This handbook is designed to provide an accurate, current, and authoritative summary of the principal federal and state (Florida) laws that directly or indirectly relate to agriculture. This handbook provides a basic overview of the many rights and responsibilities that farmers and farmland owners have under both federal and state laws as well as the appropriate contact information to obtain more detailed information. However, the reader should be aware that because the laws, administrative rulings, and court decisions on which this handbook is based are subject to constant revision, portions of this publication could become outdated at any time. Several details of cited laws are also left out due to space limitations.
This handbook is distributed with the understanding that the authors are not engaged in rendering legal or other professional advice, and the information contained herein should not be regarded as a substitute for professional advice. This handbook is not all inclusive in providing information to achieve compliance with the federal and state laws and regulations governing water protection. For these reasons, the use of these materials by any person constitutes an agreement to hold harmless the authors, the UF/IFAS Center for Agricultural and Natural Resource Law, the Florida Cooperative Extension Service, the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, and the University of Florida for any liability claims, damages, or expenses that may be incurred by any person as a result of reference to or reliance on the information contained in this handbook.
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS): Overview
The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) carries out functions related to farming practices and products, such as ensuring the safety and wholesomeness of food and other consumer products through inspection and testing programs; assisting Florida's farmers and agricultural industries with the production and promotion of agricultural products; and conserving and protecting the state's agricultural and natural resources by reducing wildfires, promoting environmentally safe agricultural practices, and managing public lands. Responsibilities of FDACS in conserving and protecting agricultural and natural resources include:
Soil and water conservation;
The registration, labeling, and inspection of commercial fertilizers, pesticides, and gasoline and oils;
The registration (i.e., licensing and regulation) of pesticide applicators;
Certification programs (including urban commercial fertilizer applicator certification and landscape maintenance applicator certification related to pesticide applications);
The development and implementation of agricultural best management practices (BMPs) to conserve water and prevent water pollution;
Development of 20-year-demand projections for agricultural self-suppliers in five-year increments to each water management district.
FDACS includes several divisions and offices. Those involving state water regulation include the following:
Division of Agricultural Environmental Services administers various regulatory programs concerning environmental and consumer protection issues, including agricultural pesticide and fertilizer registration and regulation (http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Agricultural-Environmental-Services)
Division of Florida Forest Service focuses on protection and management of Florida's forests; with Forest Hydrology Section being responsible for water resource management and hydrologic restoration in forested areas (http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Florida-Forest-Service/Our-Forests/Best-Management-Practices-BMP)
Office of Agricultural Water Policy (OAWP) works with other agencies and stakeholders to develop and implement agricultural best management practices (BMPs) to address water quality issues and achieve water conservation. "Agricultural BMPs are practical, cost-effective actions that agricultural producers can take to conserve water and reduce the amount of pesticides, fertilizers, animal waste and other pollutants entering our water resources" (FDACS 2017). Agricultural BMP manuals are developed for various crops and adopted by rule. Producers operating in the areas with adopted watershed plans called Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) are required to select BMPs for adoption from the relevant BMP manual(s), and file a Notice of Intent (NOI) to implement the BMPs to FDACS. More about agricultural BMPs and their implementation requirements can be found in Migliaccio et al. (2016). OAWP also provides communication between federal/state/local agencies and the agricultural industry on water quantity and water quality issues involving agriculture (http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Agricultural-Water-Policy)
The Division of Aquaculture works with aquaculture facilities, shellfish processing plants, and shellfish harvesting areas on such issues as leases of submerged state lands and oyster reefs restoration (http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Aquaculture).
More information about FDACS can be found at the FDACS website at http://www.freshfromflorida.com/.
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS). 2017. Office of Agricultural Water Policy. http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Agricultural-Water-Policy
Migliaccio K.W., Morgan K.T., and B.J. Boman. 2016. Total Maximum Daily Loads and Agricultural BMPs in Florida. ABE362. Gainesville: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ae388
The authors are indebted to the personnel of both state and federal agencies who provided their time and advice in the preparation of this handbook. We acknowledge Carol Fountain and Susan Gildersleeve at the University of Florida for their assistance in editing this handbook. We also acknowledge funding received for updating this publication from the 2016 Wells Fargo Extension Professional Award and Program Enhancement Grant (Principal Investigator is Tatiana Borisova).