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Publication #ENY-2031

Release Date:February 27th, 2019

Reviewed At:May 4th, 2022

  • Critical Issue: Agricultural and Food Systems
Organism ID

About this Publication

This document is ENY-2031, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date April 2016. Visit the EDIS website at for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Jeffrey D. Cluever, former MS student, Entomology and Nematology Department; and Hugh A. Smith, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Wimauma, FL 33598.


  • Hugh Smith