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Chapter 14. Potato Production

Lincoln Zotarelli, Peter J. Dittmar, Pamela D. Roberts, Johan Desaeger, and Bonnie Wells

Botany and Planting

PotatoSolanum tuberosum, Solanaceae

Table 1. Planting information for potato.

Cultivars

The University of Florida Potato Variety Evaluation Program screens new germplasm from public and private breeding programs and identifies the most promising cultivars for commercial potential, considering broad adaptability to Florida climate and conditions and market purpose: processing, fresh-market, and specialty-type varieties. The Florida Potato Variety Trial Report is available at https://hos.ifas.ufl.edu/extension/variety-trials/. A summary of the most popular potato clones for Florida is presented below. Key reference: total yield: high >300 cwt/A, medium-high 250–299 cwt/A; medium 200–249 cwt/A; low-medium 150–199 cwt/A. Tuber specific gravity (SG): high >1.075, medium-high 1.070–1.074, medium 1.065–1.069, low <1.064.

1. Chipping Types

Atlantic. Mid-season, high yield, high SG. Mostly round; shallow eye depth; tan skin color; cream flesh; good appearance; susceptible to internal heat necrosis and hollow heart. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/HS1278

Elkton. Mid-season, high yield, medium-high SG. Mostly oblong; shallow eye depth; white skin color; white flesh; good appearance. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/HS1237

Harley Blackwell. Mid-late season, high yield, high SG. Mostly round; shallow eye depth; tan skin color; white flesh; good appearance. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/HS1298

Lamoka. Mid-late season, medium-high yield, medium SG. Round to oblong; intermediate eye depth; tan skin color; cream flesh; fair to good appearance.

Pike. Late season; medium-high yield; medium-high SG. Round to oblong; shallow eye depth; buff skin color; white flesh; good appearance.

Snowden. Mid-season; high-yield, high SG. Round; intermediate eye depth; tan skin color; white flesh; fair to good appearance. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/HS1286

Superior. Mid-season; medium-yield; medium SG. Round to oblong; intermediate eye depth; buff skin color; white flesh; fair to good appearance.

2. All-Purpose Types

LaChipper. Mid-season; high yield; medium SG. Round to oblong; intermediate eye depth; white skin and white flesh; good appearance. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/HS1297

Marcy. Mid-late season; high yield; low SG. Round to oblong; shallow eye depth; buff skin color; white flesh; good appearance. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/HS1277

Sebago. Early-mid season; high yield; medium SG. Mostly oblong; intermediate eye depth; buff skin color; white flesh; good appearance.

3. Fresh-Market/Table Types—Whites/Yellows

Almera. Early-mid season; high yield; low SG. Oblong to long; intermediate eye depth; buff skin color; light yellow flesh; good appearance.

Colomba. Mid-season; high yield; low SG. Mostly oblong; very shallow eye depth; cream skin color and light yellow flesh; excellent appearance.

Coronada. Mid-season; medium-high yield; low SG. Mostly oblong; very shallow eye depth; white skin color and light-yellow flesh; excellent appearance.

Electra. Mid-season; high yield; low SG. Round to oblong; shallow eye depth; white skin and white flesh; good appearance.

Fabula. Mid-late season. Medium-high yield; low SG. Mostly oblong; shallow eye depth; white-cream skin color; light yellow flesh; good appearance. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/HS1294

Francisca. Mid-late season. Medium-high yield; low SG. Round to oblong; shallow eye depth; buff skin color; light yellow flesh; good appearance.

Jelly. Early-mid season; high yield; low SG. Round to oblong; shallow eye depth; cream skin color and dark-yellow flesh; good to excellent appearance.

Malou. Mid-late season; high yield; low SG. Round to oblong; intermediate eye depth; white skin color; medium-yellow flesh; good to excellent appearance.

Natasha. Mid-season; medium-high yield; low SG. Mostly oblong; shallow eye depth; cream skin color; light-yellow flesh; excellent appearance.

Satina. Mid-season; medium-high yield; low SG. Round to oblong; shallow eye depth; cream skin color; medium-yellow flesh; good to excellent appearance.

4. Fresh-Market/Table Types—Reds

Cerata. Early-mid season; high yield; low SG. Round to oblong; shallow eye depth; pink skin color and white flesh; good to excellent appearance.

Chieftain. Mid-late season; high yield; low SG. Round to oblong; intermediate eye depth; red skin color and white flesh; fair to good appearance

LaRouge. Early-mid season; high yield; medium SG. Round to oblong; intermediate eye depth; pink-red skin color; white flesh; fair to good appearance.

Red Lasoda. Mid-late season; medium yield; low SG. Mostly oblong; intermediate to deep eye depth; red skin color; white flesh; good appearance.

Strawberry Paw. Mid-late season; high yield; low SG. Round to oblong; shallow eye depth; red skin color; cream flesh; good appearance.

5. Fresh-Market/Table Types—Purples

Adirondack Blue. Mid-late season; medium yield; medium SG. Oblong to long; intermediate eye depth; purple skin color; purple flesh; fair to good appearance. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/HS1293

All Blue. Mid-late season; medium yield; medium SG. Oblong to long; intermediate eye depth; purple skin color; purple flesh; fair to good appearance.

Michigan Purple. Mid-late season; high yield; medium SG. Mostly oblong; intermediate eye depth; purple skin color; white flesh; good appearance.

Peter Wilcox. Mid-late season; medium-high yield; medium SG. Round to oblong; intermediate eye depth; purple skin color; medium-yellow flesh; good appearance. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/HS1295

Table 2. Herbicides approved for managing weeds in potato.

Table 3. Insecticides approved for management of arthropod pests of potato.

Table 4. Potato fungicides ordered by disease and then FRAC group according to their mode of action.

 

Table 5. Nonfumigant nematicides for potatoes in Florida.

 

 

Table 6. Fumigant nematicides for potatoes in Florida.

 

Publication #HS733

Date: 8/16/2021

Management
Commercial

About this Publication

This document is HS733. Original publication date June 1995. Revised May 2021. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Lincoln Zotarelli, assistant professor, Horticultural Sciences Department; Peter J. Dittmar, associate professor, Horticultural Sciences Department; Pamela D. Roberts, professor, Plant Pathology Department, UF/IFAS Southwest Florida Research and Education Center; Johan Desaeger, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast REC; and Bonnie Wells, Extension agent II, UF/IFAS Extension Brevard County; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville FL 32611.

Contacts

  • Lincoln Zotarelli
  • Peter Dittmar