Chapter 19. Biopesticides and Alternative Disease and Pest Management Products1

Natalia Peres, Gary Vallad, Johan Desaeger, and Hugh Smith 2

This is Chapter 19 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2020–2021 edition. The tables and most current version of this chapter may be found at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/cv/cv29500.pdf.

Tables

Table 1. 

Biopesticides labeled for management of arthropod pests of many crops.

Insect or Mite Pest

MOA Code1

Trade Name (Active Ingredient)

Rate

Days to Harvest

REI (Hours)

OMRI-Listed

Remarks

Aphids

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

3A, -

Azera

(pyrethrins, azadirachtin)

1.0–3.5 qt

0

12

Yes

Apply when larvae are small for best control. Can be used in greenhouse.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt, up to 3.5 pt if needed

0

4

Yes

Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart per acre. Apply in sufficient water to thoroughly cover foliage, typically 5 to 100 gallons per acre.

0

4

No

Works by contact. Spores attach to insects, germinate, and penetrate insect cuticle. May be used in greenhouses.

3A, -

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA, pyrethrins)

Up to 2 quarts per 100 gallons water.

0

12

No

 

-

Des-X

(soap, insecticidal)

2% v/v

0

12

Yes

 

-

Grandevo WDG

(Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1.0–3.0 lb

0

4

Yes

 

-

M-Pede 49% EC

(soap, insecticidal)

1%–2% v/v

0

12

Yes

 

-

Mycotrol ESO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart per acre. Apply in sufficient water to thoroughly cover foliage, typically 5 to 100 gallons per acre.

0

4

Yes

 

-

Mycotrol WPO

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.5–1.0 lb per 100 gallons water; maximum 3 lb per 100 gallons for high insect pressure or dense foliage.

0

4

Yes

 

-

Neemix 4.5

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

0

12

Yes

IGR and feeding repellant. Greenhouse and field.

-

Suffoil-X

(mineral oil)

1%–2% v/v

0

4

Yes

Thorough coverage is essential.

-

Trilogy

(extract of neem oil)

0.5%–2% v/v

0

4

Yes

Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn. Toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment.

-

PFR-97 20% WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97)

Foliar and soil: 1–2 lb

0

4

Yes

Can be used on vegetables grown for transplant. Do not mix with fungicides or apply within 5 days of fungicide applications other than copper. Dust/mist respirator must be used for mixing and applying.

Beetles

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

3A, -

Azera

(pyrethrins, azadirachtin)

1.0–3.5 qt

0

12

Yes

Apply when larvae are small for best control. Can be used in greenhouse.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt, up to 3.5 pt if needed

0

4

Yes

Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

5

Entrust SC

(spinosad)

See label for specific crops

See label

4

Yes

See label for resistance management and for maximum allowed amount per season.

Caterpillars (including cabbage looper, corn earworm, imported cabbageworm, larvae, tobacco budworm, tomato fruitworm); armyworms and cutworms

3A, -

Azera

(pyrethrins, azadirachtin)

1.0–3.5 qt

0

12

Yes

Apply when larvae are small for best control. Can be used in greenhouse.

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

5

Entrust SC

(spinosad)

See label for specific crops

See label

4

Yes

See label for resistance management and for maximum allowed amount per season.

5

Seduce Insect Bait

(spinosad)

20–44 lb

See specific crops on label

4

Yes

 

11A

Agree WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai)

0.5–2.0 lb

0

4

Yes

Apply when larvae are small for best control. Can be used in greenhouse.

11A

Biobit HP

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

0

4

Yes

Treat when larvae are young. Good coverage is essential. Can be used in the greenhouse.

11A

Deliver

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.25–1.5 lb

0

4

Yes

Use higher rates for armyworms.

11A

DiPel DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.5–2.0 lb

0

4

Yes

Treat when larvae are young. See label for rates for specific pests. Good coverage is essential.

11A

Javelin WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis

subspecies kurstaki)

0.12–1.50 lb

0

4

Yes

Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. See label for crops (most cole crops).

11A

Xentari DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies aizawai)

0.5–2.0 lb

0

4

Yes

Treat when larvae are young. Thorough coverage is essential. May be used in the greenhouse.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt, up to 3.5 pt if needed

0

4

Yes

Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

Corn earworm,

Helicoverpa zea

-

Gemstar LC

(Helicoverpa zea NPV)

4–10 fl oz

0

4

Yes

Naturally occurring insect virus

-

Grandevo

(Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1.0–3.0 lb

0

4

Yes

 

-

Grandevo WDG

(Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1.0–3.0 lb

0

4

Yes

 

-

Neemix 4.5

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

0

12

Yes

IGR and feeding repellant. Greenhouse and field.

-

Venerate XC

(heat-killed Burkholderia spp. strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media)

1–8 quarts per acre

0

4

Yes

 

Earwigs

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

5

Seduce Insect Bait

(spinosad)

20–44 lb

See specific crops on label.

4

Yes

 

Leafhoppers

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt, up to 3.5 pt if needed

0

4

Yes

Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart per acre. Apply in sufficient water to thoroughly cover foliage, typically 5 to 100 gallons per acre.

0

4

No

Works by contact. Spores attach to insects, germinate, and penetrate insect cuticle. May be used in greenhouses.

-

Captiva

(Capsicum oleoresin extract, garlic oil, soybean oil)

8 oz per 100 gallons water

0

4

No

 

-

Captiva Prime

(Capsicum oleoresin extract, garlic oil, canola oil)

1–2 pints

0

4

Yes

 

-

JMS Stylet oil

(paraffinic oil)

3–6 quarts per 100 gallons water

0

4

No

 

-

Organic JMS Stylet oil

(paraffinic oil)

3–6 quarts per 100 gallons water

0

4

Yes

 

-

M-Pede 49% EC

(soap, insecticidal)

1%–2% v/v

0

12

Yes

 

-

Suffoil-X

(mineral oil)

1%–2% v/v

0

4

Yes

Thorough coverage is essential.

Liriomyza leafminers

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

3A, -

Azera

(pyrethrins, azadirachtin)

1.0–3.5 qt

0

12

Yes

Apply when larvae are small for best control. Can be used in greenhouse.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt, up to 3.5 pt if needed

0

4

Yes

Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

3A, -

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA, pyrethrins)

Up to 2 quarts per 100 gallons water.

0

12

No

 

-

Neemix 4.5

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

0

12

Yes

IGR and feeding repellant. Greenhouse and field.

-

JMS Stylet oil

(paraffinic oil)

3–6 quarts per 100 gallons water

0

4

No

 

-

Organic JMS Stylet oil

(paraffinic oil)

3–6 quarts per 100 gallons water

0

4

Yes

 

-

PFR-97 20% WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97)

Foliar and soil: 1–2 lb

0

4

Yes

Can be used on vegetables grown for transplant. Do not mix with fungicides or apply within 5 days of fungicide applications other than copper. Dust/mist respirator must be used for mixing and applying.

Mealybugs

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart per acre. Apply in sufficient water to thoroughly cover foliage, typically 5 to 100 gallons per acre.

0

4

No

Works by contact. Spores attach to insects, germinate, and penetrate insect cuticle. May be used in greenhouses.

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

-

Venerate XC

(heat-killed Burkholderia spp. strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media)

1–8 quarts per acre

0

4

Yes

 

Mites

(including broad mites and two-spotted spider mites)

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart per acre. Apply in sufficient water to thoroughly cover foliage, typically 5 to 100 gallons per acre.

0

4

No

Works by contact. Spores attach to insects, germinate, and penetrate insect cuticle.

-

Captiva

(Capsicum oleoresin extract, garlic oil, soybean oil)

8 oz per 100 gallons water

0

4

No

 

-

Captiva Prime

(Capsicum oleoresin extract, garlic oil, canola oil)

1–2 pints

0

4

Yes

 

-

Trilogy

(extract of neem oil)

0.5%–2% v/v

0

4

Yes

Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn. Toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment.

-

Des-X

(soap, insecticidal)

2% v/v

0

12

Yes

 

-

JMS Stylet oil

(paraffinic oil)

3–6 quarts per 100 gallons water

0

4

No

 

-

Organic JMS Stylet oil

(paraffinic oil)

3–6 quarts per 100 gallons water

0

4

Yes

 

-

Grandevo WDG

(Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1.0–3.0 lb

0

4

Yes

 

-

Met52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae

strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz

Foliar: 0.5–2 quarts

0

0

No

Composed of spores of insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae strain F52.

-

M-Pede 49% EC

(soap, insecticidal)

1%–2% v/v

0

12

Yes

 

-

PFR-97 20% WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97)

Foliar and soil: 1–2 lb

0

4

Yes

Can be used on vegetables grown for transplant. Do not mix with fungicides or apply within 5 days of fungicide applications other than copper. Dust/mist respirator must be used for mixing and applying.

-

Suffoil-X

(mineral oil)

1%–2% v/v

0

4

Yes

Thorough coverage is essential.

-

Venerate XC

(heat-killed Burkholderia spp. strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media)

1–8 quarts per acre

0

4

Yes

 

Plant bugs

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart per acre. Apply in sufficient water to thoroughly cover foliage, typically 5 to 100 gallons per acre.

0

4

No

Works by contact. Spores attach to insects, germinate, and penetrate insect cuticle.

-

Des-X

(soap, insecticidal)

2% v/v

0

12

Yes

 

-

Grandevo WDG

(Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1.0–3.0 lb

0

4

Yes

 

-

PFR-97 20% WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97)

Foliar and soil: 1–2 lb

0

4

Yes

Can be used on vegetables grown for transplant. Do not mix with fungicides or apply within 5 days of fungicide applications other than copper. Dust/mist respirator must be used for mixing and applying.

Planthoppers

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart per acre. Apply in sufficient water to thoroughly cover foliage, typically 5 to 100 gallons per acre.

0

4

No

Works by contact. Spores attach to insects, germinate, and penetrate insect cuticle.

Psyllids

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

-

PFR-97 20% WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97)

Foliar and soil: 1–2 lb

0

4

Yes

Can be used on vegetables grown for transplant. Do not mix with fungicides or apply within 5 days of fungicide applications other than copper. Dust/mist respirator must be used for mixing and applying.

Soil insects

(including grubs, symphylans, rootworm)

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

-

PFR-97 20% WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97)

Foliar and soil: 1–2 lb

0

4

Yes

Can be used on vegetables grown for transplant. Do not mix with fungicides or apply within 5 days of fungicide applications other than copper. Dust/mist respirator must be used for mixing and applying. For organic production.

Stinkbugs

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

-

Venerate XC

(heat-killed Burkholderia spp. strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media)

1–8 quarts per acre

0

4

Yes

 

Thrips

(check label for species controlled)

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

5

Entrust SC

(spinosad)

See label for specific crops

See label

4

Yes

See label for resistance management and for maximum allowed amount per season.

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt, up to 3.5 pt if needed

0

4

Yes

Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart per acre. Apply in sufficient water to thoroughly cover foliage, typically 5 to 100 gallons per acre.

0

4

No

Works by contact. Spores attach to insects, germinate, and penetrate insect cuticle.

3A, -

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA, pyrethrins)

Up to 2 quarts per 100 gallons water.

0

12

No

 

-

Captiva

(Capsicum oleoresin extract, garlic oil, soybean oil)

8 oz per 100 gallons water

0

4

   

-

Captiva Prime

(Capsicum oleoresin extract, garlic oil, canola oil)

1–2 pints

0

4

Yes

 

-

Met52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae

strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz

Foliar: 0.5–2 quarts

0

0

No

Composed of spores of insect pathogen fungus Metarhizium anisopliae strain F52.

-

Met52 granular

(Metarhizium anisopliae

strain F52)

1.5–3.0 lb/yd3

0

0

No

Product is incorporated into growing medium for management of thrips pupae.

-

M-Pede 49% EC

(soap, insecticidal)

1%–2% v/v

0

12

Yes

 

-

Suffoil-X

(mineral oil)

1%–2% v/v

0

4

Yes

Thorough coverage is essential.

-

Trilogy

(extract of neem oil)

0.5%–2% v/v

0

4

Yes

Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn. Toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment.

Weevils

-

PFR-97 20% WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97)

Foliar and soil: 1–2 lb

0

4

Yes

Can be used on vegetables grown for transplant. Do not mix with fungicides or apply within 5 days of fungicide applications other than copper. Dust/mist respirator must be used for mixing and applying.

-

Venerate XC

(heat-killed Burkholderia spp. strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media)

1–8 quarts per acre

0

4

Yes

 

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in greenhouses.

Whitefly

-

Aza-Direct

(azadirachtin)

1–2 pt, up to 3.5 pt if needed

0

4

Yes

Antifeedant, repellant, insect growth regulator.

3A, -

Azera

(pyrethrins, azadirachtin)

1.0–3.5 qt

0

12

Yes

Apply when larvae are small for best control. Can be used in greenhouse.

-

BotaniGard ES

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA)

0.25–1 quart per acre. Apply in sufficient water to thoroughly cover foliage, typically 5 to 100 gallons per acre.

0

4

No

Works by contact. Spores attach to insects, germinate, and penetrate insect cuticle. May be used in greenhouses.

3A, -

BotaniGard Maxx

(Beauveria bassiana strain GHA, pyrethrins)

Up to 2 quarts per 100 gallons water.

0

12

No

 

-

Captiva

(Capsicum oleoresin extract, garlic oil, soybean oil)

8 oz per 100 gallons water

0

4

No

 

-

Captiva Prime

(Capsicum oleoresin extract, garlic oil, canola oil)

1–2 pints

0

4

Yes

 

-

Des-X

(soap, insecticidal)

2% v/v

0

12

Yes

 

-

Grandevo WDG

(Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1)

1.0–3.0 lb

0

4

Yes

 

-

JMS Stylet oil

(paraffinic oil)

3–6 quarts per 100 gallons water

0

4

No

 

-

Organic JMS Stylet oil

(paraffinic oil)

3–6 quarts per 100 gallons water

0

4

Yes

 

-

M-Pede 49% EC

(soap, insecticidal)

1%–2% v/v

0

12

Yes

 

-

Met52 EC

(Metarhizium anisopliae

strain F52)

Drench: 40–80 fl oz

Foliar: 0.5–2 quarts

0

0

No

Composed of spores of insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae strain F52.

-

Neemix 4.5

(azadirachtin)

4–16 fl oz

0

12

Yes

IGR and feeding repellant. Greenhouse and field.

-

PFR-97 20% WDG

(Isaria fumosoroseus Apopka Strain 97)

Foliar and soil: 1–2 lb

0

4

Yes

Can be used on vegetables grown for transplant. Do not mix with fungicides or apply within 5 days of fungicide applications other than copper. Dust/mist respirator must be used for mixing and applying.

3A

Pyganic 5.0

(pyrethrins)

 

0

12

Yes

Harmful to bees. Can be used in

greenhouses.

-

Suffoil-X

(mineral oil)

1%–2% v/v

0

4

Yes

Thorough coverage is essential.

-

Trilogy

(extract of neem oil)

0.5%–2% v/v

0

4

Yes

Apply morning or evening to reduce potential for leaf burn. Toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment.

-

Venerate XC

(heat-killed Burkholderia spp. strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media)

1–8 quarts per acre

0

4

Yes

 

1 Mode of Action (MOA) codes for plant pest insecticides from the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) Mode of Action Classification v. 8.2 March 2017. Number codes (1 through 29) are used to distinguish the main insecticide mode of action groups, with additional letters for certain subgroups within each main group. All insecticides within the same group (with same number) indicate the same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the insecticide resistance management decisions. - = unknown, or a mode of action that has not been classified yet.

2 Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any product. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. OMRI-listed: Listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute for use in organic production.

Table 2. 

Biopesticides and other alternative products labeled for plant disease management.

Product

(Active Ingredient), Fungicide Group1

Crops

Pertinent Diseases or Pathogens

Minimum Days to:

OMRI-

Listed

Remarks2

Harvest

Reentry

Labels change frequently. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any pesticide. Refer to crop-specific tables for conventional pesticides labeled for disease and pest management.

Actinovate, ActinoGrow

(Streptomyces lydicus WYEC 108), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Alternaria spp., Anthracnose, Aphanomyces, Botrytis, Charcoal Rot (Macrophomina phaseolina), Club root (Plasmodiophora brassicae), Downy Mildew, Erwinia spp., Fusarium spp., Gaeumannomyces, Powdery Mildew, Pseudomonas spp., Phytophthora spp., Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Sclerotinia spp., Southern Blight, Verticillium spp., Xanthomonas spp.

0

1 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

Afla-guard GR

(Aspergillus flavus NRRL 21882), NC

Sweet Corn

Aspergillus

-

4 hr

No

Do not exceed 20 lb/acre per growing season. See label for specific application instructions.

AgriPhage

(bacteriophage), NC

Tomato, Pepper

Bacterial spot, Bacterial speck

0

0

No

Bacterial strains must be characterized

periodically by manufacturer to correctly formulate the bacteriophage mixture.

(potassium bicarbonate), NC

Many brands available: Armicarb 100, Armicarb "O", Carb-O-Nator, Eco-mate, Kaligreen, Milstop

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum fungicide

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

Ballad Plus

(Bacillus pumilus strain QST 2808), NC

Legumes & Sweet Corn

Bacterial blight, Brown spot, Cercospora leaf spot, Common Rust, Downy mildew, Northern and Southern leaf blight, Pseudomonas spp., Xanthomonas spp.

0

4 hr

No

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

BioCover

(Oil, petroleum), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Powdery mildew, Rust

0

4 hr

No

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding use with other pesticides.

BIO-TAM

(Trichoderma asperellum strain ICC 012 + Trichoderma gamsii strain ICC 080), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Fusarium spp., Phytophthora spp., Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Sclerotinia spp., Sclerotium rolfsii, Thielaviopsis basicola, and Verticillium spp.

-

1 hr

Yes

See label for additional rates and recommendations for transplant production and details for specific diseases. Check label for product incompatibility with certain chemical fungicides.

Botector

(Aureobasidium pullulans strain DSM 14940, 14941)

Tomatoes & Strawberries

Anthracnose, Botrytis, Phomopsis, Rhizopus

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations. Check label for precautions regarding incompatibility with fungicides.

BotryStop

(Ulocladium oudemansii U3 strain), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Botrytis, Sclerotinia

0

4 hr

No

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding fungicide compatibility.

Cease

(Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713), 44

Vegetables & Strawberries

Bacterial spot, Bacterial speck, Botrytis, Early blight, Late blight, Powdery mildew, Target spot, Rhizoctonia spp., Pythium spp., Fusarium spp., Verticillium spp., Phytophthora spp.

0

4 hr

Yes

For foliar applications, mix with copper compounds or other effective fungicides. Compatible with soil drench and in-furrow applications. See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

Cinnerate

(cinnamon oil), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Powdery mildew, Botrytis, Rusts

0

0

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

Contans WG

(Coniothyrium minitans strain CON/M/91-08)

Vegetables & Strawberries

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Sclerotinia minor

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

Cyclops

(olive and cinnamon oils), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum fungicide

0

0

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations. Ingredients are exempt from FIFRA.

Debug

(fats and glyceridic oils Mongosa, Azadirachtin), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Powdery mildew, Rust, Rhizoctonia, Sclerotinia, Sclerotium rolfsii

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

Double Nickel 55

Double Nickel LC

Triathlon BA

(Bacillus amyloliquefaciencs

strain D747), 44

Vegetables & Strawberries

Alternaria spp., Anthracnose, Bacterial diseases, Botrytis, Early blight, Fusarium spp., Late blight, Phytophthora spp., Powdery mildew, Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for additional rates and recommendations for foliar and soil application rates and details for specific diseases. Use as a soil drench at transplant and periodically throughout the season. Can also be used as a seed treatment. See label for details.

EcoSwing

(extract of Swinglea glutinosa), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Alternaria alternata, Monilinia fructicola,

Monilinia laxa, Botrytis cinerea, Erysiphaceae spp., Erwinia carotovora subspp., Aspergillus niger, Alternaria tenuis, Cladosporium herbarum, Rhizopus arrhizus, Penicillium spp.

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and greenhouse use.

Glacial Spray Fluid

(Oil, petroleum), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Powdery mildew, Rust

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding use with other pesticides.

GreenClean PRO

PerCarb

(sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum fungicide/bactericide

0

 

No

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

(Hydrogen peroxide + peroxyacetic acid), NC

Many brands available: Jet-Ag, OxiDate 2.0, Rendition,

SaniDate 12.0, SaniDate WTO, SaniDate 5.0, SaniDate FD, SaniDate 15.0, StorOx 2.0, TerraStart, TerraClean

5.0, ZeroTol 2.0

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum fungicide

0

1 hr for enclosed areas; until spray dries in open-field areas.

No

See labels for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding use with other pesticides. Some formulations can be used as a soil drench at transplant and periodically throughout the season. Can also be used as a seed treatment or for postharvest treatments.

JMS Stylet-Oil

Organic JMS Stylet-Oil

(paraffinic oil), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Potato Virus Y, Tobacco Etch Virus, Cucumber Mosaic Virus

0

4 hr

Yes, but only for one label

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding use with other pesticides.

LEAPES

(Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, strain ABTS-351 and methyl salicylate)

Tomato & Pepper

Xanthomonas spp.

0

0.5

No

Apply before disease is observed in the field; should be used as part of a plant pathogen control program. See label for details regarding insecticidal activity.

LifeGard

(Bacillus mycoides isolate J)

Vegetables

Broad-spectrum fungicide

 

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

Mildew Cure

(cotton, corn, and garlic oils), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Powdery mildew

0

0

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations. Ingredients are exempt from FIFRA.

Nutrol

(potassium phosphate), NC

Cucurbits, Peppers & Tomatoes

Powdery mildew

0

0

No

Do not mix with copper fungicides or other products affected by low pH (<5.5). See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

OxiPhos

(mono- and dipotassium salts of phosphorus acid + hydrogen peroxide), 33 + NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Alternaria spp., Anthracnose, Bacterial diseases, Botrytis, Early blight, Fusarium spp., Late blight, Phytophthora spp., Powdery mildew, Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia

0

1 hr for enclosed areas; until spray dries in open-field areas.

No

See label for additional rates and recommendations for transplant production and details for specific diseases. Use as a soil drench at transplant and periodically throughout the season. Can also be used as a seed treatment.

PlantShield HC

(Trichoderma harzianum Rifai strain KRL-AG2), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Fusarium spp., Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia

0

4 hr

Yes

Can be applied to plant as a direct drench, furrow spray, chemigation, or in transplant starter solution. See label for details.

(potassium phosphite; mono- and dipotassium salts of phosphorous acid), 33

Many brands available: Alude, Appear, Confine Extra T&O, Fosphite, Fungi-Phite, Helena Prophyt, K-Phite 7LP AG, Phiticide, Phorcephite, Phostrol, Rampart, Reveille

Vegetables & Strawberries

Alternaria spp., Anthracnose, Bacterial diseases, Downy mildew, Fusarium spp., Late blight, Leaf blights caused by Cercospora and Septoria spp., Phytophthora spp., Powdery mildew, Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Root rots

0

4 hr

No

See label for details, specific recommendations, and precautions for tank mixing with copper-based fungicides.

Prev-Am

(sodium tetraborohydrate decahydrate), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Downy mildew, Botrytis, Powdery mildew, Late blight, White rust, White mold

0

0.5

No

See label for details, crop-specific recommendations, and precautions.

Procidic

(citric acid), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum fungicide

0

0

No

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding use with other pesticides.

Purespray Green

(oil, petroleum), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Powdery mildew, Rust

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding use.

Pvent

(Gliocladium catenulatum strain J1446), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

 

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations in field and greenhouse production.

Regalia SC

(extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis), P

Vegetables & Strawberries

Bacterial canker, Bacterial speck, Bacterial spot, Botrytis, Early blight, Late blight, Phytophthora spp., Powdery mildew, Target spot

0

4 hr

Yes

Tank-mix with other effective fungicides for improved disease control under heavy pressure. See label for details.

RootShield Granular

(Trichoderma harzianum Rifai

strain T-22), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Cylindrocladium spp., Fusarium spp., Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Thielaviopsis spp.

0

0

Yes

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding use and fungicide compatibility

RootShield WP

(Trichoderma harzianum Rifai

strain KRL-AG2), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Cylindrocladium spp., Fusarium spp., Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Thielaviopsis spp.

0

0

Yes

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding use and fungicide compatibility

RootShield Plus Granular

RootShield Plus WP

(Trichoderma harzianum Rifai

strain T-22 and Trichoderma

virens strain G-41), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Cylindrocladium spp., Fusarium spp., Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Thielaviopsis spp.

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions.

Serenade ASO

Serenade Max

Serenade Opti

Serenade Optimum

Serenade Soil

(Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713), 44

Vegetables & Strawberries

Bacterial speck, Bacterial spot, Botrytis, Early blight, Fusarium spp., Late blight, Phytophthora spp., Powdery mildew, Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Target spot, Verticillium spp.

0

4 hr

Yes

For foliar applications, mix with copper compounds or other effective fungicides for improved disease control. See label for details regarding specific foliar and soil applications and target diseases.

Serifel Biofungicide

(Bacillus amyloliquefaciens

strain MBI 600), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum fungicide

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for details, crop specific recommendations, and precautions.

Sil-Matrix

(potassium silicate), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum fungicide

0

4 hr

No

Must be used in a rotational program with other fungicides when conditions are conducive for disease development. See label for details.

Soilgard

(Gliocladium virens GI-21), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Fusarium root and crown rot, Phytophthora capsici, Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia, Sclerotinia

spp., Sclerotium spp.

0

0

Yes

For best results, apply to transplants or as a drench during transplanting. Subsequent applications can be made as drench, directed spray, or by chemigation. See label for precautions regarding use and fungicide compatibility.

Sonata

(Bacillus pumilus QST 2808), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Early blight, Downy mildew, Late blight, Powdery mildew, Rust

0

4 hr

Yes

Mix or alternate with other effective fungicides for improved disease control. See label for details.

Sporatec

(oils of clove, rosemary and thyme), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Bacterial spot, Botrytis, Early blight, Gray mold, Late blight, Powdery mildew

0

0

Yes

Exercise care when applying. Begin applications once disease is observed. Use of a spreader and/or penetrant adjuvant recommended for improved performance. Do not apply when temps are above 90ºF. See label for details. Ingredients are exempt from FIFRA.

Timorex Gold

(tea tree oil), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum fungicide

2

1

No

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

SuffOil-X

TriTek

(mineral oil), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Powdery mildew

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, precautions, and fungicide compatibility.

Taegro ECO

(Bacillus amyloliquefaciencs

strain FZB24), NC

Vegetables

Foliar diseases: Downy mildew, Powdery mildew, Pseudomonas spp., Xanthomonas spp.

Soilborne diseases: Fusarium spp., Phytophthora spp., Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Sclerotinia spp.

-

1

No

See label for specific instructions regarding soil injected, spray, or incorporated applications. Maximum of 12 applications per season. For best efficacy, product should be applied prior to disease or disease establishment. May be applied to greenhouse produced crops.

Trilogy

(clarified hydrophobic extract of neem oil), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Alternaria spp., Anthracnose, Botrytis, Early blight, Powdery mildew

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, and precautions regarding use with other pesticides.

Thyme Guard

(thyme oil extract), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum bactericide and fungicide

-

-

Yes

See label for specific rates and application recommendations.

Ultra-Pure Oil

(mineral oil), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Powdery mildew

0

4 hr

Yes

See label for specific rates, application recommendations, precautions, and fungicide compatibility.

Vacciplant

(laminarin), P

Vegetables & Strawberries

Anthracnose, Bacterial speck, Bacterial spot, Early blight, Phytophthora blight, Powdery mildew

0

4 hr

No

Start applications preventatively, when weather conditions are favorable for disease development. Repeat applications until disease conditions end. Add a labeled copper product to VacciPlant if the disease symptoms appear.

Veg'Lys

(garlic oil), NC

Vegetables & Strawberries

Broad-spectrum bactericide and fungicide

     

See label for specific rates and application recommendations and precautions. Do not apply when temps are above 90°F. Ingredients are exempt from FIFRA.

1FRAC code (fungicide group): Number (33 and 44) and letters (NC and P) are used to distinguish the fungicide mode of action groups. All fungicides within the same group (with same number or letter) indicate the same active ingredient or similar mode of action. This information must be considered for the fungicide resistance management decisions. However, products with NC or P are considered low risk and don't require any rotation unless specifically directed on the label. NC = not classified, includes mineral oils, organic oils, potassium bicarbonate, and other materials of biological origin; P = host plant defense inducers. Source: FRAC Code List 2019; http://www.frac.info/ (FRAC = Fungicide Resistance Action Committee).

2Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any product. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned.

Table 3. 

Biopesticides labeled for management of arthropod pests of many crops.

Pest

MOA Code

Trade Name

(Active Ingredient)

Rate

Days to Harvest

REI

(Hours)

Remarks

Nematodes

n/a

Majestene

(Burkholderia rinojensis)

4–8 qt

0

4

OMRI-listed.

n/a

Melocon

(Purpureocillium lilicanum)

2–4 lb

0

4

OMRI-listed.

n/a

Dazitol

(mustard oil + capsaicin)

6.25 gal

0

4

OMRI-listed. Apply 3–5 days preplant or 1/4 rate postplant.

n/a

Ecozin Plus (azadirachtin)

15–30 oz/acre

0

4

OMRI-listed.

n/a

Nemakill

(cinnamon oil, clove oil, thyme oil)

32–48 oz

0

4

OMRI-listed.

Information provided in this table applies only to Florida. Be sure to read a current product label before applying any product. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by UF/IFAS Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. OMRI-listed: Listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute for use in organic production.

Footnotes

1. This document is CV295, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date August 2013. Revised April 2020. This is Chapter 19 of the Vegetable Production Handbook of Florida, 2020–2021 edition. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.
2. Natalia Peres, professor; Gary E. Vallad, associate professor, Plant Pathology Department; Johan Desaeger, assistant professor; and Hugh A. Smith, associate professor, Entomology and Nematology Department, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Wimauma, FL 33598; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication do not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition.