Chapter 7. Cucurbit Production

Josh H. Freeman, Eugene J. McAvoy, Craig Frey, Nathan S. Boyd, Mathews L. Paret, Qingren Wang, Johan Desaeger, Jawwad Qureshi, Xavier Martini, and Phillip B. Williams

Botany and Planting

Angled or ridged luffa (silk squash, Chinese okra)—Luffa acutangula

Bittermelon (Chinese and Indian types)—Momordica charantia

Butternut squashCucurbita moschata

CantaloupeCucumis melo

ChayoteSechium edule

Chinese cucumberTrichosanthes kirilowii

CucumberCucumis sativus, Cucurbitaceae

Fuzzy melon (immature fruit) and Winter melonBenincasa hispida

Long gourd (oopoh)—Lagenaria siceraria

Pumpkin (jack-o-lantern is C. pepo; some processing pumpkins are C. maxima and C. moschata)

Smooth luffaLuffa aegyptica (cylindrical)

Snake gourdTrichosanthes cucumerina

Summer squash (crookneck and straight-neck yellow squash)—Cucurbita pepo

Tropical pumpkin (calabaza)Cucurbita moschata

WatermelonCitrullus lanatus

Winter squashCucurbita maxima

ZucchiniCucurbita pepo

 

 

Table 7.1. Planting information for cucurbits.

Planting Dates

Cucumber

Cantaloupe

Pumpkin

Squash

Watermelon

North Florida

Feb–Apr; July–Aug

Feb–Apr

Early July

Feb–Apr; Aug–Sept

Feb–Apr

Central Florida

Jan–Mar; Sept

Jan–Mar

Mid-July

Jan–Apr; Aug–Sept

Jan–Mar

South Florida

Sept–Feb

Dec–Mar

Early August

Aug–Mar

Dec–Mar

Planting Information

Bush

Vining

 

Distance between rows (in)

48–60

60–72

60–108

36–48

60–108

60–108

Distance between plants (in)

6–12

20–36

36–60

12–24

36–60

24–48

Seeding depth (in)

0.5–0.75

0.5–1.0

1.5–2.0

1.0–1.5

1.5–2.0

1.5–2.0

Seed per acre (lb)

2–4

1–2

4–5

2–3

1–1.5

1–3

Days to maturity from seed

40–65

85–110

80–100

40–50

85–120

80–100

Days to maturity from transplant

Not recommended

70–90

70–90

Not recommended

60–90

Plant populations (acre)

21,780

4,356

2,904

7–14,520

2,904

1,815

Cultivars

 Table 7.2. Cultivars for cantaloupe.

Eastern Shipper

Harper Type

Calabaza (Tropical Pumpkin)

Accolade (H)

Athena (H)

Avatar (H)

Caribbean Gold

Timeless Gold

Agriset 9001 (vining type)

Ariel (H)

Atlantis (H)

 

Infinite Gold

 

La Estrella (compact plant)

H=hybrid

 

Table 7.3. Cultivars for cucumber.

Pickling

Slicing

Calypso (H) (GY)

Jackson Classic (H) (GY)

Supremo (H)

Bristol

Mamba (H) (GY)

SV4719CS* (H) (GY)

Deli King

Jackson Supreme

 

Cobra (H) (GY)

Mongoose (H) (GY)

 

Deli Star

Maxi Pack (H)

 

Diamondback (H)

Python (H)

 

Excursion

 

Maxi Pick (H)

 

Dominator (H) (GY)

Speedway (H) (GY)

 

Expedition (H)

Powerpak (H) (GY)

 

Impact (H) (GY)

SV3462CS* (H) (GY)

 

 

Table 7.4. Cultivars for Halloween pumpkin (north Florida only).

Miniature: < 1 lb

Small: 1–5 lb

Medium: 5–10 lb

Large: 10–20 lb

Giant: 25–80 lb

Bumpkin (H)

Hybrid Pam (H)

Autumn Gold (H)

Merlin (H)

Apogee (H)

Magician (H)

Dill’s Atlantic Giant

Gold Dust (H)

Pick-A-Pie (H)

Goose Bumps II (H)

October (H)

Connecticut Field

Magic Wand (H)

Prizewinner (H)

Jill-Be-Little

Small Sugar

Jack of All Trades (H)

 

Early Giant (H)

 

 

Wee-Be-Little (PVP)

 

Knucklehead (H)

 

Early King (H)

 

 

PVP=Plant Variety Protection; H=hybrid

 

Table 7.5. Cultivars for squash.

Summer (yellow)

Acorn

Butternut

Conqueror III (H) (SN)*

Gold Star (H) (CN)

Mesa Queen (H)

Atlas (H)

Quantam (H)

Enterprise (H) (SN)

Grand Prize (H) (SN)

Royal Ace (H)

Avalon (H)

Ultra (H)

Fortune (H) (SN)

Lazor (H) (SN)

Table Ace (H)

Canesi (H)

Waltham

Gentry (H) (CN)

Lioness (H) (SN)

TayBelle PM (H)

Early Butternut (H)

Zenith (H)

Goldprize (H) (SN)

Smooth Criminal (H) (SN)

 

Polaris (H)

 

Summer (zucchini)

Summer (yellow zucchini)

Cash Machine

Paycheck (H)

Respect (H)

Spineless Perfection (H)

Golden Delight (H) (SN)

Everglades (H)

Payload (H)

Senator (H)

 

Golden Glory (H) (SN)

Green Machine (H)

Payroll (H)

Spineless Beauty (H)

 

Goldrush (H) (SN)

Pascola (H)

Renegade (H)

Spineless King (H)

 

 

 

H=hybrid; type: CN=crookneck, SN=straightneck.

*Biotech: Specific requirements and restrictions apply to these products.

 

Table 7.6. Cultivars for watermelon.

Diploid

Triploid (seedless, large)

Estrella (H)

Stargazer (H)

ACX 6177 (H)

Excursion (H)

Road Trip (H)

Sugar Heart (H)

Jamboree (H)

Summer Flavor 720

Black Jack (H)

Fascination (H)

Secretariat (H)

Sweet Gem (H)

Mardi Gras (H)

Summer Flavor 790 (H)

Bottle Rocket (H)

Joy Ride (SV 8298) (H)

SS 7167 (H)

Sweet Polly (H)

Sangria (H)

Summer Flavor 800 (H)

Captivation (H)

Kingman (H)

SS 7177 (H)

Talca (H)

Sentinel (H)

Summer Flavor 8490 (H)

Crisp N' Sweet (H)

Melody (H)

SS 7187 (H)

Traveler (H)

SSX 8585 (H)

Summer Flavor 860

Crunchy Red (H)

Red Amber (H)

SS 7197 (H)

Troubadour (H)

Starbrite (H)

Top Gun (H)

Embassy (H)

Red Garnet (H)

Sugared (H)

Warrior (nun 1009) (H)

 

Exclamation (H)

 

 

 

Nonharvestable Pollenizer

Triploid (seedless, mini)

Ace Plus

Polimax

SP-7

Ana (H)

Extazy (H)

Promesa (H)

 

Co-Pilot

Premium

Wildcard Plus

Belmont (H)

Leopard (H)

Sirius (H)

 

Minipol

SP-6

Wingman

Excite (H)

Ocelot (H)

 

 

H=hybrid

Asian Cucurbits

This group includes cucurbit fruits that can be eaten immature like several other vegetables with edible tender stems and leaves. Matured luffa are not edible, but after peeling off their skin and drying them, they can be used as durable scrubs for dishwashing or showering. All these Asian cucurbits can be grown on raised beds, with or without plastic mulch, and with drip, overhead, or subsurface irrigation. Most of them are well trellised to support the long vines and fruits, primarily to maximize space and sufficient sunlight, to minimize bud drop and fruit rot caused by overshading and exposure to soil moisture and pathogens, and to promote straight fruit. Winter melon is the exception because it is generally too heavy to trellis. Fertilizer recommendations for cucumbers are applicable for fuzzy melon, long gourd, both luffas, Chinese cucumber, bittermelon, and snake gourd. There are two types of bittermelon: Indian and Chinese. The Indian type has smaller fruit with dark-green color and soft, prickled skin, and the Chinese type has longer, larger fruit with light-green color and smooth skin. The Indian type tastes more bitter than the Chinese type. Chinese cucumber, though rarely commercially available, has fruit more than 1 foot long with dark-green color, very thin and rough skin, and crisp texture, similar to European cucumber, but crunchier. Recommendations for watermelon should be followed for winter melon and chayote. With the exception of chayote, where the entire fruit is planted, these crops are started from seed and grown as transplants prior to being set in the field.

 

Table 7.7. Planting information for Asian cucurbits.

Planting Dates

Bittermelon

Long Gourd

Angled Luffa

Smooth Luffa

North Florida

Feb–Apr; July–Aug

Feb–Apr; July–Aug

Feb–Apr; July–Aug

Feb–Apr; July–Aug

Central Florida

Jan–Mar; Sept

Jan–Mar; Sept

Jan–Mar; Sept

Jan–Mar; Sept

South Florida

Sept–Feb

Sept–Feb

Sept–Feb

Sept–Feb

Planting Information

Distance between rows (in)

60–72

60–72

60–72

60–72

Distance between plants (in)

36–60

36–60

36–60

36–60

Days to maturity from seed

80–100

 

 

 

Plant populations (acre)

2904

2904

2904

2904

Planting Dates

Fuzzy Melon

Snake Gourd

Chayote

Winter Melon

North Florida

Feb–Apr; July–Aug

Feb–Apr; July–Aug

Not recommended

Feb–Apr

Central Florida

Jan–Mar; Sept

Jan–Mar; Sept

Not recommended

Jan–Mar

South Florida

Sept–Feb

Sept–Feb

Sept–Feb

Dec 15–Mar 1

Planting Information

Distance between rows (in)

60–72

60–72

60–72

72–108

Distance between plants (in)

36–60

36–60

36–60

36–72

Seeding depth (in)

1.5–2.0

1.5–2.0

Whole fruit is used: cover halfway

1.5–2.0

Seed per acre

 

 

2904—whole fruit

 

Plant populations (acre)

2904

2904

2904

1452–2420

 

Table 7.8. Cultivars for Asian cucurbits.

Bittermelon (Chinese)*

Bittermelon (Indian)*

Winter Melon

Snake Gourd*

Angled Luffa*

Hong Kong Green

Hybrid India Star

Giant Wax

Buag Ngu

Bonanza

Hybrid Bangkok Large

India Green Long

Hybrid Red Doll

Extra Long Dancer

Buam Liam Hybrid

Japan Green Sprindle

India Green Queen

Hybrid Small Round

Hybrid Snaky

Hybrid Green Glory

Taiwan Large

Palee

Hybrid Wonder Wax

Long EX

Lucky Boy

 

Round Tong Gwa

Polo

Summer Long

Smooth Luffa*

Long Gourd*

Fuzzy Melon*

Chayote*

Dok Hybrid

Bitter Gourd Long

Chiang Shin Joker

The seed is the viviparous fruit itself. There is some debate as to whether varieties remain true. Fruit purchased from grocery stores may not sprout.

Hybrid Smooth Beauty

Hybrid Asia Short

Mokwa

Smooth Boy

Hybrid India Long

Mokwa Long

 

Seven Star Long

* Should be trellised

Table 7.9. Herbicides approved for managing weeds in cucurbit crops.

Active Ingredient

lb a.i./Acre

Trade Name

Product/Acre

MOA Code

Crops

Weeds Controlled/Remarks

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

***PREEMERGENCE***

Bensulide

5.0–6.0

(Prefar) 4 E

5–6 qt

8

All cucurbits

Annual broadleaf and grass control. Incorporate or irrigate 1 to 2 in. within 36 hr of application. Nonlabeled crops should not be planted within 120 days of application.

Carfentrazone

up to 0.031

(Aim) 1.9 E

up to 2 fl oz

(Aim) 2.0 EC

up to 2 fl oz

14

All cucurbits

Apply as a preplant burndown for emerged broadleaf weeds. Use crop oil concentrate, methylated seed oil, or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. Maximum rate of 0.096 lb a.i./A per season. No pretransplant interval.

Clomazone

0.15–0.38

(Command) 3 ME

0.4–1 pt

13

Cucumber

Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Use lower rates on coarse soils. Read label for additional restrictions.

Clomazone

0.15–0.25

(Command) 3 ME

0.4–0.67 pt

13

Muskmelon, watermelon

Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Use lower rates on coarse soils. Read label for additional restrictions.

Clomazone

0.25–0.5

(Command) 3 ME

0.67–1.33 pt

13

Summer squash

Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Broadcast for bare-ground production; row middles only if growing on plastic.

Clomazone

0.25–0.75

(Command) 3 ME

0.67–2 pt

13

Winter squash

Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Broadcast for bare-ground production; row middles only if growing on plastic. Read labels for cultivar restrictions.

Ethalfluralin + Clomazone

0.4–0.6 + 0.13–0.19

(Strategy)

2–3 pt

3 + 13

Cucumbers, melons, summer & winter squash, pumpkin, watermelon

Annual broadleaf and grass control. Must be applied no later than 2 days after seeding. Overhead irrigation or rainfall of 0.5 in. within 5 days. Do not apply under row mulch or over top of plants.

Flumioxazin

up to 0.125

(Chateau) 51 WDG

up to 4 oz

14

Cucumber, muskmelon, watermelon, pumpkins, summer & winter squash

Broadleaf control. Row middles only. Do not apply after crops are transplanted/seeded. Label is a Third-Party Registration (TPR, Inc.). Use without a signed authorization and waiver of liability is a misuse of the product.

Glyphosate

(various formulations)

consult labels

9

All cucurbits

Controls emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Consult individual labels for restrictions.

Halosulfuron

0.024

(Sandea) 75 DG

0.5 oz

2

Cantaloupe, cucumber, crenshaw, honeydew

Yellow and purple nutsedge and broadleaf control. Apply uniformly with ground equipment in a minimum of 15 gallons of water/A.

Halosulfuron

0.024–0.036

(Sandea) 75 DG

0.5–0.75 oz

2

Watermelon

Yellow and purple nutsedge and broadleaf control. May be applied preemergence to seeded watermelon on bare-ground or preseeding to mulch-cultured watermelon. Transplanting should be no sooner than 7 days after application. Use lighter rates on sandy soils with low organic matter.

Halosulfuron

0.024–0.036

(Sandea) 75 DG

0.5–0.75 oz

2

Pumpkin, winter squash

Yellow and purple nutsedge and broadleaf control. Apply before soil cracking or pretransplant. Transplanting should not be made sooner than 7 days after application. May be applied POST over the top when plants reach the 4–5 true-leaf stage, but before first female flowers appear.

Paraquat

0.63–0.94

(Gramoxone) 2 SL

2–4 pt

(Firestorm) 3 SL

1.3–2.7 pt

22

Cucumber, muskmelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin, squash, watermelon

Controls emerged weeds. Apply prior, during, or after planting, but before crop emergence. Use a nonionic surfactant. Consult label for new restrictions.

Pelargonic acid

(Scythe) 4.2 EC

3%–10% v/v

27

All cucurbits

Controls emerged weeds. Apply before emergence of crop. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar-applied herbicide. There is no residual activity. May be tank-mixed with soil residual herbicides.

Pendimethalin

1

(Prowl H20)

2.1 pt

3

Cantaloupe, citron melon, muskmelon, watermelon

Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply to the row middles only. May be applied as a sequential application with 2.1 pt/A before and 2.1 pt/A after transplanting or seeding, with 21 days between applications. Do not exceed 4.2 pt/A per season.

S-metolachlor

0.95–1.26

(Brawl, Dual Magnum)

1.0–1.33 pt

15

Pumpkin

Annual broadleaf and grass weeds and nutsedge control. Apply as inter-row or inter-hill application. Leave a 1-foot untreated area over the seeded row (6 in. on either side of the row). Use lower rates on lighter soils. Apply before weeds emerge.

*** POSTEMERGENCE ***

Carfentrazone

up to 0.031

(Aim) 1.9 E

up to 2 fl oz

(Aim) 2.0 EC

up to 2 fl oz

14

All cucurbits

Emerged broadleaf control. Post-direct hooded application to row middles for burndown of emerged broadleaf weeds. Use crop oil concentrate or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. PHI 0 days.

Clethodim

0.09–0.13

0.07–0.13

(Arrow, Intensity, Select) 2 EC

6–8 oz

(Select Max) 1 EC

9–16 fl oz

1

Cucumber, squash, melons, and all commodities in crop group

Annual and perennial grass control. Use a crop oil concentrate at 1% v/v spray volume. Use nonionic surfactant in Select Max. PHI 14 days.

DCPA

4.5–10.5

(Dacthal) 6 F

6–14 pt

3

Muskmelon, cantaloupe, honeydew, watermelon

Annual grasses and certain broadleaf control. Apply only when plants have 4–5 true leaves, are well-established, and growing conditions are favorable for good plant growth. Cultivate prior to application to control emerged weeds.

Ethalfluralin + Clomazone

(Strategy)

2–3 pt

3 + 13

Cucumber, melon, summer & winter squash, pumpkin, watermelon

Annual broadleaf and grass control. After transplanting apply to row middles only. Does not control emerged weeds. PHI 45 days.

Glyphosate

(various formulations)

consult labels

9

All cucurbits

Control emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply to row middles only. Use a hooded sprayer to reduce drift. Consult individual labels for restrictions.

Halosulfuron

0.04–0.05

(Sandea) 75 DF

0.5–1 oz

2

Cucumber, cantaloupe, honeydew, crenshaw melon

Apply after the 3–5 true leaf stage (no sooner than 14 days after transplanting) but before the first female flower. Spot spray a POST application if a PRE application was made. Cucumber PHI 30 days. Cantaloupe, honeydew, crenshaw 57 days.

Halosulfuron

0.02–0.05

0.02–0.04

(Sandea) 75 DF

0.5–1.0 oz

0.5–0.75 oz

2

Watermelon, summer squash

Pumpkin, winter squash

Nutsedge and broadleaf weeds. Apply to the row middles only. Include a NIS in the spray solution. PHI 57 days in watermelon. PHI 30 days for summer/winter squash and pumpkin.

Imazosufuron

0.19–0.3

(League) 75 WG

4–6.4 oz

2

Muskmelon, watermelon

Nutsedge and broadleaf weeds. No more than 6.4 oz/A/yr. One application per years. Surfactant is needed if weeds are emerged. Row middles only. PHI 45 days.

Paraquat

0.47–0.93

(Gramoxone) 2 SL

1.88–3.72

22

Cucumber, muskmelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin, squash, watermelon

Controls emerged weeds. Row middles only. Limit of 3 applications per year. Gramoxone SL is a supplemental label consult labels for other paraquat formulations. Consult label for new restrictions.

Pelargonic acid

(Scythe) 4.2 EC

3%–10% v/v

27

Cucumber, gourd, muskmelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin, squash, watermelon

Controls emerged weeds. Row middles only. Use a shielded sprayer directed to the row middles to reduce drift to the crop.

Pendimethalin

1

(Prowl H20)

2.1 pt

3

Cantaloupe, citron melon, muskmelon, watermelon

Annual broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply to the row middles only. Apply 2.1 pt/A after transplanting or seeding and before vines are off the bed and in the spray area. If a preplant application was applied, do not exceed 4.2 pt/A per season. PHI 35 days.

Sethoxydim

0.19–0.28

(Poast) 1.5 EC

1.0–1.5 pt

1

All cucurbits

Growing grass weeds. Include a crop oil concentrate. Efficacy is decreased if weeds are under stress. Use 1 pt for seedling grasses and 1.5 pt on perennial grasses. PHI 14 days.

S-metolachlor

0.95–1.26

(Brawl, Dual Magnum) 7.62 EC

1.0–1.33 pt

15

Pumpkin

Annual broadleaf and grass weeds and nutsedge. Apply as inter-row or inter-hill application. Leave a 1-foot untreated area over the plant (6 in. on either side of the row). Use lower rates on lighter soils. Apply before weeds emerge. PHI 30 days.

Terbacil

0.1–0.2

(Sinbar) 80 WP

2–4 oz

5

Watermelon

Annual broadleaf weeds. Apply to row middles only. Do not allow contact with plant foliage. Do not exceed 4 oz per year. PHI 70 days.

Trifluralin

(Treflan) 4 EC

1.0 pt

(Treflan) TR 10

5 lb

3

All cucurbits

Annual broadleaf and grass control. Apply after crop is 3–4 true leaf stage. Row middles only. PHI 30 days except for watermelon 60 days.

*** POSTHARVEST ***

Diquat

0.25

(Reglone Dessicant)

1.0 pt

22

Cantaloupe

Minimum of 35 gal/A. Include an NIS. Thorough coverage is required.

Diquat

0.38

(Reglone Dessicant)

1.5 pt

22

Cucumber, watermelon, squash (except acorn)

Minimum of 35 gal/A. Include an NIS. Thorough coverage is required.

Diquat

0.5

(Reglone Dessicant)

2.0 pt

22

Squash (acorn)

Minimum of 35 gal/A. Include an NIS. Thorough coverage is required.

 

Table 7.10. Insecticides labeled for management of arthropod pests of cucurbit crops.

Insect or Mite Pest

MOA Code1

Trade Name

(Active Ingredient)

*Restricted

Rate

(Product/Acre)

Max Rate Product per Season

REI

(Hours)

Days to Harvest

Remarks2

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

Please refer to Chapter 19 for information on biopesticides, including materials labeled for certified organic production.

Aphids

1A

*Lannate LV

(methomyl)

1.5–3 pt

18 pt

48

3

No more than 12 applications per year.

 

1A

*Lannate SP

(methomyl)

0.5–1 pt

6 pt

48

3

No more than 12 applications per year.

 

1A

*Vydate L

(oxamyl)

2–4 pt

16 pt

48

1

Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

 

1B

Dimethoate 4 EC

(dimethoate)

Melons: 1 pt

Watermelons: 0.5–1 pt

2 pt per year

48

3

Highly toxic to bees. Not for squash or cucumber.

 

1B

Malathion 5EC

Malathion 8

(malathion)

5EC:
Cucumber: 1.5–2.8 pt
Summer squash: 2.0–2.8 pt
Winter squash: 1.6 pt
Watermelon: 1.5–2.5 pt
Melon: 1.6 pt

8: Summer squash, winter squash, cucumber: 1.75 pt

5EC:
Cucumber: 5.6 pt
Summer squash: 8.4 pt
Winter squash: 4.8 pt
Watermelon: 5 pt

8: Cucumber: 3.5 pt
Summer squash, winter squash: 5.25 pt

24

1

5EC: Maximum number of applications per year is 2.

8: Squash and cucumbers only.

 

3A

*Athena

(bifenthrin)

7–17 fl oz

51 fl oz

12

7

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not apply more than 2 applications after bloom.

 

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.6–6.4 fl oz

19.2 fl oz

12

3

Do not make more than 2 applications after bloom. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–16 fl oz

42.67 fl oz

24

7

Highly toxic to foraging bees. Can be a tank mix with 3–4 oz of Belay insecticide.

 

3A

*Hero

(bifenthrin & zeta-cypermethrin)

4–10.3 oz

41.2 oz

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per season. Do not make applications less than 10 days apart.

 

3A + 4A

*Endigo ZC

(lambda-cyhalothrin + thiamethoxam)

4.5 fl oz

19 fl oz

24

1

 

 

3A + 6

*Gladiator

(zeta-cypermethrin + avermectin B1)

19 fl oz

57 fl oz

12

7

Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

 

4A

Actara

(thiamethoxam)

1.5–3.0 oz

11.0 oz

12

0

Apply before pests reach damaging levels. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

(see appropriate labels for other brands)

7–10.5 oz

Planthouse: 0.44 fl oz/10,000 plants

10.5 fl oz

12

Soil: 21

Planthouse: One application to transplants. See label for use on mature greenhouse cucumbers.

 

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamiprid)

2.5–4 oz

20.0 oz

12

0

No more than 5 applications per season. Do not use with other group 4A insecticides. Toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Belay Insecticide

(clothianidin)

Foliar: 3.0–4.0 fl oz

Soil: 9.0–12.0 fl oz

12 fl oz

12

Foliar: Do not make application after 4th true leaf on main stem is unfolded.

Soil: 21

Do not apply when plants are blooming.

 

4A

Platinum

75SG

(thiamethoxam)

5–11 fl oz

75SG: 1.66–3.67 oz

11 fl oz

75SG: 3.67 oz

12

30

For most crops that are not on the label, a 120-day plant-back interval must be observed. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Safari 20 SG

(dinotefuran)

3.5–7.0 oz

1.34 lb

12

 

For transplants in greenhouse only.

 

4A + 28

Durivo

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

10–13 fl oz

13 fl oz

12

30

 

 

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

4–7 oz

14 oz

12

1

 

 

4C

Closer SC

(sulfoxaflor)

1.5–2.0 fl oz

17 fl oz

12

1

Highly toxic against pollinators: Notify known beekeepers within 1 mile of the treatment area. Limit application to times when managed bees and native pollinators are least active.

 

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

Foliar: 7–14 fl oz

Soil: 21–28 fl oz

Foliar: 28 fl oz

Soil: 28 fl oz per crop season

4

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Foliar: Minimum application interval: 7 days

Soil: Soil maximum: no more than 3 crop seasons per year.

 

6 + 28

*Minecto Pro

(abamectin + cyantraniliprole)

10 fl oz

20 fl oz

24

7

Restrictions exist for this product because of risk to pollinators.

 

9B

Fulfill

(pymetrozine)

2.75 oz

5.5 oz

12

0

Minimum of 7 days between applications.

 

9B

PQZ

(pyrifluquinazon)

2.4–3.2 fl oz

9.6 fl oz

12

7

7 days before reapplication

 

9D

Sefina

(afidopyropen)

3.0 fl oz

28 fl oz

12

0

Minimum of 7 days between applications. Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications of Sefina. Maintain a 10-foot vegetative filter strip of permanent vegetation between the field edge and aquatic habitat.

 

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)

13.5–20.5 fl oz

61.6 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply a total of more than 0.4 lb a.i. per acre of cyazypyr- or cyantraniliprole-containing products per crop, either as foliar or soil applications.

 

28

Verimark

(cyantraniliprole)

At planting: 10–13.5 fl oz

Drip chemigation: 10 fl oz

At planting: 13.5 fl oz

Drip chemigation: 20 fl oz (or 10 fl oz if at-plant also used)

4

1

Both at plant and drip chemigation. Do not apply more than 2 drip chemigation applications (one if at-plant application used).

 

29

Beleaf 50 SG

(flonicamid)

2.0–2.8 oz

8.4 oz

12

0

Begin applications before pests reach damaging levels.

 

-

Azaguard

(azadirachtin)

10–16 fl oz

 

4

0

Use in combination with 0.25%–1.0% nonphytotoxic crop oil. OMRI-listed2.

 

-

Azatin O

(azadirachtin)

10–16 fl oz

16 fl oz

4

0

Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator. Rate depends on pest—see label.

 

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium subtsugae)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

 

-

M-Pede

(potassium salts of fatty acids)

1%–2% v/v

 

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Do not apply to stressed plants (high heat or drought conditions).

 

-

Oil, Insecticidal:

SunSpray 98.8%; Ultra-Fine; JMS Stylet Oil, Saf-T-Side, Others

1–2 gal/100 gal

JMS: 3–6 qt/100 gal

 

4

0

Organic Stylet-Oil and Saf-T-Side are OMRI-listed2.

 

-

Venerate

(Burkholderia rinojensis)

2–4 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

Beetles (incl. cucumber beetle and flea beetle)

 

1A

Lannate LV

(methomyl)

1.5–3 pt

18 pt

48

3

No more than 12 applications per year.

 

1A

Lannate SP

(methomyl)

0.5–1 pt

12 pt

48

3

No more than 12 applications per year.

 

1A

Sevin 4F, XLR

(carbaryl)

0.5–1.0 qt

6 qt

12

3

Do not apply when plants are wet. Use of carbaryl has been reported to flare (increase) mites. Do not apply to plants in bloom.

 

1B

Malathion 5EC

Malathion 8

(malathion)

5EC:
Cucumber: 1.5–2.8 pt
Summer squash: 2.0–2.8 pt
Winter squash: 1.6 pt
Watermelon: 1.5–2.5 pt
Melon: 1.6 pt

8:
Summer squash, winter squash, cucumber: 1.75 pt

5EC:
Cucumber: 5.6 pt
Summer squash: 8.4 pt
Winter squash: 4.8 pt
Watermelon: 5 pt

8:
Cucumber: 3.5 pt
Summer squash: 5.25 pt
Winter squash: 5.25 pt

24

1

5EC: Maximum number of applications per year is 2.

8: Squash and cucumbers only

 

3A

*Baythroid XL

(beta-cyfluthrin)

2.4–2.8 fl oz

11.2 fl oz

12

0

Can be used on all cucurbits in Crop Group 9. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.6–6.4 fl oz

19.2 fl oz

12

3

Do not make more than 2 applications after bloom. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Capture LFR

(bifenthrin)

6.8–8.5 fl oz, at planting

8.5 fl oz

12

N/A—applied at planting

At planting, banded over open furrow or in-furrow with seed or transplant.

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–16 fl oz

42.67 fl oz

24

7

Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Pounce 25 WP

(permethrin)

6.4–12.8 oz

76.8 oz

Cantaloupe: 51.2 oz

12

0

Use high rate for aphids and squash bug. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Warrior II

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

1.28–1.92 fl oz

11.5 fl oz

24

1

Do not apply to blooming crops.

 

3A + 4A

*Endigo ZC

(lambda-cyhalothrin + thiamethoxam)

4.0–4.5 fl oz

19 oz

24

1

 

 

3A + 6

*Gladiator

(avermectin B1 + zeta-cypermethrin)

19 fl oz

57 fl oz

12

7

 

 

3A + 28

*Besiege

(lambda-cyhalothrin + chlorantraniliprole)

6–9 fl oz

31 fl oz

24

1

 

 

4A

Actara

(thiamethoxam)

1.5–3.0 oz

11.0 oz

12

0

Apply before pests reach damaging levels. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

(see appropriate labels for other brands)

7–10.5 oz

10.5 fl oz

12

21

Not for planthouse.

 

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamiprid)

2.5–5.3 oz

26.5 oz

12

0

No more than 5 applications per season. Toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Belay Insecticide

(clothianidin)

Foliar: 3.0–4.0 fl oz

Soil: 9.0–12.0 fl oz

12 fl oz

12

Foliar: Do not make application after 4th true leaf on main stem is unfolded.

Soil: 21

Do not apply when plants are blooming.

 

4A

Scorpion 35SL Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 2–7 fl oz

Soil: 9–10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 10.5 fl oz

Soil: 21 fl oz

12

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Use only one application method (soil or foliar). Highly toxic to foraging bees for more than 38 hours after application. See label.

 

4A

Venom Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 1–4 oz

6 oz

12

Foliar: 1

Highly toxic to foraging bees. Use only foliar application for beetles. Note that pests controlled differ depending on application method.

 

4A + 28

Durivo

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

10–13 fl oz

13 fl oz

12

30

 

 

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

4–7 oz

14 oz

12

1

 

 

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

36 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply more often than every 14 days.

 

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)

13.5–20.5 fl oz

61.6 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply a total of more than 0.4 lb a.i. per acre of cyazypyr- or cyantraniliprole-containing products per crop, either as foliar or soil applications.

 

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium subtsugae)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

 

 

-

Venerate

(Burkholderia rinojensis)

2–4 lb

 

4

0

 

Caterpillars

(incl. armyworms, cabbage looper, corn earworm, cutworm, melonworm, pickleworm)

1A

Lannate LV

(methomyl)

1.5–3 pt

18 pt

48

3

No more than 12 applications per year.

 

1A

Lannate SP

(methomyl)

0.5–1 pt

12 pt

48

3

No more than 12 applications per year.

 

1A

Sevin 4F, XLR

(carbaryl)

0.5–1.0 qt

6 qt

12

3

Do not apply when plants are wet. Use of carbaryl has been reported to flare (increase) mites. Do not apply to plants in bloom. Pickleworm and melonworm only.

 

1B

Malathion 5EC

Malathion 8

(malathion)

5EC:
Cucumber: 1.5–2.8 pt
Summer squash: 2.0–2.8 pt
Winter squash: 1.6 pt
Watermelon: 1.5–2.5 pt
Melon: 1.6 pt

8:
Summer squash, winter squash, cucumber: 1.75 pt

5EC:
Cucumber: 5.6 pt
Summer squash: 8.4 pt
Winter squash: 4.8 pt
Watermelon: 5 pt

8:
Cucumber: 3.5 pt
Summer squash, winter squash: 5.25 pt

24

1

5EC: Maximum number of applications per year is 2.

8: Squash and cucumbers only.

 

3A

*Ambush 25W

(permethrin)

6.4–12.8 oz

1.2 lb

Cantaloupe: 0.8 lb

12

0

Do not apply more than 8 applications at the highest rate per season. Highly toxic to bees.

 

3A

*Asana XL (0.66 EC)

(esfenvalerate)

5.8–9.6 fl oz

48 fl oz

12

3

Do not apply more than 5 applications at high rate. For cucumber, melons, pumpkin, summer and winter squash. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Athena

(bifenthrin)

7–17 fl oz

51 fl oz

12

7

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not apply more than 2 applications after bloom.

 

3A

*Baythroid XL

(beta-cyfluthrin)

0.8–2.8 fl oz

11.2 fl oz

12

0

Can be used on all cucurbits in Crop Group 9. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.6–6.4 fl oz

19.2 fl oz

12

3

Do not make more than 2 applications after bloom. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Capture LFR

(bifenthrin)

3.4–6.8 fl oz, at planting

8.5 fl oz

12

N/A—applied at planting

At planting, banded over open furrow or in-furrow with seed or transplant.

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–16 fl oz

42.67 fl oz

24

7

Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Hero

(bifenthrin + zeta-cypermethrin)

4 -10.3 oz

41.2 oz

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per season. Do not make applications less than 10 days apart.

 

3A

*Mustang

(zeta-cypermethrin)

3.0–4.3 oz

25.8 fl oz

7

12

Do not make applications less than 7 days apart.

 

3A

*Pounce 25 WP

(permethrin)

6.4–12.8 oz

76.8 oz

Cantaloupe: 51.2 oz

12

0

Use high rate for aphids and squash bug. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Warrior II

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

1.28–1.92 fl oz

11.5 fl oz

24

1

Do not apply to blooming crops.

 

3A + 4A

*Endigo ZC

(lambda-cyhalothrin + thiamethoxam)

4–4.5 fl oz

19 fl oz

24

1

 

 

3A + 6

*Gladiator

(avermectin B1 + zeta-cypermethrin)

19 fl oz

57 fl oz

12

7

 

 

3A + 28

*Besiege

(lambda-cyhalothrin + chlorantraniliprole)

6–9 fl oz

31 fl oz

24

1

No more than 4 applications per year.

 

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamiprid)

2.5–5.3 oz

26.5 oz

12

0

No more than 5 applications per season. Do not use with other group 4A insecticides. Toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A + 28

Durivo

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

10–13 fl oz

13 fl oz

12

30

 

 

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

4–7 oz

14 oz

12

1

 

 

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

5–10 fl oz

34 fl oz

4

3

Cucumbers: 1

No more than 6 applications. Toxic to bees for up to 3 hours following application.

 

6

*Proclaim

(emamectin benzoate)

3.0–4.8 fl oz

14.4 fl oz

12

7

Apply this product diluted in a minimum volume of 10 gal/A. No more than 2 consecutive applications.

 

6 + 28

*Minecto Pro

(abamectin + cyantraniliprole)

5.5–10 fl oz

20 fl oz

24

7

Restrictions exist for this product because of risk to pollinators.

 

11A

Agree WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

Apply when larvae are small for best control. OMRI-listed2.

 

11A

Biobit HP

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. Can be used in the greenhouse. OMRI-listed2.

 

11A

Crymax WDG

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

Use high rate for armyworms. Treat when larvae are young. Genetically engineered strain of Bt-containing toxins from both Bt kurstaki and Bt aizawai strains. Not for organic production.

 

11A

Deliver

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lb

 

4

0

Use higher rates for armyworms. OMRI-listed2.

 

11A

DiPel DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. For organic production.

 

11A

Javelin WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.12–1.50 lb

 

4

0

Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. Use higher rates for armyworms. OMRI-listed2.

 

11A

Xentari DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. May be used in the greenhouse. Can be used in organic production.

 

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

12 fl oz

36 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply more often than every 14 days.

 

18

Intrepid 2F

(methoxyfenozide)

4–10 fl oz

64 fl oz

4

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per season.

 

22

Avaunt

(indoxacarb)

2.5–6.0 oz

24 oz

12

3

Highly toxic to foraging bees. Do not apply this product or allow it to drift to blooming crops or weeds while bees are foraging in the treatment area. The minimum interval between sprays is 5 days.

 

28

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole)

Drip: 2.0–7.5 fl oz

Soil at planting: 3.5–7.5

Foliar: 2.0–7.0

15.4 fl oz

Combined at-plant and drip chemigation soil application: 10 fl oz

4

1

May be applied through drip (chemigation), as well as to soil at planting, or as a foliar spray.

 

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)

7.0–13.5 fl oz

61.6 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply a total of more than 0.4 lb a.i. per acre of cyazypyr- or cyantraniliprole-containing products per crop, either as foliar or soil applications.

 

28

Verimark

(cyantraniliprole)

At planting: 6.75–13.5 fl oz

Drip chemigation: 5–10 fl oz

At planting: 13.5 fl oz

Drip chemigation: 20 fl oz (or 10 fl oz if at-plant also used)

4

1

Both at-plant and drip chemigation. Do not apply more than 2 drip chemigation applications (one if an at-plant application is used).

 

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium subtsugae)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

 

-

Venerate

(Burkholderia rinojensis)

2–4 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

Fire ants

 

6

Clinch

(Abamectin)

1 lb in broadcast application or

5 tablespoon per mount

4 lb

 

0

Do not apply if rainfall may occur in the next 6 hours. Ants need to be actively foraging.

 

7A

Extinguish

(S-methoprene)

0.75 lb

 

4

0

Slow-acting IGR (insect growth regulator). Best applied early spring and fall where crop will be grown. May be applied by ground equipment or aerially.

 

7C

Esteem Ant Bait

(pyriproxyfen)

1.5–2.0 lb

2.0 lb

12

1

Apply when ants are actively foraging.

Leafminers

1A

Vydate L

(oxamyl)

2–4 pt

12 pt

48

1

Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

 

1B

Dimethoate 4 EC

(dimethoate)

Melons: 1 pt

Watermelons: 0.5–1 pt

2 pt per year

48

3

Highly toxic to bees. Not for squash or cucumber.

 

3A

*Ambush 25W

(permethrin)

6.4–12.8 oz

1.2 lb

Cantaloupe: 0.8 lb

12

0

Do not apply more than 8 applications at the highest rate per season. Highly toxic to bees.

 

3A

*Athena

(bifenthrin)

13.5–17 fl oz

51 fl oz

12

7

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not apply more than 2 applications after bloom.

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–16 fl oz

42.67 fl oz

24

7

Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A + 6

*Gladiator

(avermectin B1 + zeta-cypermethrin)

19 fl oz

57 fl oz

12

7

 

 

3A + 28

*Besiege

(lambda-cyhalothrin + chlorantraniliprole)

6–9 fl oz

31 fl oz

24

1

No more than 4 applications per year

 

4A

Belay Insecticide

(clothianidin)

Foliar: 3.0–4.0 fl oz

Soil: 9.0–12.0 fl oz

12 fl oz

12

Foliar: Do not make application after 4th true leaf on main stem is unfolded.

Soil: 21

Do not apply when plants are blooming.

 

4A

Safari 20 SG

(dinotefuran)

3.5–5.0 fl oz

1.34 lb

 

 

For transplants in greenhouse only.

 

4A

Scorpion 35SL Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 2–7 fl oz

Soil: 9–10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 10.5 fl oz

Soil: 21 fl oz

12

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Use only one application method (soil or foliar). Do not use with other Group 4A insecticides. Highly toxic to foraging bees for more than 38 hours after application. See label.

 

4A

Venom Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 1–4 oz

Soil: 5–7.5 oz

Foliar: 6 oz

Soil: 12 oz

12

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Highly toxic to foraging bees. Use only one application method (soil or foliar). Note that pests controlled differ depending on application method.

 

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

5–10 fl oz

34 fl oz

4

3

Cucumbers: 1

No more than 6 applications. Toxic to bees for up to 3 hours following application.

 

6

*Agri-Mek SC

(abamectin)

1.75–3.50 fl oz

10.25 fl oz

12

7

No more than 2 sequential applications. Must be mixed with an adjuvant—see label for types. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

6 + 28

*Minecto Pro

(abamectin + cyantraniliprole)

5.5–10 fl oz

20 fl oz

24

7

Restrictions exist for this product due to risks for pollinators. Apply as soon as leafminers are observed on the leaves.

 

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

36 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply more often than every 14 days.

 

17

Trigard

(cyromazine)

2.66 oz

15.96 oz

12

0

Do not make more than six applications.

 

28

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole)

Drip: 2.0–7.5 fl oz

Soil at planting: 3.5–7.5 fl oz

Foliar: 2.0–7.0 fl oz

15.4 fl oz

Combined at-plant and drip chemigation soil application: 10 fl oz

4

1

May be applied through drip (chemigation), as well as to soil at planting, or as a foliar spray.

 

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)

13.5–20.5 fl oz

61.6 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply a total of more than 0.4 lb a.i. per acre of cyazypyr- or cyantraniliprole-containing products per crop, either as foliar or soil applications.

 

28

Verimark

(cyantraniliprole)

At planting: 6.75–13.5 fl oz

Drip chemigation: 5–10 fl oz

At planting: 13.5 fl oz

Drip chemigation: 20 fl oz (or 10 fl oz if at-plant also used)

4

1

Both at plant and drip chemigation. Do not apply more than 2 drip chemigation applications (one if an at-plant application is used).

 

-

Azaguard

(azadirachtin)

10–16 fl oz

 

4

0

Use in combination with 0.25%–1.0% nonphytotoxic crop oil. OMRI-listed2.

Mites

1B

Malathion 5EC

Malathion 8

(malathion)

5EC:
Cucumber: 1.5–2.8 pt
Summer squash: 2.0–2.8 pt
Winter squash: 1.6 pt
Watermelon: 1.5–2.5 pt
Melon: 1.6 pt

8:
Summer squash, winter squash, cucumber: 1.75 pt

5EC:
Cucumber: 5.6 pt
Summer squash: 8.4 pt
Winter squash: 4.8 pt
Watermelon: 5 pt

8:
Cucumber: 3.5 pt
Summer squash, winter squash: 5.25 pt

24

1

5EC: Maximum number of applications per year is 2.

8: Squash and cucumbers only.

 

3A

*Athena

(bifenthrin)

13.5–17 fl oz

51 fl oz

12

7

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not apply more than 2 applications after bloom.

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–16 fl oz

42.67 fl oz

24

7

Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Hero

(bifenthrin & zeta-cypermethrin)

10.3 oz

41.2 oz

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per season. Do not make applications less than 10 days apart

 

6

*Agri-Mek SC

(abamectin)

1.75–3.50 fl oz

10.25 fl oz

12

7

No more than 2 sequential applications. Must be mixed with an adjuvant—see label for types. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

6 + 28

*Minecto Pro

(abamectin + cyantraniliprole)

5.5–10 fl oz

20 fl oz

24

7

Restrictions exist for this product because of risk to pollinators.

Apply as soon as mites are observed.

 

10B

Zeal

(etoxazole)

2.0–3.0 oz

3.0 oz

Cucumbers: 6 oz

12

7

Apply when populations are low. One application per season, except two for cucumbers (supplemental label).

 

20B

Kanemite 15 SC

(acequinocyl)

31 fl oz

62 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply more than twice per season. Do not apply by air. Melons, watermelon, and cucumbers only.

 

20D

Acramite-50WS

(bifenazate)

0.75–1.0 lb

1.0 lb

12

3

One application per season.

 

21A

Portal XLO

(fenpyroximate)

1.0–2.0 pt

4.0 pt

12

3

Cucumbers: 1

All melons, watermelon, and cucumbers. Two applications per season. Effective for broad mite control.

 

23

Oberon 2SC

(spiromesifen)

7.0–8.5 fl oz

25.5 fl oz

12

7

No more than 3 applications. See label for plant-back intervals.

 

-

Azaguard

(azadirachtin)

10–16 fl oz

 

4

0

Use in combination with 0.25%–1.0% nonphytotoxic crop oil. OMRI-listed2.

 

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium subtsugae)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

 

-

Venerate

(Burkholderia rinojensis)

2–4 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

Squash bug, leaf-footed bug

1A

Sevin 4F, XLR

(carbaryl)

0.5–1.0 qt

6 qt

12

3

Do not apply when plants are wet. Use of carbaryl has been reported to flare (increase) mites. Do not apply to plants in bloom.

 

3A

*Ambush 25W

(permethrin)

6.4–12.8 oz

1.2 lb

Cantaloupe: 0.8 lb

12

0

Do not apply more than 8 applications at the highest rate per season. Highly toxic to bees.

 

3A

*Asana XL (0.66EC)

(esfenvalerate)

5.8–9.6 fl oz

48 fl oz

12

7

 

 

3A

*Athena

(bifenthrin)

13.5–17 fl oz

51 fl oz

12

7

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not apply more than 2 applications after bloom.

 

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.6–6.4 fl oz

19.2 fl oz

12

3

Do not make more than 2 applications after bloom. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–16 fl oz

42.67 fl oz

24

7

Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Hero

(bifenthrin & zeta-cypermethrin)

4.0–10.3 oz

41.2 oz

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per season. Do not make applications less than 10 days apart

 

3A

*Pounce 25 WP

(permethrin)

6.4–12.8 oz

76.8 oz

Cantaloupe: 51.2 oz

12

0

Use high rate for aphids and squash bug. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Warrior II

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

1.28–1.92 fl oz

11.5 fl oz

24

1

Do not apply to blooming crops.

 

3A + 4A

*Endigo ZC

(lambda-cyhalothrin + thiamethoxam)

4.0–4.5 fl oz

19 fl oz

24

1

 

 

3A + 6

*Gladiator

(avermectin B1 + zeta-cypermethrin)

19 fl oz

57 fl oz

12

7

 

 

3A + 28

*Besiege

(lambda-cyhalothrin + chlorantraniliprole)

6–9 fl oz

31 fl oz

24

1

No more than 4 applications per year

 

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamiprid)

5.3 oz

26.5 oz

12

0

No more than 5 applications per season. Do not use with other group 4A insecticides. Application for squash bug are most effective against newly laid eggs and nymphs. Toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Belay Insecticide

(clothianidin)

Foliar: 3.0–4.0 fl oz

Soil: 9.0–12.0 fl oz

12 fl oz

12

Foliar: Do not make application after 4th true leaf on main stem is unfolded

Soil: 21

Do not apply when plants are blooming.

 

4A

Scorpion 35SL Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 2–7 fl oz

Soil: 9–10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 10.5 fl oz

Soil: 21 fl oz

12

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Use only one application method (soil or foliar). Do not use with other Group 4A insecticides. Highly toxic to foraging bees for more than 38 hours after application.

 

4A

Venom Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 1–4 oz

Soil: 5–6 oz

Foliar: 6 oz

Soil: 12 oz

12

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Highly toxic to foraging bees. Use only one application method (soil or foliar). Note that pests controlled differ depending on application method.

 

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

Foliar: 7–14 fl oz

Soil: 21–28 fl oz

Foliar: 28 fl oz

Soil: 28 fl oz per crop season

4

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Foliar: Minimum application interval: 7 days

Soil: Soil maximum: no more than 3 crop seasons per year.

 

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

36 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply more often than every 14 days.

Thrips

(check label for species controlled)

1A

Vydate L

(oxamyl)

2–4 pt

12 pt

48

1

Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days

 

1B

Dimethoate 4 EC

(dimethoate)

Melons: 1 pt

Watermelons: 0.5–1 pt

2 pt per year

48

3

Highly toxic to bees. Not for squash or cucumber.

 

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

(see appropriate labels for other brands)

7–10.5 oz

10.5 fl oz

12

Soil: 21

Do not use with other Group 4A insecticides. Not for planthouse. Only for foliage feeding thrips; will not control thrips feeding on flowers.

 

4A

Platinum

75SG

(thiamethoxam)

5–11 fl oz

75SG: 1.66–3.67 oz

11 fl oz

75SG: 3.67 oz

12

30

For most crops that are not on the label, a 120-day plant-back interval must be observed. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Safari 20 SG

(dinotefuran)

3.5–5.5 fl oz

1.34 lb

12

 

For transplants in the greenhouse only.

 

4A

Scorpion 35SL Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 2–7 fl oz

Soil: 9–10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 10.5 fl oz

Soil: 21 fl oz

12

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Use only one application method (soil or foliar). Do not use with other Group 4A insecticides. Highly toxic to foraging bees for more than 38 hours after application. See label.

 

4A

Venom Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 1–4 oz

Soil: 5–7.5 oz

Foliar: 6 oz

Soil: 12 oz

12

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Highly toxic to foraging bees. Use only one application method (soil or foliar). Note that pests controlled differ depending on application method.

 

4A + 28

Durivo

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

10–13 fl oz

13 fl oz

12

30

 

 

5

Entrust SC

(spinosad)

6–8 fl oz

29 fl oz

1

4

No more than 5 applications per year. OMRI-listed.

 

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

6–10 fl oz

34 fl oz

4

3

Cucumbers: 1

No more than 6 applications. Toxic to bees for up to 3 hours following application.

 

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)

13.5–20.5 fl oz

61.6 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply a total of more than 0.4 lb a.i. per acre of cyazypyr- or cyantraniliprole-containing products per crop, either as foliar or soil applications.

 

-

Azaguard

(azadirachtin)

10–16 fl oz

 

4

0

Use in combination with 0.25%–1.0% nonphytotoxic crop oil. OMRI-listed2.

 

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium subtsugae)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

 

-

Venerate

(Burkholderia rinojensis)

2–4 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

Whitefly

1B

*Diazinon AG500

50W

(diazinon)

AG500: 2–4 qt

50W: 4–8 lb

AG500: 4 qt

50W: 8 lb

72

preplant

Melons and watermelons only. Not for squash or cucumbers. One application per year.

 

3A

*Athena

(bifenthrin)

13.5–17 fl oz

51 fl oz

12

7

Only for adults. Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not apply more than 2 applications after bloom.

 

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.6–6.4 fl oz

19.2 fl oz

12

3

Do not make more than 2 applications after bloom. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

3A

*Capture LFR

(bifenthrin)

3.4–8.5 fl oz, at planting

8.5 fl oz

12

N/A—applied at planting

At planting, banded over open furrow or in-furrow with seed or transplant.

 

3A

*Hero

(bifenthrin + zeta-cypermethrin)

10.3 oz

41.2 oz

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per season. Do not make applications less than 10 days apart.

 

4A

Actara

(thiamethoxam)

1.5–5.5 oz

11.0 oz

12

0

Apply before pests reach damaging levels. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

(see appropriate labels for other brands)

7–10.5 oz

Planthouse: 0.44 fl oz/10,000 plants

10.5 fl oz

12

Soil: 21

Do not use with other Group 4A insecticides. Planthouse: One application to transplants. See label for use on mature greenhouse cucumbers.

 

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamiprid)

2.5–5.3 oz

26.5 oz

12

0

No more than 5 applications per season. Do not use with other group 4A insecticides. Toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Platinum

75SG

(thiamethoxam)

5–11 fl oz

75SG: 1.66–3.67 oz

11 fl oz

75SG: 3.67 oz

12

30

For most crops that are not on the label, a 120-day plant-back interval must be observed. Highly toxic to foraging bees.

 

4A

Safari 20 SG

(dinotefuran)

3.5–5.5 fl oz

1.34 lb

12

 

For transplants in the greenhouse only.

 

4A

Scorpion 35SL Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 2–7 fl oz

Soil: 9–10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 10.5 fl oz

Soil: 21 fl oz

12

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Use only one application method (soil or foliar). Do not use with other Group 4A insecticides. Highly toxic to foraging bees for more than 38 hours after application. See label.

 

4A

Venom Insecticide

(dinotefuran)

Foliar: 1–4 oz

Soil: 5–7.5 oz

Foliar: 6 oz

Soil: 12 oz

12

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Highly toxic to foraging bees. Use only one application method (soil or foliar). Note that pests controlled differ depending on application method.

 

4A + 28

Durivo

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

10–13 oz

13 oz

12

30

 

 

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

4–7 oz

14 oz

12

1

 

 

4C

Closer SC

(sulfoxaflor)

4.25–4.5 fl oz

17 fl oz

12

1

Highly toxic against pollinators: Notify known beekeepers within 1 mile of the treatment area. Limit application to times when managed bees and native pollinators are least active.

 

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

Foliar: 10.5–14 fl oz

Soil: 21–28 fl oz

Foliar: 28 fl oz

Soil: 28 fl oz per crop season

4

Foliar: 1

Soil: 21

Foliar: Minimum application interval: 7 days.

Soil: Soil maximum: no more than 3 crop seasons per year.

 

6 + 28

*Minecto Pro

(abamectin + cyantraniliprole)

10 fl oz

20 fl oz

24

7

Restrictions exist for this label because of risks to pollinators.

 

7C

Knack IGR

(pyriproxyfen)

8–10 fl oz

20 fl oz

12

7

Immatures only. Apply when nymphs first appear. Do not apply more than twice per growing season.

 

9B

Fulfill

(pymetrozine)

2.75 oz

5.5 oz

12

0

Minimum of 7 days between applications.

 

9B

PQZ

(pyrifluquinazon)

3.2 fl oz

9.6 fl oz

12

7

7 days before reapplication

 

9D

Sefina

(afidopyropen)

14 fl oz

28 fl oz

12

0

Minimum of 7 days between applications. Maintain a 10-foot vegetative filter strip of permanent vegetation between the field edge and aquatic habitat.

 

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

36 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply more often than every 14 days.

 

16

Courier 40SC

(buprofezin)

9.0–13.6 fl oz

27.2 fl oz

12

7

Immatures only. Insect growth regulator. Do not make more than 2 applications per season per crop or 4 per year.

 

23

Oberon 2SC

(spiromesifen)

7.0–8.5 fl oz

25.5 fl oz

12

7

No more than 3 applications.

 

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)

13.5–20.5 fl oz

61.6 fl oz

12

1

Do not apply a total of more than 0.4 lb a.i. per acre of cyazypyr- or cyantraniliprole-containing products per crop, either as foliar or soil applications.

 

28

Verimark

(cyantraniliprole)

6.75–13.5 fl oz

At planting: 13.5 fl oz

Drip chemigation: 20 fl oz (or 10 fl oz if at-plant also used)

4

1

Both at-plant and drip chemigation. Do not apply more than 2 drip chemigation applications (one if at-plant application is used).

 

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium subtsugae)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

 

-

M-Pede

(potassium salts of fatty acids)

1%–2% v/v

 

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Do not apply to stressed plants (high heat or drought conditions).

 

-

Venerate

(Burkholderia rinojensis)

2–4 lb

 

4

0

OMRI-listed. Can be tank-mixed with a contact insecticide for improved control of targeted pests.

1 Mode of Action (MOA) codes for plant pest insecticides from the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) Mode of Action Classification v. 9.4, March 2020. Number codes (1 through 29) are used to distinguish the main insecticide mode of action groups, with additional letters for certain subgroups within each main group. All insecticides within the same group (with the same number) indicate the same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the insecticide resistance management decisions. - = unknown, or a mode of action that has not been classified yet.

2 Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any product. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. OMRI-listed: Listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute for use in organic production.

* Restricted use insecticide.

 

Table 7.11. Cucurbit fungicides ordered by disease and then FRAC group according to their mode of action.

Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens

Fungicide Group1

Chemical

(Active Ingredients)

Max Rate/Acre

Min. Days to

Remarks2

Appl.

Season

Harvest

Reentry

Please refer to Chapter 19 for information on biopesticides, including materials labeled for certified organic production.

Alternaria leaf spot/blight

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available: AmeriCop 40 DF, Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, BluLogic, Camelot-O, Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 FL, ChampION++, Champ WG, Copper-Count-N, CS 2005, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, ET-F, Grotto, Instill, Kalmor, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 2000-O, Kocide 3000, Kocide 3000-O, Kocide HCu, KOP-5, Kop-Hydroxide, MasterCop, Nordox 75WG, Nu-Cop 30 HB, Nu-Cop 3L, Nu-Cop 50 DF, Nu-Cop 50 WP, Nu-Cop HB, Nu-Cop XLR, Previsto

See label

See label

1

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

Check label for specific guidelines.

 

M1 + M3

ManKocide

(copper hydroxide + mancozeb)

3 lb

24 lb

5

2

Some cantaloupe varieties are sensitive. Check label for details.

 

M3

(mancozeb)

Many brands available: Dithane DF Rainshield, Dithane F45 Rainshield, Dithane M45, Fortuna 75 WDG, Koverall, Mancozeb 75 WDG, Manzate Max, Manzate Pro-Stick, Penncozeb 75DF, Penncozeb 80WP, Protect DF, Roper DF Rainshield

See label

See label

5

1

Check label for specific guidelines.

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF, Echo Zn, Equus 720 SST, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Oranil 6 L, Praiz, Rialto 720 F

See label

See label

0

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines. Follow label recommendations on watermelon after fruit set. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot and other environmental conditions as indicated on the label.

 

M5 + 27

Ariston

Cymbol Advance

(chlorothalonil + cymoxanil)

3 pt

17.5 pt/year

3

0.5

Apply preventatively when conditions are favorable for disease outbreak. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions as indicated on the label.

 

M5 + 49

Orondis Opti

(chlorothalonil + oxathiapiprolin)

2.5 pt

10 pt/year

0

0.5

Check label for additional guidelines. Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with different mode of action.

 

P4

Vacciplant

(laminarin)

22 fl oz

See label

0

4 hr

Initiate as preventative application.

 

3

Mettle 125 ME

(tetraconazole)

8 fl oz

24 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to another fungicide with alternate mode of action.

 

3 + 9

Inspire Super

(difenoconazole + cyprodinil)

20 fl oz

80 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Do not make more than two consecutive applications. Greenhouse use only for cucumber.

 

4 + M5

Ridomil Gold Bravo SC

(mefenoxam + chlorothalonil)

3.25 pt

See label

0

2

Limit is 4 appl./crop

 

7

Endura

(boscalid)

6.5 oz

26 oz/ year

0

0.5

 

 

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

16 fl oz

67 fl oz/ year

1

0.5

Maximum rate is for year. Do not make more than 2 appl. sequentially with any FRAC 7 containing fungicide. See label for rates for greenhouse use.

 

7 + 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr + difenoconazole)

13.5 fl oz

53.6 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label for guidelines.

 

7 + 3

Luna Experience

(fluopryram + tebuconazole)

17 fl oz

34 fl oz/ year

7

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 3 fungicide.

 

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopryram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.1 fl oz/year

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

 

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

5.5 fl oz

16.5 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label.

 

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

18.5 oz

74 oz/year

0

0.5

See label.

 

7 + 12

Miravis Prime

(pydiflometofen + fludioxonil)

11.4 fl oz

22.8 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than two applications of Miravis Prime or other Group 7 and 12 before alternation with a fungicide that is not in Group 7 or 12.

 

9

Vango WG

(cyprodinil)

7 oz

28 oz/year

1

0.5

Alternate with fungicide in another FRAC group after 2 applications.

 

9 + 12

Alterity 62.5

Switch 62.5WG

(cyprodinil + fludioxonil)

14 oz

56 oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than two consecutive applications.

 

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Acadia 2 SC, Aframe, Arius 250, A-Zox 25SC, Azoxy 2SC, Azoxy 2SC Prime, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, AZteroid FC, AZteroid FC 3.3, Cadera, Dexter SC, Gold Rush, Heritage, Heritage SC, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Trevo

See label

See label

1

4 hr

Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry. See label for tank-mixing restrictions. Heritage and Heritage SC fungicides are only for transplants production. See label for details.

 

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

16 oz

64 oz

0

0.5

See label for tank-mixing restrictions.

 

11

Evito 480 SC

Tepera

(fluoxastrobin)

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

11

Reason 500 SC

(fenamidone)

5.5 fl oz

22 fl oz/year

14

0.5

Do not make more than one application of Reason 500 SC Fungicide before alternating with a fungicide from a different resistance management group.

 

11 + M3

Dexter Max

(mancozeb + azoxystrobin)

3.2 lb

12.8 lb/year

5

1

See guidelines of adjuvants and pesticides to be avoided in tank mixing. Do not apply more than one application of Dexter Max or other group 11 fungicides before alternation with fungicides not in group 11.

 

11 + M5

Arius ADV

Quadris Opti

(azoxystrobin + chlorothalonil)

3.2 pt

See label

1

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop for all QoI fungicides. Do not make more than one consecutive application. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions listed on label.

 

11 + 3

Acadia ESQ

Quadris Top

(azoxystrobin + difenoconazole)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Must be rotated with a non-QoI-containing fungicide.

 

11 + 3

Topguard EQ

(azoxystrobin + flutriafol)

8 fl oz

See label

1

0.5

See label for crop-specific use.

 

11 + 7

Mural

(azoxystrobin + benzovindiflupyr)

See label

See label

0

0.5

Only for vegetable plants grown for resale to consumers.

 

12

Emblem

Spirato

(fludioxonil)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz/year

1

0.5

 

 

19

Affirm WDG

PH-D

(polyoxin D zinc salt)

6.2 oz

See label

0

4 hr

 

 

22 + M3

Gavel 75DF

(zoxamide + mancozeb)

2 lb

16 lb/year

5

2

Limit is 8 appl./crop. Some cantaloupe are sensitive. See label.

 

22 + M5

Zing

(zoxamide + chlorothalonil)

36 fl oz

See label

0

0.5

 

 

27 + 11

Tanos

(cymoxanil + famoxadone)

8 oz

See label

3

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop. Must tank-mix with a contact fungicide.

 

29

Lektivar 40 SC

Omega 500 F

Orbus 4 F

Oxelid 4 F

(fluazinam)

24 fl oz

See label

See label

0.5

See label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

33

K-Phite

Fungi-Phite

Reliant

(phosphorous acid and salts)

See label

See label

0

4 hr

Check label for guidelines on foliar and aerial application, as well as preventative and control programs. Do not apply at less than 3 days interval. Check label to see whether it is suppression of disease only.

Angular leaf spot

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available: AmeriCop 40 DF, Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, BluLogic, Camelot-O, Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 FL, ChampION++, Champ WG, Copper-Count-N, CS 2005, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, Grotto, ET-F, Instill, Kalmor, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 2000-O, Kocide 3000, Kocide 3000-O, Kocide HCu, KOP-5, Kop-Hydroxide, MasterCop, Nordox 75WG, Nu-Cop 3L, Nu-Cop 30 HB, Nu-Cop 50DF, Nu-Cop 50 WP, Nu-Cop HB, Nu-Cop XLR, Previsto, Stretch

See label

See label

1

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M1 + M3

Mankocide

(copper hydroxide + mancozeb)

3 lb

24 lb

5

2

Some cantaloupe varieties are sensitive. See label for details.

 

P1

Actigard 50WG

(acibenzolar-S-methyl)

1 oz

8 oz/year

0

0.5

Apply preventatively prior disease development. Suppression of disease.

Anthracnose

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available: AmeriCop 40 DF, Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, BluLogic, Camelot-O, Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 FL, ChampION++, Champ WG, C-O-C-S WDG, Copper-Count-N, CS 2005, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, Grotto, ET-F, Instill, Kalmor, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 2000-O, Kocide 3000, Kocide 3000-O, Kocide HCu, KOP-5, Kop-Hydroxide, MasterCop, Nordox 50WP, Nordox 75WG, Nu-Cop 3L, Nu-Cop 30 HB, Nu-Cop 50 DF, Nu-Cop HB, Nu-Cop XLR, Previsto, Stretch

See label

See label

1

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M1 + M3

Mankocide

(copper hydroxide + mancozeb)

3 lb

24 lb

5

2

Some cantaloupe varieties are sensitive. See label for details.

 

M3

(mancozeb)

Many brands available: Dithane DF Rainshield, Dithane F45 Rainshield, Dithane M45, Fortuna 75WDG, Koverall, Manzate Max, Manzate Pro-Stick, Penncozeb 75DF, Penncozeb 80WP, Protect DF, Roper DF Rainshield

See label

See label

5

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M3 + 11

Dexter Max

(mancozeb + azoxystrobin)

3.2 lb

12.8 lb/year

5

1

See guidelines of adjuvants and pesticides to be avoided in tank mixing. Do not apply more than one application of Dexter Max or other group 11 fungicides before alternation with fungicides not in group 11.

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF, Echo ZN, Equus 720 SST, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Oranil 6L, Orondis Opti B, Praiz, Rialto 720 F

See label

See label

0

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines. Follow label recommendations on watermelon after fruit set. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions indicated on the label.

 

M5 + 4

Ridomil Gold Bravo SC

(mefenoxam + chlorothalonil)

3.25 pt

See label

0

2

Limit is 4 appl./crop.

 

M5 + 27

Ariston

Cymbol Advance

(chlorothalonil + cymoxanil)

3 pt

17.5 pt/year

3

0.5

Spraying on mature watermelon may cause sun burn.

 

M5 + 49

Orondis Opti

(chlorothalonil + oxathiapiprolin)

2.5 pt

10 pt/year

0

0.5

Check label for additional guidelines. Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with different mode of action.

 

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: 3336 EG, 3336 F, 3336 WP, Cercobin, Incognito 4.5F, Incognito 85 WDG, T-Methyl 4.5 AG, T-Methyl 4.5 F, T-Methyl 70 WP, Talaris 4.5F, Talaris 70 WSB, Thiophanate methyl 85 WDG, TM 4.5 F, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin M WSB

See label

See label

1

1

Follow resistance management guidelines on label. Check label for additional guidelines.

 

3 + 9

Inspire Super

(cyprodinil + difenoconazole)

20 fl oz

80 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Do not make more than two consecutive applications. See label for greenhouse use only for cucumber.

 

7 + 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr + difenoconazole)

13.5 fl oz

53.6 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label for guidelines.

 

7 + 3

Luna Experience

(fluopyram + tebuconazole)

17 fl oz

34 fl oz/year

7

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 3 fungicide.

 

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopyram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.1 fl oz/year

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

 

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

5.5 fl oz

16.5 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label.

 

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

18.5 oz

74 oz/year

0

0.5

See label.

 

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Acadia 2 SC, Aframe, A-Zox 25 SC, Azoxy 2SC, Azoxy 2SC Prime, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, AZteroid FC, AZteroid FC 3.3, Heritage, Heritage SC, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Trevo

See label

See label

1

4 hr

Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry. See label for tank-mixing restrictions. Heritage and Heritage SC fungicides are only for transplant production. See label for details.

 

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

16 oz

64 oz

0

0.5

See label for tank-mixing restrictions.

 

11

Evito 480 SC

Tepera

(fluoxastrobin)

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

11 + M5

Arius ADV

Quadris Opti

(azoxystrobin + chlorothalonil)

3.2 pt

See label

1

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop for all QoI fungicides. Do not make more than one consecutive application. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions listed on label.

 

11 + 3

Quadris Top

(azoxystrobin + difenoconazole)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Must be rotated with a non-QoI-containing fungicide.

 

11 + 3

Topguard EQ

(azoxystrobin + flutriafol)

8 fl oz

See label

1

0.5

See label for crop-specific use.

 

11 + 7

Mural

(azoxystrobin + benzovindiflupyr)

See label

See label

0

0.5

Only for vegetable plants grown for resale to consumers.

 

19

Oso 5% SC

(polyoxin D zinc salt)

13.0 fl oz

See label

0

4 hr

 

 

22 + M5

Zing

(zoxamide + chlorothalonil)

36 fl oz

See label

0

0.5

 

 

27 + 11

Tanos

(cymoxanil + famoxadone)

8 oz

See label

3

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop. Must tank-mix with a contact fungicide. See label.

Bacterial fruit blotch

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available: Americop 40 DF, Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, Camelot-O, Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 FL, ChampION++, Champ WG, Copper-Count-N, CS 2005, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, ET-F, Grotto, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 2000-O, Kocide 3000, Kocide 3000-O, Kocide HCu, KOP-5, Kop-Hydroxide, MasterCop, Nordox 75 WG, Nu-Cop, Nu-Cop 3L, Nu-Cop 30HB, Nu-Cop 50 DF, Nu-Cop 50 WP, Nu-Cop HB, Previsto, Stretch

See label

See label

1

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

Suppression only. Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M1 + M3

Mankocide

(copper hydroxide + mancozeb)

3 lb

24 lb

5

2

Some cantaloupe varieties are sensitive. See label for details.

 

P1

Actigard 50WG

(acibenzolar-S-methyl)

1 oz

8 oz/year

0

0.5

Apply preventatively prior disease development. Suppression of disease.

 

27 + 11

Tanos

(cymoxanil + famoxadone)

10 oz

See label

3

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop. Must tank-mix with a contact fungicide. Bacterial fruit blotch disease suppression only.

Belly rot

M3 + 11

Dexter Max

(mancozeb + azoxystrobin)

3.2 lb

12.8 lb/year

5

1

See guidelines of adjuvants and pesticides to be avoided in tank mixing. Do not apply more than one application of Dexter Max or other group 11 fungicides before alternation with fungicides not in group 11.

 

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: 3336 EG, 3336 F, 3336 WP, Cercobin, Incognito 4.5F, Incognito 85WDG, Miramar, Talaris 70 WSB, Thiophanate methyl 85 WDG, TM 4.5 F, T-Methyl 4.5 AG, T-Methyl 4.5 F, T-Methyl 70 WP, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin M WSB

See label

See label

1

1

Follow resistance management guidelines on label.

 

7 + 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr + difenoconazole)

13.5 fl oz

53.6 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label for guidelines.

 

7 + 3

Luna Experience

(fluopryram + tebuconazole)

17 fl oz

34 fl oz/year

7

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 3 fungicide.

 

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopryram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.1 fl oz/year

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

 

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Acadia 2 SC, Aframe, A-Zox 25SC, Azoxy 2 SC, Azoxy 2SC Prime, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, AZteroid FC, AZteroid FC 3.3, Heritage, Heritage SC, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Trevo

See label

See label

1

4 hr

Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry. See label for tank-mixing restrictions. Heritage and Heritage SC fungicides are only for transplants production. See label for details.

 

11

Evito 480 SC

Tepera

(fluoxastrobin)

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

11 + M5

Arius ADV

Quadris Opti

(azoxystrobin + chlorothalonil)

3.2 pt

See label

1

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop for all QoI fungicides. Do not make more than one consecutive application. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions listed on label.

 

11 + 3

Quadris Top

(azoxystrobin + difenoconazole)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Must be rotated with a non-QoI-containing fungicide.

 

11 + 3

Topguard EQ

(azoxystrobin + flutriafol)

8 fl oz

See label

1

0.5

See label for crop-specific use.

 

19

PH-D

(polyoxin D zinc salt)

6.2 oz

See label

0

4 hr

 

Cercospora leaf spot

M1 + M3

Mankocide

(copper hydroxide + mancozeb)

3 lb

24 lb

5

2

Some cantaloupe varieties are sensitive. Check label for details.

 

M3

(mancozeb)

Many brands available: Dithane DF Rainshield, Dithane F45 Rainshield, Dithane M45, Fortuna 75WDG, Koverall, Manzate Max, Manzate Pro-Stick, Penncozeb 75DF, Penncozeb 80WP, Protect DF, Roper DF Rainshield

See label

See label

5

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M3 + 11

Dexter Max

(mancozeb + azoxystrobin)

3.2 lb

12.8 lb/year

5

1

See guidelines of adjuvants and pesticides to be avoided in tank mixing. Do not apply more than one application of Dexter Max or other group 11 fungicides before alternation with fungicides not in group 11.

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF, Echo ZN, Equus 720 SST, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Oranil 6L, Orondis Opti B, Praiz, Rialto 720 F

See label

See label

0

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines. Follow label recommendations on watermelon after fruit set. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions indicated in the label.

 

M5 + 4

Ridomil Gold Bravo SC

(mefenoxam + chlorothalonil)

3.25 pt

See label

0

2

Limit is 4 appl./crop.

 

M5 + 27

Ariston

Cymbol Advance

(chlorothalonil + cymoxanil)

3 pt

17.5 pt/year

3

0.5

 

 

M5 + 49

Orondis Opti

(chlorothalonil + oxathiapiprolin)

2.5 pt

10 pt/year

0

0.5

Check label for additional guidelines. Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with different mode of action.

 

3

Mettle 125 ME

(tetraconazole)

8 fl oz

24 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to another fungicide with alternate mode of action.

 

3 + 9

Inspire Super

(cyprodinil + difenoconazole)

20 fl oz

80 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Do not make more than two consecutive applications. See label for greenhouse use only for cucumber.

 

7 + 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr + difenoconazole)

13.5 fl oz

53.6 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label for guidelines.

 

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

5.5 fl oz

16.5 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label.

 

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

18.5 oz

74 oz/year

0

0.5

See label.

 

7 + 12

Miravis Prime

(pydiflometofen + fludioxonil)

11.4 fl oz

22.8 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than two applications of Miravis Prime or other Group 7 and 12 before alternation with a fungicide that is not in Group 7 or 12.

 

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Acadia 2SC, Aframe, A-Zox 25SC, Azoxy 2SC, Azoxy 2SC Prime, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, AZteroid FC, AZteroid FC 3.3, Heritage, Heritage SC, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Trevo

See label

See label

1

4 hr

Limit is 4 appl./crop & alternate chemistry. See label for tank-mixing restrictions. Heritage and Heritage SC fungicides are only for transplants production. See label for details.

 

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

16 oz

64 oz

0

0.5

See label for tank-mixing restrictions.

 

11

Evito 480 SC

Tepera

(fluoxastrobin)

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

11 + M5

Arius ADV

Quadris Opti

(azoxystrobin + chlorothalonil)

3.2 pt

See label

1

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop for all QoI fungicides. Do not make more than one consecutive application. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions listed on label.

 

11 + 3

Quadris Top

(azoxystrobin + difenoconazole)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Must be rotated with a non-QoI-containing fungicide.

 

11 + 3

Topguard EQ

(azoxystrobin + flutriafol)

8 fl oz

See label

1

0.5

See label for crop-specific use.

 

11 + 7

Mural

(azoxystrobin + benzovindiflupyr)

See label

See label

0

0.5

Only for vegetable plants grown for resale to consumers.

 

22 + M3

Gavel 75DF

(zoxamide + mancozeb)

2 lb

16 lb/year

5

2

Limit is 8 appl./crop. Some cantaloupes are sensitive. See label.

 

22 + M5

Zing

(zoxamide + chlorothalonil)

36 fl oz

See label

0

0.5

 

Downy mildew

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available: Americop 40 DF, Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, Camelot-O, Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 FL, ChampION++, Champ WG, Copper-Count-N, CS 2005, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, ET-F, Grotto, Instill, Kalmor, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 2000-O, Kocide 3000, Kocide 3000-O, Kocide HCu, KOP-5, Kop-Hydroxide, MasterCop, Nordox 75 WG, Nu-Cop, Nu-Cop 3L, Nu-Cop 30HB, Nu-Cop 50 DF, Nu-Cop 50 WP, Nu-Cop HB, Previsto, Stretch

See label

See label

1

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M1 + M2

Top Cop w Sulfur

(copper + sulfur)

1 qt

See label

-

1

Do not apply if air temperatures greater than 90°F are expected.

 

M1 + M3

Mankocide

(copper hydroxide + mancozeb)

3 lb

24 lb

5

2

Some cantaloupe varieties are sensitive. Check label for details.

 

M3

(mancozeb)

Many brands available: Dithane DF Rainshield, Dithane F45 Rainshield, Dithane M45, Fortuna 75WDG, Koverall, Manzate Max, Manzate Pro-Stick, Penncozeb 75DF, Penncozeb 80WP, Protect DF, Roper DF Rainshield

See label

See label

5

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M3 + 11

Dexter Max

(mancozeb + azoxystrobin)

3.2 lb

12.8 lb/year

5

1

See guidelines of adjuvants and pesticides to be avoided in tank mixing. Do not apply more than one application of Dexter Max or other group 11 fungicides before alternation with fungicides not in group 11.

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF, Echo ZN, Equus 720 SST, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Oranil 6L, Orondis Opti B, Praiz, Rialto 720 F

See label

See label

0

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines. Follow label recommendations on watermelon after fruit set. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions indicated in the label.

 

M5 + 27

Ariston

Cymbol Advance

(chlorothalonil + cymoxanil)

3 pt

17.5 pt/year

3

0.5

 

 

M5 + 49

Orondis Opti

(chlorothalonil + oxathiapiprolin)

2.5 pt

10 pt/year

0

0.5

Check label for additional guidelines. Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with different mode of action.

 

P1

Actigard 50WG

(acibenzolar-S-methyl)

1 oz

8 oz/year

0

0.5

Apply preventatively prior disease development. Suppression of disease.

 

P4

Vacciplant

(laminarin)

22 fl oz

See label

0

4 hr

Initiate as preventative application.

 

3 + 33

Viathon

(tebuconazole + potassium phosphite)

4 pt

12 pt

7

0.5

Watermelon only. See label.

 

4 + M1

Ridomil Gold Copper

(mefenoxam + copper hydroxide)

2 lb

8 lb

5

2

Limit is 4 appl./crop.

 

4 + M3

Ridomil Gold MZ WG

(mancozeb + mefenoxam)

2.5 lb

10 lb

5

2

Limit is 4 appl./crop. Rate is for downy mildew.

 

4 + M5

Ridomil Gold Bravo SC

(mefenoxam + chlorothalonil)

2.5 pt

See label

0

2

Limit is 4 appl./crop.

 

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

5.5 fl oz

16.5 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label

 

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

18.5 oz

74 oz/year

0

0.5

See label.

 

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Acadia 2SC, Aframe, A-Zox 25SC, Azoxy 2SC, Azoxy 2SC Prime, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, AZteroid FC, AZteroid FC 3.3, Heritage, Heritage SC, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Trevo

See label

See label

1

4 hr

Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry. See label for tank-mixing restrictions. Heritage and Heritage SC fungicides are only for transplants production. See label for details.

 

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

12 oz

64 oz

0

0.5

See label for tank-mixing restrictions.

 

11

Evito 480 SC

Tepera

(fluoxastrobin)

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

11

Flint Extra

Flint

(trifloxystrobin)

See label

See label

See label

0.5

(Disease suppression) Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry.

 

11

Reason 500SC

(fenamidone)

5.5 fl oz

22 fl oz

14

0.5

See label.

 

11 + M5

Arius ADV

Quadris Opti

(azoxystrobin + chlorothalonil)

3.2 pt

See label

1

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop for all QoI fungicides. Do not make more than one consecutive application. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions listed on label.

 

11 + 3

Quadris Top

(azoxystrobin + difenoconazole)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Must be rotated with a non-QoI-containing fungicide.

 

11 + 3

Topguard EQ

(azoxystrobin + flutriafol)

8 fl oz

See label

1

0.5

See label for crop-specific use.

 

11 + 7

Mural

(azoxystrobin + benzovindiflupyr)

See label

See label

0

0.5

Only for vegetable plants grown for resale to consumers.

 

19

Oso 5% SC

(polyoxin D zinc salt)

13.0 fl oz

See label

0

4 hr

 

 

21

Ranman

Ranman 400 SC

(cyazofamid)

2.75 fl oz

16.5 fl oz

0

0.5

Limit is 6 appl./crop. Follow resistance management guidelines.

 

22

Elumin

(ethaboxam)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Application interval should not be less than 14 days.

 

22 + M3

Gavel 75DF

(zoxamide + mancozeb)

2 lb

16 lb/year

5

2

Limit is 8 appl./crop. Some cantaloupe are sensitive. See label.

 

22 + M5

Zing

(zoxamide + chlorothalonil)

36 fl oz

See label

0

0.5

 

 

27

Curzate 60DF

Cymbol

(cymoxanil)

See label

See label

3

0.5

Use only with a labeled rate of protectant fungicide.

 

27 + 11

Tanos

(cymoxanil + famoxadone)

8 oz

See label

3

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop. Must tank-mix with a contact fungicide.

 

28

Previcur Flex

Promess

(propamocarb hydrochloride)

1.2 pt

6 pt

2

0.5

See label for instructions.

 

29

Omega 500 F

Lektivar 40 SC

Orbus 4 F

(fluazinam)

24 fl oz

See label

7

0.5

See label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

33

Aliette 80WDG, Alude, Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, K-Phite 7 LP, Linebacker WDG, Prophyt, Reliant

(fosetyl-Al, phosphorous acid and salts)

See label

See label

See label

See label

See label for specific product guidelines.

 

40

Forum

(dimethomorph)

6 oz

30 oz

See label

0.5

Limit is 5 appl./crop. Apply with another fungicide that has a different mode of action and alternate.

 

40

Orondis Ultra B

Revus

(mandipropamid)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

4 hr

See label. For suppression only.

 

43

Presidio

(fluopicolide)

4 fl oz

8 fl oz/year

2

0.5

Tank-mix with another fungicide product with a different FRAC code.

 

45 + 40

Zampro

(ametoctradin + dimethomorph)

14 fl oz

42 fl oz/year

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications. Addition of a spreading/penetrating adjuvant is recommended.

 

49

Orondis Opti A

Orondis Ultra A

(oxathiapiprolin)

4.8 fl oz

19.2 fl oz/year

0

4 hr

Cucurbit vegetables, crop group 9. See label.

 

49 + 40

Orondis Ultra

(oxathiapiprolin + mandipropamid)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz/year

0

4 hr

Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with a different mode of action. Check label for additional details.

Gummy stem blight

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available: AmeriCop 40 DF, Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, Camelot-O, Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 FL, ChampION++, Champ WG, Copper-Count-N, CS 2005, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, ET-F, Grotto, Kalmor, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 2000-O, Kocide 3000, Kocide 3000-O, Kocide HCu, KOP-5, Kop-Hydroxide, MasterCop, Nordox 75WG, Nu-Cop 3L, Nu-Cop 30 HB, Nu-Cop 50DF, Nu-Cop 50 WP, Nu-Cop HB, Nu-Cop XLR, Previsto

See label

See label

1

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M1 + M3

Mankocide

(copper hydroxide + mancozeb)

3 lb

24 lb

5

2

Some cantaloupe varieties are sensitive. Check label for details.

 

M3

(mancozeb)

Many brands available: Dithane DF Rainshield, Dithane F45 Rainshield, Dithane M45, Fortuna 75WDG, Koverall, Manzate Max, Manzate Pro-Stick, Penncozeb 75DF, Penncozeb 80WP, Protect DF, Roper DF Rainshield

See label

See label

5

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M3 + 11

Dexter Max

(mancozeb + azoxystrobin)

3.2 lb

12.8 lb/year

5

1

See guidelines of adjuvants and pesticides to be avoided in tank mixing. Do not apply more than one application of Dexter Max or other group 11 fungicides before alternation with fungicides not in group 11.

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF, Echo ZN, Equus 720 SST, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Oranil 6L, Orondis Opti B, Praiz, Rialto 720F

See label

See label

0

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines. Follow label recommendations on watermelon after fruit set. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions indicated in the label.

 

M5 + 27

Ariston

(chlorothalonil + cymoxanil)

3 pt

17.5 pt/year

3

0.5

 

 

M5 + 49

Orondis Opti

(chlorothalonil + oxathiapiprolin)

2.5 pt

10 pt/year

0

0.5

Check label for additional guidelines. Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with different mode of action.

 

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: 3336 EG, 3336 F, 3336 WP, Cercobin, Incognito 4.5F, Incognito 85WDG, Miramar, Talaris 70 WSB, Thiophanate methyl 85 WDG, TM 4.5 F, T-Methyl 4.5 AG, T-Methyl 4.5 F, T-Methyl 70 WP, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin M WSB

See label

See label

1

1

Follow resistance management guidelines on label.

 

3

Mettle 125 ME

(tetraconazole)

8 fl oz

24 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to another fungicide with alternate mode of action.

 

3

Proline

(prothioconazole)

5.7 fl oz

17.1 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Limit is 1 soil application and 2 foliar applications per year.

 

3

Rhyme

(flutriafol)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz/year

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a different FRAC group fungicide.

 

3

(tebuconazole)

Many brands available: Buzz Ultra DF, Incognito 4.5F, Monsoon, Onset 3.6L, Orius 3.6F, Teb 3.6 SC, Tebu-Crop 3.6F, Tebu 3.6F, Tebuconazole 3.6 F, Tebustar 3.6L, Tebuzol 3.6F, Toledo, Vibe

See label

See label

1

1

Follow resistance management guidelines indicated on the label. Check label for additional guidelines.

 

3

Topguard

(flutriafol)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

0

0.5

Check label.

 

3 + M5

Muscle ADV

(tebuconazole + chlorothalonil)

2.1 pt

6.4 pt

7

0.5

Watermelon, squash, pumpkin, and melon

 

3 + 9

Inspire Super

(cyprodinil + difenoconazole)

20 fl oz

80 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Do not make more than two consecutive applications. See label for greenhouse use only for cucumber.

 

3 + 33

Viathon

(tebuconazole + potassium phosphite)

4 pt

12 pt

7

0.5

 

 

4 + M5

Ridomil Gold Bravo SC

(mefenoxam + chlorothalonil)

2.5 pt

See label

0

2

Limit is 4 appl./crop.

 

7

Endura

(boscalid)

6.5 oz

26 oz/year

0

0.5

Do not make more than one application before alternating to another labeled fungicide with a different mode of action for at least one application.

 

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

16 fl oz

67 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 applications sequentially.

 

7 + 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr + difenoconazole)

13.5 fl oz

53.6 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label for guidelines.

 

7 + 3

Luna Experience

(fluopryram + tebuconazole)

17 fl oz

34 fl oz/year

7

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 3 fungicide.

 

7 + 3

Propulse

(fluopyram + prothioconazole)

13.6 fl oz

34.2 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Limit is 1 soil application and 2 foliar applications per year. See label for harvesting guidelines.

 

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopryram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.1 fl oz/year

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

 

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

5.5 fl oz

16.5 fl oz/year

0

0.5

Do not make more than one application before alternating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 11 group fungicide. In areas where gummy stem blight resistance to FRAC 7 or 11 fungicides have been reported, tank-mix with chlorothalonil at full rate.

 

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

18.5 oz

74 oz/year

0

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry.

 

7 + 12

Miravis Prime

(pydiflometofen + fludioxonil)

11.4 fl oz

22.8 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than two applications of Miravis Prime or other Group 7 and 12 before alternation with a fungicide that is not in Group 7 or 12.

 

9 + 12

Alterity 62.5

Switch 62.5WG

(cyprodinil + fludioxonil)

14 oz

56 oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than two consecutive applications before switching to fungicide with a different mode of action.

 

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Acadia 2SC, Aframe, A-Zox 25SC, Azoxy 2SC, Azoxy 2SC Prime, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, AZteroid FC, AZteroid FC 3.3, Heritage, Heritage SC, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Trevo

See label

See label

1

4 hr

Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry. See label for tank-mixing restrictions. Heritage and Heritage SC fungicides are only for transplants production. See label for details.

 

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

16 oz

64 oz

0

0.5

See label for tank-mixing restrictions.

 

11

Evito 480 SC

Tepera

(fluoxastrobin)

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

11

Narvos 50 WDG

Sovran

(kresoxim-methyl)

4.8 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Follow resistance management guidelines on label.

 

11 + M5

Arius ADV

Quadris Opti

(azoxystrobin + chlorothalonil)

3.2 pt

See label

1

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop for all QoI fungicides. Do not make more than one consecutive application. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions listed on label.

 

11 + 3

Quadris Top

(azoxystrobin + difenoconazole)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Must be rotated with a non-QoI-containing fungicide.

 

11 + 3

Topguard EQ

(azoxystrobin + flutriafol)

8 fl oz

See label

1

0.5

See label for crop-specific use.

 

11 + 7

Mural

(azoxystrobin + benzovindiflupyr)

See label

See label

0

0.5

Only for vegetable plants grown for resale to consumers.

 

12

Emblem

(fludioxonil)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz/year

1

0.5

 

 

19

Affirm WDG

Oso 5% SC

PH-D

(polyoxin D zinc salt)

See label

See label

0

4 hr

 

 

22 + M5

Zing

(zoxamide + chlorothalonil)

36 fl oz

See label

0

0.5

 

 

29

Omega 500 F

(fluazinam)

24 fl oz

See label

7

0.5

See label for crop-specific guidelines.

Phytophthora blight/fruit and root rot

4

Orondis Gold B

Ridomil Gold SL

(mefonoxam)

2 pt

See label

5

2

See label for application-specific guidelines (soil-injected or soil-incorporated, soil-directed and other foliar). Suppression only.

 

4 + M1

Ridomil Gold Copper

(mefenoxam + copper hydroxide)

2 lb

8 lb

5

2

Limit is 4 appl./crop.

 

21

Ranman

Ranman 400 SC

(cyazofamid)

2.75 fl oz

16.5 fl oz

0

0.5

Limit is 6 appl./crop. Follow resistance management guidelines.

 

22

Elumin

(ethaboxam)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz/year

2

0.5

Application interval should not be less than 14 days.

 

22 + M3

Gavel 75DF

(zoxamide + mancozeb)

2 lb

16 lb/year

5

2

Limit is 8 appl./crop. Some cantaloupe are sensitive. See label.

 

27 + 11

Tanos

(cymoxanil + famoxadone)

10 oz

See label

3

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop. Must tank-mix with a contact fungicide. Phytophthora blight foliar and fruit phase only (disease suppression).

 

29

Omega 500 F

(fluazinam)

24 fl oz

See label

7

0.5

See label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

33

Aliette 80WDG, Alude, Fosphite, K-Phite 7 LP, Linebacker WDG, ProPhyt, Reliant

(fosetyl-Al, phosphorous acid and salts)

See label

See label

See label

See label

See label for specific product guidelines.

 

40

Forum

(dimethomorph)

6 oz

30 oz

See label

0.5

Limit is 5 appl./crop. Apply with another fungicide that has a different mode of action and alternate.

 

40

Orondis Ultra B

Revus

(mandipropamid)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

4 hr

Phytophthora blight suppression only.

 

43

Presidio

(fluopicolide)

4 fl oz

8 fl oz/year

2

0.5

Tank-mix with another fungicide product with a different FRAC code.

 

45 + 40

Zampro

(ametoctradin + dimethomorph)

14 fl oz

42 fl oz/year

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications. Addition of a spreading/penetrating adjuvant is recommended.

 

49

Orondis Gold 200

Orondis Opti A

Orondis Ultra A

(oxathiapiprolin)

See label

See label

0

4 hr

Cucurbit vegetables, crop group 9. See label.

 

49 + 40

Orondis Ultra

(oxathiapiprolin + mandipropamid)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz/year

0

4 hr

Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with a different mode of action. Check label for additional details.

Powdery mildew

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available: AmeriCop 40 DF, Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, Camelot-O, Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 FL, ChampION++, Champ WG, Copper-Count-N, CS 2005, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, ET-F, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 2000-O, Kocide 3000, Kocide 3000-O, Kocide HCu, KOP-5, Kop-Hydroxide, MasterCop, Nordox 75WG, Nu-Cop 3L, Nu-Cop 30 HB, Nu-Cop 50DF, Nu-Cop 50 WP, Nu-Cop HB, Nu-Cop XLR, Previsto

See label

See label

1

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M1 + M2

Top Cop w Sulfur

(copper + sulfur)

1 qt

See label

-

1

Do not apply if air temperatures greater than 90°F are expected.

 

M1 + M3

Mankocide

(copper hydroxide + mancozeb)

3 lb

24 lb

5

2

Some cantaloupe varieties are sensitive. Check label for details.

 

M2

(sulfur)

Many brands available: Acoidal, Cosavet DF, Cosavet DF Edge, Crusade DF, Defend DF, Micro Sulf, Micronized Wettable Sulfur, Suffa, Sulfur 6L, Sulfur 90W, Thiolux

See label

See label

See label

1

See individual label. Do not use when temperatures are greater than 90°F or on sulfur-sensitive varieties. Check label for use.

 

M2 + 3

Unicorn

(sulfur + tebuconazole)

3.75 lb

15 lb

14

0.5

Suppression only. Only available for use on some cucurbits. See label.

 

M3 + 11

Dexter Max

(mancozeb + azoxystrobin)

3.2 lb

12.8 lb/year

5

1

See guidelines of adjuvants and pesticides to be avoided in tank mixing. Do not apply more than one application of Dexter Max or other group 11 fungicides before alternation with fungicides not in group 11.

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF, Echo ZN, Equus 720 SST, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Oranil 6L, Orondis Opti B, Praiz, Rialto 720F

See label

See label

0

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines. Follow label recommendations on watermelon after fruit set. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions indicated in the label.

 

M5 + 27

Ariston

(chlorothalonil + cymoxanil)

3 pt

17.5 pt/year

3

0.5

 

 

M5 + 49

Orondis Opti

(chlorothalonil + oxathiapiprolin)

2.5 pt

10 pt/year

0

0.5

Check label for additional guidelines. Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with different mode of action.

 

P1

Actigard 50WG

(acibenzolar-S-methyl)

1 oz

8 oz

0

0.5

Apply preventatively prior disease development. Suppression of disease.

 

P4

Vacciplant

(laminarin)

22 fl oz

See label

0

4 h

 

 

U6

Torino

(cyflufenamid)

3.4 oz

6.8 oz/year

0

4 hr

 

 

50

Vivando

(metrafenone)

15.4 fl oz

46.2 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label for instructions.

 

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: 3336 EG, 3336 F, 3336 WP, Cercobin, Incognito 4.5F, Incognito 85WDG, Talaris 70 WSB, Thiophanate methyl 85 WDG, TM 4.5 F, T-Methyl 4.5 AG, T-Methyl 4.5 F, T-Methyl 70 WP,Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin M WSB

See label

See label

1

1

Follow resistance management guidelines on label.

 

3

Mettle 125 ME

(tetraconazole)

8 fl oz

24 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to another fungicide with alternate mode of action.

 

3

Procure 480SC

Trionic 4 SC

(triflumizole)

8 fl oz

24 fl oz

0

0.5

Follow resistance management guidelines on label.

 

3

Proline

(prothioconazole)

5.7 fl oz

17.1 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Limit is 1 soil application and 2 foliar applications per year.

 

3

Rally 40WSP

(myclobutanil)

5 oz

See label

0

1

 

 

3

Rhyme

(flutriafol)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz/year

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a different FRAC group fungicide.

 

3

(tebuconazole)

Many brands available: Buzz Ultra DF, Incognito 4.5F, Monsoon, Onset 3.6L, Orius 3.6F, Teb 3.6 SC, Tebu 3.6F, Tebuconazole 3.6 F, Tebu-Crop 3.6F, Tebustar 3.6L, Tebuzol 3.6F, Toledo, Vibe

See label

See label

1

1

Follow resistance management guidelines indicated on the label. Check label for additional guidelines.

 

3

Topguard

(flutriafol)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

0

0.5

Check label.

 

3 + M5

Muscle ADV

(tebuconazole + chlorothalonil)

2.1 pt

6.4 pt

7

0.5

Watermelon, squash, pumpkin, and melon

 

3 + 9

Inspire Super

(cyprodinil + difenoconazole)

20 fl oz

80 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Do not make more than two consecutive applications. See label for greenhouse use only for cucumber.

 

3 + 33

Viathon

(tebuconazole + potassium phosphite)

3 pt

12 pt

7

0.5

 

 

7

Endura

(boscalid)

6.5 oz

26 oz/year

0

0.5

Do not make more than one application before alternating to another labeled fungicide with a different mode of action for at least one application.

 

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

16 fl oz

67 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Maximum rate is for year. Do not make more than 2 applications sequentially.

 

7

Velum Prime

(fluopyram)

6.84 fl oz

13.7 fl oz/year

0

0.5

 

 

7 + 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr + difenoconazole)

13.5 fl oz

53.6 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label for guidelines.

 

7 + 3

Luna Experience

(fluopryram + tebuconazole)

17 fl oz

34 fl oz/year

7

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 3 fungicide.

 

7 + 3

Propulse

(fluopyram + prothioconazole)

13.6 fl oz

34.2 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Limit is 1 soil application and 2 foliar applications per year. See label for harvesting guidelines.

 

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopryram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.1 fl oz/year

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

 

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

5.5 fl oz

16.5 fl oz/year

0

0.5

Do not make more than one application before alternating to a non-FRAC 7, non-FRAC 11 group fungicide. In areas where gummy stem blight resistance to FRAC 7 or 11 fungicides have been reported, tank-mix with chlorothalonil at full rate.

 

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

18.5 oz

74 oz/year

0

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry.

 

7 + 12

Miravis Prime

(pydiflometofen + fludioxonil)

11.4 fl oz

22.8 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than two applications of Miravis Prime or other Group 7 and 12 before alternation with a fungicide that is not in Group 7 or 12.

 

9

Vango

(cyprodinil)

7 oz

28 oz/year

1

0.5

Alternate to a different mode of action after 2 applications.

 

9 + 12

Alterity 62.5

Switch 62.5WG

(cyprodinil + fludioxonil)

14 oz

56 oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than two consecutive applications.

 

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Acadia 2SC, Aframe, A-Zox 25SC, Azoxy 2SC, Azoxy 2SC Prime, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, AZteroid FC, AZteroid FC 3.3, Heritage, Heritage SC, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Trevo

See label

See label

1

4 hr

Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry. See label for tank-mixing restrictions. Heritage and Heritage SC fungicides are only for transplants production. See label for details.

 

11

Evito 480 SC

Tepera

(fluoxastrobin)

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

11

Flint Extra

Flint

(trifloxystrobin)

See label

See label

See label

0.5

(Disease suppression) Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry.

 

11

Narvos 50 WDG

Sovran

(kresoxim-methyl)

4.8 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Follow resistance management guidelines on label.

 

11 + M5

Arius ADV

Quadris Opti

(azoxystrobin + chlorothalonil)

3.2 pt

See label

1

0.5

Limit is 4 appl./crop for all QoI fungicides. Do not make more than one consecutive application. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions listed on label.

 

11 + 3

Quadris Top

(azoxystrobin + difenoconazole)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Must be rotated with a non-QoI-containing fungicides.

 

11 + 3

Topguard EQ

(azoxystrobin + flutriafol)

8 fl oz

See label

1

0.5

See label for crop-specific use.

 

11 + 7

Mural

(azoxystrobin + benzovindiflupyr)

See label

See label

0

0.5

Only for vegetable plants grown for resale to consumers.

 

12

Emblem

(fludioxonil)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz/year

1

0.5

 

 

13

Quintec

(quinoxyfen)

6 fl oz

See label

3

0.5

Do not make more than 4 applications. Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Not labeled for all cucurbits; labeled for various melons, cantaloupe, winter squash, gourds, pumpkins, and watermelon.

 

19

Affirm WDG

Oso 5% SC

PH-D

(polyoxin D zinc salt)

13 fl oz

See label

0

4 hr

 

 

39

Torac

(tolfenpyrad)

21 fl. oz.

42 fl.oz

1

0.5

Minimum 14 days between application

 

50

Prolivo 300 SC

(pryriofenone)

5 fl oz

16 fl oz/year

0

 

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to another fungicide with a different mode of action.

Pythium spp.

4

Apron XL

Orondis Gold B

Ridomil Gold SL

Ultra Flourish

(mefenoxam)

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

4

(metalaxyl)

Many brands available: Acquire, Allegiance FL, Metalaxyl 265 ST, Metalaxyl 318 FS, Metalaxyl 4.0 ST, Metastar 2E, Metastar 4S, MetXL, Sebring 318 FS, Sebring 480 FS

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

4 + 11

Uniform

(mefonoxam + azoxystrobin)

See label

See label

See label

0

Apply 0.34 fl oz/1000 ft of row as in-furrow spray in a minimum of 5 gallons of water per acre at planting. Make only one application per season.

 

28

Previcur Flex

Promess

(propamocarb hydrochloride)

1.2 pt

6 pt

2

0.5

Use a tank-mix partner. See label for directions using a contact fungicide and Pythium suppression.

Target spot

M3 + 11

Dexter Max

(mancozeb + azoxystrobin)

3.2 lb

12.8 lb/year

5

1

See guidelines of adjuvants and pesticides to be avoided in tank mixing. Do not apply more than one application of Dexter Max or other group 11 fungicides before alternation with fungicides not in group 11.

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF, Echo ZN, Equus 720 SST, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Orondis Opti B, Praiz

See label

See label

0

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines. Follow label recommendations on watermelon after fruit set. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions indicated in the label.

 

M5 + 27

Ariston

Cymbol Advance

(chlorothalonil + cymoxanil)

3 pt

17.5 pt/year

3

0.5

 

 

M5 + 49

Orondis Opti

(chlorothalonil + oxathiapiprolin)

2.5 pt

10 pt/year

0

0.5

Check label for additional guidelines. Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with different mode of action.

 

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: 3336 EG, 3336 F, 3336 WP, Cercobin, Incognito 4.5F, Incognito 85WDG, Talaris 70 WSB, Thiophanate methyl 85 WDG, TM 4.5 F, T-Methyl 4.5 AG, T-Methyl 4.5 F, T-Methyl 70 WP, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin M WSB

See label

See label

1

1

Follow resistance management guidelines on label.

 

3

Mettle 125 ME

(tetraconazole)

8 fl oz

24 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to another fungicide with alternate mode of action.

 

3

Rhyme

(flutriafol)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz/year

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a different FRAC group fungicide.

 

3

Topguard

(flutriafol)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz/year

0

0.5

Check label.

 

7 + 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr + difenoconazole)

13.5 fl oz

53.6 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label for guidelines.

 

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

5.5 fl oz

16.5 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label.

 

7 + 12

Miravis Prime

(pydiflometofen + fludioxonil)

11.4 fl oz

22.8 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than two applications of Miravis Prime or other Group 7 and 12 fungicides before alternation with a fungicide that is not in Group 7 or 12.

 

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Acadia 2SC, Aframe, A-Zox 25SC, Azoxy 2SC, Azoxy 2SC Prime, AzoxyStar, Azoxyzone, AZteroid FC, Azteroid FC 3.3, Equation, Equation SC, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori, Tetraban, Trevo

See label

See label

1

4 hr

Limit is 4 appl./crop and alternate chemistry. See label for tank-mixing restrictions.

 

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

16 oz

64 oz

0

0.5

See label for tank-mixing restrictions.

 

11

Evito 480 SC

Tepera

(fluoxastrobin)

See label

See label

See label

See label

 

 

11 + 3

Topguard EQ

(azoxystrobin + flutriafol)

8 fl oz

See label

1

0.5

See label for crop-specific use.

 

19

Affirm WDG

Oso 5% SC

PH-D

(polyoxin D zinc salt)

See label

See label

0

4 hr

 

 

22 + M5

Zing

(zoxamide + chlorothalonil)

36 fl oz

See label

0

0.5

 

Scab

M1

Cueva

Camelot O

Grotto

(copper octanoate)

See label

See label

0

4

See label for crops listed.

 

M1 + M3

Mankocide

(copper hydroxide + mancozeb)

3 lb

24 lb

5

2

Some cantaloupe varieties are sensitive. Check label for details.

 

M3

(mancozeb)

Many brands available: Dithane DF Rainshield, Dithane F45 Rainshield, Dithane M45, Fortuna 75WDG, Koverall, Manzate Max, Manzate Pro-Stick, Penncozeb 75DF, Penncozeb 80WP, Protect DF, Roper DF Rainshield

See label

See label

5

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines.

 

M3 + 11

Dexter Max

(mancozeb + azoxystrobin)

3.2 lb

12.8 lb/year

5

1

See guidelines of adjuvants and pesticides to be avoided in tank mixing. Do not apply more than one application of Dexter Max or other group 11 fungicides before alternation with fungicides not in group 11.

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available: Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720 SC, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF, Echo ZN, Equus 720 SST, Equus DF, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Oranil 6L, Orondis Opti B, Praiz, Rialto 720 F

See label

See label

0

1

Check label for crop-specific guidelines. Follow label recommendations on watermelon after fruit set. Do not apply to mature watermelons under dry, hot, or other environmental conditions indicated in the label.

 

M5 + 27

Ariston

Cymbol Advance

(chlorothalonil + cymoxanil)

3 pt

17.5 pt/year

3

0.5

 

 

M5 + 49

Orondis Opti

(chlorothalonil + oxathiapiprolin)

2.5 pt

10 pt/year

0

0.5

Check label for additional guidelines. Make no more than 2 sequential applications before rotating to a fungicide with different mode of action.

 

P1

Actigard 50WG

(acibenzolar-S-methyl)

1 oz

8 oz

0

0.5

Apply preventatively prior to disease development. Suppression of disease.

 

4 + M5

Ridomil Gold Bravo SC

(mefenoxam + chlorothalonil)

3.25 pt

See label

0

2

Limit is 4 appl./crop.

 

7 + 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr + difenoconazole)

13.5 fl oz

53.6 fl oz/year

0

0.5

See label for guidelines.

 

7 + 12

Miravis Prime

(pydiflometofen + fludioxonil)

11.4 fl oz

22.8 fl oz/year

1

0.5

Do not make more than two applications of Miravis Prime or other Group 7 and 12 before alternation with a fungicide that is not in Group 7 or 12.

 

19

Affirm WDG

Oso 5% SC

PH-D

(polyoxin D zinc salt)

See label

See label

0

4 hr

 

Fusarium wilt (watermelon)

3

Proline 480 SC

(prothioconazole)

5.7 fl oz

17.1 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Limit is 1 soil application and 2 foliar applications per year.

 

7 + 3

Propulse

(fluopyram + prothioconazole)

13.6 fl oz

34.2 fl oz/year

7

0.5

Limit is 1 soil application and 2 foliar applications per year. See label for harvesting guidelines.

1 FRAC code (fungicide group): Number (1 through 50) and letter U is used to distinguish the fungicide mode of action groups. All fungicides within the same group (with the same number or letter) indicate the same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the fungicide resistance management decisions. U = unknown, or a mode of action that has not been classified yet. Source: FRAC Code List 2021; http://www.frac.info/ (FRAC = Fungicide Resistance Action Committee).

2 Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned.

 

Table 7.12. Nonfumigant nematicides for cucurbit crops in Florida.

Product

Application Directions

Mocap 15G (a.i. ethoprop)

(only labeled on cucumber)

Apply 13 pounds per acre (7-foot row spacing) or 2.1 pounds per 1,000 linear feet of row in a band 12 to 15 inches wide on the row at planting. Prepare bed and knock off top to provide a level area for treatment. Mix with the top 2 to 4 inches of soil with mechanical equipment right after application. DO NOT use as a seed furrow treatment or allow granules to contact the seed. Only 1 application per season.

Vydate L (a.i. oxamyl)

Apply ½ to 1 gal/acre at planting, preferably via drip application. Make additional applications on a 10-to-14-day interval. Do not apply more than 2 gallons per acre per season. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days unless a longer interval is stated. If an at-plant application of more than ½ gal/acre is made, do not make more than 2 additional applications.

Nimitz (a.i. fluensulfone)

All applications must be incorporated either physically or via drip or overhead irrigation. Make preplant applications at a rate of 3.5 to 7 pints (56.0 to 80.0 fl oz) per acre, a minimum of seven days before planting. Do not plant any unlisted crops into treated land for 365 days after application of the product. Do not apply more than one application per crop and no more than 112 fl oz of product per acre per year (365 days). Provides control only for nematodes. Growers applying Nimitz must consult the product label to observe the plant-back (recropping) intervals for a variety of leafy vegetables and brassica crops, onions, bananas, sugarcane, and other crops.

Velum (a.i. fluopyram)

Apply max 6.84 fl oz/acre using only chemigation into root zone through low-pressure drip, trickle, microsprinkler, or equivalent equipment. Observe minimum 5-day interval between soil applications. Do not apply more than 13.7 fl oz of Velum (0.446 lb fluopyram) per acre per year, regardless of formulation (Velum and/or Luna) or method of application (soil or foliar). For soil application, to limit the potential for development of disease resistance to this chemical class, the first foliar fungicide application after Velum should be a product from a different FRAC group.

Mocap and Vydate are insecticide/nematicides; Velum is a fungicide/nematicide; Nimitz is a true nematicide. Unlike fumigants, these products are not volatile and will move through the soil via water; depending on the water solubility, these products will have different recommendations as far as how to best apply them (see specific label recommendations); when nematode pressure is high, they may not be as consistently effective against root nematodes as the fumigants.

 

Table 7.13. Fumigant nematicides for cucurbit crops in Florida.

Nematicide

Broadcast Application1

In-the-Row Applications

Gallons or lb per Acre

fl oz/1000 ft/chisel-spaced 12" apart

Telone II 2,3

9 to 12 gal

26 to 35

For any row spacing, application rates given may be concentrated in the row but shall never exceed the labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label for additional detail.

Telone C-17 2,3

10.8 to 17.1 gal

31.8 to 50.2

For any row spacing, application rates given may be concentrated in the row but shall never exceed the labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label for additional detail.

Telone C-35 2,3

13 to 20.5 gal

38 to 60

For any row spacing, application rates given may be concentrated in the row but shall never exceed labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label for additional detail.

Pic-Clor 60

19 to 31.5 gal

57 to 90

For any row spacing, application rates should never exceed the labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label for additional detail.

Vapam HL

75 gal

-

For drip or in-row chisel fumigation, consult product label for proportionately reduced overall rates, drip concentration, and flow-modifying directions and procedures.

KPam HL

60 gal

-

For drip or in-row chisel fumigation, consult product label for proportionately reduced overall rates, drip concentration, and flow-modifying directions.

Allyl Isothiocyanate

(AITC)

Dominus

40 gal

-

For drip or in-row fumigation and crop termination, consult product label for overall rates, drip concentration, and other flow-modifying directions.

1 Gallons/acre and fl oz/1000 feet provided only for mineral soils. Higher rates may be possible for heavier-textured (loam, silt, clay) or highly organic soils.

2 All of the fumigants mentioned are for retail sale and use only by state-certified applicators or persons under their direct supervision. New supplemental labeling for the Telone products must be in the hands of the user at the time of application. See new label details for additional use restrictions based on soil characteristics, buffer zones, requirements for Fumigant Management Plans (FMP) and personal protective equipment (PPE), mandatory good agricultural practices (GAPs), product and applicator training certification, and other rate-modifying recommendations with use of highly retentive mulch films.

3 Higher application rates are possible in the presence of cyst-forming nematodes.

Rates are believed to be correct for products named, and similar products of other brand names, when applied to mineral soils. Higher rates are required for muck (organic) soils. However, the grower has the final responsibility to see that each product is used legally; read the label of the product to be sure that you are using it properly.

 

Publication #HS725

Date: 2021-08-16
Wang, Qingren
Freeman, Joshua H
Noling, Joseph W
Williams, Phillip
Boyd, Nathan S
Desaeger, Johan
Frey, Craig
Martini, Xavier
McAvoy, Eugene
Paret, Mathews L
Qureshi, Jawwad A

Related Topics

Management Commercial

About this Publication

This document is HS725, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date June 1995. Revised May 2021. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Josh H. Freeman, associate professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center, Quincy; Eugene J. McAvoy, Extension agent IV emeritus, UF/IFAS Southwest Florida REC; Craig Frey, county Extension director and Extension agent II, UF/IFAS Extension Hendry County; Nathan S. Boyd, professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast REC; Mathews Paret, associate professor, Plant Pathology Department, UF/IFAS North Florida REC, Quincy; Qingren Wang, Extension agent III, UF/IFAS Extension Miami-Dade County; Johan Desaeger, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast REC; Jawwad Qureshi, associate professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Southwest Florida REC; Xavier Martini, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS North Florida REC, Quincy; and Phillip B. Williams, assistant professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Southwest Florida REC; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

Contacts

  • Joshua Freeman

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication do not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition.

Use pesticides safely. Read and follow directions on the manufacturer's label.