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Philodendron x 'Xanadu' 'Xanadu' Philodendron

Edward F. Gilman, Ryan W. Klein, and Gail Hansen


This moderately large-leaved, easily grown philodendron makes a dramatic, tropical statement wherever it is used in the landscape. The deeply divided, usually drooping, dark grey-green leaves grow up to 18 inches long and 8 to 12 inches wide, appearing on long, smooth petioles. Each leaf is divided into 15 to 20 lobes. It can be grown outside only in south Florida and in the warmest parts of central Florida. The flower is not showy.

Full Form - Philodendron x 'Xanadu': 'Xanadu' Philodendron
Figure 1. Full Form - Philodendron x 'Xanadu': 'Xanadu' Philodendron
Credit: Edward F. Gilman, UF/IFAS


Leaf - Philodendron x 'Xanadu': 'Xanadu' Philodendron
Figure 2. Leaf - Philodendron x 'Xanadu': 'Xanadu' Philodendron
Credit: Edward F. Gilman, UF/IFAS

General Information

Scientific name: Philodendron x 'Xanadu'

Pronunciation: fill-loe-DEN-drun

Common name(s): 'Xanadu' philodendron

Family: Araceae

Plant type: perennial; shrub

USDA hardiness zones: 10 through 11 (Figure 3)

Planting month for zone 10 and 11: year round

Origin: not native to North America

Invasive potential: not known to be invasive

Uses: foundation; border; mass planting; suitable for growing indoors

Availability: generally available in many areas within its hardiness range

Shaded area represents potential planting range.
Figure 3. Shaded area represents potential planting range.


Height: 2 to 4 feet

Spread: 4 to 6 feet

Plant habit: round

Plant density: open

Growth rate: fast

Texture: coarse


Leaf arrangement: alternate

Leaf type: simple

Leaf margin: lobed

Leaf shape: elliptic (oval)

Leaf venation: pinnate

Leaf type and persistence: evergreen

Leaf blade length: 12 to 18 inches

Leaf color: green

Fall color: no fall color change

Fall characteristic: not showy


Flower color: green

Flower characteristic: flowers periodically throughout the year


Fruit shape: no fruit

Fruit length: no fruit

Fruit cover: no fruit

Fruit color: no fruit

Fruit characteristic: no fruit

Trunk and Branches

Trunk/bark/branches: not particularly showy; usually with one stem/trunk

Current year stem/twig color: green

Current year stem/twig thickness: very thick


Light requirement: plant grows in the shade

Soil tolerances: occasionally wet; acidic; slightly alkaline; sand; loam; clay

Drought tolerance: moderate

Soil salt tolerances: poor

Plant spacing: 36 to 60 inches


Roots: usually not a problem

Winter interest: no special winter interest

Outstanding plant: not particularly outstanding

Pest resistance: long-term health usually not affected by pests

Use and Management

When given enough room to spread, 'Xanadu' makes a handsome foundation or specimen planting, and can also be used in large containers, where it looks especially attractive at poolside. It has similarities in texture and form to selloum without its large size. Space 4 or 6 feet apart in a landscape to form a mass planting of coarse textured foliage. Since leaves remain close to the ground, it makes a nice, tall ground cover for any shaded, damp location.

'Xanadu' is well adapted to the shade of tall trees. It needs fairly rich, moisture-retentive soil to look its best. Most philodendrons adapt to alkaline soil fairly well and are resistant to drought.

Pests and Diseases

Infrequent pests include mites and scale.

Publication #FPS474

Release Date:January 18, 2024

Related Collections

Part of Shrubs Fact Sheets

Related Topics

  • Critical Issue: 1. Agricultural and Horticultural Enterprises
Organism ID

About this Publication

This document is FPS474, one of a series of the Department of Environmental Horticulture, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date October 1999. Revised October 2023. Visit the EDIS website at for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Edward F. Gilman, professor emeritus; Ryan W. Klein, assistant professor, arboriculture; and Gail Hansen, professor, sustainable landscape design; Department of Environmental Horticulture, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.


  • Gail Hansen de Chapman
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