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Ernodea littoralis Golden Creeper

Edward F. Gilman, Ryan W. Klein, and Gail Hansen


The golden creeper is a 1 to 3 foot tall, prostrate ground cover that is native to south Florida beaches. This plant has small, light green, succulent leaves borne on bright red stems that help it to survive in dry conditions. Inconspicuous, pinkish white, tubular flowers occur throughout the year and are followed by attractive golden berries. These golden berries, in part, give this plant its common name.

Full Form - Ernodea littoralis: Golden Creeper
Figure 1. Full Form - Ernodea littoralis: Golden Creeper
Credit: Edward F. Gilman, UF/IFAS


Leaf - Ernodea littoralis: Golden Creeper
Figure 2. Leaf - Ernodea littoralis: Golden Creeper
Credit: Edward F. Gilman, UF/IFAS


Flower - Ernodea littoralis: Golden Creeper
Figure 3. Flower - Ernodea littoralis: Golden Creeper 
Credit: Edward F. Gilman, UF/IFAS 


Fruit - Ernodea littoralis: Golden Creeper
Figure 4. Fruit - Ernodea littoralis: Golden Creeper 
Credit: Edward F. Gilman, UF/IFAS 

General Information

Scientific name: Ernodea littoralis

Pronunciation: air-NOE-dee-uh lit-taw-RAIL-liss

Common name(s): golden creeper, beach creeper, coughbush

Family: Rubiaceae

Plant type: ground cover

USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 5)

Planting month for zone 10 and 11: year round

Origin: native to Florida

Invasive potential: not known to be invasive

Uses: ground cover

Availability: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to find the plant

Shaded area represents potential planting range.
Figure 5. Shaded area represents potential planting range.


Height: 1 to 3 feet

Spread: depends upon supporting structure

Plant habit: spreading; prostrate (flat)

Plant density: moderate

Growth rate: moderate

Texture: fine


Leaf arrangement: opposite/subopposite

Leaf type: simple

Leaf margin: entire

Leaf shape: ovate

Leaf venation: bowed

Leaf type and persistence: evergreen

Leaf blade length: less than 2 inches

Leaf color: green

Fall color: no fall color change

Fall characteristic: not showy


Flower color: white

Flower characteristic: year-round flowering


Fruit shape: round

Fruit length: less than .5 inch

Fruit cover: fleshy

Fruit color: yellow

Fruit characteristic: inconspicuous and not showy

Trunk and Branches

Trunk/bark/branches: not particularly showy; typically multi-trunked or clumping stems

Current year stem/twig color: reddish

Current year stem/twig thickness: medium


Light requirement: plant grows in full sun

Soil tolerances: acidic; slightly alkaline; sand; clay

Drought tolerance: high

Soil salt tolerances: good

Plant spacing: 36 to 60 inches


Roots: usually not a problem

Winter interest: no special winter interest

Outstanding plant: plant has outstanding ornamental features and could be planted more

Pest resistance: no serious pests are normally seen on the plant

Use and Management

The golden creeper is an excellent sand binder and is great for coastal landscapes. This ground cover is an outstanding landscape plant for south Florida coastal areas and could be used more often. It is also suited for planting in dry landscapes away from the coast receiving little or no irrigation.

Golden creeper will thrive in well-drained sandy soils. It should be planted in an area of the landscape that receives full sun. Ernodea littoralis is tolerant of drought and salt spray but often dies back if over irrigated.

Pests and Diseases

Plants in well drained soils along the coast in the full sun usually have no problems.

Publication #FPS196

Release Date:October 24, 2023

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About this Publication

This document is FPS196, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date October 1999. Revised October 2023. Visit the EDIS website at for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Edward F. Gilman, professor emeritus; Ryan W. Klein, assistant professor, arboriculture; and Gail Hansen, professor, sustainable landscape design; Department of Environmental Horticulture, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.



  • Gail Hansen de Chapman