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Plant-Feeding Mites in Citrus

L. M. Diepenbrock, J. D. Burrow, and D. Carrillo

Flat Mite (Brevipalpus sp.) Identification

  • Flat, diamond shaped
  • Yellow to reddish orange in color
  • Females may have a black “H” marking with green and dark spots
  • Approximately 0.2 mm; males are smaller than females
  • Can be found on both sides of leaf, stems, and fruit
Figure 1.
Credit: T. R. Weeks, UF/IFAS

Flat Mite (Brevipalpus sp.) Feeding Damage

  • Leaves circular yellow spots on fruit from feeding (pictured)
  • Can vector citrus leprosis virus when the virus is present in the system
  • When populations are very high, leaf damage may occur
A green apple with a stem  Description automatically generated with medium confidence
Figure 2.
Credit: T. R. Weeks, UF/IFAS

Texas Citrus Mite Identification

  • Females (left) are a broad oval shape; males (right) are slender oval shape
  • Males have longer legs than females
  • Approximately 0.5 mm long
  • Often located on upper side of leaf and move from the inner leaf to the outer leaf
A picture containing arthropod, invertebrate, acarine  Description automatically generated
Figure 3.
Credit: University of Arizona

Texas Citrus Mite Feeding Damage

  • Leaves will look speckled (stippling)
  • High populations may cause leaf and fruit drop
  • When leaves drop, the leaf petiole stays intact on tree
  • Damage progresses from top of tree, then downward
Figure 4.
Credit: University of Texas

Citrus Rust Mite Identification

  • Wedge shaped, longer than wide
  • Light yellow in color
  • 0.15 mm long
  • Feed on both fruit and leaves, but prefer fruit
  • Often found on outer canopy fruit
Figure 5.
Credit: E. Demard, UF/IFAS

Citrus Rust Mite Feeding Damage

  • Leaves and fruit have smooth, dark-brown spots
  • Extreme damage causes bronzing (pictured) on fruit; bronzing also occurs on leaves
  • May cause smaller fruit size
  • Most often found on outer canopy away from direct sunlight
Figure 6.
Credit: J. D. Burrow, UF/IFAS

Broad Mite Identification

  • Oval shaped
  • Light yellow to reddish or brownish yellow, may be green
  • Females have a stripe, whereas males do not
  • Females are 0.2 mm long and males are 0.11 mm long; males move faster
  • Feed on unhardened leaves and fruit
Figure 7.
Credit: L. Buss, UF/IFAS

Broad Mite Feeding Damage

  • Leaf bronzing
  • Leaf curling unevenly distributed on leaf, no pattern
  • Feeding damage same on various plants (dogwood pictured)
  • Rind damage on developing fruit
  • Common greenhouse pest
Figure 8.
Credit: Tennessee State University

Citrus Red Mite Identification

  • Females are oval, whereas males have a tapered rear
  • Dark red in color
  • Approximately 0.5 mm; male is smaller than female and has long legs
  • Found on both leaves and fruit
A ladybug on a green leaf  Description automatically generated with medium confidence
Figure 9.
Credit: L. Buss, UF/IFAS

Citrus Red Mite Feeding Damage

  • On leaves, damage is speckled and may have a silvery appearance
  • Leaves and fruit may be pale in color
  • Severe populations may cause leaf drop
Figure 10.
Credit: D. Rosen, University of California

Two Spotted Spider Mite Identification

  • Oval shaped with two dark spots
  • Male is brown to orange in color; the female color is typically pale green, but may have a yellow, brown or orange look
  • Approximately 0.4 mm
  • Female is larger than male, male has a pointed abdomen
  • Prefers underside of leaves
A close up of a leaf  Description automatically generated with low confidence
Figure 11.
Credit: T. R. Weeks, UF/IFAS

Two Spotted Spider Mite Feeding Damage

  • Leaves appear gray or yellow
  • Between leaf veins, yellow or brown spots from feeding
  • If infestation severe, leaf drop may occur
  • Common greenhouse pest
A close up of a leaf  Description automatically generated with medium confidence
Figure 12.
Credit: Government of Western Australia
Peer Reviewed

Publication #ENY2082

Release Date:January 25, 2023

Related Experts

Diepenbrock, Lauren M.


University of Florida

Carrillo, Daniel


University of Florida

Burrow, Jamie D.


University of Florida

Related Topics

Organism ID

About this Publication

This document is ENY-2082, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date January 2023. Visit the EDIS website at for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Lauren M. Diepenbrock, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Citrus Research and Education Center; Jamie D. Burrow, Extension program manager, UF/IFAS CREC; and Daniel Carrillo, assistant professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Tropical Research and Education Center; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.


  • Jamie Burrow
  • Lauren Diepenbrock