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Chapter 6—Design Solutions for a More Wind-Resistant Urban Forest1

Edward F. Gilman and Traci Partin 2


Researchers who visited post-hurricane sites found that many incidents of tree failure could have been prevented with appropriate design and management. Many large trees had been planted too close to curbs, sidewalks, foundations, and pavement. Roots on mature trees had either decayed or been cut close to the trunk. These conditions resulted in trees toppling in high winds. Limited rooting space presents a challenge to creating sustainable landscapes. This fact sheet discusses strategies for developing strong root systems on newly planted trees and preserving the roots of existing trees. Other elements of wind-resistant design, such as design solutions for existing situations, tree grouping and species selection, are also described.

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1. This document is ENH 1056, one of the Urban Forest Hurricane Recovery Program series of the School of Forest Resources and Conservation and the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date Septermber 2007. Reviewed February 2017. Visit the EDIS website at and
2. Edward F. Gilman, professor; and Traci Jo Partin, horticultural information specialist; Department of Environmental Horticulture, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

Publication #ENH1056

Release Date:February 21, 2017

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Gilman, Edward F.


University of Florida

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