Chapter 13. Pepper Production
Botany and Planting
Bell pepper—Capsicum annuum, Solanaceae
Habanero and Bird’s-eye pepper—Capsicum chinense
Antebellum. Green, sweet pepper with earlier setting patterns and more concentrated fruit set, deep-green color, and blocky shape. R to Xcv 1–10, TMV: 0: IR TSWV.
Aristotle. Green-to-red blocky bell with great yield potential. Extra large, thick walled. Very vigorous plant that produces dark-green, anthocyaninless fruit. R to Xcv 1–3, PVY, Tobamo Po (R).
Autry. Uniformly blocky fruit that ripen red. Fruit set is concentrated, with high first-pick yields. R to Xcv 1–10, TMO and IR to TSWV.
Blitz. Early-maturing, extra-large, blocky, green-to-red bell with great yield potential at first harvest. Fruit are high quality with thick walls and a uniformly blocky shape. HR: TMV: 0 / Xcv: 0–5, 7–9 and IR: TEV.
Boca. Fruit is very dark green with thick firm walls. TSWV in addition to bacterial leaf spot resistance. R to Xcv 1–10.
Green Machine. Main-season hybrid bell pepper for the spring and fall season with robust plant that produces dark green, deep blocky, anthocyaninless fruits turning red at maturity. HR to TMV race 0 and IR to Xcv 1–10 and TSWV.
Nitro S10®. A mid-maturing hybrid suited for place pack. It is adapted to fall and spring in the Southeast. Fruit have good size uniformity, are smooth, firm, and glossy dark green, and mature to red color. R to TMV 0 and IR to Pc, TSWV, and Xcv 0–10.
Placepack. Main-season, high-quality, dark-green pepper with high percentage of 4-lobes. Plants provide good cover. R to Xcv 1–10, PVY 0–1, Tm 0 and IR to TEV.
Provider. Dark-green fruit with plant structure and fruit set making it ideal for extended harvest. R to Xcv 1–10, PVY 0–1, Tm 0 and IR to TEV.
PS 09979325. Main-season hybrid that develops a mid-sized plant that produces green, maturing-to-red fruit targeted to the southeastern United States. The plants produce a high, concentrated set of firm, dark-green, smooth, blocky fruit 74 days after transplant. The hybrid is resistant to Tobamo Po and bacterial leaf spot races 0 to 10 (X10R).
PS 9928302. High resistance to bacterial spot races 1–5 (X5R) and combines a large, robust plant with large, dark-green to firm-red fruits. In trials, 8302 has been very adaptable with good size, shape, uniformity, and color. It is anthocyaninless. Xcv 1–5, Tm Po (HR).
Regulator. Widely adapted. Strong plant with good cover. Produces a high percentage of uniform, four-lobed fruit. R to Xcv 1–10, Tm 0 and IR to TSWV 0.
Seedway 48. Medium plant size with large to jumbo, uniform, and dark-green fruit. R to Xcv 1–10.
Shogun S10®. Extra-large, dark-green fruit with high yield potential. Adapted to late fall, winter, and spring in the Southeast. R to TMV 0 and IR to TSWV, Xcv 1–10.
SV3255PB. Main season variety with blocky green-to-red fruit. IR: Xcv 0–10.
Standout. Uniformly shaped, extra-large to jumbo-sized dark, glossy fruit.
Vanguard. Medium plant with good foliage. Fruit are dark green, blocky, 4-lobed, and extra large with thick firm walls. Early maturity with concentrated harvest. R to Xcv 1–5, PepMo and ToM.
Boris. Sweet banana type with light-yellow to red fruit. R to TSWV.
Lemon Delite, Orange Delite, Ruby Delite. Series is a large-fruited snack pepper variety with very early maturity and hot set potential. R to TMV 0 and Xcv 0–3, 7,8.
Natasha. Sweet banana with a vigorous plant. Light-yellow to red fruit. R to Xcv 1–3.
Sopron. Sweet banana type with light-yellow to red fruit. R to Xcv 1–3.
Aruba. Early-maturing, erect plant, 3–4 lobed, elongated fruit, matures from a pale lime green to a bright red.
Bimini. Thick-walled, heavy fruit with good setting ability and excellent flavor. Performs well in both fall and spring seasons. T to Xcv 1–10.
Granada. Good canopy provides protection against sun scald, well-adapted to the Southeast. Heavy yields of sweet, thick-walled Cubanelle peppers. Peppers turn from light green to red at maturity. R to Xcv 0–3, 7, 8.
Key West. Long, lime-green fruit that matures to red. R to Xcv 1–3.
Hot Ancho Poblano
Hitman. Dark green and glossy open-field fruit with high percentage of two-lobed fruit. Medium-early maturity. R to Tm 0.
Massivo. Mostly two-lobed dark-green fruit. R to TMV.
Arapaho. Cayenne type with early maturity on a medium-sized plant. Produces long (8–9 inch), medium-high pungent fruit with great flavor and aroma.
Iberia. Long hot type similar to Mesilla but longer and slightly hotter. R to TMV.
Mesilla. Long hot type produces very long (9–11 by 1.5 in. fruit that can be used green or red. Pods grow pendant from a large plant, maturing at mid-season. R to Tobamo Po and PVY, and IR to TEV.
Baluarte. Large, thick-walled fruit, with low cracking. R to Xcv 1–3.
Compadre. Medium-to-late fruiting. Vigorous plant with good tolerance to extreme temperatures. Continous picking. Uniform, smooth, large fruit. No purpling. R to PVY, TM and Xcv 2, 5.
Everman. Shiny and uniform fruit with excellent weight and shelf life and no cracking. Open plant with good regrowth and continuous set during the cycle. R to Xcv 1–3.
Jedi (Jaguar). Vigorous plant with jumbo fruit. R to Xcv 1–3.
Lexus. Concentrated early-season fruit set. Glossy dark-green fruit. HR to Xcv 1–3.
Mixteco. Early-maturing, heavy and thick-walled fruit with deep-green color. Strong plant with good regrowth that brings high yield potential. R to Tm 0 and IR to Xcv 1–3.
Orizaba. Large, strong fruit with excellent leaf cover. Spicy with little cracking. R to Xcv 1–3.
PS 11435807. Vigorous medium plant with concentrated fruit set. Smooth dark-green fruit. R to PVY, TE. Intermediate resistance to root-knot nematode.
PS 11435810. Vigorous tall plant with pungent, dark-green, smooth fruit. R to root-knot nematode, Phytophthora capsici, PVY, TE.
Other Hot Peppers
Altiplano. Vigorous serrano pepper with uniform and glossy green fruit.
Balada. Finger hot Asian-type pepper, fruit maturing from green to red, fruit slightly curved, tapers to point, highly pungent.
Camino Real. Serrano type, medium maturity, large green-fruit size. R to PVY and IR to TEV.
Canario Real. A main-season, hot banana pepper with large, heavy fruit and vigorous plant habit.
Charger. Anaheim type with smooth, flat, thick-walled fruit that is mildly hot. IR to TSWV.
Devil Serrano. Early, large, dark-green glossy fruit. Semi-indeterminate bush. HR to TMV, PVY. IR to TEV.
Don Picoso. Dark-green serrano type with thick wall fruit.
Flaming Flare. Widely adapted Fresno pepper with 4-inch-long, thin-walled fruit with a sweet and mildly hot flavor. R to TMV.
Fresno 3429. Vigorous medium-to-tall plant. 75 days to maturity. Thick, firm wall, good shipper. Deep red at maturity.
Habanero. Habanero type, ready for harvest 90–100 days from transplant, extremely pungent, both fresh and processing markets. The wrinkled fruit taper to a point and measure approximately 2 by 1 in. The thin flesh is light-green to orange-pink at full maturity.
Inferno. This Hungarian hot wax hybrid produces high yields of uniform fruit. The thick-walled pods are pendant, large, smooth and tapered, matures from yellow to red, well-suited for fresh market and pickling.
Lone Ranger. Serrano pepper variety with excellent plant cover, good heat setting, large size that averages between 4 and 4.5 inches, and thick walls for great shelf life. R to Xcv 0-3, 7, 8.
Megalodon. Large, habanero-type pepper with compact growth habit. Fruit green to orange to red.
Pathfinder. Serrano pepper with excellent plant and foliar cover, with an average fruit length of 4.5 to 5 inches. Dark-green fruit with thick walls are suitable for the export market. R to Xcv 0-3, 7, 8.
Rio de Oro. Very large Santa Fe type with wide shoulders. Matures from golden yellow to red.
Rio Tesoro. Hybrid yellow Caribe pepper. 3.5”×2” fruit.
Super Habanero. Bright-red fruit with good shelf life. Medium-to-high plant vigor with good canopy coverage.
Bird's-Eye Pepper—Strain 3
Table 13.1. Planting information for pepper.
The following tables list registered pesticides that should be integrated with other pest management methods. Additional information on integrated management methods can be requested from UF/IFAS Extension horticulture or agriculture agents. A list of local UF/IFAS Extension offices is available at https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/find-your-local-office/.
Table 13.2. Herbicides approved for managing weeds in peppers. Contact: Nathan S. Boyd, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center.
Table 13.3. Insecticides labeled for management of arthropod pests of peppers. Contact: Craig Frey, UF/IFAS Extension Hendry County.
Table 13.4. Pepper fungicides ordered by disease and then FRAC group according to their mode of action. Contact: Gary E. Vallad, UF/IFAS Gulf Coast Research and Education Center.
Table 13.5. Nonfumigant nematicides for peppers in Florida.
Table 13.6. Fumigant nematicides for peppers in Florida. Contact: Johan Desaeger, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center.