Chapter 11. Legume Production1

Peter J. Dittmar, Eugene J. McAvoy, Dakshina R. Seal, Shouan Zhang, Josh H. Freeman, Johan Desaeger, and Qingren Wang 2

This is Chapter 11 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2020–2021 edition. The tables and most current version of this chapter may be found at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/cv/cv12500.pdf.

Botany and Planting

Cluster bean/GuarCyamopsis tetragonolobus

EdamameGylcine max

Fenugreek/MethiTrigonella foenum-gracum

Hyacinth bean/Lablab beanLablab purpureus

Lima beanPhaseolus lunatus

Pigeon peaCajanus cajan

SnapbeanPhaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

Southernpea/Yard-long beanVigna unguiculata

SnowpeaPisum sativum

Winged beanPsophocarpus tetragonolobus

Table 1. 

Planting information for legumes.

Planting Dates

Snapbean Bush

Snapbean Pole

Lima Bean Bush

Lima Bean Pole

Southern Pea

Snowpea

North Florida

Mar–Apr

Aug–Sept

Mar–Apr

Aug–Sept

Mar–Apr

Aug

Mar–Apr

Aug

Mar–July

Jan–Mar

Central Florida

Feb–Apr

Aug–Sept

Feb–Apr

Aug–Sept

Feb–Mar

Aug–Sept

Feb–Mar

Aug–Sept

Feb–Aug

Nov–Feb

South Florida

Sept–Apr

Sept–Apr

Sept–Apr

Sept–Apr

Sept–Apr

Nov–Feb

Planting Information

Distance between rows (in)

18–40

36–48

18–36

36–48

20–42

36, 2-row beds

Number of rows/bed

1–2

         

Distance between rows/bed

10–12

         

Distance between plants (in)

2–4

3–5

3–6

8–12

2–6

2–6

Seeding depth (in)

1–1.5

1–1.5

1–1.5

1–1.5

1–1.5

1–1.5

Seed per acre (lb)

45–80

30–45

40–60

20–40

15–30

25–50

Days to maturity from seed

45–60

50–70

60–80

80–100

75–90

60–80

Plant populations

52,272–172,240

58,000

116,160

21,780

104,544

87,120

Cultivars

Table 2. 

Commercial legume cultivars.

Green Bush

Yellow Bush

Green Pole

Lima

Achiever

Inspiration

Thoroughbred

Carson

Dade

Bridgeton

Ambition

Momentum

Valentino

Gold Mine

Macaslan

Cypress

BA 0958

Opportune

Vision

Gold Rush

 

Fordhook 242

Caprice

Sybaris (BA 1007)

3230

Golden Rod

 

Jackson Wonder

Southern Pea

Snowpea

CA Blackeye No.5

Knuckle Purplehull

Texas Cream 40

Oregon Sugarpod II

Cream 8

Magnolia

White Acre

 

Cream 12

Pinkeye Purplehull

Zipper Cream

 

Asian Legumes

The Asian legume group includes fruits (usually known as pods), which are eaten at the immature stage with edible immature seeds (green shell), and some young stem tips. The winged bean also has edible leaves and roots, though the latter do not appear to be cultivated commercially in the continental United States. Pole bean, long bean (both dark and light green colors), and broad bean are commercially grown in south Florida. All the pole or indeterminate types can be grown on raised beds with or without plastic mulch using drip, overhead, or subsurface irrigation. Fenugreek does not grow well in rocky soils, such as those found in Miami-Dade County. Pigeon peas are a semiperennial shrub in warmer areas. Many pigeon pea and winged bean varieties are short day and only flower during the fall. There are some day-neutral varieties available of both crops. Edamame varieties, especially those from seed companies in the United States, are sensitive to daytime length, so care must be taken to select varieties for one's growing area. Japanese varieties are classified as "summer" or "fall" types, indicating when they flower. Fertilizer recommendations for pole, long, or broad beans are generally applicable to this group. All of these crops are started from seed, though winged beans require scarification prior to planting. All the indeterminate types need some type of support, ranging from individual bamboo stakes to trellises. However, some bush-type broad beans (Indian type) do not need trellises. For pest control products, these crops are included in the legume crop chapter.

Table 3. 

Planting information for Asian legumes.

Planting Dates

Cluster Bean/Guar

Edamame

Fenugreek

Hyacinth Bean

North Florida

Mar–Apr; Aug

Mar–Apr; Aug

Mar–Apr; Aug

Mar–Apr; Aug

Central Florida

Feb–Mar; Aug–Sept

Feb–Mar; Aug–Sept

Feb–Mar; Aug–Sept

Feb–Mar; Aug–Sept

South Florida

Sept–Apr

Sept–Apr

Sept–Apr

Sept–Apr

Planting Information

Distance between rows (in)

24

20–30

9

20

Distance between plants (in)

6

2–6

2–3

4–6

Seeding depth (in)

1–1.5

1–1.5

1–1.5

1–1.5

Days to maturity from seed

90–120

80–120

90–120

90–120

Plant populations

43,560

87,120

348,480

78,409

Planting Dates

Pigeon Pea

Snowpea

Winged Bean

Yard-long Bean

North Florida

Not recommended

Jan–Mar

Not recommended

Mar–July

Central Florida

Not recommended

Nov–Feb

Not recommended

Feb–Aug

South Florida

Nov–Feb

Nov–Feb

Mar–Apr

Sept–Apr

Planting Information

Distance between rows (in)

24–36

36, 2-row beds

36

20–42

Distance between plants (in)

2–6

2–6

8

2–6

Seeding depth (in)

1–1.5

1–1.5

1–1.5

1–1.5

Days to maturity from seed

180 (early); 270–365 (late)

60–80

90 (day-neutral varieties)

75–90

Plant populations

10,890

87,120

21,780

104,544

Table 4. 

Cultivars for Asian legumes.

Crop

Life Cycle

Cultivars

Trellising

Broad bean

Annual

 

Yes

Bush-type broad bean

Annual

Indian type

No

Cluster bean, Guar

Annual

 

Yes

Edamame

Annual

Green Legend, Lucky Lion, Tohya, Triple Play

No

Fenugreek, Methi

Annual

 

No

Hyacinth bean, Lablab bean

Annual

Akahana Fugimame, Asia Purple, Asia White

No

Long bean (dark and light green color)

Annual

 

Yes

Pigeon pea (a short-lived perennial)

Short-lived perennial

 

No

Snow/snap (edible podded) pea

Annual

Oregon Sugarpod II

Yes

Winged bean, Goa bean

Annual

Winged Bean, Youdou

Yes

Yard-long bean

Annual

Bia-long, Orient Wonder, Stickless Wonder

Yes

Tables

Table 5. 

Herbicides approved for managing weeds in beans and peas.

Active Ingredient

lb a.i./A

Trade Name

Product/A

MOA Code

Crops

Weeds Controlled/Remarks

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

*** PREEMERGENCE ***

Bensulide

5.0–6.0

(Prefar) 4 E

5–6 qt

8

Dry bulb vegetables: onion, garlic, shallot

Annual broadleaf and grass control. Incorporate or irrigate 1 to 2 in. deep within 36 hr of application. Consult label for rotational restricitons.

Bromoxynil

0.25–0.38

(Buctril) 2 EC

1.0–1.5 pt

(Buctril) 4 EC

0.5–0.75 pt

6

Onion (dry bulb)

Broadleaf weeds. Preemergence is restricted to muck soils containing greater than 10% organic matter. Apply at least 3 to 4 days prior to emergence. Weeds should not exceed the 4-leaf stage, 2 in. in height or 1 in. in diameter.

Carfentrazone

up to 0.031

(Aim) 1.9 EW

up to 2 fl oz

(Aim) 2.0 EC

up to 2 fl oz

14

Onion, garlic, leek, chive, shallot

Apply as a preplant burndown for emerged broadleaf weeds. Use crop oil concentrate, methylated seed oil, or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. Maximum rate of 0.096 lb a.i./A per season. No pretransplant interval.

DCPA

4.5–6.0

(Dacthal) 6 F

6–8 lb

3

Onion (dry bulb, green), leek, shallot

Annual grasses and certain broadleaf control. Apply at seeding or planting. Maximum rate of 10.5 lb a.i./A per season.

Flumioxazin

up to 0.06

(Chateau) 51 WDG

up to 2 fl oz

14

Garlic, onion (dry bulb)

Broadleaf control. Apply to transplanted onions between the 2- and 6- leaf stage. Apply to direct-seeded onions between the 3- and 6-leaf stage.

Glyphosate

(various formulations)

consult label

9

Onion, garlic, leek, chive, shallot

Control of emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Consult individual labels for restrictions.

Oxyfluorfen

2

(Goal 2XL) 2 EC

2.0 pt

(GoalTender) 4 EC

1.0 pt

14

Onion (dry bulb), garlic (dry bulb)

Certain broadleaf weeds. Transplanted only. Apply within 2 days of transplanting. Necrotic lesions, twisting, or stunting of plants can occur if applications are made during cool, wet weather or prior to the full development of the true leaves.

Paraquat

0.5–1.0

(Gramoxone) 2 SL

2–4 pt

22

Onion (dry bulb)

Controls emerged weeds. Apply prior, during, or after planting, but before crop emergence. Only 2 applications a season. Use a nonionic surfactant.

Paraquat

0.63–1.0

(Gramoxone) 2 SL

2.5–4.0 pt

(Firestorm) 3 SL

1.7–2.7 pt

22

Onion (seeded), garlic

Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burndown. A maximum of 1 lb a.i./A per season.

Pelargonic acid

(Scythe) 4.2 EC

3%–10% v/v

27

Onion, garlic, leek, chive, shallot

Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply before emergence of crop. Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar-applied herbicide. There is no residual activity.

Pendimethalin

mineral

0.5–0.75

muck

1.0–2.0

(Prowl) 3.3 EC

mineral 1.2–1.8 pt

muck 2.4–4.8 pt

(Prowl H20) 3.8

mineral 1.0–1.5 pt

muck 2.0–4.0 pt

3

Onion (dry bulb), shallot (dry bulb), garlic

Mineral soils: Apply when crop has 2 to 9 true leaves. Muck soils: May be applied as sequential application: preemergence through loop stage, early postemergence (2 to 6 true leaf stage), late postemergence (6 to 9 true leaf stage). Do not exceed 5.9 lb a.i./A in a growing season. PHI 45 days.

Pyraflufen

0.001–0.003

(ET Herbicide/Defoliant)

0.5–2.0 fl oz

14

Bulb vegetables

Emerged broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply as a preplant burndown treatment.

*** POSTEMERGENCE ***

Bromoxynil

0.25–0.38

(Buctril) 2 EC

1.0–1.5 pt

(Buctril) 4 EC

0.5–1.5 pt

6

Onion (Dry bulb)

Broadleaf weeds. Soil and onion leaves should be dry before application. Waxy coating on leaves reduces chances for injury. Varieties vary in sensitivity and use on a trial basis.

Bromoxynil

0.38–0.5

(Buctril) 2 EC

1.5–2.0 pt

6

Garlic

Broadleaf weeds. Apply after emergence but before 12 in. tall. Weeds are most susceptible up to the 4-leaf stage or 2 in. height or 1 in. wide. PHI 112 days.

Carfentrazone

up to 0.031

(Aim) 1.9 EW

up to 2 fl oz

(Aim) 2.0 EC

up to 2 fl oz

14

Onion (dry bulb), garlic, leek, chive, shallot

Emerged broadleaf control. Post-direct hooded application to row middles for burndown of emerged weeds. Use crop oil concentrate or nonionic surfactant at recommended rates. PHI 0 days.

Clethodim

0.09–0.25

0.07–0.25

(Arrow, Select) 2 EC

6–16 fl oz

(Select Max) 1 EC

9–32 fl oz

1

Onion (dry bulb), garlic, shallot (dry bulb)

Annual and perennial grass control. Some labels include green onion. Consult label for use of a crop oil concentrate or nonionic surfactant. PHI 45 days.

Clethodim

0.09–0.13

(Arrow, Select) 2 EC

6–8 fl oz

(Select Max) 1 EC

12–16 fl oz

1

Chive, leek

Emerged annual and perennial grasses. Consult labels rate of COC or NIS. Do not apply more than 0.5 lb a.i./A per season. Select Max is not registered in leek. PHI 14 days.

DCPA

4.5–6.0

(Dacthal) W-75

6–8 lb

(Dacthal) 6 F

6–8 pt

3

Onion (dry bulb, green), leek, shallot

Annual grasses and certain broadleaf control. Apply at layby up to 14 weeks after planting. If weeds have emerged then cultivate or hand weed. Maximum rate of 10.5 lb a.i./A per season.

Dimethanamid-p

up to 1.0

(Outlook) 6 EC

up to 21 fl oz

15

Onion (dry bulb), garlic, leek, shallot (dry bulb, green)

Broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply after the 2 true-leaf stage. Apply as a single application or split application. Split application of 10–14 fl oz followed by 7–10 fl oz/A, with 14 days between applications. Do not exceed 21 fl oz/A per growing season. PHI 30 days.

Fluazifop

0.188

(Fusilade DX)

12 fl oz

1

Onion (dry bulb), garlic

Annual and perennial grass weeds. Do not apply more than 48 fl oz/A per season. Include a COC or NIS. PHI 45 days.

Oxyfluorfen

0.5

(Goal 2 XL) 2 EC

0.5 pt direct seeded

(GoalTender) 4 EC

0.25 pt direct seeded

14

Onion (dry bulb), garlic (dry bulb)

Certain broadleaf weeds. Direct seeded only. Apply after the crop has 2 true leaves. Multiple treatments can be applied and do not exceed 0.5 lb a.i./A. Necrotic lesions, twisting, or stunting of plants can occur if applications are made during cool, wet weather or prior to development of true leaves. PHI 60 days.

Sethoxydim

0.19–0.28

(Poast) 1.5 EC

1.0–1.5 pt

1

Onion (dry bulb, green), garlic, leek, shallot

Grass weeds. Include a surfactant. Do not apply more than 4.5 pt/A per season. PHI 30 days.

Treflan

0.35–0.5

(Treflan) 4 EC

0.75–1.0 pt

(Treflan TR-10)

3.75–5.0 lb

3

Onion (dry bulb)

Broadleaf and grass weeds. Apply at layby to the soil surface between onion rows. Remove weeds that are preent. Do not apply in muck soils. PHI 60 days.

Table 6. 

Insecticides approved for managing insect pests of beans and peas.

Insect or Mite Pest

MOA Code1

Trade Name

(Active Ingredient)

*Restricted

Rate

(Product/Acre)

Max Rate Product per Season

REI

(Hours)

Days to Harvest

Remarks2

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

Please refer to Chapter 19 for information on biopesticides, including materials labeled for certified organic production.

Aphids

1A

*Lannate LV; *SP (methomyl)

LV: 1.50–3 pt

SP: 0.25–1.0 lb

15 pt

5.0 lb

48

See label: varies with rate and crop use.

 

1B

*Dibrom 8E

(naled)

1.0 pt

4.5 pt

48

1

Ground application only, not for cowpeas and fieldpeas intended for livestock feed.

1B

Dimethoate 4EC

(dimethoate)

0.5–1.0 pt

2.0 pt/year

48

0—mechanical harvesting

Do not use on field peas.

1B

Malathion 8F

(malathion)

1.0 pt

2.0 pt

12

3

Green and dried peas only. Do not graze or feed forage to livestock.

1B

Orthene 97

(acephate)

0.50–1.0 lb

2.0 lb a.i.

24

14—dry succulent

1—lima beans succulent form

Do not apply to succulent beans for fresh market or processing. Do not feed treated vines or seeds to livestock.

3A

*Asana XL

(esfenvalerate)

5.8–9.6 fl oz

38.4 fl oz

12

3—snap

21—dry beans and peas

Do not feed or graze livestock on treated vines.

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.1–6.4 fl oz

Succulent: 12.8 fl oz

Dry: 19.2 fl oz

12

3—succulent

14—dry

 

3A

PyGanic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

4.5–17 fl oz

10 applications

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Treat when insects first appear.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

Soil: 7–10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 1.2 fl oz

Soil: 10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 3.6 fl oz

12

12

Soil: 21

Foliar: 7

Do not apply to both soil and foliage. Do not use other 4A insecticides if imidacloprid is used.

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamidprid)

2.5–5.3 fl oz

16 fl oz

12

7

Edible podded legumes, succulent shelled peas and beans.

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

7.0–10.5 fl oz

28.0 fl oz/year

4

7

Minimum interval between applications: 10 days.

23

Movento

(spirotetramat)

4–5 fl oz

10 fl oz

24

1—succulent

7—dry

 

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA, pyrethrins)

0.25–2.0 qt

no limit

12

0

 

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2. May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium

subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lb

none

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Succulent or dried.

-

M-Pede 49%

(soap, insecticidal)

0.25%–4.0% v/v

7-to-10-day interval

12

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Sun Spray 98.8%,

JMS Stylet Oil,

Saf-T-Side, others (oil, insecticidal)

3–6 qt/100 gal (JMS); others 1–2 gal/100gal

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt

3.5 pt

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

-

Neemix 4.5

(azadirachtin)

4–16.0 fl oz

20 g a.i.

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Insect growth regulator and feeding repellant.

-

Trilogy

(extract of neem oil)

1.0%–2.0% v/v

as needed

4

0

OMRI-listed2.

Armyworm, corn earworm, lesser cornstalk borer, loopers, cutworm, catepillar, grubs, root maggots, wireworms

1A

*Lannate LV; *SP (methomyl)

LV: 1.50–3 pt

SP: 0.50–1.0 lb

15 pt

5.0 lb

48

see label: varies with rate and crop use

 

1A

Sevin 4F

(carbaryl)

0.50–1.5 qt

6.0 qt/year

12

3—fresh beans & peas

14—grazing or forage

21—dried beans seed or hay.

Use on succulent shelled peas and beans prohibited.

1B

*Diazinon 50W,

AG 500

(diazinon)

50W: 4.8 lb

AG500: 2–4 qt

1 application per year

72

broadcast at planting

Succulent beans and peas only. Soil application only.

1B

*Dibrom 8E

(naled)

1–1.5 pt

4.5 pt

48

1

Ground application only, not for cowpeas and fieldpeas intended for livestock forage.

1B

Orthene 97

(acephate)

0.75–1.0 lb

2.0 lb a.i.

24

14—dry or succulent

1—lima beans, succulent form

Do not apply to succulent beans for fresh market or processing. Do not feed treated vines or seeds to livestock.

3, 28

*Besiege

(chlorantraniliprole & lambda-cyhalothrin)

5–10 fl oz

31 fl oz

24

7—edible podded succulent shelled

21—dry shelled

 

3A

*Asana XL

(esfenvalerate)

5.8–9.6 fl oz

38.4 fl oz

12

3—snap

21—dry beans and peas

Do not feed or graze livestock on treated vines.

3A

*Baythroid XL

(beta-cyfluthrin)

0.8–3.2 fl oz—dry beans & peas

0.8–2.1 fl oz—southern pea

6.4 fl oz—dry beans & peas

10.5 fl oz—southern peas

12

7—dry beans & peas

3—southern pea

Not for use on succulent beans or peas. Do not feed treated vines or hay to livestock.

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.1–6.4 fl oz

12.8 fl oz—succulent

19.2 fl oz—dry

12

3—succulent

14—dry

 

3A

*Capture LFR

(bifenthrin)

3.4–6.8 fl oz

25.5 fl oz

12

at plant

Do not exceed allowed amounts including use of other products containing bifenthrin.

3A

*Declare Insecticide

(gamma-cyhalothrin)

1.54 fl oz

0.38 pt

24

7—edible podded and succulent shelled

21—dry beans and peas

For control before larvae bore into the plant stalk or pods. Do not graze livestock in treated areas or harvest vines for forage or hay.

3A

*Mustang

*Mustang Maxx

(zeta-cypermethrin)

3.0–4.3 oz

1.28–4.0 oz

25.8 oz

24 oz

12

1—succculent

21—dried shelled peas or beans

Can also be applied at planting for control of cutworms, white grubs, and wireworms. (See label).

3A

PyGanic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

4.5–17 fl oz

10 applications

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Treat when insects first appear.

3A

*Warrior II

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

0.96–1.92 fl oz

7.68 fl oz

24

7—edible podded and succulent shelled

21—dried, shelled

Do not graze livestock in treated areas.

5

Entrust SC

(spinosad)

1.25–2.0 oz

9.0 fl oz—succulent

3.75 fl oz—dry

4

3—succulent

28—dry

OMRI-listed2. Do not feed forage or hay to meat or dairy animals.

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

4–8 fl oz

28.0 fl oz—succulent

12.0 fl oz—dry

4

3—succulent

28—dry

 

11A

Javelin WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.12–1.50 lb

as needed

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential.

11A

Xentari DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies aizawai)

0.5–2.0 lb

as needed

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. May be used in the greenhouse.

15

Rimon 0.83 EC

(novaluron)

6–12 fl oz

36.0 fl oz

12

1

Rimon disrupts molting and has no effect on adult insects.

18

Intrepid 2F

(methoxyfenozide)

4–16 fl oz

64 fl oz

12

7

 

22

Avaunt

(indoxacarb)

3.5 oz

14 fl oz

12

7

Southern pea (dry) varieties only.

28

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole/

rynaxypyr)

3.5–7.5 fl oz

15.4 fl oz of chlorantraniliprole products per acre per year.

4

1

Foliar application only.

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole, cyazapyr)

10.5–20.5 oz

no more than 0.4 lb a.i. of Group 28 products

12

1—succulent

7—dried

Label contains pollinator warning language.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA, pyrethrins)

0.25–2.0 qt

no limit

12

0

 

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2. May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt

3.5 pt

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

Cucumber beetle, bean leaf beetle, Mexican bean beetle, cowpea curculio

1A

*Lannate LV; *SP (methomyl)

LV: 0.75–3 pt

SP: 0.25–1.0 lb

15 pt

5.0 lb

48

See label;

varies with rate & crop

 

1A

Sevin 4F

(carbaryl)

0.50–1.5 qt

6.0 qt/year

12

3—fresh beans & peas

14—grazing or forage

21—dried beans, peas, seed, or hay

Use on succulent shelled peas and beans prohibited.

1B

Orthene 97

(acephate)

0.50–1.0 lb

2.0 lb a.i.

24

14—dry succulent

1—lima beans succulent form

Do not apply to succulent beans for fresh market or processing.

1B

Dimethoate 4EC

(dimethoate)

0.5–1.0 pt

2.0 pt/year

48

0—mechanical harvesting

Do not feed treated vines. Do not use on field peas.

1B

*Thimet 20G

EZ Load

(phorate)

4.9–9.4 oz/1000 ft row

1 application only at plant

48

60

Poison. Label pending in Florida. Do not graze livestock on treated forage. No direct contact with seed.

3, 28

*Besiege

(chlorantraniliprole & lambda-cyhalothrin)

5–10 fl oz

31 fl oz

24

7—edible podded succulent shelled

21—dry shelled

 

3A

*Baythroid XL

(beta-cyfluthrin)

0.8–3.2 fl oz—dry beans & peas

0.8–2.1 fl oz—southern pea

6.4 fl oz—dry beans & peas

10.5 fl oz—southern peas

12

7—dry beans & peas

3—southern pea

Not for use on succulent beans or peas. Do not feed treated vines or hay to livestock.

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.1–6.4 fl oz

12.8 fl oz—succulent

19.2 fl oz—dry

12

3—succulent

14—dry

 

3A

*Declare Insecticide

(gamma-cyhalothrin)

1.02–1.54 fl oz

0.38 pt

24

7—edible podded and succulent shelled

21—dry beans and peas

For control before larvae bore into the plant stalk or pods. Do not graze livestock in treated areas or harvest vines for forage or hay.

3A

*Mustang

*Mustang Maxx

(zeta-cypermethrin)

3.0–4.3 oz

2.72–4.0 oz

25.8 oz

24.0 oz

12

1—succculent

21—dried shelled peas or beans

Can also be applied at planting for control of cutworms, white grubs, and wireworms. (See label).

3A

PyGanic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

4.5–17 fl oz

10 applications

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Treat when insects first appear.

3A

*Warrior II

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

0.96–1.92 fl oz

7.68 fl oz

24

7—edible podded and succulent shelled

21—dried, shelled

 

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamidprid)

2.5–5.3 fl oz

16 fl oz

12

7

Edible podded legumes and succulent shelled peas and beans.

15

Rimon 0.83 EC

(novaluron)

9–12 fl oz

36.0 fl oz

12

1

Rimon disrupts molting and has no effect on adult insects.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt

3.5 pt

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

-

Neemix 4.5

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

20 g a.i.

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Insect growth regulator and feeding repellant.

Fire ants

7A

Extinguish

(S-methoprene)

1–1.5 lb broadcast

as needed

4

0

Insect growth regulator. Colonies will get reduced after three weeks and eliminated after 8–10 weeks.

7C

Esteem Ant Bait

(pyriproxyfen)

1.5–2.0 lb

0.134 lb a.i.

12

1

Insect growth regulator. Apply at first sign of ant activity.

Grasshoppers

1B

Dimethoate 4EC

(dimethoate)

0.5–1.0 pt

2.0 pt/year

48

0—mechanical harvesting

Do not feed treated vines. Do not use on field peas.

3, 28

*Besiege

(chlorantraniliprole & lambda-cyhalothrin)

5–10 fl oz

31 fl oz

24

7—edible podded succulent shelled

21—dry shelled

 

3A

*Asana XL

(esfenvalerate)

5.8–9.6 fl oz

38.4 fl oz

12

3—snap

21—dry beans and peas

Do not feed or graze livestock on treated vines.

3A

*Baythroid XL

(beta-cyfluthrin)

2.4–3.2 fl oz—beans & peas

1.6–2.1 fl oz—southern pea

6.4 fl oz

10.5 fl oz

12

7—dry beans & peas

3—southern pea

Not for use on succulent beans or peas. Do not feed treated vines.

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.1–6.4 fl oz

12.8 fl oz—succulent

19.2 fl oz—dry

12

3—succulent

14—dry

 

3A

*Declare Insecticide

(gamma-cyhalothrin)

1.02–1.54 fl oz

0.38 pt

24

7—edible podded and succulent shelled

21—dry

For control before larvae bore into the plant stalk or pods. Do not graze livestock in treated areas or harvest vines for forage or hay.

3A

*Mustang

*Mustang Maxx

(zeta-cypermethrin)

3.0–4.3 oz

3.2–4.0 oz

25.8 oz

24.0 oz

12

12

1—succculent

21—dried shelled peas or beans

Can also be applied at planting for control of cutworms, white grubs, and wireworms. (See label).

3A

*Warrior II

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

1.28–1.92 fl oz

7.68 fl oz

24

7—edible podded and succulent shelled

21—dried, shelled

Do not graze livestock in treated areas.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1 qt

no limit

4

0

May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA, pyrethrins)

0.25–2.0 qt

no limit

12

0

 

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1 qt

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2. May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

Leafhopper

1A

*Lannate LV; *SP (methomyl)

LV: 0.75–3 pt

SP: 0.25–1.0 lb

15 pt

5.0 lb

48

See label; varies with rate & crop.

 

1B

*Dibrom 8E

(naled)

1.0 pt

4.5 pt

48

1

Ground application only; not for cowpeas and fieldpeas intended for livestock forage.

1B

Dimethoate 4EC

(dimethoate)

0.5–1.0 pt

2.0 pt/year

48

0—mechanical harvesting

Do not feed treated vines. Do not use on field peas.

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.1–6.4 fl oz

12.8 fl oz—succulent

19.2 fl oz—dry

12

3—succulent

14—dry

 

3A

*Mustang

*Mustang Maxx

(zeta-cypermethrin)

3.0–4.3 oz

2.72–4.0 oz

25.8 oz

24.0 oz

12

12

1—succculent

21—dried shelled peas or beans

Can also be applied at planting for control of cutworms, white grubs, and wireworms. (See label).

3A

*Warrior II

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

1.28–1.92 fl oz

7.68 fl oz

24

7—edible podded and succulent shelled

21—dried, shelled

Do not graze livestock in treated areas.

3A

PyGanic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

4.5–17 fl oz

10 applications

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Treat when insects first appear.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

Soil: 7–10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 1.2 fl oz

Soil: 10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 3.6 fl oz

12

12

Soil: 21

Foliar: 7

Do not apply to both soil and foliage. Do not use other 4A insecticides if imidacloprid is used.

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamidprid)

2.5–5.3 fl oz

16 oz

12

7

Edible podded legumes and succulent shelled peas and beans.

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

7.0–10.5 fl oz

28.0 fl oz/year

4

7

Minimum interval between applications: 10 days.

16

Courier 40 SC

(buprofezin)

9.0–13.6 fl oz

27.2 fl oz

12

14

Insect growth regulator. For succulent beans only. Good coverage essential.

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole, cyazapyr)

10.5–20.5 oz

no more than 0.4 lb a.i. of Group 28 products

12

1—succulent

7—dried

Label contains pollinator protection warnings.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA, pyrethrins)

0.25–2.0 qt

no limit

12

0

 

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2. May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

M-Pede 49%

(soap, insecticidal)

0.25%–4.0% v/v

7-to-10-day interval

12

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Sun Spray 98.8%,

JMS Stylet Oil,

Saf-T-Side, others (oil, insecticidal)

3–6 qt/100 gal (JMS); others 1–2 gal/100gal

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt

3.5 pt

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

Liriomyza leafminers

5

Entrust SC

(spinosad)

1.5–2.0 oz

9.0 fl oz—succulent

3.75 fl oz—dry

4

3—succulent

28—dry

OMRI-listed2. Do not feed forage or hay to meat or dairy animals.

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

5–8 fl oz

28 fl oz—succulent

12 fl oz—dry

4

3—succulent

28—dry

Time applications to small larvae.

6

*Agri-Mek SC

(abamectin)

8.0–16.0 fl oz

48.0 fl oz

12

7

Dry beans only.

17

Trigard

(cyromazine)

2.66 oz

1 packet

0.75 lb a.i./acre

12

7

Not for use on soybeans or peas.

28

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole/

rynaxypyr)

7.5 fl oz

15.4 fl oz of chlorantraniliprole products per acre per year.

4

1

Foliar application only.

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole, cyazapyr)

10.5–20.5 oz

no more than 0.4 lb a.i. of Group 28 products

12

1—succulent

7—dry

 

-

Sun Spray 98.8%,

JMS Stylet Oil,

Saf-T-Side, others (oil, insecticidal)

3–6 qt/100 gal (JMS); others 1–2 gal/100gal

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Neemix 4.5

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

20 g a.i.

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Insect growth regulator and feeding repellant.

Lygus bug, stink bug, kudzu bug

1A

*Lannate LV; *SP (methomyl)

LV: 1.50–3 pt

SP: 0.50–1.0 lb

15 pt

5.0 lb

48

See label;

varies with rate & crop.

 

1A

Sevin 4F

(carbaryl)

1.0–1.5 qt

6.0 qt/year

12

3—fresh beans & peas

14—grazing or forage

21—dried beans, peas, seed, or hay

Use on succulent shelled peas and beans prohibited.

1B

*Dibrom 8E

(naled)

1–1.5 pt

4.5 pt

48

1

Ground application only; not for cowpeas and fieldpeas intended for livestock feed.

1B

Dimethoate 4EC

(dimethoate)

0.5–1.0 pt

2.0 pt/year

48

0—mechanical harvesting

Do not feed treated vines. Do not use on field peas.

3, 28

*Besiege

(chlorantraniliprole & lambda-cyhalothrin)

5–10 fl oz

31 fl oz

24

7—edible podded succulent shelled

21—dry shelled

 

3A

*Baythroid XL

(beta-cyfluthrin)

2.4–3.2 fl oz—beans & peas

1.6–2.1 fl oz—southern pea

6.4 fl oz

10.5 fl oz

12

7—dry beans & peas

3—southern pea

Not for use on succulent beans or peas. Do not feed treated vines or hay to livestock.

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

5.12–6.4 fl oz

12.8 fl oz—succulent

19.2 fl oz—dry

12

3—succulent

14—dry

 

3A

*Declare Insecticide

(gamma-cyhalothrin)

1.02–1.54 fl oz

0.38 pt

24

7—edible podded and succulent shelled

21—dry beans and peas

For control before larvae bore into the plant stalk or pods. Do not graze livestock in treated areas or harvest vines for forage or hay.

3A

*Mustang

*Mustang Maxx

(zeta-cypermethrin)

3.4–4.3 oz

3.2–4.0 oz

25.8 oz

24.0 oz

12

1—succculent

21—dried shelled peas or beans

Can also be applied at planting for control of cutworms, white grubs, and wireworms. (See label.)

3A

PyGanic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

4.5–17 fl oz

10 applications

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Treat when insects first appear.

3A

*Warrior II

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

1.28–1.92 fl oz

7.68 fl oz

24

7—edible podded and succulent shelled

21—dried, shelled

 

15

Rimon 0.83 EC

(novaluron)

12 fl oz

36.0 fl oz

12

1

Rimon disrupts molting and has no effect on adult insects.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA, pyrethrins)

0.25–2.0 qt

no limit

12

0

 

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2. May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

M-Pede 49%

(soap, insecticidal)

0.25%–4.0% v/v

7-to-10-day interval

12

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt

3.5 pt

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

Mites: two-spotted, southern, red

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

5.12–6.4 fl oz

12.8 fl oz—succulent

19.2 fl oz—dry

12

3—succulent

14—dry

 

3A

PyGanic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

4.5–17 fl oz

10 applications

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Treat when insects first appear.

20B

Kanemite 15 SC

(acequinocyl)

31 fl oz

62 fl oz

12

7

Succulent beans, including succulent soybean vegetable only.

20D

Acramite-50WS

(bifenzate)

1.0–1.5 lb

3.0 lb

12

3

Succulent beans, peas and soybean.

21A

Portal

(fenpyroximate)

2.0 pt

4.0 pt

12

1

Snap bean only. Allow 14 days between applications.

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium

subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lb

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Succulent or dried.

-

M-Pede 49%

(soap, insecticidal)

0.25%–4.0% v/v

7-to-10-day interval

12

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Sun Spray 98.8%,

JMS Stylet Oil,

Saf-T-Side, others (oil, insecticidal)

3–6 qt/100 gal (JMS); others 1–2 gal/100gal

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt

3.5 pt

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

-

Trilogy

(extract of neem oil)

1.0%–2.0% v/v

as needed

4

0

OMRI-listed2.

Thrips

3A

PyGanic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

4.5–17 fl oz

10 applications

12

0

OMRI-listed2.

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamidprid)

4.5–5.3 fl oz

16 oz

12

7

Edible podded legumes and succulent shelled peas and beans.

5

Entrust SC

(spinosad)

1.5–2.0 fl oz

9.0 fl oz—succulent

3.75 fl oz—dry

4

3—succulent

28—dry

OMRI-listed2. Do not feed forage or hay to meat or dairy animals.

5

Radiant SC

(spinetoram)

5–8 fl oz

28 fl oz—succulent

12 fl oz—dry

4

3—succulent

28—dry

 

15

Rimon 0.83 EC

(novaluron)

12 fl oz

36.0 fl oz

12

1

Rimon disrupts molting and has no effect on adult insects.

23

Movento

(spirotetramat)

4–5 fl oz

10.0 fl oz

24

1—succulent

7—dry

 

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole, cyazapyr)

10.5–20.5 oz

no more than 0.4 lb a.i. of Group 28 products

12

1—succulent

7—dried

Label contains pollinator protection warnings.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA, pyrethrins)

0.25–2.0 qt

no limit

12

0

 

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2.May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium

subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lb

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Succulent or dried.

-

M-Pede 49%

(soap, insecticidal)

0.25%–4.0% v/v

7-to-10-day interval

12

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Sun Spray 98.8%,

JMS Stylet Oil,

Saf-T-Side, others (oil, insecticidal)

3–6 qt/100 gal (JMS); others 1–2 gal/100gal

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt

3.5 pt

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

-

Trilogy

(extract of neem oil)

1.0%–2.0% v/v

as needed

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn.

Whiteflies

3A

*Brigade 2 EC

(bifenthrin)

2.1–6.4 fl oz

12.8 fl oz—succulent

19.2 fl oz—dry

12

3—succulent

14—dry

 

3A

*Mustang

*Mustang Maxx

(zeta-cypermethrin)

3.4–4.3 oz

3.2–4.0 oz

25.8 oz

24.0 oz

12

1—succculent

21—dried shelled peas or beans

Can also be applied at planting for control of cutworms, white grubs, and wireworms. (See label.)

3A

PyGanic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

4.5–17 fl oz

10 applications

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Treat when insects first appear.

4A

Admire Pro

(imidacloprid)

Soil: 7–10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 1.2 fl oz

Soil: 10.5 fl oz

Foliar: 3.6 fl oz

12

12

Soil: 21

Foliar: 7

Do not apply to both soil and foliage. Do not use other 4A insecticides if imidacloprid is used.

4A

Assail 30SG

(acetamidprid)

4.0–5.3 fl oz

16 oz

12

7

Edible podded legumes and succulent shelled peas and beans.

4D

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)

10.5–14 fl oz

28.0 fl oz/year

4

7

Minimum interval between applications: 10 days

7C

Knack IGR

(pyriproxyfen)

8–10 fl oz

20 fl oz

12

7

 

15

Rimon 0.83 EC

(novaluron)

12 fl oz

24 fl oz

12

1

Rimon disrupts molting and has no effect on adult insects.

16

Courier 40 SC

(buprofezin)

9.0–13.6 fl oz

27.2 fl oz

12

14

For succulent beans only. Allow 14 days between applications.

23

Movento

(spirotetramat)

4–5 fl oz

10.0 fl oz

24

1—succulent

7—dry

 

28

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole, cyazapyr)

10.5–20.5 oz

no more than 0.4 lb a.i. of Group 28 products

12

1—succulent

7—dried

 

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

May be used in greenhouses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA, pyrethrins)

0.25–2.0 qt

no limit

12

0

 

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana

strain GHA)

0.25–1.0 qt

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2.May be used in houses. Contact dealer if adjuvant must be used. Compatible in tank mix with some fungicides.

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium

subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1–3 lb

none

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Succulent or dried. Do not apply if bees are visiting treatment area.

-

M-Pede 49%

(soap, insecticidal)

0.25%–4.0% v/v

7–10 day interval

12

0

OMRI-listed2. Use with a companion insecticide.

-

Sun Spray 98.8%,

JMS Stylet Oil,

Saf-T-Side, others (oil, insecticidal)

3–6 qt/100 gal (JMS); others 1–2 gal/100gal

no limit

4

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Neemix 4.5

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

20 g a.i.

4

0

OMRI-listed2.

-

Trilogy

(extract of neem oil)

1.0%–2.0% v/v

as needed

4

0

OMRI-listed2. Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn.

1 Mode of Action (MOA) codes for plant pest insecticides from the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) Mode of Action Classification v.7.3, February 2014. Number codes (1 through 28) are used to distinguish the main insecticide mode of action groups, with additional letters for certain subgroups within each main group. All insecticides within the same group (with same number) indicate same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the insecticide resistance management decisions. Un—unknown, or a mode of action that has not been classified yet.

2 Information provided in the table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any product. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. OMRI-listed: Listed by Organic Materials Review Institute for use in organic production.

* Restricted use insecticide

Table 7. 

Bean, pea, and other legume fungicides ordered by disease and then FRAC group according to their mode of action.

Pertinent DIseases or Pathogens

Fungicide Group1

Chemical

(Active Ingredients)

Max Rate/Acre

Min. Days to

Remarks2

Appl.

Season

Harvest

Reentry

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical.

Please refer to Chapter 19 for information on biopesticides, including materials labeled for certified organic production.

Anthracnose

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available:

Cueva, Kentan DF, Nordox, Nordox 75 WG

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

Varies

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available:

Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF,Echo ZN, Equus –DF Fungicide, Equus 720 SST, Initiate 720

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

7 or 14

0.5

Do not use on crops for livestock.

M1 & M1

Badge SC

Badge X2

(copper hydroxide; copper oxychloride)

2 pt

16.6 pt

16.9 pt

0

1 (greenhouse)

2 (field)

 

M1 & M1

C-O-C-S WDG

(basic copper sulfate; copper oxychloride)

1.5 lb

9.2 lb

 

2

 

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available:

3336 EG, 3336 F, 3336 WP, Helena-Methyl 4.5 AG, Incognito 4.5F, Incognito 85 WDG, Nufarm T-Methyl 4.5F, Topsin 4.5FL Fungicide, Topsin M WSB Fungicide

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

14 to 28 (see label)

0.5 (3336 fungicides)

1 (succulent beans)

3 (dry beans)

Apply once at 50%–70% bloom or twice (max=1 ½ lb/appl.) with first at 10%–30% bloom and second at peak bloom.

3

Propiconazole 3.6EC

Tilt

(propiconazole)

4 fl oz

12 fl oz

7

0.5

Supplemental label: For control of web blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Not labeled for cowpea used for livestock feed.

3

Rancona 3.8 FS

(ipconazole)

0.085 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

0.5

For suppressing seedborne anthracnose of dry bean.

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

30 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 7 fungicide.

11

Headline

Headline SC

(pyraclostrobin)

9 fl oz

9 fl oz

18 fl oz

18 fl oz

7 or 21

7

4 hr

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

11

Aframe, Azoxystar, Azoxyzone, Equation SC, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori Fungicide, Tetraban, Trevo, Willowood Azoxy 2SC

(azoxystrobin)

15.5 fl oz

92.3 fl oz

14 (dry)

0 (succulent)

4 hr

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

11

Azteroid FC (azoxystrobin)

19.5 fl oz

116 fl oz

14 (dry)

0 (succulent)

4 hr

 

7 & M3

Vitaflo-280

(carboxin; thiram)

4.0 fl oz per 100 lb seed

   

1

 

7 & 11

Priaxor Xemium

(fluxapyroxad; pyraclostrobin)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz

7 or 21

0.5

Limit 2 appl./season. Crop cannot be used for livestock until 14 days after last application.

11 & 3

Avaris 2XS, Cover XL, Quilt Xcel, Quilt Fungicide, Willowood Azoxyprop Xtra

(azoxystrobin; propiconazole)

14 fl oz

42 fl oz

14 (dry)

7 (succulent)

0.5

Supplemental label: Do not use on cowpea cultivars intended for livestock.

Ascochyta blight

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available:

Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF,Echo ZN, Equus –DF Fungicide, Equus 720 SST, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Praiz

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

7 or 14

0.5

Do not use on crops for livestock.

1

Thiabendozale 4L ST

(thiabendazole)

1.72 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

3

Propiconazole 3.6EC

Tilt

(propiconazole)

4 fl oz

12 fl oz

7

0.5

Supplemental label: For control of web blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Not labeled for cowpea used for livestock feed.

3

Proline 480SC

(prothioconazole)

5.7 fl oz

17.1 fl oz

7

0.5

Only labeled for chickpea, lentils, and dry-edible peas and beans.

7

Endura

(boscalid)

11 oz

22 oz

21 (dry)

7 (succulent)

0.5

Limit 2 appl./crop, and alternate chemistry.

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

30 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before

alternating to a non-FRAC 7 fungicide. Vertisan only labeled for dry edible beans.

11

Aproach

(picoxystrobin)

12 fl oz

24 fl oz

14 (seed)

0.5

Do not tank mix with an adjuvant or crop oil

when spraying dry beans or peas.

11

Headline

Headline SC

(pyraclostrobin)

9 fl oz

18 fl oz

7 or 21

4 hr

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

11

Willowood Pyrac 2EC

(pyraclostrobin)

9 fl oz

18 fl oz

21 (dry)

7 (succulent)

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

11

Aframe, Azoxystar, Azoxyzone, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori Fungicide, Tetraban, Trevo, Willowood Azoxy 2SC

(azoxystrobin)

15.5 fl oz

92.3 fl oz

14 (dry)

0 (succulent)

4 hr

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

11

Azteroid FC (azoxystrobin)

19.5 fl oz

116 fl oz

14 (dry)

0 (succulent)

4 hr

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

11 & M5

Quadris Opti

(azoxystrobin; chlorothalonil)

2.4 pt

9.6 pt

14 (dry)

0.5

Only labeled for dry edible beans. Limit 4 appl./crop. No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

3 & 9

Inspire Super

(difenoconazole; cyprodinil)

20 fl oz

80 fl oz

14 (dry)

0.5

 

7 & 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr; difenoconazole)

11 fl oz

22 fl oz

14 (dry)

0.5

Apply on a 14-day schedule.

7 & 3

Propulse

(fluopyram; prothioconazole)

10.3 fl oz

20.5 fl oz

14

2

For dry-edible beans and peas. Do not use on crops for livestock.

7 & 11

Priaxor Xemium

(fluxapyroxad; pyraclostrobin)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz

7 or 21

0.5

Limit 2 appl./season. Crop cannot be used for livestock until 14 days after last application.

11 & 3

Aframe Plus, Avaris 2XS, Cover XL, Quilt Xcel, Quilt Fungicide, Willowood Azoxyprop Xtra

(azoxystrobin; propiconazole)

14 fl oz

42 fl oz

14 (dry)

7 (succulent)

0.5

Supplemental label: Do not use on cowpea cultivars intended for livestock.

4 & 7 & 3

EverGol Energy

(metalaxyl; penflufen; prothioconazole)

1.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

     

Disease suppression

7 & 3 & 11

Miravis Neo

(pydiflumetofen; propiconazole; azoxystrobin)

13.7 fl oz

27.4 fl oz

14 (dry)

0.5

 

Bacterial brown spot,

Bacterial blight,

Common blight,

Halo blight

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available:

Americop 40 DF, Basic Copper 53, Champ DP Dry Prill, Champ Formula 2 Flowable, Champ WG,

Champion++, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000, Kocide 3000, Kocide DF, Kop-Hydroxide, MasterCop, Nordox, Nordox 75 WG, Nu-Cop 50 WP,

Nu-Cop 3 L, Nu-Cop 50 DF, Nu-Cop HB, Previsto

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

Varies

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

 

M1 & M1

Badge SC

Badge X2

(copper hydroxide; copper oxychloride)

2 pt

16.6 pt

16.9 pt

0

1 (greenhouse)

2 (field)

 

M1 & M1

C-O-C-S WDG

(basic copper sulfate; copper oxychloride)

1.5 lb

9.2 lb

 

2

 

M1 & M2

Top Cop with Sulfur

(basic copper sulfate; sulfur)

2 pt

 

0

1

Do not use in aluminum tanks.

Bean Rust

(Uromyces appendiculatus)

M1 & M2

Top Cop with Sulfur

(basic copper sulfate; sulfur)

4 pt

 

0

1

Do not use in aluminum tanks.

M2

(sulfur)

Many brands available:

Micro Sulf, Microfine Sulfur, Microthiol Disperss, Sulfur 90W, That Flowable Sulfur, Thiolux, Yellow Jacket Dusting Sulfur, Yellow Jacket Wettable Sulfur

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

 

1

Do not apply during periods of warm weather to avoid phytotoxicity.

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available:

Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF,Echo ZN, Equus –DF Fungicide, Equus 720 SST, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Praiz

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

7 or 14

0.5

Do not use on crops for livestock.

M2 & 3

Unicorn DF

(sulfur; tebuconazole)

3.75 lb

15 lb (fresh)

7.5 lb (dry)

14

0.5

Do not mix with other DMI fungicides.

3

Rally 40WSP Fungicide

(myclobutanil)

5 oz

1.25 lb

0

1

30-day plantback interval

3

Monsoon,

Onset 3.6L

Orius 3.6F

Tebu-Crop 3.6F

Tebustar 3.6L

Teledo

(tebuconazole)

6 fl oz

24 fl oz (fresh)

12 fl oz (dry)

7 (fresh)

14 (dry)

0.5

 

3

Willowood Teb 3.6SC

(tebuconazole)

6 fl oz

12 fl oz

7 (fresh)

14 (dry)

0.5

DMI fungicide

3

Propiconazole 3.6EC

Tilt

(propiconazole)

4 fl oz

12 fl oz

7

0.5

 

3

Proline 480SC

(prothioconazole)

5.7 fl oz

17.1 fl oz

7

0.5

Only labeled for chickpea, lentils and dry-edible peas and beans.

7

Fontelis

Vertisan

(penthiopyrad)

30 fl oz

20 fl oz

72 fl oz

41 fl oz

0 (Fontelis)

21 (Vertisan)

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before

alternating to a non-FRAC 7 fungicide. Vertisan only labeled for dry edible beans.

11

Aproach

(picoxystrobin)

12 fl oz

24 fl oz

14 (seed)

0.5

Do not tank mix with an adjuvant or crop oil when spraying dry beans or peas.

11

Headline

Headline SC

Willowood Pyrac 2EC

(pyraclostrobin)

9 fl oz

18 fl oz

7 (succulent)

21 (dry)

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

11

Aframe, Azoxystar, Azoxyzone, Mazolin, Quadris, Satori Fungicide, Tetraban, Trevo, Willowood Azoxy 2SC

(azoxystrobin)

6 fl oz

92.3 fl oz

14 (dry beans)

0 (succulent)

4 hr

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

11

Azteroid FC (azoxystrobin)

7.6 fl oz

116 fl oz

14 (dry)

0 (succulent)

4 hr

No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

11 & M5

Quadris Opti

(azoxystrobin; chlorothalonil)

2.4 pt

9.6 pt

14 (dry)

0.5

Only labeled for dry edible beans. Limit 4 appl./crop. No more than 2 sequential applications before alternating to a non-FRAC 11 fungicide.

3 & 7

Miravis Top

(difenoconazole; pydiflumetofen)

13.7 fl oz

54.8 fl oz

14

0.5

 

11 & 3

Aframe Plus, Avaris 2XS, Cover XL, Quilt Xcel, Quilt Fungicide, Willowood Azoxyprop Xtra

(azoxystrobin; propiconazole)

14 fl oz

42 fl oz

14 (dry)

7 (succulent)

0.5

Supplemental label: Do not use on cowpea cultivars intended for livestock.

7 & 3

Luna Experience

(fluopyram; tebuconazole)

12.8 fl oz

25.6 fl oz

14

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications of Luna Experience or any Group 7– or Group 3–containing fungicide before rotating with a fungicide of a different Group.

7 & 11

Priaxor Xemium

(fluxapyroxad; pyraclostrobin)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz

7 or 21

0.5

Limit 2 appl./season. Crop cannot be used for livestock until 14 days after last application.

7 & 3 & 11

Miravis Neo

(pydiflumetofen; propiconazole; azoxystrobin)

13.7 fl oz

27.4 fl oz

14 (dry)

0.5

 

Botrytis or Gray mold

M1

Cueva

(copper octanoate)

2 gal

 

0

4 hr

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available:

Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF,Echo ZN, Equus –DF Fungicide, Equus 720 SST, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Praiz

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

7 or 14

0.5

Do not use on crops for livestock.

1

3336 EG, 3336 F, 3336 WP, Topsin 4.5 FL Fungicide, Topsin M WSB Fungicide

(thiophanate-methyl)

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

14 to 28 (see label)

0.5 (3336 fungicides)

1 (succulent)

3 (dry)

Apply once at 50%–70% bloom or twice (max=1 ½ lb/appl.) with first at 10%–30% bloom and second at peak bloom.

3

Rancona 3.8 FS

(ipconazole)

0.085 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

0.5

For protection against seedborne Botrytis.

7

Endura

(boscalid)

11 oz

22 oz

7 (succulent)

0.5

Limit 2 appl./crop, and alternate chemistry.

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

30 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

 

7 & M3

Vitaflo-280

(carboxin; thiram)

4 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

1

For protection against seedborne Botrytis.

7 & 11

Priaxor Xemium

(fluxapyroxad; pyraclostrobin)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz

7 or 21

0.5

Limit 2 appl./season. Crop cannot be used for livestock until 14 days after last application.

4 & 7 & 3

EverGol Energy

(metalaxyl; penflufen; prothioconazole)

1.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

     

Disease suppression

Cercospora leaf spot

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available:

Kentan DF, Nordox, Nordox 75 WG, Previsto

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

Varies

Varies from 4 hr to 2 days

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available:

Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF, Echo ZN, Equus – DF Fungicide, Equus 720 SST, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Praiz

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

7 or 14

0.5

Do not use on crops for livestock.

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

30 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

 

11

Aproach

(picoxystrobin)

12 fl oz

24 fl oz

14

0.5

 

11

Headline

Headline SC

Willowood Pyrac 2EC

(pyraclostrobin)

9 fl oz

18 fl oz

7 (succulent)

21 (dry)

0.5

Limit 2 appl./crop, and alternate chemistry.

M1 & M1

Badge SC

Badge X2

(copper hydroxide; copper oxychloride)

2 pt

16.6 pt

16.9 pt

0

1 (greenhouse)

2 (field)

 

M1 & M1

C-O-C-S WDG

(basic copper sulfate; copper oxychloride)

1.5 lb

9.2 lb

 

2

 

3 & 7

Miravis Top

(difenoconazole; pydiflumetofen)

13.7 fl oz

54.8 fl oz

14

0.5

 

7 & 3

Aprovia Top

(benzovindiflupyr; difenoconazole)

11 fl oz

22 fl oz

14 (dry)

0.5

Apply on a 14-day schedule.

7 & 11

Priaxor Xemium

(fluxapyroxad; pyraclostrobin)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz

7 or 21

0.5

Limit 2 appl./season. Crop cannot be used for livestock until 14 days after last application.

Downy mildew

M1

(copper compounds)

Many brands available:

Basic Copper 53, Champ Formula 2 Flowable, Champion++, Cueva, Cuprofix Ultra 40 Disperss, Cuproxat, Kentan DF, Kocide 2000 Funicide, Kocide 3000, Nordox, Nordox 75 WG, Nu-Cop 30 HB, Previsto

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

 

4 hr to 2 days (see label)

 

M5

(chlorothalonil)

Many brands available:

Bravo Ultrex, Bravo Weather Stik, Bravo ZN, Chloronil 720, Chlorothalonil 720, Echo 720, Echo 90 DF,Echo ZN, Equus –DF Fungicide, Equus 720 SST, Initiate 720, Initiate ZN, Praiz

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

7 or 14

0.5

Do not use on crops for livestock.

M1 & M1

Badge SC

Badge X2

(copper hydroxide; copper oxychloride)

2 pt

16.6 pt

16.9 pt

0

1 (greenhouse)

2 (field)

 

M1 & M1

C-O-C-S WDG

(basic copper sulfate; copper oxychloride)

1.5 lb

9.2 lb

 

2

 

M1 & M2

Top Cop with Sulfur

(basic copper sulfate; sulfur)

4 pt

 

0

1

Do not use in aluminum tanks.

M1 & 4

Ridomil Gold/Copper

(copper hydroxide; mefenoxam)

2 lb

8 lb

3

2

Limit 4 appl./crop.

1

St-Methyl 540 FS

(thiophanate-methyl)

0.28 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

4

Ridomil Gold SL

(mefenoxam)

0.2 pt

0.8 pt

3

2

Must be tank mixed with other effective fungicides.

4

Ultra Flourish (mefenoxam)

0.4 pt

2.0 pt (soil)

1.6 pt (foliar)

3

2

Must be tank mixed with other effective fungicides.

11

Aproach

(picoxystrobin)

12 fl oz

24 fl oz

14

0.5

 

11

Headline

Headline SC

Willowood Pyrac 2EC

(pyraclostrobin)

9 fl oz

18 fl oz

7

0.5

Limit 2 appl./crop, and alternate chemistry.

21

Ranman 400SC Fungicide

(cyazofamid)

2.75 fl oz

16.5 fl oz

0

0.5

Not labeled for cowpea used for livestock feed. Limit 6 appl./crop. No more than three sequential appl. before rotating chemistry.

40

Revus

(mandipropamid)

8 fl oz

32 fl oz

1

4 hr

 

7 & 11

Priaxor Xemium

(fluxapyroxad; pyraclostrobin)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz

7 or 21

0.5

Limit 2 appl./season. Crop cannot used for livestock until 14 days after last application.

Fusarium seeding blight, Fusarium root rot

1

Mertect 340-F

(thiabendazole)

0.68 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

1

Thiabendazole 4L ST

(thiabendazole)

1.72 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

1

T-Methyl 4.5L ST

(thiophanate-methyl)

0.28 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

3

Rancona 3.8 FS

(ipconazole)

0.085 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

3

Redigo 480

(prothioconazole)

0.32 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

7

Systiva XS Xemium

(fluxapyroxad)

0.47 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

       

11

Stamina

(pyraclostrobin)

1.5 fl oz/100 lb seed

       

12

Dyna-Shield, Fludioxonil, Fludioxonil 4L ST, Maxim 4F S, Spirato 480 FS, STartUp FLUDI

(fludioxonil)

0.16 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

3 & 4

Rancona Summit

(ipconazole; metalaxyl)

4.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

1

 

7 & 3

Rancona V 100 Pro FS

(carboxin; ipconazole)

1.5 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

4 & 11

Trilex 2000

(metalaxyl; trifloxystrobin)

1.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

1

 

4 & 12

Apron Maxx RFC

(mefenoxam; fludioxonil)

1.5 fl oz/100

lb seed

   

2

 

4 & 12

Apron Maxx RTA

(mefenoxam; fludioxonil)

5.0 fl oz/100

lb seed

   

2

 

7 & M3

Vitaflo-280

(carboxin; thiram)

4.0 fl oz/100

lb seed

   

1

Seed treatment

4 & 7 & 3

EverGol Energy

(metalaxyl; penflufen; prothioconazole)

1.0 fl oz/100

lb seed

   

1

 

4 & 7 & 12

Vibrance Maxx

(mefenoxam; sedaxane; fludioxonil)

1.54 fl oz/

100 lb seed

   

2

 

11 & 12

& 4 & 4A

(insecticide)

Seed Shield Beans

(azoxystrobin; fludioxonil; mefenoxam; thiamethoxam)

3.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

2

 

Phytophthora

4

Acquire, Allegiance FL, Dyna-Shield metalaxyl 318 FS, Metalaxyl 4.0 ST, Sebring 318 FS, Sebring 480 FS

(metalaxyl)

0.75 fl oz/

100 lb seed except for Metalaxyl

4.0 ST at

0.5 fl oz/100

lb seed

   

1

Seed treatment

4

Apron XL

(mefenoxam)

0.32 fl

oz/100 lb of

seed

   

2

Seed treatment only

21

Ranman 400SC Fungicide

(cyazofamid)

2.75 fl oz

16.5 fl oz

0

0.5

 

4 & 12

Apron Maxx RTA

(mefenoxam; fludioxonil)

5 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

2

Seed treatment only

11 & 12

& 4 & 4A

(insecticide)

Seed Shield Beans

(azoxystrobin; fludioxonil; mefenoxam; thiamethoxam)

3.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

2

Seed treatment only

Powdery mildew

M1

Cueva

(copper ocanoate)

2 gal

 

0

4 hr

OMRI-listed

M2

(sulfur)

Many brands available:

Cosavet-DF Edge, Micro Sulf, Microfine Sulfur, Microthiol Disperss, Suffa, Sulfur 6 L, Sulfur 90W, THAT Flowable Sulfur, Thiolux, Wettable Sulfur, TriTek

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

 

1

Do not apply during periods of warm weather, to avoid phytotoxicity.

M1 & M2

Top Cop with Sulfur

(basic copper sulfate; sulfur)

2 qt

 

0

1

Do not use in aluminum tanks.

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

30 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

 

7

Vertisan

(penthiopyrad)

20 fl oz

41 fl oz

21 (seed)

0 (hay)

0.5

 

11

Aproach

(picoxystrobin)

12 fl oz

24 fl oz

14

0.5

 

11

Headline

Headline SC

Willowood Pyrac 2EC

(pyraclostrobin)

9 fl oz

18 fl oz

7

0.5

Limit 2 appl./crop, and alternate chemistry.

7 & 3

Luna Experience

(fluopyram; tebuconazole)

12.8 fl oz

25.6 fl oz

14

0.5

Do not make more than 2 sequential applications of Luna Experience or any Group 7– or Group 3–containing fungicide before rotating with a fungicide of a different group.

7 & 11

Priaxor Xemium

(fluxapyroxad; pyraclostrobin)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz

7 (succulent)

21 (dry)

0.5

Do not make more than 2 applications per season.

Pythium damping-off & root rot

4

Acquire, Allegiance FL, Dyna-Shield metalaxyl 318 FS, Metalaxyl 265 ST, Metalaxyl 4.0 ST, Sebring 318 FS, Sebring 480 FS

(metalaxyl)

0.75 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

1

Seed treatment

4

MetaStar 2E

(metalaxyl)

4 pt

   

2

Preplant incorporated at planting or soil surface after planting. Do not use in greenhouse or field-grown bedding plants.

4

Apron XL

(mefenoxam)

0.64 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

2

Seed treatment only

4

Ridomil Gold SL

(mefenoxam)

0.2 pt

0.8 pt

3

2

Must be tank mixed with other effective fungicides.

4

Ultra Flourish

(mefenoxam)

2 pt

   

2

Apply as a broadcast soil application at preplant or as a surface application at planting.

3 & 4

Rancona Summit

(ipconazole; metalaxyl)

4.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

1

 

4 & 11

Trilex 2000

(metalaxyl; trifloxystrobin)

1.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

1

 

4 & 11

Uniform

(mefenoxam; azoxystrobin)

0.34 fl oz/ 1000 ft row

   

0

 

4 & 12

Apron Maxx RFC

(metalaxyl; fludioxonil)

1.5 fl oz/

100 lb seed

   

2

 

4 & 12

Apron Maxx RTA

(metalaxyl; fludioxonil)

5.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

2

 

4 & 12

Spirao M 185 FS

(metalaxyl; fludioxonil)

1.5 fl oz/

100 lb seed

   

2

 

7 & M3

Vitaflo-280

(carboxin; thiram)

4 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

1

 

Rhizoctonia diseases

1

St-Methyl 540 FS

T-Methyl 4.5L ST

(thiophanate-methyl)

0.28 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

0.5

 

3

Rancona 3.8 FS

(ipconazole)

0.085 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

0.5

Seed treatment for protection against Rhizoctonia solani.

3

Propiconazole 3.6 EC

(propiconazole)

4 fl oz

12 fl oz

7

0.5

For web blight (Rhizoctonia solani)

7

Systiva XS Xemium

(fluxapyroxad)

0.47 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

0

 

11

Aframe

(azoxystrobin)

0.8 fl oz/ 1000 row ft

   

4 hr

 

11

AzoxyStar

(azoxystrobin)

3.75 fl oz/ 100 lb seed

   

4 hr

Seed treatment

11

Azoxystrobin 100 ST

(azoxystrobin)

0.8 fl oz/ 1000 row ft

   

0

 

11

Azoxyzone

(azoxystrobin)

1.0 fl oz/ 1000 row feet

   

4 hr

For Rhizoctonia root rot (Rhizoctonia solani)

11

Azteroid FC

(azoxystrobin)

19.5 fl oz

116 fl oz

14 (dry)

0 (succulent)

4 hr

For web blight (Rhizoctonia solani)

11

Dynasty

(azoxystrobin)

0.765 fl

oz/100 lb seed

   

4 hr

Seed treatment

11

Mazolin

(azoxystrobin)

0.8 fl oz/ 1000 row ft

     

Avoid application directly to seed since delayed emergence may occur

11

Quadris

(azoxystrobin)

15.5 fl oz

92.3 fl oz

14 (dry)

0 (succulent)

4 hr

For web blight (Rhizoctonia solani)

11

Satori Fungicide

Tetraban

Trevo

Willowood Azoxy 2SC

(azoxystrobin)

0.8 fl oz/ 1000 row ft

       

11

Stamina

(pyraclostrobin)

1.5 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

0.5

Seed treatment

11

Willowood Pyrac 2EC

(pyraclostrobin)

9 fl oz

18 fl oz

1

0.5

 

12

Dyna-Shield Fludioxonil

Fludioxonil 4L ST

Maxim 4FS

Spirato 480FS

STartUp FLUDI

(fludioxonil)

0.16 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

0.5

Seed treatment only.

14

Blocker 4F

(PCNB)

3.3 fl oz/ 1000 row ft

   

0.5

Avoid application directly to seed because delayed emergence may occur.

14

Rizolex

(tolclofos-methyl)

0.3 fl oz/100 lb seed

200 lb

 

0.5

Only applied on the "true seed," not on other propagation parts.

7 & M3

Vitaflo-280

(carboxin; thiram)

4 fl oz per 100 lb seed

   

1

Seed treatment

3 & 4

Rancona Summit (Ipconazole; Metalaxyl)

4 fl oz per 100 lb seed

   

1

 

4 & 11

Trilex 2000

(metalaxyl; trifloxystrobin)

1.0 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

1

 

4 & 11

Uniform

(mefenoxam; azoxystrobin)

0.34 fl oz/ 1000 ft row

   

0

Make only one application per season

4 & 12

Apron Maxx RFC

(mefenoxam; fludioxonil)

1.5 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

2

Seed treatment only.

4 & 12

Apron Maxx RTA

(mefenoxam; fludioxonil)

5 fl oz/100 lb seed

   

2

Seed treatment only.

11 & 3

Aframe Plus, Avaris 2XS, Cover XL, Quilt Xcel, Willowood AzoxyProp Xtra

(azoxystrobin; propiconazole)

14 fl oz

42 fl oz

14 (dry)

7 (succulent)

0.5

For web blight (Rhizoctonia solani)

White mold

1

(thiophanate-methyl)

Many brands available:

3336 EG, 3336 F, 3336 WP, Helena-Methyl 4.5 AG, Incognito 4.5F, Nufarm T-Methyl 4.5F, Topsin 4.5FL Fungicide, Topsin M WSB Fungicide

SEE INDIVIDUAL LABELS

14 to 28 (see label)

0.5 (3336 fungicides)

1 (succulent)

3 (dry)

Apply once at 50%–70% bloom or twice (max.=1 ½ lb/appl.) with first at 10%–30% bloom and second at peak bloom.

M1

Cueva

(copper ocanoate)

2 gal

 

0

4 hr

OMRI-listed.

2

Iprodione 4L AG Fungicide, Meteor, Nevado 4F, Rovral 4 Flowable

(iprodione)

2 pt

4 pt

0

1

Limit 2 applications per season. Not for use as livestock feed.

7

Endura

(boscalid)

11 oz

22 oz

7 (succulent)

0.5

Limit 2 appl./crop, and alternate chemistry.

7

Fontelis

(penthiopyrad)

30 fl oz

72 fl oz

0

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before

alternating to a non-FRAC 7 fungicide.

7

Vertisan

(penthiopyrad)

20 fl oz

41 fl oz

21

0.5

No more than 2 sequential applications before

alternating to a non-FRAC 7 fungicide. Vertisan only labeled for dry edible beans.

12

Cannonball WG

Cannonball WP

(fludioxonil)

7 oz

28 oz

7

0.5

After 2 applications of Cannonball WP, alternate with another fungicide with a different mode of action for 2 applications.

14

Blocker 4F Fungicide

(PCNB)

2 pt

 

0

0.5

Avoid tank-mixing with highly acidic pesticides as this may reduce efficacy. Apply to seed furrow and covering soil. Do not spray seed directly.

14

Botran 5F

(DCNA dicloran)

1.6 qt

3.2 qt

2

0.5

Do not feed treated plants to livestock.

29

Omega 500F

(fluazinam)

0.85 pt

1.75 pt

14 (edible—podded and succulent beans)

2

 

7 & 3

Propulse

(fluopyram; prothioconazole)

10.3 fl oz

20.5 fl oz

14

2

For dry-edible beans and peas. Do not use on crops for livestock.

7 & 11

Priaxor Xemium

(fluxapyroxad; pyraclostrobin)

8 fl oz

16 fl oz

7 or 21

0.5

Limit 2 appl./season. Crop cannot be used for livestock until 14 days after last application.

9 & 12

Switch 62.5 WG

(cyprodinil; fludioxonil)

14 oz

56 oz

7

0.5

 

1 & 3 & 11

Trevo Packed

(thiophanate-methyl; tebuconazole; azoxystrobin)

30 fl oz

 

14 (fresh)

28 (dry)

1

 

1 FRAC code (fungicide group): Number (1 through 46) and letters (U and P) are used to distinguish the fungicide mode of action groups. All fungicides within the same group (with same number or letter) indicate same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the fungicide resistance management decisions. U = unknown, or a mode of action that has not been classified yet and is typically associated with another number; P = host plant defense inducers. Source: FRAC Code List 2019; http://www.frac.info/ (FRAC = Fungicide Resistance Action Committee).

2 Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned.

Table 8. 

Nonfumigant nematicides for legume crops in Florida.

Product

Application Directions

Mocap 15G

(a.i. ethoprop)

Apply 13 pounds per acre (36-inch row spacing) or 0.9 pounds per 1,000 linear feet of row in a band of 15 inches wide on the row at-planting. Mix with the top 2 to 4 inches of soil with mechanical equipment right after application. If broadcast, apply 34 lb/acre from 1 week before planting to at planting time and mix with 2–4 inches of soil. DO NOT use as a seed furrow treatment or allow granules to contact the seed. Only 1 application per season.

Footnotes

1. This document is HS727, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date June 1995. Revised June 2020. This is Chapter 11 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2020–2021 edition. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.
2. Peter J. Dittmar, assistant professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611; Eugene McAvoy, Extension agent IV, UF/IFAS Extension Hendry County, Labelle, FL 33935; Dakshina Seal, associate scientist; Shouan Zhang, associate professor, UF/IFAS Tropical Research and Education Center, Homestead, FL 33031; Joshua H. Freeman, associate professor, UF/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center, Quincy, FL 32351; Johan Desaeger, assistant professor, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Wimauma, FL 33598; and Qingren Wang, Extension agent I, UF/IFAS Extension Miami-Dade County, Homestead, FL 33030; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication do not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition.