inducers. Source: FRAC Code List 2017; http://www.frac.info/ (FRAC = Fungicide Resistance Action Committee).

2 Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned.

Table 5. 

Non-fumigant nematicides for strawberry in Florida.

Product

Application Rates and Procedures

Nimitz

All applications to strawberry must be incorporated either physically or via drip or overhead irrigation. Make preplant applications at a rate of 3.5 to 5 pints, (56.0 to 80.0 fl. oz.) per acre, a minimum of seven days before planting. Do not plant any unlisted crops into treated land for 365 days after application of the product. Do not apply more than one application per crop, and no more than 112 fl. oz. of product per acre, per year (365 days). Provides control only for nematodes and provides no residual control. Product is commercially available but is still actively under assessment in field trial evaluations.

This product is labeled as indicated but is still under active field assessment. Growers applying Nimitz must consult the product label to observe the plant-back (recropping) intervals for a variety of leafy vegetables and brassica crops, onions, bananas, sugarcane, and other crops. Other restrictions may apply.

Table 6. 

Fumigant nematicides for strawberries in Florida.

Nematicide

Broadcast Aapplication1

In the Row Applications

Gallons or Lbs Per acre

Fl oz /1000 ft / chisel spaced 12” apart

Telone II 2,3

Telone EC 2,3

27 to 35 gal

79 to 102

For any row spacing, application rates given may be concentrated in the row, but shall never exceed the labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label for additional detail.

Telone C-17 2,3

32.4 to 42 gal

95 to 123

For any row spacing, application rates given may be concentrated in the row, but shall never exceed the labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label for additional detail.

Telone C-35 2,3

39 to 50 gal

114 to 146

For any row spacing, application rates given may be concentrated in the row, but shall never exceed labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label

for additional detail.

Telone InLine 2,3

29 to 56 gal

-

For drip fumigation, consult the product label for overall rate, drip concentration and flow modifying application directions.

Pic Clor 60 2,3

19.5–31.5 gal

57 to 90

Consult product label for overall rate and chisel flow modifying application directions.

Pic Clor 60 EC 2,3

19.5–31.5 gal

-

For drip fumigation, consult product label for proportionately reduced overall rates, drip concentration and drip flow modifying directions and procedures.

Vapam HL

75 gal

-

For drip fumigation and crop termination, consult product label for proportionately reduced overall rates, drip concentration and flow modifying directions and procedures.

KPam HL

60 gal

-

For drip fumigation and crop termination, consult product label for proportionately reduced overall rates, drip concentration and flow modifying directions.

Dimethyl Disulfide (DMDS2)

51.3 gal

-

Compared to broadcast application, apply proportionately less for in the row applications based on the ratio of bed width to row spacing. Consult the product label for additional detail and rate modifying recommendation and mandatory requirements for totally impermeable mulch films (TIF).

Allyl Isothiocyanate

(AITC)

Dominus

40 gal

-

For drip or in-row fumigation and crop termination, consult product label for overall rates, drip concentration and flow modifying directions.

1 Gallons /acre and Fl oz / 1000 feet provided only for mineral soils. Higher rates may be possible for heavier textured (loam, silt, clay) or highly organic soils.

2 All of the fumigants mentioned are for retail sale and use only by state certified applicators or persons under their direct supervision. New supplemental labeling for the Telone products must be in the hands of the user at the time of application. See label details for additional use restrictions based on soil characteristics, buffer zones, requirements for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), mandatory good agricultural practices (GAP’s), product and applicator training certification, and rate modifying recommendations with use of highly retentive Totally Impermeable mulch films (TIF).

3 Higher application rates are possible in the presence of cyst-forming nematodes.

Rates are believed to be correct for products named, and similar products of other brand names, when applied to mineral soils. Higher rates are required for muck (organic) soils. However, the grower has the final responsibility to see that each product is used legally; read the label of the product to be sure that you are using it properly.

Footnotes

1.

This document is HS736, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date June 1995. Revised July 2017. This is Chapter 16 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2017–2018 edition. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

2.

Vance M. Whitaker, associate professor; Nathan S. Boyd, associate professor; Natalia A. Peres, associate professor, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center; Joseph W. Noling, professor, UF/IFAS Citrus REC; and Justin Renkema, assistant professor, UF/IFAS GCREC; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication do not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For more information on obtaining other UF/IFAS Extension publications, contact your county's UF/IFAS Extension office.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, UF/IFAS Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A & M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Nick T. Place, dean for UF/IFAS Extension.