Chapter 5. Ethnic Vegetable Production

Guodong Liu, Bonnie Wells, Yuncong Li, and Qingren Wang

Ethnic vegetable production in Florida has shown great potential and contributed significantly to the market and diversity of the state’s agricultural industry. More than 40 types of ethnic/Asian vegetables are commercially grown each year across Florida. In recent years, the increasing demand for these crops has resulted in a rapid expansion of Asian or ethnic vegetable production from northeast to south Florida. The acreage is rapidly increasing because of the demand and the niche market. Though availability, profitability, and competitiveness have increased, one of the concerns creating confusion between producers and consumers is that many of the ethnic vegetable crops have different names from different countries and cultures. Another concern is that, for many of these crops, there are no science-based production recommendations available for Asian or ethnic vegetable producers to follow. This unavailability of recommendations may limit the production of these crops as local growers attempt to determine crop requirements with limited guidance. However, before specific recommendations are developed for these specialty crops, ethnic vegetable growers should follow recommendations that are available for crop species closely related to these Asian or ethnic vegetables. This is especially important for pest control and pest management because it is usually very difficult to find pesticides labeled specifically for certain Asian or ethnic vegetable species.

The objectives of this publication are to (1) provide various names of some ethnic/Asian vegetable crops with EDIS publications available to readers; (2) list related chapters in this handbook, which provide recommendations for crops close to these ethnic vegetables grown in Florida; and (3) list EDIS publications currently available for these crops. We strongly encourage growers of ethnic vegetables to follow the UF/IFAS recommendations for closely related crop types or species until UF/IFAS recommendations for specific ethnic vegetables have been established. In addition, some EDIS publications focusing on Asian or ethnic vegetable crops in recent years may be of help to relevant growers.

Web links for these EDIS publications are available for ethnic/Asian vegetable growers in Florida:

Bitter Melon—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Floridahttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1271

Bok Choy, an Asian Leafy Green Vegetable Emerging in Floridahttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1337

Chinese Mustard Cultivation Guide for Florida. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1402

Daikon Radish Cultivation Guide for Florida. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1370

Florida Cultivation Guide for Malabar Spinach. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1371

Leek Cultivation Guide for Florida. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1388

Long Bean—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Floridahttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1268

Long Squash—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Floridahttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1272

Luffa—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Floridahttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1285

Tong Hao—an Asian Vegetable Emerging in Floridahttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hs1276

Table 1. Common name and botanical classification for selected Asian or ethnic vegetables.

Vegetable Type

Common Name

Other Names

Family Name

Related Crop Grown in Florida

Root

Daikon radish

Long white radish, Oriental radish, white radish, winter radish

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Radish (Chapter 15)

 

Lobok radish

Chinese radish

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Radish (Chapter 15)

 

Turmeric

Western ginger

Zingiberaceae

Root crops (Chapter 15)

Leafy

A choy

Taiwanese lettuce

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Lettuce (Chapter 9)

 

Shalihon

Xue li hong, mustard green

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Lettuce (Chapter 9)

 

Tong Hao

Tahn ho, Shungiku, crown daisy, garland daisy, edible chrysanthemum, garland chrysanthemum, chrysanthemum greens

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Lettuce (Chapter 9)

 

Napa

Napa cabbage

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

 

Long napa

Peking cabbage, celery cabbage

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

 

Shanghai bok choy

Bok choy, pak choi, bok choi, pok choy

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

 

U choy

Yu choy, Chinese greens

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

 

Taiwan cabbage

Taiwan flat cabbage, Li Sun Cabbage, flathead cabbage

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

 

Wawa choy

Baby Chinese cabbage

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Cabbage (Chapter 6)

 

Callaloo

Callalloo, calalloo, calaloo, kallaloo, Xian choy, amaranth, taro, Xanthosoma

Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae)

Lettuce (Chapter 9)

 

Malabar spinach

Vine spinach, red vine spinach, climbing spinach, creeping spinach, buffalo spinach, Ceylon spinach

Basella alba (Basellaceae)

Lettuce (Chapter 9)

Flower

Gailon

Chinese broccoli (Kale)

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

Broccoli (Chapter 6)

Fruit/pod

Long squash

Po Gua, Poo Gua, Hu Gua, Opo squash, birdhouse gourd, bottle gourd, calabash gourd, hard-shelled gourd, dolphin gourd, long melon, opo squash, trumpet gourd, white-flower gourd

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumber (Chapter 7)

 

Fuzzy squash

Hairy gourd, fuzzy melon

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumber (Chapter 7)

 

Luffa

Loofa, Loofah, Chinese okra, angled loofah, dishcloth sponge

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumber (Chapter 7)

 

Kabocha

Japanese pumpkin, Kabocha squash, Kent pumpkin

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumber (Chapter 7)

 

Long bean dark green

Asparagus bean, Chinese long bean, long-podded cowpea, yardlong bean

Fabaceae

Legume (Chapter 10)

 

Long bean white

Chinese long bean, haricot asperge, pea bean, dow gauk

Fabaceae

Legume (Chapter 10)

 

Chinese eggplant

Aubergine, brinjal

Solanum (Solanaceae)

Eggplant (Chapter 8)

 

Indian eggplant

Brinjal

Solanum (Solanaceae)

Eggplant (Chapter 8)

 

Thai eggplant

Thai purple, Thai green, Thai yellow, Thai white

Solanum (Solanaceae)

Eggplant (Chapter 8)

 

Lablab beans

Hyacinth bean, bonavist bean/pea, dolichos bean, seim bean, Indian bean, cluster bean

Lablab purpureus (Fabaceae)

Cluster bean (Chapter 11)

 

Publication #CV301

Date: 2021-08-16
Li, Yuncong
Liu, Guodong
Wang, Qingren
Wells, Bonnie C

Related Topics

Management Commercial

About this Publication

This document is CV301, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Original publication date July 2017. Revised June 2021. Visit the EDIS website at https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu for the currently supported version of this publication.

About the Authors

Guodong Liu, associate professor, Horticultural Sciences Department; Bonnie Wells, Extension agent II, UF/IFAS Extension Brevard County; Yuncong Li, professor, UF/IFAS Tropical Research and Education Center; and Qingren Wang, Extension agent III, UF/IFAS Extension Miami-Dade County; UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL 32611.

Contacts

  • Guodong Liu
  • Peter Dittmar