Chapter 16. Strawberry Production

Vance M. Whitaker, Nathan S. Boyd, Natalia A. Peres, Johan Desaeger, Sriyanka Lahiri, and Shinsuke Agehara

Botany and Planting

StrawberryFragaria × ananassa, Rosaceae.

Table 1. Planting information for strawberries.

Planting Dates

North Florida

Sept 15–Oct 15

Central Florida

Sept 25–Oct 25

South Florida

Oct 1–Nov 1

Planting Information (2-Row Beds)

Number of plant rows per bed

2

Distance between beds (in)

48–60

Distance between plants within a row (in)

12–16

Distance between plant rows (in)

12–14

Days to first ripe fruit

25–50

Plant populations (acre)

16,000–22,000

Cultivars

Main Cultivars

Florida Brilliance. Released in 2017. Highest early yield of all varieties; large fruit size; uniform conic to broad-conic shape; very firm with excellent shelf life; externally very glossy red; light red internally; moderately resistant to rain damage; balanced flavor. The plant is robust but not overly vigorous; is upright with long stems, allowing ease of harvest; and does not require high N applications as ‘Florida Radiance’ and ‘Florida Beauty’ do. Fruit can develop weak skin during hot periods in mid-late season, and both N rates and irrigation volumes should be reduced to counteract this possible problem. Recommended planting dates in central Florida are Oct. 5–15. Resistant to anthracnose fruit rot and Colletotrichum crown rot; moderately susceptible to angular leaf spot; moderately susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot; moderately resistant to powdery mildew and charcoal rot; susceptible to Phytophthora root rot.

Sweet Sensation® Florida127. Released in 2013. Large fruit size; moderately uniform conic to broad-conic fruit; bright-red with lighter color than other cultivars. During cool weather a longer interval between harvests compared to other cultivars is usually necessary to allow optimum color development. Exceptional flavor throughout season; 1.0 to 1.5 degree Brix higher and slightly lower acidity than ‘Florida Brilliance’; susceptible to rain damage. The plant is vigorous, which may be an advantage in north Florida but in central Florida will require reduced nutrient applications early in the season and/or later planting dates to maintain a small plant size. Recommended planting dates in central Florida are Oct. 15–25. Resistant to anthracnose fruit rot and Colletotrichum crown rot; moderately resistant to charcoal rot (caused by Macrophomina phaseolina); moderately susceptible to angular leaf spot; susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot and powdery mildew (caused by Podosphaera aphanis); highly susceptible to Phytophthora root rot. Ridomil and phosphite applications are highly recommended.

Minor Cultivars

Florida Radiance. Released in 2008. Medium size; uniform, conic fruit with glossy appearance; glossy-red external color and medium-red internal color; moderately acidic but balanced flavor; moderately firm with good shipping quality; flexible skin that is resistant to rain damage. Low to medium plant vigor with open canopy; long fruit stems, giving excellent picking efficiency. Moderately resistant to anthracnose fruit rot and Colletotrichum crown rot; moderately susceptible to angular leaf spot, with symptoms particularly noticeable on the calyx; susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot; highly susceptible to Phytophthora root rot. With earlier planting dates, exposure to high temperatures during the establishment period can result in the development of elongated or “bullet” fruit in the early harvest until mid-December. This problem will be reduced with planting dates closer to the middle or end of October.

Florida Beauty. Released in 2016. Medium fruit size, excellent conic shape and even red color; exceptional flavor throughout season, second only to Sweet Sensation® ‘Florida127’; excellent resistance to rain damage. This cultivar is day-neutral and has very early onset of flowering; it is recommended to trim bloom after establishment and a second time when trimming leaves, a practice that produces larger fruit size and quality throughout the entire season. In central Florida, early and total yields are similar to ‘Florida Radiance’. Recommended planting dates in central Florida are Sept 25–Oct 5. Even earlier planting dates may help to produce a vigorous plant in north Florida. In all regions, high early-season N rates similar to ‘Florida Radiance’ and narrow plant spacing (12” between plants) are recommended because the plant is not as vigorous as ‘Florida Brilliance’ or Sweet Sensation®. Susceptible to anthracnose fruit rot and Colletotrichum crown rot; susceptible to Botrytis fruit rot and powdery mildew; moderately resistant to Phytophthora root rot.

Table 2. Herbicides approved for managing weeds in strawberry.

Active Ingredient

lb a.i./Acre

Trade Name

Product/Acre

MOA Code

Weeds Controlled/Remarks

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

***PRETRANSPLANT***

Acifluorfen

up to 0.375

(Ultra Blazer)

1.5 pt

14

Broadleaves. May be applied under the plastic mulch or with a shielded or hooded spray directed to row middles. 60 day PHI.

Carfentrazone

up to 0.031

(Aim) 2.0 EC

up to 2 fl oz

14

Broadleaves. Apply as a preplant burndown for emerged broadleaves up to 4 inches tall or rosettes less than 3 inches across. Good coverage is essential. A nonionic surfactant, methylated seed oil, or crop oil concentrate is recommended. No pretransplant interval.

Flumioxazin

0.1

(Chateau) SW

3 oz

14

Broadleaves. May be applied under the plastic mulch or with a shielded or hooded spray directed to row middles before weed emergence. 30-day pretransplant interval if applied under the plastic mulch. Do not apply after fruit set.

Glyphosate

(various formulations)

consult labels

9

Emerged broadleaves and grasses. Apply as a preplant burndown. Consult label for individual product directions.

Napropamide

4

(Devrinol) 2-XT

1–2 gallons

(Devrinol DF XT)

4–8 lb

15

Annual broadleaves and grasses. Apply under the plastic and in the row middles. Mechanically incorporate in the row middle to a 1–2 in. depth within 24 hours of application. When applied under plastic, incorporate mechanically or with irrigation. Do not apply between bloom and harvest.

Oxyfluorfen

0.25–0.5

(Galigan H2O, GoalTender) 4 EC

0.5–1.0 pt

(Collide, Goal 2XL) 2 EC

1–2 pt

14

Broadleaves. Apply pretransplant just prior to installation of plastic mulch. 30-day pretransplant interval. Mulch may be applied any time during the 30-day interval.

Pelargonic acid

(Scythe) 4.2 EC

3%–10% v/v

27

Emerged broadleaves and grasses. Apply as a preplant burndown treatment or post-transplant with shielded or hooded sprayers. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar-applied herbicide with no residual control.

Pendimethalin

0.72

(Prowl H20) 3.8

1.5 pt

3

Broadleaves and grasses, in the row middles. Do not apply under the plastic. In systems that use irrigation at planting, delay application until after irrigation regime. 35-day PHI.

Sulfentrazone

0.125

(Spartan FL) 4F

4 oz

14

Broadleaves, grasses, and nutsedge species. Apply under the plastic mulch or in row middles. Do not use on soils with less than 1% organic matter.

Terbacil

0.2

(Sinbar WDG) 80 WDG

4 oz

3

Broadleaves, grasses, and some sedges. One application per crop of 4 oz/A after bedding but prior to transplanting. Rainfall or irrigation required. Do not apply to soils with less than 0.5% organic matter. 110-day PHI.

***POSTTRANSPLANT***

Acifluorfen

up to 0.375

(Ultra Blazer)

1.5 pt

14

Broadleaves. Apply directed to the row middles with a shielded or hooded sprayer. Do not allow to contact strawberry plants. 60-day PHI.

Carfentrazone

up to 0.031

(Aim) 2.0 EC

up to 2 fl oz

14

Broadleaves. Apply with hooded applicator directed to the row middles for control of emerged broadleaves up to 4 inches tall or rosettes less than 3 inches across. Good coverage is essential. A nonionic surfactant, methylated seed oil, or crop oil concentrate is recommended. 0-day PHI.

Clethodim

0.09–0.13

0.07–0.13

(Arrow, Select) 2 EC

6–8 fl oz

(Select Max) 1 EC

9–16 fl oz

1

Perennial and annual grasses. Use higher rates under heavy grass pressure or larger weeds. Surfactant or crop oil concentrate recommended. Consult label. 4-day PHI.

Clopyralid

0.125–0.25

(Stinger) 3 EC

0.33–0.66 pt

4

Broadleaves. Do not exceed 2/3 pt/A per year. Do not include a surfactant. 7-day PHI.

Fluazifop-P-butyl

0.25

Fusilade DX

16 fl oz

1

Supplemental label. Emerged annual and perennial grasses. Most effective on young, actively growing grasses. Do not apply more than 1 application per year. 14-day PHI.

Glyphosate

(various formulations)

consult labels

9

Emerged broadleaves, grasses, and nutsedge. Apply directed to the row middles. Injury has been observed from translocation from daughter plants in the row middle to the mother plants. 14-day PHI. Spot treatment has 7-day PHI.

Paraquat

0.5

(Gramoxone) 2 SL

2 pt

(Firestorm) 3 SL

1.3 pt

22

Emerged broadleaves and grasses. Apply as a directed spray to row middles only. Do not allow spray to contact plants. Do not apply more than 3 times per season. Nonionic surfactant recommended. 21-day PHI. Consult label for new restrictions.

Pelargonic acid

(Scythe) 4.2 EC

3%–10% v/v

27

Emerged broadleaves and grasses. Apply as a preplant burndown treatment or posttransplant with shielded or hooded sprayers. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar-applied herbicide with no residual control.

Sethoxydim

0.28–0.47

(Poast) 1.5 EC

1.5–2.5 pt

1

Emerged grasses. A maximum of 2.5 pt/A applied in one season. Unsatisfactory results may occur if applied to grasses under stress. Crop oil concentrate recommended. 7-day PHI.

***POSTHARVEST***

Paraquat

0.49

(Gramoxone) 2 SL

1.95 pt

22

Broadcast spray over the top of the plants after the last harvest. Thorough coverage is required to ensure maximum herbicide burndown. Do not use treated crop for human or animal consumption. Nonionic surfactant recommended. Consult label for new restrictions.

Table 3. Selected insecticides approved for managing insect pests of strawberry.

Pest

MOA Code1

Trade Name

(Active Ingredient)

Rate

(Product/Acre)

Rate per Season

REI

(Hours)

Days to Harvest

Notes

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

Please refer to Chapter 19 for information on biopesticides, including materials labeled for certified organic production.

Ants

7A

Extinguish Professional Fire Ant Bait

(S-methoprene)

See label

 

4

0

 

7C

Esteem Ant Bait

(pyriproxyfen)

1.5–2.0 lb

 

12

1

 

Aphids

1B

Diazinon 50W, AG600 WBC

(diazinon)

50W: 1 lb

AG600 WBC: 12.75 fl oz

Make a maximum of one foliar application per crop and one soil application per crop.

3 days

5

Highly toxic to bees.

1B

Dibrom 8-E*

(naled)

1 pint

Do not apply more than 5 pints per season.

48

1

Do not make more than 5 applications per season. Allow minimum of 7 days between applications.

1B

Malathion 5EC, 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz/A per season.

12

0

 

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6 (pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

Do not make applications less than 7 days apart. Do not make more than 10 applications in a season.

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label

 

12

0

OMRI approved.

3A + 4A

*Brigadier

(bifenthrin + imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92 fl oz/A per season.

12

7

Do not make applications less than 5 days apart.

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin + avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more 68 fl oz in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed, wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A + -

Azera Insecticide

(azadirachtin + pyrethrins)

3.5 pints/A

Do not apply more than 10 times per season.

4

0

OMRI approved. Repeat applications as required but not more than 5–7 days apart.

4A

Actara

(thiamethoxam)

1.5–4.0 oz

Do not exceed a total of 12 oz/A (0.188 lb a.i./A) of Actara or 0.188 lb a.i. of thiamethoxam-containing products per acre per growing season.

12

3

Minimum interval between applications is 10 days. Do not use Actara in nurseries, greenhouses, plant propagation houses, or on any plants grown for use as transplants. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

Soil: 10.5–14 fl oz

Foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than 14.0 fl oz/A for soil and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar applications per season.

12

Soil: 14

Foliar: 5

Soil applications may be made as chemigation, as a plant hole treatment, or as a band spray over the row followed by overhead irrigation. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

4A

Platinum 75 SG

(thiamethoxam)

1.7–4.01 oz

Do not exceed 4.01 oz/A per growing season.

12

50

 

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

2–5 oz

Do not exceed 15.0 oz/A per growing season.

12

3

Application restrictions exist for this product because of the risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in the directions for use to protect pollinators.

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

7–10.5 fl oz

Maximum allowed per year is 28.0 fl oz/A.

4

0

10-day minimum interval between applications.

6

Timectin 0.15 EC Ag

(abamectin)

16 fl oz

Do not apply more than 16 fl oz/A per application and more than 64 fl oz/A per season.

12

3

Highly toxic to fish, mammals, and aquatic organisms. Allow a minimum of 7–10 days between applications.

29

Beleaf 50 SG

(flonicamid)

2.8 oz

Do not apply more than 8.4 oz/A Beleaf 50 SG per year.

12

0

Do not apply more than 3 applications per year. Allow a minimum of 7 days between applications.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions.

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

Botanigard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

-

Grandevo

(Heat-killed Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 and spent fermentation media)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, repels, reduces fecundity. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

-

M-Pede

(potassium salts of fatty acids)

See label.

 

12

0

OMRI approved.

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

-

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

OMRI approved.

-

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

SuffOil-X

(unsulfonated residue of petroleum oil)

1–2 gallons

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

Trilogy

(neem oil)

0.5%–2%

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Avoid tank mixes with captan, sulfur, or other chemically similar products.

-

Venerate

(Heat-killed Burkholderia rinojensis strain A396)

2–4 quarts

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, degrades exoskeleton, interferes with molting. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

Armyworms

(see also caterpillars)

1A

Carbaryl 4 L

(carbaryl)

1–2 quarts

Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

Bee restriction: do not apply to target crops in bloom.

1A

Sevin 4F, 80 Solupak

(carbaryl)

4F: 1–2 quarts

80 Solupak: 1.25–2.5 lb

4F: Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

80 Solupak: Do not apply more than a total of 12.5 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

 

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz/A per season.

12

0

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than 42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting. May be tank-mixed with Dipel DF for armyworm control.

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label.

 

12

0

OMRI approved.

3A + 4A

*Brigadier

(bifenthrin + imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92 fl oz/A per season.

12

7

Do not make applications less than 5 days apart.

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin + avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more than 68 fl oz in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed, wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A + -

Azera Insecticide

(pyrethrins + azadirachtin)

3.5 pints/A

Do not apply more than 10 times per season

4

0

OMRI approved. Repeat applications as required but no more than 5-7 days apart.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

2–5 oz

Do not exceed 15.0 oz/A per growing season.

12

3

Application restrictions exist for this product because of the risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in the directions for use to protect pollinators.

5

Entrust SC Naturalyte Insect Control

(spinosad)

4.0–6.0 fl oz

Do not apply more than 18 fl oz/A/year.

4

1

OMRI approved.

Do not make more than 3 applications in a year.

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

6–10 fl oz

Do not apply more than a total of 39 fl oz/A per year.

4

1

 

11A

Agree WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai strain GC-91)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

11A

Biobit HP

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

11A

Deliver

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

11A

DiPel DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

For armyworm and cutworm control, use the higher rate. OMRI approved.

11A

Javelin WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved

11A

Xentari

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

For organic production.

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 36 oz/A per season.

12

1

7-day minimum interval between applications.

18

Intrepid 2F

(methoxyfenozide)

6–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 64 fl oz/A per year.

4

3

 

28

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole)

3.5–7.5 fl oz

Do not apply more than 15.4 fl oz/A per crop.

4

1

Make no more than 4 applications/A per crop. Minimum interval between treatments is 7 days.

28

Harvanta 50SL

(cyclaniliprole)

10.9–16.4 fl oz

Do not apply more than 49.2 fl oz/A/year

4

1

Do not make more than 3 applications per year. Minimum interval between treatments is 5 days.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions.

 

4

0

 

-

Grandevo

(Heat-killed Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 and spent fermentation media)

1–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, repels, reduces fecundity. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

-

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

-

Venerate

(Heat-killed Burkholderia rinojensis strain A396)

1–4 quarts

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, degrades exoskeleton, interferes with molting. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

Beetles and weevils (including sap beetles)

(see also grubs)

1B

*Govern 4E

(chlorpyrifos)

See label.

Do not apply more than 2 quarts preplant/A per year or 2 quarts foliar/A per year.

24

21

Do not make more than 1 preplant or 2 foliar applications per year. Do not apply after berries form or when berries are present.

1B

Lorsban 75WG

(chlorpyrifos)

1.33–2.67 lb

Do not apply more than 2.67 lb/A per year.

24

21

Do not make more than 1 preplant or 2 foliar applications per year.

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz/A per season.

12

0

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than 42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting. May be tank-mixed with Dipel DF for armyworm control.

3A + 4A

*Brigadier

(bifenthrin + imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92 fl oz/A per season.

12

7

Do not make applications less than 5 days apart.

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin + avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more 68 fl oz in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed, wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A + -

Azera Insecticide

(pyrethrins + azadirachtin)

3.5 pints/A

Do not apply more than 10 times per season

4

0

OMRI approved. Repeat applications as required but no more than every 5-7 days.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

Soil: 10.5–14 fl oz

Foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than 14.0 fl oz/A for soil and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar applications per season.

12

Soil: 14

Foliar: 5

Soil applications may be made as chemigation, as a plant-hole treatment, or as a band spray over the row followed by overhead irrigation. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 36 oz/A per season.

12

1

7-day minimum interval between applications.

28

Harvanta 50SL

(cyclaniliprole)

10.9–16.4 fl oz

Do not apply more than 49.2 fl oz/A/year

4

1

Do not make more than 3 applications per year. Minimum interval between treatments is 5 days.

-

MET52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz/100 gal

Foliar: 0.5 pint–2 quarts

 

4

0

 

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

Caterpillars

(including budworms, earworms, leafrollers, leaftiers, borers, and loopers) (see also armyworms)

1A

Carbaryl 4 L

(carbaryl)

1–2 quarts

Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

Bee restriction: do not apply to target crops in bloom.

1A

Sevin 4F, 80 Solupak

(carbaryl)

4F: 1–2 quarts

80 Solupak: 1.25–2.5 lb

4F: Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

80 Solupak: Do not apply more than a total of 12.5 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

 

1B

Diazinon 50W, AG600 WBC

(diazinon)

50W: 1–2 lb

AG600 WBC: 12.75–25.5 fl oz

Make a maximum of one foliar application per crop and one soil application per crop.

3 days

5

 

1B

Dibrom 8-E*

(naled)

1 pint

Do not apply more than 5 pints per season.

48

1

 

1B

Malathion 5EC, 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year.

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

3A + -

Azera Insecticide

(pyrethrins + azadirachtin)

3.5 pints/A

Do not apply more than 10 times per season

4

0

OMRI approved. Repeat applications as required but no more than every 5-7 days.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

5

Entrust SC Naturalyte Insect Control

(spinosad)

4.0–6.0 fl oz

Do not apply more than 18 fl oz/A/year.

4

1

OMRI approved. Do not make more than 3 applications per year.

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

6–10 fl oz

Do not apply more than a total of 39 fl oz/A per year.

4

1

 

11A

Biobit HP

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

 

11A

Deliver

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lb

 

4

0

 

11A

DiPel DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

For armyworm and cutworm control, use the higher rate.

11A

Javelin WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lb

 

4

0

 

11A

Xentari

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai)

0.5–2.0 lb

 

4

0

 

28

Harvanta 50SL

(cyclaniliprole)

10.9–16.4 fl oz

Do not apply more than 49.2 fl oz/A/year

4

1

Do not make more than 3 applications per year. Minimum interval between treatments is 5 days.

-

Botanigard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

-

Grandevo

(Heat-killed Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 and spent fermentation)

1–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, repels, reduces fecundity. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

-

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

-

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lb

 

4

0

 

-

Venerate

(Heat-killed Burkholderia rinojensis strain A396)

1–4 quarts

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, degrades exoskeleton, interferes with molting. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

Crickets and cockroaches

1A

Carbaryl 4 L

(carbaryl)

1–2 quarts

Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

Bee restriction: do not apply to target crops in bloom.

1B

Diazinon 50W, AG600 WBC

(diazinon)

50W: 1–2 lb

AG600 WBC: 12.75–25.5 fl oz

Make a maximum of one foliar application per crop and one soil application per crop.

3 days

5

 

1B

Malathion 5EC, 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year.

12

3

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 36 oz/A per season.

12

1

7-day minimum interval between applications.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions.

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

Botanigard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

Fruit fly (vinegar fly) and spotted wing drosophila

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz/A per season.

12

0

 

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than 42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting.

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label.

 

12

0

OMRI approved.

4A

Actara

(thiamethoxam)

1.5–4.0 oz

Do not exceed a total of 12 oz/A (0.188 lb a.i./A) of Actara or 0.188 lb a.i. of thiamethoxam-containing products per acre per growing season.

12

3

Minimum interval between applications is 10 days. Do not use Actara in nurseries, greenhouses, plant propagation houses, or on any plants grown for use as transplants. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

Soil: 10.5–14 fl oz

Foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than 14.0 fl oz/A for soil and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar applications per season.

12

Soil: 14

Foliar: 5

Soil applications may be made as chemigation, as a plant-hole treatment or as a band spray over the row followed by overhead irrigation. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)

13.5–20.5 fl oz

 

12

1

For control of spotted wing drosophila.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions.

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

Grandevo

(Heat-killed Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 and spent fermentation media)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, repels, reduces fecundity. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

-

Venerate

(Heat-killed Burkholderia rinojensis strain A396)

2–4 quarts

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, degrades exoskeleton, interferes with molting. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

Grubs

(see also beetles)

1B

*Govern 4E

(chlorpyrifos)

See label.

Do not apply more than 2 quarts preplant/A per year or 2 quarts foliar/A per year.

24

21

Do not make more than 1 preplant or 2 foliar applications per year. Do not apply after berries form or when berries are present.

1B

Lorsban 75WG

(chlorpyrifos)

1.33–2.67 lb

Do not apply more than 2.67 lb/A per year.

24

21

Do not make more than 1 preplant or 2 foliar applications per year.

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin + avermectin B1)

8.5–17.0 fl oz at plant

Do not apply more than 68 fl oz in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

 

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

Soil: 10.5–14 fl oz

Foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than 14.0 fl oz/A for soil and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar applications per season.

12

Soil: 14

Foliar: 5

Soil applications may be made as chemigation, as a plant-hole treatment or as a band spray over the row followed by overhead irrigation. Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Platinum 75 SG

(thiamethoxam)

1.7–4.01 oz

Do not exceed 4.01 oz/A per growing season.

12

50

 

-

Botanigard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

Mites

(including two-spotted spider mite, strawberry spider mite, carmine spider mite, cyclamen mite, broad mite)

1B

Diazinon 50W, AG600 WBC

(diazinon)

50W: 1–2 lb

AG600 WBC: 12.75–25.5 fl oz

Make a maximum of one foliar application per crop and one soil application per crop.

3 days

5

 

1B

Dibrom 8-E*

(naled)

1 pint

Do not apply more than 5 pints per season.

48

1

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

1B

Malathion 5EC, 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year.

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed, wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz/A per season.

12

0

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting. May be tank-mixed with Dipel DF for armyworm control.

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than 42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

 

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin + avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more than 68 fl oz in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

 

6

Agri-Mek 0.15 EC*, SC*

(abamectin)

0.15 EC: 16 oz

SC: 3.5 fl oz

0.15 EC: Do not apply more than 64 fl oz/A (0.075 lb a.i./A) of Agri-Mek SC or any other foliar-applied abamectin-containing product in a growing season.

SC: Do not apply more than 14 fl oz/A (0.075 lb a.i./A) of Agri- Mek SC or any other foliar-applied abamectin-containing product in a growing season.

12

3

Wait at least 21 days after second application before repeating application. Agri-Mek SC must be mixed with a surfactant approved for use on strawberries. Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart when mites first appear.

10A

Savey 50 DF

(hexythiazox)

6 oz

Do not apply more than 6 oz/A per year.

12

3

Do not make more than 1 application per season.

10B

Zeal

(etoxazole)

2–3 oz

Do not apply more than 3.0 oz/A per season.

12

1

Make no more than 4 applications per season.

12B

*Vendex 50 WP

(fenbutatin oxide)

1.5–2.0 lb

Apply no more than 4 lb/A per season.

48

1

Allow a minimum of 21 days between treatments. Do not make more than 2 applications per year.

20B

Kanemite 15 SC

(acequinocyl)

21–31 fl oz

Do not apply more than 62 fl oz/A per season.

12

1

Allow 14 days between applications.

20D

Acramite 50 WS

(bifenazate)

0.75–1.0 lb

Two applications allowed per season; 21 days minimum between applications.

12

1

Acramite is not systemic in action; therefore, complete coverage of both upper and lower leaf surfaces and of fruit is necessary for effective control.

21A

Nexter

(pyridaben)

7.5–17 oz

Do not make more than two applications per year. Allow 30 days between sequential applications.

12

10

 

21A

Portal XLO

(fenpyroximate)

2 pints

Do not apply more than 4.0 pints/A per crop cycle.

12

1

Do not make more than 2 applications per crop season. Allow a minimum of 14 days between applications.

23

Oberon 2SC

(spiromesifen)

12–16 fl oz

Do not apply more than 48 fl oz/A per crop season.

12

3

Active against eggs, nymphs, and adults. Thorough coverage is necessary.

25

Nealta

(cyflumetofen)

13.7 fl oz

Do not apply more than 27.4 fl oz/A per season per crop.

12

1

Active against eggs, nymphs and adults. Thorough coverage is necessary. Do not make more than 2 applications per year. Allow a minimum of 14 days between applications.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions

 

4

0

OMRI-listed.

-

Grandevo

(Heat-killed Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 and spent fermentation media)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, repels, reduces fecundity. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

-

JMS Stylet Oil

(paraffinic oil)

3 quarts/100 gal water

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

MET52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz/100 gal

Foliar: 0.5 pint–2 quarts

 

4

0

 

-

M-Pede

(potassium salts of fatty acids)

See label.

 

12

0

OMRI approved.

-

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97)

 

1–2 lb

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

SuffOil-X

(unsulfonated residue of petroleum oil)

1–2 gallons

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

Trilogy

(neem oil)

0.5%–2%

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Avoid tank mixes with captan, sulfur, or other chemically similar products.

-

Venerate

(Heat-killed Burkholderia rinojensis strain A396)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, degrades exoskeleton, interferes with molting. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

Plant bugs, including Lygus

1A

Carbaryl 4 L

(carbaryl)

1–2 quarts

Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

 

1A

Sevin 4F, 80 Solupak

(carbaryl)

4F: 1–2 quarts

80 Solupak: 1.25–2.5 lb

4F: Do not apply more than a total of 10 quarts/A per crop per year.

80 Solupak: Do not apply more than a total of 12.5 quarts/A per crop per year.

12

7

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

1B

Malathion 5EC, 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year.

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed, wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A

*Brigade WSB

(bifenthrin)

6.4–32.0 oz

Do not apply more than 80 oz/A per season.

12

0

Do not make applications less than 5 days apart.

3A

*Danitol 2.4 EC

(fenpropathrin)

10.67–21.33 fl oz

Do not apply more than 42.67 fl oz/A per year.

24

2

 

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

Allow a minimum of 7 days between applications. Do not make more than 10 applications per season.

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label

 

12

0

OMRI approved. Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A + 4A

*Brigadier

(bifenthrin + imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92 fl oz/A per season.

12

7

Do not apply more than twice a year to the same planting. May be tank-mixed with Dipel DF for armyworm control.

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin + avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more than 68 fl oz in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

 

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

7-day minimum interval between applications.

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 36 oz/A per season.

12

1

Do not apply more than 3 applications per year. Allow a minimum of 7 days between applications.

29

Beleaf 50 SG

(flonicamid)

2.8 oz

Do not apply more than 8.4 oz/A Beleaf 50 SG per year.

12

0

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

-

Botanigard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5-100 gallons per acre.

-

Grandevo

(Heat-killed Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 and spent fermentation media)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, repels, reduces fecundity. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 

-

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lb

 

4

0

Bee restriction: do not apply to target crops in bloom.

-

Venerate

(Heat-killed Burkholderia rinojensis strain A396)

2–4 quarts

 

4

0

Can be used in organic production. OMRI-listed. Broad spectrum, degrades exoskeleton, interferes with molting. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

Thrips (including flower thrips, chilli thrips)

1B

Dibrom 8-E*

(naled)

1 pint

Do not apply more than 5 pints per season.

48

1

Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

1B

Malathion 5EC, 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year.

12

3

 

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label.

 

12

0

OMRI approved. Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A + -

Azera Insecticide

(pyrethrins + azadirachtin)

3.5 pints/A

Do not apply more than 10 times per season.

4

0

OMRI approved. Repeat application as required but not more than every 5-7 days.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

OMRI approved. Do not make applications less than 5 days apart except for thrips.

4C

Closer SC

(sulfoxaflor)

4.5 oz

Do not apply more than 17 oz per year

12

1

Highly toxic to bees!

Suppression only. Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum interval between applications is 7 days.

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

14 oz

Do not apply more than 28 oz/A per year.

4

0

Minimum interval between applications is 10 days.

5

Entrust SC Naturalyte Insect Control

(spinosad)

4.0–6.0 fl oz

Do not apply more than 18 fl oz/A/year.

4

1

OMRI approved. Do not make more than 3 applications a year.

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

6–10 fl oz

Do not apply more than a total of 39 fl oz/A per year.

4

1

Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

6

Timectin 0.15 EC Ag

(abamectin)

16 fl oz

Do not apply more than 16 fl oz/A per application and 64 fl oz/A per season.

12

3

Highly toxic to fish, mammals and aquatic organisms. Minimum interval of 7–10 days required between applications.

6 + 28

Minecto Pro (abamectin + cyantraniliprole)

10.0 fl oz

Do not apply more than 40 fl oz/A per year

12

3

Toxic to fish, mammals, and aquatic organisms. Minimum application interval is 7 days.

15

Rimon 0.83EC

(novaluron)

6-12 fl oz

Do not apply more than 36 fl oz/A per year.

12

1

Minimum interval between applications is 7 days. Apply when thrips populations begin to build.

21A

Apta

(tolfenpyrad)

27.0 fl oz

Do not apply more than 81.0 fl oz/A per year.

12

1

Do not make more than 3 applications per year. Minimum interval between applications is 7 days.

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)

13.5–20.5 fl oz

 

12

1

The label for this product contains warnings for the protection of pollinators.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions.

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 

-

Captiva Prime (capsicum oleoresin extract + garlic oil + canola oil)

1–2 pints

Spray every 4–7 days for preventative management.

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

Grandevo

(Heat-killed Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 and spent fermentation media)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, repels, reduces fecundity. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

-

MET52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz/100 gal

Foliar: 0.5 pint–2 quarts

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 

-

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

OMRI approved.

-

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

Venerate

(Heat-killed Burkholderia rinojensis strain A396)

2–4 quarts

 

4

0

Can be used in organic production. OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, degrades exoskeleton, interferes with molting. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

Whiteflies

1B

Malathion 5EC, 8F

(malathion)

5EC: 1.5–3.2 pints

8F: 1.5–2.0 pints

8F: Do not apply more than 8 pints/A per year.

12

3

Make 2 applications 7–10 days apart. If further applications are needed, wait 21 days after the second application before repeating sequence of two applications. Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season. Do not make more than 2 applications per season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

3A

Evergreen EC 60-6

(pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide)

2–16 fl oz

 

12

0

 

3A

PyGanic EC 5.0

(pyrethrins)

See label.

Do not apply more than 10 times per season.

12

0

OMRI approved.

3A + 4A

*Brigadier

(bifenthrin + imidacloprid)

5.1–6.14 fl oz

Maximum allowed is 17.92 fl oz/A per season.

12

7

 

3A + 6

Athena

(bifenthrin + avermectin B1)

7.0–17.0 fl oz

Do not apply more than 68 fl oz in a growing season after transplanting.

12

3

 

3A + -

Azera Insecticide

(pyrethrins + azadirachtin)

3.5 pints

Do not apply more than 10 times per season.

4

0

OMRI approved. Do not make applications less than 5-7 days apart.

4A

Actara

(thiamethoxam)

3.0–4.0 oz

Do not exceed a total of 12 oz/A (0.188 lb a.i./A) of Actara or 0.188 lb a.i. of thiamethoxam-containing products per acre per growing season.

12

3

Application restrictions exist for this product because of risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

Soil: 10.5–14 fl oz

Foliar: 1.3 fl oz

Do not apply more than 14.0 fl oz/A for soil and 3.9 fl oz/A for foliar applications per season.

12

Soil: 14

Foliar: 5

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

4A

Assail 30 SG, 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

30 SG: 1.9–6.9 oz

70 WP: 0.8–3.0 oz

30 SG: Do not exceed a total of 13.8 oz of Assail 30 SG/A during each growing season.

70 WP: Do not exceed a total of 6.0 oz Assail 70 WP/A per growing season.

12

1

 

4A

Platinum 75 SG

(thiamethoxam)

1.7–4.01 oz

Do not exceed 4.01 oz/A per growing season.

12

50

Application restrictions exist for this product because of the risk to bees and other insect pollinators. Follow application restrictions found in the directions for use to protect pollinators.

4A + 28

Voliam Flexi

(thiamethoxam + chlorantraniliprole)

2–5 oz

Do not exceed 15.0 oz/A per growing season.

12

3

10-day minimum interval between applications.

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

7–14 fl oz

Maximum allowed per year is 28.0 fl oz/A.

4

0

Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season. Do not apply more than once every 7 days.

7D

Esteem 0.86 EC

(pyriproxyfen)

10 fl oz

Do not exceed 20 fl oz/A per season.

12

2

Do not make more than 2 applications per crop cycle. Allow at least 10 days between applications.

16

Courier SC

(buprofezin)

9.0–13.6 oz

Do not apply more than 27.2 fl oz/A per crop cycle.

12

3

Do not make more than 2 applications per crop cycle.

21A

Portal XLO

(fenpyroximate)

2 pints

Do not apply more than 4.0 pints/A per crop cycle.

12

1

Do not make more than 3 applications per crop season.

23

Oberon 2SC

(spiromesifen)

12–16 fl oz

Do not apply more than 48 fl oz/A per crop season.

12

3

 

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

See label; 1–2 pints for most pests and crop conditions.

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 

-

Grandevo

(Heat-killed Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 and spent fermentation media)

2–3 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, repels, reduces fecundity. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

-

JMS Stylet Oil

(paraffinic oil)

3 quarts/100 gal water

 

4

0

 

-

MET52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz/100 gal

Foliar: 0.5 pint–2 quarts

 

4

0

 

-

M-Pede

(potassium salts of fatty acids)

See label.

 

12

0

OMRI approved. Apply in sufficient water to cover foliage, typically 5–100 gallons per acre.

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart

 

4

0

 

-

Neemix 4.5% EC

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

 

12

0

OMRI approved.

-

PFR-97 20%WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97)

1–2 lb

 

4

0

OMRI approved.

-

SuffOil-X

(unsulfonated residue of petroleum oil)

1–2 gallons

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Do not make more than 4 applications per year. Minimum retreatment interval is 7 days.

-

Venerate

(Heat-killed Burkholderia rinojensis strain A396)

2–4 quarts

 

4

0

OMRI approved. Broad spectrum, degrades exoskeleton, interferes with molting. Tank-mix with a contact insecticide for improved control and resistance management of targeted pests.

Mode of Action (MOA) codes for plant pest insecticides from the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) Mode of Action Classification v. 9.4 March 2020. Number codes (1 through 29) are used to distinguish the main insecticide mode of action groups, with additional letters for certain subgroups within each main group. All insecticides within the same group (with the same number) indicate the same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the insecticide resistance management decisions. - = unknown, or a mode of action that has not been classified yet.

Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any product. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. OMRI-listed: Listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute for use in organic production.

* Restricted use insecticide.

Table 4. Strawberry fungicides ordered by disease and then FRAC group according to their mode of action.

Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens

Fungicide Group1

Chemical

(Active Ingredients)

Max Rate/Acre

Min. Days to

Remarks2

Appl.

Season

Harvest

Reentry

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

Please refer to Chapter 19 for information on biopesticides, including materials labeled for certified organic production.

   

Angular leaf spot

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available: AmeriCop 40 DF, Badge SC, Badge X2, Basic Copper 53, Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 Flowable, Champ WG, COC DF, C-O-C-S WDG, COC WP, Copper Count-N, CS 2005 Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, Cuproxat Flowable, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 3000, Kocide DF, Mastercop, Nordox, Nordox 75WG, Nu Cop 3L, Nu Cop 50 DF, Nu Cop 50 WP, Nu Cop HB

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1–2

Varies by product from 4 hr to 2 days

Frequent use of copper fungicides may cause foliar burn.

21

Actigard 50 WG

(acibenzolar-s-methyl)

0.75 oz

6 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply to plants that are stressed due to drought, excessive moisture, cold weather, herbicide injury, etc.

Anthracnose fruit rot

M4

(captan)

Many brands available: Captan 50W, Captan 50 WP, Captan 80 WDG, Captec 4L

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Rate per treated acre. Special label for FL allows up to 24 applications per season.

M4 + 17

Captevate 68 WDG

(captan + fenhexamid)

5.25 lb

21 lb

0

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

1 + 3

Protocol

(thiophanate-methyl + propiconazole)

1.33 pt

5.3 pt

1

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications before rotating to another fungicide with a different mode of action.

3

(propiconazole)

Many brands available: Amtide Propiconazole EC, Bumper 41.8 EC, Fitness, Orbit, Propi-Star EC, Shar-Shield PPZ, Tilt, Topaz

4 fl oz

16 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

3 + 9

Inspire Super

(difenoconazole + cyprodinil)

20 fl oz

80 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another fungicide with a different mode of action.

3 + 11

Quadris Top

(difenoconazole + azoxystrobin)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another fungicide group, and no more than 4 appl./crop per year.

3 + 11

Quilt Xcel

(propiconazole + azoxystrobin)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications and no more than 4 appl./crop.

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopyram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

11 fl oz

33 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another non-Group 7, non-Group 11 fungicide.

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

23 oz

115 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications, and no more than 5 appl./crop.

9 + 12

Switch 62.5 WG

(cyprodinil + fludioxonil)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not plant crops not on the label for 30 days after last application. See special label for instructions on dipping transplants.

11

Aftershock

Evito

(fluoxastrobin)

5.7 fl oz

22.8 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 4 applications per season, and leave a minimum interval of 14 days between applications.

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Abound, Aframe, Azaka, Azoxy 2SC, Equation SC, Satori, Trevo

15.4 fl oz

1.92 qt

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 4 appl./crop year. See label for instructions on dipping transplants.

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

14 fl oz

70 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 5 appl./crop year.

11

Flint

(trifloxystrobin)

3.2 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications of Flint or other Group 11 fungicides. Do not exceed more than 6 total applications of Group 11 fungicides per season.

19

Affirm WDG, Ph-D, Oso, Veranda O

(polyoxin-D)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

0

4 hr

Use in alternation with fungicides that have different modes of action. Do not make more than 3 applications per season.

48

Zivion

(natamycin)

SEE LABEL

N/A

4 hr

For use as preplant dip of transplants.

Botrytis fruit rot

M3

Thiram Granuflo

Thiram 24/7

(thiram)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

 

1

Do not rotate treated crops with other crops for which Thiram is not registered.

M4

(captan)

Many brands available: Captan 50W, Captan 50 WP, Captan 80 WDG, Captec 4L

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Rate per treated acre. Special label for FL allows up to 24 applications per season.

M4 + 17

Captevate 68 WDG

(captan + fenhexamid)

5.25 lb

21 lb

0

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

M12

Fracture

(banda de lupinus albus doce—BLAD)

36.6 fl oz

183 fl oz

1

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications.

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: Cercobin, Incognito 4.5F, Nufarm T-Methyl 4.5 F, Nufarm T-Methyl 70WSB, Thiophanate-methyl 85 WDG, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin 70 WDG, Topsin M 70 WP, Topsin M WSB

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Fungicides from different chemical groups should be used in spray program for disease resistance management.

1 + 3

Protocol

(thiophanate-methyl + propiconazole)

1.33 pt

5.3 pt

1

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications before rotating to another fungicide with a different mode of action.

2

(iprodione)

Many brands available: Enclosure 4, Iprodione 4L AG, Meteor, Nevado 4F, Rovral 4 Flowable

2 pt

2 pt

N/A

1

Do not make more than 1 application per season. Do not apply after first fruiting flower.

3 + 9

Inspire Super

(difenoconazole + cyprodinil)

20 fl oz

80 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another fungicide with a different mode of action.

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

24 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a fungicide from a different group.

7

Kenja 400 SC

(isofetamid)

15.5 fl oz

54 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not plant other crops not registered within 30 days after last application.

7 + 9

Luna Tranquility

(fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopyram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

11 fl oz

33 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another non-Group 7, non-Group 11 fungicide.

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

23 oz

115 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications, and no more than 5 appl./crop.

9

Scala SC

(pyrimethanil)

18 fl oz

54 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not use more than 2 of 6 applications in any one season.

9 + 12

Switch 62.5 WG

(cyprodinil + fludioxonil)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications. Do not plant crops not on the label for 30 days after last application. See special label for instructions on dipping transplants.

17

Elevate 50 WDG

(fenhexamid)

1.5 lb

6 lb

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

19

Affirm WDG, Ph-D, Oso, Veranda O

(polyoxin-D)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

0

4 hr

Use in alternation with fungicides that have different modes of action. Do not make more than 3 applications per season.

Botrytis

(suppression only)

3 + 11

Topguard

(flutriafol + azoxystrobin)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per year.

11

Aftershock

Evito

(fluoxastrobin)

5.7 fl oz

22.8 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications, and no more than 4 applications per season; leave a minimum interval of 14 days between applications.

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Abound, Aframe, Azaka, Azoxy 2SC, Equation SC, Satori, Trevo

15.4 fl oz

1.92 qt

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications, and no more than 4 appl./crop year. See label for instructions on dipping transplants.

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

14 fl oz

70 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications and no more than 5 appl./crop year.

11

Flint

(trifloxystrobin)

3.2 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications of Flint or other Group 11 fungicides. Do not exceed more than 6 total applications of Group 11 fungicides per season.

11

Intuity

(mandestrobin)

6 fl oz

12 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 applications per year. Do not apply at intervals of less than 14 days.

Charcoal rot

(Macrophomina phaseolina)

3

Rhyme

(flutriafol)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz

0

0.5

Product is to be applied through drip irrigation (see label for chemigation directions).

48

Zivion

(natamycin)

SEE LABEL

n/a

4 hr

For use as preplant dip of transplants.

Colletotrichum crown rot

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: Cercobin, Incognito 4.5F, Nufarm T-Methyl 4.5 F, Nufarm T-Methyl 70WSB, Thiophanate-methyl 85 WDG, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin 70 WDG, Topsin M 70 WP, Topsin M WSB

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Fungicides from different chemical groups should be used in spray program for disease resistance management.

3 + 11

Topguard

(flutriafol + azoxystrobin)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per year.

7

Kenja 400 SC

(isofetamid)

15.5 fl oz

54 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not plant other crops not registered within 30 days after last application.

Leaf scorch

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: Cercobin, Incognito 4.5F, Nufarm T-Methyl 4.5 F, Nufarm T-Methyl 70WSB, Thiophanate-methyl 85 WDG, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin 70 WDG, Topsin M 70 WP, Topsin M WSB,

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Fungicides from different chemical groups should be used in spray program for disease resistance management.

1 + 3

Protocol

(thiophanate-methyl + propiconazole)

1.33 pt

5.3 pt

1

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications before rotating to another fungicide with a different mode of action.

Leaf spot

M4

(captan)

Many brands available: Captan 50W, Captan 50 WP, Captan 80 WDG, Captec 4L

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Rate per treated acre. Special label for FL allows up to 24 applications per season.

2

(iprodione)

Many brands available: Enclosure 4, Iprodione 4L AG, Meteor, Nevado 4F, Rovral 4 Flowable

2 pt

2 pt

n/a

1

Do not make more than 1 application per season. Do not apply after first fruiting flower.

3

Mettle 125 ME

(tetraconazole)

5 fl oz

20 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply same product within 14 days. Do not apply more than 4 applications per season.

3

Nova 40W

Rally 40WSP

Sonoma 40 WSP

(myclobutanil)

5 oz

30 oz

0

1

Do not plant rotational crops until 30 days after last application.

3

(propiconazole)

Many brands available: Amtide Propiconazole EC, Bumper 41.8 EC, Orbit, Propi-Star EC, Shar-Shield PPZ, Tilt, Topaz

4 fl oz

16 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

3 + 11

Quadris Top

(difenoconazole + azoxystrobin)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another fungicide group, and no more than 4 appl./crop per year.

3 + 11

Quilt Xcel

(propiconazole + azoxystrobin)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications, and no more than 4 appl./crop.

(suppression only)

7 + 9

Luna Tranquility

(fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

(suppression only)

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopyram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

 

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

11 fl oz

33 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another non-Group 7, non-Group 11 fungicide.

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

23 oz

115 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications, and no more than 5 appl./crop.

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

14 fl oz

70 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications, and no more than 5 appl./crop year.

Leather rot

3 + 11

Topguard

(flutriafol + azoxystrobin)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per year.

4

Metalaxyl 2E AG

MetaStar 2E AG

(metalaxyl)

2 qt

6 qt

0

2

See label for use in drip irrigation.

4

Ridomil Gold EC

Ridomil Gold SL

Ultra Flourish

(mefenoxam)

1 pt/treated acre

1.5 qt/treated acre

0

2

See label for use in drip irrigation.

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Abound, Aframe, Azaka, Azoxy 2SC, Equation SC, Satori, Trevo

15.4 fl oz

1.92 qt

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications, and no more than 4 appl./crop year. See label for instructions on dipping transplants.

33

Aliette WDG

Legion 80WDG

Linebacker WDG

(fosetyl-Al)

5 lb

30 lb

0.5

0.5

Do not tank-mix with copper fungicides, adjuvants, or foliar fertilizers.

33

Alude, Confine Extra, Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, K-Phite, Phorcephite, Phostrol, Rampart

(mono- and dipotassium salts of phosphorous acid)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

0

4 hr

Do not tank-mix with copper fungicides.

Phomopsis leaf blight

3

Mettle 125 ME

(tetraconazole)

5 fl oz

20 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply same product within 14 days. Do not apply more than 4 applications per season.

3

Nova 40W

Rally 40WSP

Sonoma 40 WSP

(myclobutanil)

5 oz

30 oz

0

1

Do not plant rotational crops until 30 days after last application.

(suppression only)

7 + 9

Luna Tranquility

(fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

 

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopyram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

(suppression only)

11

Flint

(trifloxystrobin)

3.2 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications of Flint or other Group 11 fungicides. Do not exceed more than 6 total applications of Group 11 fungicides per season.

Phomopsis soft rot

2

(iprodione)

Many brands available: Enclosure 4, Iprodione 4L AG, Meteor, Nevado 4F, Rovral 4 Flowable

2 pt

2 pt

n/a

1

Do not make more than 1 application per season. Do not apply after first fruiting flower.

(suppression only)

7 + 9

Luna Tranquility

(fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

 

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopyram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

Phytophthora crown rot

4

Metalaxyl 2E AG

MetaStar 2E AG

(metalaxyl)

2 qt

6 qt

0

2

See label for use in drip irrigation.

4

Ridomil Gold EC

Ridomil Gold SL

Ultra Flourish

(mefenoxam)

1 pt/treated acre

1.5 qt/treated acre

0

2

See label for use in drip irrigation.

21

Actigard 50 WG

(acibenzolar-s-methyl)

0.75 oz

6 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply to plants that are stressed due to drought, excessive moisture, cold weather, herbicide injury, etc.

33

Alude, Confine Extra, Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, K-Phite, Phorcephite, Phostrol, Rampart

(mono- and dipotassium salts of phosphorous acid)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

0

4 hr

Do not tank-mix with copper fungicides.

Powdery mildew

M2

(sulfur)

Many brands available: Acoidal, Cosavet DF, Crusade DF, Kumulus DF, Microfine Sulfur, Micro Sulf, Microthiol Disperss, Rebel DF, Sulfur 90W, Wettable Sulfur, Wettable Sulfur 92, Yellow Jacket Dusting Sulfur, Yellow Jacket Wettable Sulfur

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Do not use during hot weather.

M2 + 33

Sanction

(potassium phosphate + sulfur)

6 pt

24 pt

n/a

1

Do not apply during hot weather. May cause injury during certain climatic conditions.

M12

Fracture

(banda de lupinus albus doce—BLAD)

24.4 fl oz

122 fl oz

1

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications.

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available: Cercobin, Incognito 4.5F, Nufarm T-Methyl 4.5 F, Nufarm T-Methyl 70WSB, Thiophanate-methyl 85 WDG, Topsin 4.5 FL, Topsin 70 WDG, Topsin M 70 WP, Topsin M WSB

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

1

1

Fungicides from different chemical groups should be used in spray program for disease resistance management.

1 + 3

Protocol

(thiophanate-methyl + propiconazole)

1.33 pt

5.3 pt

1

1

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications before rotating to another fungicide with a different mode of action.

3

Mettle 125 ME

(tetraconazole)

5 fl oz

20 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply same product within 14 days. Do not apply more than 4 applications per season.

3

Nova 40W

Rally 40WSP

Sonoma 40 WSP

(myclobutanil)

5 oz

30 oz

0

1

Do not plant rotational crops until 30 days after last application.

3

Procure 480 SC

(triflumizole)

8 oz

32 oz

1

0.5

Do not plant leafy vegetables within 30 days, root vegetables within 60 days, or rotational crops not on label for one year after application.

3

(propiconazole)

Many brands available: Amtide Propiconazole EC, Bumper 41.8 EC, Bumper ES, Orbit, Propi-Star EC, Shar-Shield PPZ, Tilt, Topaz

4 fl oz

16 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications.

3

Rhyme

(flutriafol)

7 fl oz

28 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per year.

3 + 9

Inspire Super

(difenoconazole + cyprodinil)

20 fl oz

80 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another fungicide with different mode of action.

3 + 11

Quadris Top

(difenoconazole + azoxystrobin)

14 fl oz

56 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another fungicide group, and no more than 4 appl./crop per year.

3 + 11

Quilt Xcel

(propiconazole + azoxystrobin)

14 oz

56 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications, and no more than 4 appl./crop.

3 + 11

Topguard

(flutriafol + azoxystrobin)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 4 applications per year.

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

24 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a fungicide from a different group.

7

Kenja 400 SC

(isofetamid)

15.5 fl oz

54 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not plant other crops not registered within 30 days after last application.

7

Luna Privilege

(fluopyram)

6.84 fl oz

13.7 fl oz

0

0.5

Apply through drip irrigation system preventatively. Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 9

Luna Tranquility

(fluopyram + pyrimethanil)

27 fl oz

54.7 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 11

Luna Sensation

(fluopyram + trifloxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

27.3 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before rotating with a fungicide from a different group.

7 + 11

Merivon

(fluxapyroxad + pyraclostrobin)

11 fl oz

33 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to another non-Group 7, non-Group 11 fungicide.

7 + 11

Pristine

(boscalid + pyraclostrobin)

23 oz

115 oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications, and no more than 5 appl./crop.

11

Aftershock

Evito

(fluoxastrobin)

5.7 fl oz

22.8 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications, and no more than 4 applications per season; leave a minimum interval of 14 days between applications.

11

(azoxystrobin)

Many brands available: Abound, Aframe, Azaka, Azoxy 2SC, Equation SC, Satori, Trevo

15.4 fl oz

1.92 qt

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications, and no more than 4 appl./crop year. See label for instructions on dipping transplants.

11

Cabrio EG

(pyraclostrobin)

14 fl oz

70 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications, and no more than 5 appl./crop year.

11

Flint

(trifloxystrobin)

3.2 oz

19.2 oz

0

0.5

Do not apply more than 2 sequential applications of Flint or other Group 11 fungicides. Do not exceed more than 6 total applications of Group 11 fungicides per season.

11

Intuity

(mandestrobin)

6 fl oz

12 fl oz

0

0.5

Do not make more than 2 applications per year. Do not apply at intervals of less than 14 days.

13

Quintec

(quinoxyfen)

6 fl oz

24 fl oz

1

0.5

Do not make more than 2 consecutive applications or more than 4 applications per crop.

19

Affirm WDG, Ph-D, Oso, Veranda O

(polyoxin-D)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

0

4 hr

Use in alternation with fungicides that have different modes of action. Do not make more than 3 applications per season.

U6

Torino

(cyflufenamid)

3.4 oz

6.8 oz

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 applications per year. Do not apply more than once every 14 days.

U8

Prolivo

(pyriofenone)

5 fl oz

16 fl oz

0

4 hr

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications of Group U8 fungicides before rotating to a fungicide with a different mode of action.

1 FRAC code (fungicide group): Number (1 through 46) and letters (U and P) are used to distinguish the fungicide mode of action groups. All fungicides within the same group (with the same number or letter) indicate the same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the fungicide resistance management decisions. U = unknown, or a mode of action that has not been classified yet and is typically associated with another number; P = host plant defense inducers. Source: FRAC Code List 2021; http://www.frac.info/ (FRAC = Fungicide Resistance Action Committee).

2 Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned.

   

Table 5. Nonfumigant nematicides for strawberry in Florida.

Product

Application Rates and Procedures

Nimitz (a.i. fluensulfone)

All applications must be incorporated either physically or via drip or overhead irrigation. Make preplant applications at a rate of 3.5 to 7 pints (56.0 to 80.0 fl. oz.) per acre a minimum of seven days before planting. Do not plant any unlisted crops into treated land for 365 days after application of the product. Do not apply more than one application per crop and no more than 112 fl oz of product per acre per year (365 days). Provides control only for nematodes. Growers applying Nimitz must consult the product label to observe the plant-back (recropping) intervals for a variety of leafy vegetables and brassica crops, onions, bananas, sugarcane, and other crops.

Velum (a.i. fluopyram)

Apply max 6.84 fl oz/acre using only chemigation into root zone through low-pressure drip, trickle, microsprinkler, or equivalent equipment. Observe minimum 7-day interval between soil applications. Do not apply more than 13.7 fl oz of Velum (0.446 lb fluopyram) per acre per year, regardless of formulation (Velum and/or Luna) or method of application (soil or foliar). For soil application, to limit the potential for development of disease resistance to this chemical class, the first foliar fungicide application after Velum should be a product from a different FRAC group.

Velum is a fungicide/nematicide; Nimitz is a true nematicide. Unlike fumigants, these products are not volatile and will move through the soil via water; depending on the water solubility, these products will have different recommendations for how to best apply them (see specific label recommendations); when nematode pressure is high, they may not be as consistently effective against root nematodes as the fumigants.

Table 6. Fumigant nematicides for strawberry in Florida.

Nematicide

Broadcast Application 1

In-the-Row Applications

Gallons or lb per Acre

fl oz/1000 ft/chisel-spaced 12" apart

Telone II 2,3

Telone EC 2,3

27 to 35 gal

79 to 102

For any row spacing, application rates given may be concentrated in the row but shall never exceed the labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label for additional detail.

Telone C-17 2,3

32.4 to 42 gal

95 to 123

For any row spacing, application rates given may be concentrated in the row but shall never exceed the labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label for additional detail.

Telone C-35 2,3

39 to 50 gal

114 to 146

For any row spacing, application rates given may be concentrated in the row but shall never exceed labeled maximum for broadcast applications. Consult the product label for additional detail.

Telone InLine 2,3

29 to 56 gal

-

For drip fumigation, consult the product label for overall rate, drip concentration, and flow-modifying application directions.

Pic Clor 60 2,3

19.5 to 31.5 gal

57 to 90

Consult product label for overall rate and chisel flow-modifying application directions.

Pic Clor 60 EC 2,3

19.5 to 31.5 gal

-

For drip fumigation, consult product label for proportionately reduced overall rates, drip concentration, and drip flow-modifying directions and procedures.

Vapam HL

75 gal

-

For drip fumigation and crop termination, consult product label for proportionately reduced overall rates, drip concentration, and flow-modifying directions and procedures.

KPam HL

60 gal

-

For drip fumigation and crop termination, consult product label for proportionately reduced overall rates, drip concentration, and flow-modifying directions.

Allyl Isothiocyanate (AITC)

Dominus

40 gal

-

For drip or in-row fumigation and crop termination, consult product label for overall rates, drip concentration, and flow-modifying directions.

1Gallons/acre and fl oz/1000 feet provided only for mineral soils. Higher rates may be possible for heavier-textured (loam, silt, clay) or highly organic soils.

2All of the fumigants mentioned are for retail sale and use only by state-certified applicators or persons under their direct supervision. New supplemental labeling for the Telone products must be in the hands of the user at the time of application. See label details for additional use restrictions based on soil characteristics, buffer zones, requirements for personal protective equipment (PPE), mandatory good agricultural practices (GAPs), product and applicator training certification, and rate-modifying recommendations with use of highly retentive Totally Impermeable mulch films (TIF).

3Higher application rates are possible in the presence of cyst-forming nematodes.

Rates are believed to be correct for products named, and similar products of other brand names, when applied to mineral soils. Higher rates are required for muck (organic) soils. However, the grower has the final responsibility to see that each product is used legally; read the label of the product to be sure that you are using it properly.

 

Publication #HS736

Date: 2021-08-16
Noling, Joseph W
Peres, Natalia A
Boyd, Nathan S
Lahiri, Sriyanka
Whitaker, Vance M
Desaeger, Johan
Agehara, Shinsuke

Related Topics

Management Commercial

About this Publication

This document is HS736. Original publication date June 1995. Revised May 2021. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Vance M. Whitaker, associate professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center; Nathan S. Boyd, professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast REC; Natalia A. Peres, professor, Plant Pathology Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast REC; Johan Desaeger, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast REC; Sriyanka Lahiri, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast REC; and Shinsuke Agehara, assistant professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast REC; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

Contacts

  • Peter Dittmar
  • Vance Whitaker

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication do not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition.

Use pesticides safely. Read and follow directions on the manufacturer's label.